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Is The U.S. Navy In Danger Of Falling Behind China’s PLAN?

beijingwalker

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Is The U.S. Navy In Danger Of Falling Behind China’s PLAN?

ByPeter Suciu
December 13, 2020


Earlier this year China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) surpassed the United States Navy is size, and in addition to having the greatest number of ships and submarines, it is also becoming far more modern. However, in September, then-Secretary of Defense Mark Esper maintained that Beijing couldn’t match the United States in terms of naval power and suggested it would take the PLAN years to close the gap to reach the U.S. Navy’s capability on the high seas.

But is there a way China could close that gap? And what Washington should do in response?

What the Research Says

A new Congressional Research Service (CRS) report, “China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities – Background Issues for Congress,” was published on December 3 and it laid out the situation as it stands, and addressed how the United States needs to respond.

“In an era of renewed great power competition, China’s military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, has become the top focus of U.S. defense planning and budgeting,” the report’s summary noted. “China’s navy, which China has been steadily modernizing for more than 25 years, since the early to mid-1990s, has become a formidable military force within China’s near-seas region, and it is conducting a growing number of operations in more-distant waters, including the broader waters of the Western Pacific, the Indian Ocean, and waters around Europe.”

CRS also warned that China’s navy, which could pose a major challenge to the U.S. Navy’s ability to achieve and maintain wartime control of blue-water ocean areas notably in the Western Pacific, is the first such challenge faced since the end of the Cold War. A key element of the PLAN is to challenge the long-standing status of the United States as the leading military power in the region.

The report added, “China’s naval modernization effort encompasses a wide array of ship, aircraft, and weapon acquisition programs, as well as improvements in maintenance and logistics, doctrine, personnel quality, education and training, and exercises. China’s navy has currently has certain limitations and weaknesses, and is working to overcome them.”


An Evolving Threat

China’s naval warships, aircraft and weapons are now far more modern and capable than they were at the start of the 1990s, and are now comparable in many respects to those of Western navies. The CRS report cited the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), which noted that “Chinese naval ship design and material quality is in many cases comparable to [that of] USN [U.S. Navy] ships, and China is quickly closing the gap in any areas of deficiency.”


The report also addressed the U.S. Navy’s response to counter the PLAN’s modernization effort. This has included a greater percentage of its fleet in the Pacific, and the assigning of the most capable new ships and aircraft as well as the best personnel to the region. The U.S. Navy has also maintained and increased its general presence operations, training and developmental exercises, and engagement and cooperation with allied and other navies in the Indo-Pacific. Additionally, the Navy has begun to develop new operation concepts – including new ways to employ Navy and United States Marine Corps forces – to counter Chinese maritime forces.

The Right Response?

The issue for Congress is now whether the U.S. Navy is in fact responding appropriately to Beijing’s naval modernization the CRS report laid out. This included whether the planned size of the Navy will be “appropriate for countering China’s naval modernization effort in coming years while also permitting the Navy to perform other missions, including countering Russian military forces and defending U.S. interests in the Middle East.”


Moreover, the question remains whether the U.S. Navy is doing enough to counter China’s new weapons including its anti-ship ballistic missiles (ASBM) and Anti Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) weapon platforms.

The report also questioned whether “Congress should modify acquisition policies or the metrics for judging the success of acquisition programs so as to facilitate faster development of new technologies and weapons for the Navy—and if so, how those policies or metrics should be modified.”

These are important questions that the new Congress will have to address under the Biden Administration in the New Year and beyond.

 

KurtisBrian

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well guess they should have fought the Chinese 30 years ago when they had an advantage instead of making China more powerful.
 

SpaceMan18

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They fought China 70 years ago in Korea and lost.
China fought Vietnam and lost , so what's your point ?


All Chinese troops are good at doing is rushing the enemy in large numbers anyways , and before you tell America lost Vietnam listen to this a NVA commander himself admitted that if the Americans have bombarded them anymore they would lose the war.

1 million NVA/VietCong will killed , unlike 50,000 Americans
 

Liaslia

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Yes, China military could be world's most powerful. All the advance technology China has
 

applesauce

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China fought Vietnam and lost , so what's your point ?


All Chinese troops are good at doing is rushing the enemy in large numbers anyways , and before you tell America lost Vietnam listen to this a NVA commander himself admitted that if the Americans have bombarded them anymore they would lose the war.

1 million NVA/VietCong will killed , unlike 50,000 Americans
you mean the us with all its machines guns and airpower couldn't defeat a bunch of people rushing at them in the korean war? the same tactics that hasn't worked since ww1? never mind that at the start of the conflict the PVA was actually outnumbered.
 

aziqbal

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a single USN Carrier Group has more firepower not to mention the knowledge and experience than entire Chinese Navy

if China deployed 3 carriers against a single USN carrier strike group all 3 Chinese carriers would be sunk

USN has 100 years of experience and knowledge behind it with over 80 carriers constructed

China builds 1 carrier and fanboys are dreaming again
 
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FuturePAF

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This is just the US navy scaremongering to get more funding. The Biden Administration is probably set to implement another defense sequestration and freeze increases in defense spending. The US Navy is better of spending money on drone ships to make up the numbers gap and using more aerial assets to keep the Chinese in check.

Also distributing responsibility to the allies with joint command centers to ensure interoperability and adequate continuous coordination is the most affordable way to go. I.e. more targeted spending by the Indo-pacific containment countries; from Japan to India.

the Chinese may counter with drone swarms of their own, on the sea and above their fleets when deployed.
 

SpaceMan18

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you mean the us with all its machines guns and airpower couldn't defeat a bunch of people rushing at them in the korean war? the same tactics that hasn't worked since ww1? never mind that at the start of the conflict the PVA was actually outnumbered.

If the U.S wanted they could have put full force on China in the Korean war , too bad U.S put only 1/3 of power anyways.

Also China lost to Vietnam , so idk what're you're on
 

sinait

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If the U.S wanted they could have put full force on China in the Korean war , too bad U.S put only 1/3 of power anyways.

Also China lost to Vietnam , so idk what're you're on
US media LIES AND PROPAGANDA IS GREAT and EFFECTIVE for EASILY DELUDED PEOPLE.
If Vietnam won why did Vietnam CEDE LAND TO CHINA to conclude the war?

In 1999, after many years of negotiations, China and Vietnam signed a border pact.[84] There was an adjustment of the land border,
resulting in Vietnam giving China part of its land which was lost during the battle, including the Ai Nam Quan Gate which served as the traditional border marker and entry point between Vietnam and China, which caused widespread frustration within Vietnam.

" To date, neither Hanoi nor Beijing has disclosed the exact details of the border agreement or a new official map. In a single interview with state media, a Vietnamese deputy foreign minister responsible for the negotiations downplayed Vietnam’s loss of major cultural landmarks, including the Ai Nam gate and the Ban Gioc waterfall.
.

If Vietnam is that good, they should chase the Chinese over the border and GRAB some land to punish China, for destroying everything in their path with “scorched-earth” policy,
NOT CEDE "major cultural landmarks" TO CHINA.

You must be a easily DELUDED PERSON.
.
 
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SpaceMan18

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US media LIES AND PROPAGANDA IS GREAT and EFFECTIVE for EASILY DELUDED PEOPLE.
If Vietnam won why did Vietnam CEDE LAND TO CHINA to conclude the war?

In 1999, after many years of negotiations, China and Vietnam signed a border pact.[84] There was an adjustment of the land border,
resulting in Vietnam giving China part of its land which was lost during the battle, including the Ai Nam Quan Gate which served as the traditional border marker and entry point between Vietnam and China, which caused widespread frustration within Vietnam.

" To date, neither Hanoi nor Beijing has disclosed the exact details of the border agreement or a new official map. In a single interview with state media, a Vietnamese deputy foreign minister responsible for the negotiations downplayed Vietnam’s loss of major cultural landmarks, including the Ai Nam gate and the Ban Gioc waterfall.
.

If Vietnam is that good, they should chase the Chinese over the border and GRAB some land to punish China, for destroying everything in their path with “scorched-earth” policy,
NOT CEDE "major cultural landmarks" TO CHINA.

You must be a easily DELUDED PERSON.
.

By the way you're using Google aka an American platform , plz leave since you hate America so much and have nothing good to offer.
 

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