Let’s get the fact straight: it’s due to concentration of enrichment within major groups not due to lack of ingenuity or some imagined insane difficulty that concentration of high SWU is in the hands of few. Another factor to consider is unpopularity of nuclear reactors not being embraced by many nations during the golden age of oil/coal. That will all change due to Paris Accords as world shifts to cleaner energy (hydrogen,fusion, electric, natural gas, wind, solar, nuclear)Lets get the facts straight: only 2-3 nations have centrifuges above ~10 SWU
IR-1 is a very complex 60's-70's design. Technically, mastering it, is not a joke at all.
Exhibit: A to illustrate my point above showing a few major groups holding bulk of worlds enrichment capacity (a cartel)
An Example: only 2 major true passenger airline mass producers exist (Boeing and Airbus), but that doesn’t mean others can’t. Only economies of scale/opportunity cost don’t make sense for a Bombardier to try to compete with a Boeing or for England to have its own version of Airbus. In the 21st century EU and US act as one country in many fields for all intents purposes.
And IR-1 being a “joke“ was hinted at the fact that Iran would never be able to have a true enrichment program that feeds its planned 10+ nuclear reactors using the centrifuge the West is restricting Iran to and not to your perceived notion as a slight to Iran’s capabilities thus far.
Look at the enrichment capacity of major nuclear nations:
US alone has enrichment SWU capacity of 4.7 Million SWU
The Germany-Netherlands-UK “Troika” have nearly 15 million SWU enrichment capacity!
And that drawfs Russia at nearly 29Million SWU!
Iran is currently at meager 10-15K SWU capacity. Thus if Irna was restricted to just IR-1 it would need over 4.5 million IR-1 centrifuges to match US production....quite a impossible joke.
Yet with IR-9 that number drops to 90,000 centrifuges and with a IR-10 (100SWU) to a mere 50,000 centrifuges
Nonetheless back to exhibit B (pictures above) you can see why most nations don’t need to have mastered an large enrichment capacity when such massive behemoths around the world already doing the legwork for them. Again economies of scale/opportunity costs and not difficulty of centrifuge design.
Now you can see why the West forcing Iran to stick to IR-1 is truly a joke and the West’s concession for a token enrichment program
You cannot scale IR-1 into an industrial program nor IR-2M. They are more suited for nuclear weapons programs, not feeding a large civilian nuclear program that Iran wishes to one day have (especially with Paris Accords and climate change carbon caps coming) .
Source used: https://www.world-nuclear.org/infor...hment-and-fabrication/uranium-enrichment.aspx
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