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Indonesia New Capital City in East Kalimantan news and updates

TNT

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Indonesia is a rising muslim power and if they dont make strategic blunders, they will be a giant. I hope they name the capital city something similar to Islamabad. Yes historical names arw good and all but this is new Indonesia with a new Islamic identity and the new capital name should represent that.
 

Indos

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Sri Mulyani, Indonesia Finance Minister, stated that the development of new capital will be adjusted with current economic situation. Government budget will be focused on 4 things :

1. Economic recovery
2. Health program related to Covid 19 pandemy
3. New capital city development ( the most priority infrastructure is being built between 2022-2024 period)
4. Presidential Election, Parliament Election, Local election ( province, cities )

 

Zarvan

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Sri Mulyani, Indonesia Finance Minister, stated that the development of new capital will be adjusted with current economic situation. Government budget will be focused on 4 things :

1. Economic recovery
2. Health program related to Covid 19 pandemy
3. New capital city development ( the most priority infrastructure is being built between 2022-2024 period)
4. Presidential Election, Parliament Election, Local election ( province, cities )

Good Luck for new capital. I really hope you make a really new great city and in fact lot of new cities. Capital being one of them. But I also hope Jakarta is not ignored like we ignored Karachi after Capital was shifted to Islamabad. And I really hope your finance minister starts mentioning massive expansion of your Armed Forces among top five priorities of your Government because you are in area where most likely World War III can take place. And I really INSHALLAH soon I would have money to visit some of Muslim countries I really like to visit, it includes Indonesia.
 

Titanium100

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Sri Mulyani, Indonesia Finance Minister, stated that the development of new capital will be adjusted with current economic situation. Government budget will be focused on 4 things :

1. Economic recovery
2. Health program related to Covid 19 pandemy
3. New capital city development ( the most priority infrastructure is being built between 2022-2024 period)
4. Presidential Election, Parliament Election, Local election ( province, cities )


Sri Mulyani really gets on my nerve sometimes she is so strong handed about the economy and I personally can't wait her era over the economy to come to a conclusion and specifically in some sectors she seems to be tight handed
 

Indos

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Good Luck for new capital. I really hope you make a really new great city and in fact lot of new cities. Capital being one of them. But I also hope Jakarta is not ignored like we ignored Karachi after Capital was shifted to Islamabad. And I really hope your finance minister starts mentioning massive expansion of your Armed Forces among top five priorities of your Government because you are in area where most likely World War III can take place. And I really INSHALLAH soon I would have money to visit some of Muslim countries I really like to visit, it includes Indonesia.

Thank You

Jakarta is not ignored as Central Government also has made project to improve pipe water supply and based on plan Jakarta pipe water infrastructure and water debit flow should be able to provide fresh water to 100 % Jakarta population. This is important since Jakarta sinking problem is caused by over extraction of Jakarta ground water.

It needs huge reservoir being built in West Java to get the adequate water supply and Jokowi government has laid foundation for the fresh water supply from West Java by improving rivers in West Java along with the help of West Java governor. The program has been going on since 2015 I f I am not mistaken, the result has been already seen and praised, but the cleaning up program will continue until 2024. Next leader I hope will continue the effort since it is crucial not only to West Java people but also to Jakarta.

This is the best solution since the main problem is really being addressed, previously Jokowi wants to make a wall in the sea like the way Dutch do to prevent their country from being flooded by the sea water. Making a sea wall is not solving the problem and I am happy the plan is abandoned. As we are a democratic country, so debate is happening and this is why that previous plan is abandoned.

Jakarta is also blessed with so many rivers go through it, in one side rivers will cause flooding during rainy season, but in the other side it is good to fill up Jakarta ground water.

Jakarta province also has huge budget and has made good program to fill Jakarta ground water by building reservoir and latest reservoir being built in North Jakarta which is the region that sink the fastest and located next to the sea is also another good program that currently going on.

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About being ignored, I think Jakarta will hard to be ignored since it will be still very important city as it serves as financial hub and also business hub as biggest port is in Jakarta. Politically Jakarta is very important since every Jakarta governor has chance to be Indonesian President, this happen to Jokowi and now Anies Baswedan. The way Jakarta being governed and managed will be evaluated by public if any Jakarta Governor wants to be Indonesian President.

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About defense spending, I think we will be still conservative on this matter, I predict the defense budget to be in a range of 9-11 billion USD from 2022-2024 period. The development of this new capital will also make the state budget has another new post that needs funding.

Defense spending for Indonesia I believe will be gradually increased based on state revenue growth and also GDP growth. High increase in defense spending that will make it get more than 1 percent of GDP, IMO, can only be a reality after 2030.

2030 is the starting point because the economy inshaAllah will reach 2 trillion USD (nominal GDP) at that time with many important infrastructure facility is expected to have already been completed. 2030 is also the time where our local defense industry, insha Allah, has the capability to absorb majority of our defense spending, particularly if current and next government are still committed to fund current R&D program and supports local defense industry. If local defense industry can absorb majority of defense spending, less resistance will be gotten from financial people when defense spending is increased beyond 1 percent of GDP.
 
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Indos

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Sri Mulyani really gets on my nerve sometimes she is so strong handed about the economy and I personally can't wait her era over the economy to come to a conclusion and specifically in some sectors she seems to be tight handed

Sri Mulyani is a capable person, I am satisfied with the way she makes economic policies. I just want her to provide more funding for R&D programs and support KF21/IFX program as well. As the budget for KF21/IFX program has been sent from Defense Ministry into her desk last year so I hope no delay to fund the program that should include the funding to complete the production facility.
 

Indos

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New Capital City Infrastructure Constructions Explained

Translator: Ricky Mohammad Nugraha
Editor: Petir Garda Bhwana
19 January 2022 12:30 WIB
1642702652747.png

The architecture was designed by architect I Nyoman Nuarta. The design of the State Palace was chosen after going through 15 revisions.. Instagram/nyoman_nuarta

TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The Indonesian government is currently in the process of preparing for the construction of infrastructures for the country’s new capital city megaproject in East Kalimantan, touted as the Nusantara, which will commence in 2024.

Citing the data gathered by Bisnis.com, the Nusantara capital city will undergo layers of gradual constructions in the central government area starting from the presidential palace, central government headquarters, and housing districts for government workers, military and police personnel, and the general population.

The State Palace is the main priority in the capital city development and will be built on a 100 hectares land space from the previous 55 hectares which will accommodate green open space (RTH) in the form of a larger botanical garden.

For residential areas, the Public Works and Housing Ministry (PUPR) will build 100 thousand houses as the government is aiming to accommodate 320,000 people residing in Nusantara until 2045.

A dam will also be built to support the supply of clean water for the community at the new capital city of Nusantara. The dam currently under construction is the Sepaku Semoi Dam located in Tengin Baru Village, Sepaku District, North Penajam Paser Regency.

Construction of this dam began in July 2020 and will be completed in 2023 with a capacity of 10 million cubic meters to meet the need for raw water with a capacity of 2,500 liters/second and reduce flooding by 55 percent.

 

Indos

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Parliament wants Jakarta to maintain its special status region when Nusantara in the future will take its capital city status. We have 3 special status regions currently:

1. DKI Jakarta as Indonesia capital ( Greater independency from Central Government, No mayor election, Mayor is elected directly by Jakarta Governor)
2. DI Yogyakarta ( No Governor election, Governor is elected by Yogyakarta Sultanate family )
3. DI Aceh ( They use Shariah Islam )

Jakarta is an old city, it has already been a big city (Sultanate) since ancient period where people living there use Indonesian language despite Jakarta is located in Java island. Indonesian language (Malay language) has already become a language for trade within Indonesian regions despite at that time Indonesia is not yet a united country.

 
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Indos

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The military and strategic implications of Indonesia’s new capital

20 Jan 2022|Evan Laksmana

1642875153477.png

Editors’ note: This piece was originally published in November 2019; we are republishing it in light of the Indonesian parliament’s passing of key legislation for the creation of the new capital and President Joko Widodo’s choosing of the name Nusantara for the city.

Since it was announced in August, Indonesia’s plan to relocate its capital to East Kalimantan in Borneo has engendered much debate, but few have examined the potential military and strategic implications of the move.

The Indonesian military (TNI) will significantly increase its presence across Kalimantan—effectively ‘militarising’ Borneo. The map below shows the current deployment of most major TNI assets and bases across Kalimantan.

1642875180511.png

Map created by the author using Google Maps.

The deployment suggests the clustering of current TNI forces—roughly around 20,000 personnel—in the eastern, western and northern parts of Kalimantan. It is also army-heavy at the moment. The few naval and air force bases are relatively small and underdeveloped for major platform deployments; the air force has only one major base, while the navy has two.

This posture will change significantly as major leadership and force elements move to Kalimantan with the new capital. The TNI General Headquarters will move, along with its supporting staff and units, from intelligence groups and military police to special forces and press officers.

The army leadership and its supporting infrastructure will follow suit. To supplement the two existing regional commands (KODAMs), the army will create a new Capital Security Regional Command (KODAM PIK). The new army headquarters and KODAM PIK will require around 15,000 personnel, including an infantry and a cavalry brigade as well as special forces units.

While most of these troops are territorial forces, the proposal will eventually bring the total number of combat-ready troops across Kalimantan to three brigades (around 7,000–8,000 personnel). Army analysts have also suggested that Kalimantan needs new forces across the island, including one KODAM and its accompanying units for each of the five provinces.

The navy will also move its headquarters and supporting units. Current proposals call for a new ‘armada-level’ force, a new division-level marine unit and a third primary naval base in Kalimantan. The area also needs new port facilities and bases to host and maintain major platforms as well as a new naval airfield. The navy’s transport command and hydrographic service could possibly be relocated there as well.

The air force will move its headquarters and supporting units and create major bases and facilities. Radar and missile defence units along with a special forces battalion and two aviation squadrons could be established near the new capital. Major platforms will be deployed in the area, including possibly up to 16 new F-16V fighter aircraft.

The government would need to spend more than US$9 billion—almost equal to next year’s total defence budget—to pay for these shifts in the coming years. If the plans materialise, Kalimantan will be the first ever non-Java military centre of gravity for Indonesia.

But the new capital will also be closer to potential conflict flashpoints. It will share borders with Malaysia and Brunei. It will also be closer to the tri-border area (with Malaysia and the Philippines) that analysts have called a ‘key hub’ for transnational terrorist and criminal activities.

Eastern Kalimantan also sits at the heart of the Makassar Strait—a central feature of the second of Indonesia’s three strategic archipelagic sea lanes (ASL II), which includes the Lombok Strait. Some consider the Lombok and Makassar straits as an alternative to Malacca Strait as a direct route between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

The Makassar Strait stretches about 400 nautical miles from its northern gateway to its southern access. Each year, 420 mostly large ships (over 100,000 tonnes deadweight) travel through the Lombok and Makassar passageway carrying around 36 million tonnes of cargo worth US$40 billion.

Given these interests, the TNI arguably needs to increase its presence across Kalimantan. That would complement its growing presence in Sulawesi in recent years, which includes a new submarine port in Palu and a third infantry division of the army’s Strategic Reserve Command near Makassar. Control and safety over ASL II will thus come from the TNI’s presence in both Kalimantan and Sulawesi.

But military presence alone is insufficient. Indonesia should also boost its defence diplomatic engagement and activities.

Indonesia should put more resources into expanding and institutionalising its trilateral cooperation with Malaysia and the Philippines. That will not only be crucial for the new capital’s security but also assuage concerns over the TNI’s heavy presence.

Indonesia should have regular consultations with Malaysia and Brunei. It might also consider starting a dialogue with the members of the Five Power Defence Arrangements: Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia and the UK.

Indonesia certainly has no expansionist designs, but historical acrimonies cast a long shadow on both sides. To avoid starting another round of security dilemmas, the TNI’s shift to Kalimantan should be paired with opening up new avenues of dialogue and cooperative activities.

Finally, if Jokowi (and presumably his successor in 2024) carries on with the move, Indonesia’s defence policy will be hamstrung for the next decade. Any available resources for procurement, welfare improvement and organisational development will be diverted to the Kalimantan deployment plans.

For now, the TNI will focus on organisational restructuring. In September, it appointed the first three commanders of the new Joint Regional Defence Commands, which aren’t yet fully staffed and operational, much like other newly created units in recent years. But Indonesia’s regional power and profile will be significantly boosted if all of the plans for the TNI outlined above materialise.

The new capital will have significant strategic implications. The TNI and the Indonesian political leadership should carefully assess their options in Kalimantan and consider the broader regional—not just the bureaucratic or domestic—circumstances.

AUTHOR
Evan Laksmana is a senior research fellow with the Centre on Asia and Globalisation at the National University of Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Image: Moses Ceaser/CIFOR/Flickr.

 

Indos

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This thread will be dedicated to post news and updates about the development of Indonesia new capital city in Kalimantan. The reason of the move is to decrease the burden of Jakarta and taken its present administrative role into Kalimantan island and also to make the economy more balance and not Java island centric any more.

Jakarta will be still maintain as business center of the Republic and this makes Finance Ministry, Central Bank, and Financial Service Authority (OJK) head offices will still be in Jakarta while other Ministries will be moved to Kalimantan. This is more like Jakarta will be New York of Indonesia and our new capital in East Kalimantan will be like Washington for USA.

Many foreign journalist have flaw understanding as if entire Jakarta will be relocated to Kalimantan island. This is why this thread is important to bring clarity and better understanding about the reason of this action. This is also why I think I should put news about the effort of our central and local governments in solving the matter related to problem that is currently exist in our current capital city, Jakarta.

This coverage has much deeper understanding than swallow mainstream foreign media coverage on the issue. Despite so, it has serious mistake like saying Jakarta population is 30 million which is false. Jakarta has only 10 million population but greater Jakarta ( including satellite cities like Bogor, Tangerang, and Bekasi) does have 30 million people, they dont have sinking problem either.

Wealthy Jakarta is also not only residing in South and Central Jakarta, but also West Jakarta. North Jakarta also has many wealthy residentials. East Jakarta is quite decent as well.

Lastly, it doesnt cover the plan to provide 100 % population of Jakarta with sufficient water pipe system. And saying 64 % Jakartan has pipe water system is not true, I dont believe it. And Jakartan that has pipe water infrastructure like my self still using ground water due to lack of pressure and sufficient flow of pipe water.

 

Indos

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Infrastructure minister said he needs 43 trillion Rupiah or around 3.5 billion USD to build the city for the first phase. Central Government has 1400 trillion Rupiah ( 100 billion USD) assets in Jakarta and plan to use around Rp 300 trillion worth of assets or equivalent to around 25 billion USD to finance the new capital development in Kalimantan island.

Presidential Palace in new capital will be built soon

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This undated handout showing computer-generated imagery released by Nyoman Nuarta on January 18, 2022 shows a design illustration of Indonesia's future presidential palace in East Kalimantan, as part of the country's relocation of its capital from Jakarta to a site 2,000 kilometres (1,200 miles) away on jungle-clad Borneo island that will be named Nusantara (AFP/Handout)
 
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Indos

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The plan from Armed Force to strengthen the capital city defense capability

Total budget until 2029 to realize the plan is 121 trillion Rupiah (around 9 billion USD)

 

nufix

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The plan from Armed Force to strengthen the capital city defense capability

Total budget until 2029 to realize the plan is 121 trillion Rupiah (around 9 billion USD)


Is it only for the defense of the new capital city or the whole budget for the military?
 

Indos

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Is it only for the defense of the new capital city or the whole budget for the military?

Defense for the new capital, the plan is to spend it until 2029 ( total spending is around 9 billion USD )

Spending like for housings of the soldiers and family, offices, training facility, weapons, SAM system, new and more capable Radar (AESA), new Navy base along with Marine force base and possible new frigates, corvettes, and submarine base, ammunition stock pile, new Air Force base with at least 1 squadron for MRCA, transport squadron, helicopters and others.

This I see that our Armed Force personnel will be expanded due to this needs.
 
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