• Monday, November 18, 2019

India's Mighty Nuclear Arsenal Could Kill Millions of People in a War

Discussion in 'Indian Defence Forum' started by ashok321, Nov 12, 2017.

  1. ashok321

    ashok321 ELITE MEMBER

    Messages:
    17,952
    Joined:
    Nov 1, 2010
    Ratings:
    +5 / 9,992 / -2
    Country:
    Canada
    Location:
    Malaysia
    http://nationalinterest.org/blog/th...ould-kill-millions-people-war-23143?page=show

    [​IMG]


    Kyle Mizokami
    November 10, 2017


    India, the world’s most populous democracy, occupies a unique strategic position flanked by powerful adversaries. As a result, its 1.3 billion people are guarded by an arsenal of approximately one hundred nuclear weapons deployed on land, at sea and in the air. Despite its status as a Cold War holdout, the country was forced to develop its own nuclear weapons.


    India’s nuclear program dates back to 1948, just one year after independence. The Nehru government looked to nuclear power as an inexpensive energy source for the young country. An Indian Atomic Energy Commission was created that year to oversee the country’s nuclear efforts. Due to a lack of uranium on Indian territory, the country naturally gravitated towards using plutonium instead. India’s first nuclear reactor, Apsara, was built with help from the United Kingdom and went critical in August 1956.


    New Delhi originally considered building nuclear devices, not as weapons, but as what were then called “peaceful nuclear explosives” capable of building harbors, excavating for natural gas, and other large construction and mining projects. While functionally identical to nuclear weapons, the plan demonstrated that India was not yet convinced it needed an actual nuclear deterrent—yet. As a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement, India was a bystander to the feverish pace of the nuclear arms race between the United States and Soviet Union.


    The 1962 war with China, however, changed that. The limited attack on Indian territory could have been much worse had the two countries engaged in all-out war, particularly if Pakistan and China had paired up together. Furthermore although China was not yet a nuclear power, its nuclear status was considered an inevitability and a nuclear Beijing could blackmail India into territorial concessions—at the risk of atomic annihilation. New Delhi’s nuclear race was on.

    India’s first nuclear test was conducted on May 18, 1974, at the Pokhran Test Range in the Rajastan desert. The device, nicknamed “Smiling Buddha,” had an explosive yield of between six and fifteen kilotons (the Hiroshima device is generally estimated at sixteen kilotons). The test was conducted in an underground shaft to contain radiation. India described the test as peaceful in nature but China’s nuclear status, achieved in 1964, meant that it was almost certainly designed to be a weapon.

    The test propelled India into the so-called “Nuclear Club” that had previously consisted of the United States, Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, France and China. India refrained from nuclear testing for another twenty-four years, until detonating three devices on May 11, 1998, and another three on May 13. Most of the devices had low yields, between two hundred and five hundred tons, suggesting they were designed to be tactical nuclear bombs, but one device was a thermonuclear device that failed and reached a yield of only about forty-five kilotons.

    Today India is estimated to have at least 520 kilograms of plutonium, enough for, according to the Arms Control Association, “between 100 and 120 nuclear devices.” New Delhi describes this a “credible minimum deterrent” against neighboring nuclear powers China and Pakistan. By comparison, China—which must also contend with nuclear rival the United States—has enough fissile material for between 200 and 250 devices. Pakistan is thought to have an arsenal of 110 to 130 devices. India has a firm No First Use policy with regards to nuclear weapons, vowing to never be the first to use them in any conflict and only use them to retaliate in kind.

    As a result India has built its own “triad” of land, sea and air forces, all equipped with nuclear weapons. The first leg to develop was likely tactical nuclear devices for strike aircraft of the Indian Air Force. Today, India possesses more than two hundred Su-30MK1 twin-engine fighters, sixty-nine MiG-29s and fifty-one Mirage 2000 fighters. It is likely at least some of these aircraft have been modified and trained to carry nuclear gravity bombs to their targets.

    The land-based missile leg of the triad consists of Prithvi tactical ballistic missiles. First produced in the late 1990s, Prithvi initially had a range of just ninety-three miles, but future versions increased their range to 372 miles. Despite this, Prithvi is still firmly a tactical weapon, while the Agni I-V series of missiles, with ranges from 434 to 4,970 miles, are strategic weapons with the ability to hit foreign capitals—as well as all of China.

    The third leg of the triad is new, consisting of nuclear ballistic-missile submarines (SSBNs) of the Arihant class. Four submarines are planned, each with the ability to carry twelve K-15 Sagarika (“Oceanic”) short-range ballistic missiles with maximum range of 434 miles, or K-4 medium-range ballistic missiles with a 2,174 mile range. Using the Bay of Bengal as a bastion and protected by assets such as India’s carrier INS Vikramaditya, the Arihant SSBNs can just barely reach Beijing.

    India’s nuclear buildup has been relatively responsible, and the country’s No First Use policy should act to slow escalation of any conventional conflict into a nuclear one. As long as India’s nuclear deterrent remains credible, it should cause rational adversaries to think twice before edging to the nuclear threshold. Still, the country’s volatile relationship with Pakistan, which has no such policy, as well as its “Cold Start” blitzkrieg plan of action against its neighbor, means nuclear war cannot be ruled out.
     
  2. jaiind

    jaiind SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    2,399
    Joined:
    Dec 27, 2011
    Ratings:
    +2 / 4,201 / -23
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    Russian Federation
    India nukes are duds against tactical nukes
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 8
  3. Indian Jatt

    Indian Jatt BANNED

    Messages:
    883
    Joined:
    Apr 3, 2015
    Ratings:
    +1 / 745 / -3
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    The real weapons are those that incite fear into it's enemies mind and then stops the idea of war even before it starts in the enemies mind, great weapon....works both ways:-)
     
  4. BetterPakistan

    BetterPakistan SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    2,895
    Joined:
    Oct 30, 2014
    Ratings:
    +1 / 2,157 / -3
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    Each and every type of those mighty nukes failed test 4 to 5 times before becoming operational :D :D
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  5. New World

    New World SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    3,884
    Joined:
    Sep 18, 2014
    Ratings:
    +1 / 2,774 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Pakistan
    that is why Pakistan build them..

    it works both ways..
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 2
  6. ArcaniusXI

    ArcaniusXI FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    133
    Joined:
    Jul 4, 2014
    Ratings:
    +0 / 116 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Kuwait
    "India's Mighty Nuclear Arsenal Could Kill Millions of People in a War "
    [​IMG]
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  7. Great Sachin

    Great Sachin BANNED

    Messages:
    1,940
    Joined:
    Mar 24, 2012
    Ratings:
    +0 / 1,558 / -14
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    United States
    are you so intelligent by birth?
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 2
  8. AMCA

    AMCA SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    4,040
    Joined:
    Nov 16, 2010
    Ratings:
    +0 / 3,970 / -21
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks once, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times.

    Don't fear failure. — Not failure, but low aim, is the crime. In great attempts it is glorious even to fail.
     
    • Thanks Thanks x 1
  9. Indian Jatt

    Indian Jatt BANNED

    Messages:
    883
    Joined:
    Apr 3, 2015
    Ratings:
    +1 / 745 / -3
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    I will personally kill people making those faces....:p:
     
  10. #hydra#

    #hydra# SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    2,565
    Joined:
    Mar 15, 2015
    Ratings:
    +0 / 1,742 / -3
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    I don't think we have deadly nuclear forces,even north korea is far ahead than india when comes to the yield of nuclear .
    1) like many,i too skeptic about our success of H bomb test held in 1998.
    2) we don't have any active program for megatonne class H bomb.
     
  11. Śakra

    Śakra SENIOR MEMBER

    Messages:
    3,943
    Joined:
    Jul 18, 2016
    Ratings:
    +0 / 4,502 / -8
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    Canada
    We don't have nuclear bombs, kthxbai
     
  12. American Pakistani

    American Pakistani ELITE MEMBER

    Messages:
    12,746
    Joined:
    May 30, 2010
    Ratings:
    +9 / 17,325 / -0
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United States
    Of course nukes are deadly. And millions will die if any nuclear power used it's weapons.
     
  13. Retired Troll

    Retired Troll BANNED

    Messages:
    42,129
    Joined:
    Apr 5, 2017
    Ratings:
    +18 / 36,672 / -11
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    Canada
    Will you guys say Happy Diwali when you will use those?

    Yeah yeah we get it you have nukes which are deadly too apparently but make sure you have them safe and not fall into the hands of one of the prevailing mobs.
     
  14. Vanamali

    Vanamali FULL MEMBER

    Messages:
    612
    Joined:
    Jan 11, 2014
    Ratings:
    +0 / 277 / -6
    Country:
    India
    Location:
    India
    Our Nuclear program is two pronged, one clean energy and deterrence against China. I think we achieved deterrence against China, and clean energy is long journey and ever evolving process.
     
  15. شاھین میزایل

    شاھین میزایل BANNED

    Messages:
    4,667
    Joined:
    Jan 11, 2017
    Ratings:
    +4 / 7,352 / -6
    Country:
    Pakistan
    Location:
    United Kingdom
    Pakistan's first ever Nuclear weapon mounted on a Ballistic missile was on 700 Kg in weight.
    India's first was 1 ton and still India does not have anything below a ton, and hence no MIRV.
    This shows Pakistani arsenal is far more sophisticated than India.