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India Ups Firepower Along Borders with China with Modern Artillery Guns, Rocket Systems for Army

Lava820

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India has significantly upped its firepower along its borders in the last two years with the Army inducting a range of modern guns, rocket systems, loitering munitions for its artillery units.

India and China have been locked in a stand-off along the Line of Actual Control in eastern Ladakh since May 2020.

The army’s overarching artillery capability boost will involve the induction of more 155mm/52-calibre tracked self-propelled K9 Vajra-T guns, additional 155mm/45-calibre Dhanush towed guns, the new 155mm/52-calibre advanced towed artillery gun system (ATAGS) and upgraded guns named Sharang, said one of persons cited above on the eve of Gunners’ Day. (Here, 155 mm denotes the diameter of the shell and calibre relates to barrel length.)

Artillery regiments are also on course to induct longer range Pinaka rocket systems, precision ammunition, loitering munition, unmanned aerial vehicles and reconnaissance and observation systems to scale up their capabilities, said a second person monitoring the army’s artillery modernisation.

“The focus is on modernisation through indigenisation. All gun systems procured in the last five years or being procured, are indigenous, except the M777 ultra-light howitzers imported from the US. Some important capability upgrade is planned in the coming years,” he said.

The army is set to initiate the process of buying 100 more K9 Vajra-T guns, manufactured by private sector defence major Larsen & Toubro with technology transfer from South Korean firm Hanwha Techwin (HTW), HT has learnt.

It has already inducted 100 such guns under a 2017 contract worth $720 million, and some of them have been deployed in the Ladakh sector after some upgrades to operate in mountains as the guns were originally meant for deserts.
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“The defence acquisition council approval for the additional K9 guns is already there. The acquisition will be faster as the guns are already in service and no trials are needed. The tender for the additional order will be out any day,” said the first person. The new guns will come with winterisation kits, he said, indicating that the army plans to use the weapon system in mountains.

The army has already operationalised its first Dhanush regiment along the China border, and is now looking at raising a second regiment with 18 guns by March 2023, the people said.

“The Dhanush gun system has been inducted and operationalised in high altitude along the northern borders (with China). The gun is an electronically and mechanically upgraded version of the Bofors gun. It represents a huge step towards self-reliance in defence manufacturing,” the first person added.

The ATAGS is undergoing final trials and inching closer towards its eventual induction in the army, the people said. In a first, the indigenous howitzer was deployed for the ceremonial 21-gun salute at the 75th Independence Day ceremony at Red Fort along with British guns that have been traditionally used for the event.
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The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) began the ATAGS project in 2013 to replace older army guns with a modern 155 mm artillery gun. It partnered with two private firms, Bharat Forge Limited and Tata Advanced Systems Limited, for manufacturing the gun, which has a firing range of 48 km. The army order for 150 ATAGS will be split between the lowest and the second lowest bidders in 70:30 ratio, said a second person.

“User trials of ATAGS have been satisfactorily conducted. A few procedural issues are being taken care of. It a good system and worthy and induction,” he said.

The modernisation is taking place under the army’s field artillery rationalisation plan (FARP), cleared in 1999. The ₹50,000-crore FARP lays down the road map for inducting new 155mm weaponry, including tracked self-propelled guns, truck-mounted gun systems, towed artillery pieces and wheeled self-propelled guns.

“The FARP has gone through some reviews. Towed guns are the army’s biggest requirement. These guns will replace the 105 mm Indian field guns and 130 mm guns. The artillery will get mediumised fully (with 155 mm guns) by 2040. The private sector should develop a consortium model to meet the army’s gun requirements,” said the second person. The original FARP sought to equip around 170 artillery regiments with a mix of nearly 3,000 guns.

The upgraded Sharang artillery guns are also an important element of the ongoing modernisation. The army already has three Sharang regiments, it’s raising a fourth one, and eventually plans to have 15 such regiments, said a third person. The Sharang project involves upgrading the army’s vintage Soviet-origin 130mm M-46 towed artillery pieces to 155 mm/45-calibre standard. The upgraded guns have an enhanced range — up from 27 km to 37 km — and better terminal effectiveness.
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Rocket systems with better range are also in the works.


“We are raising six more Pinaka regiments with longer range rockets, up from 36 km to 48 km. Then there are guided extended range rockets that can hit targets 75 km away. This is all indigenous. These new regiments will be equipped electronically and mechanically improved weapon systems capable of firing variety of ammunition over longer ranges,” said the third person, adding that the rocket system will enhance the army’s long-range firepower along the northern borders.
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Artillery regiments will also soon begin inducting loitering ammunition ordered through the emergency procurement route last year, and the focus will now be indigenising aerial targeting systems, the people said.
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The M777 light howitzer has emerged as the centrepiece of the army’s weapon deployment in the northern and eastern sectors to counter the Chinese military build-up, with the gun’s tactical mobility - it can be transported by Chinook helicopters - giving the army multiple options for a firepower boost in remote areas.
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Artillery is a battle-winning factor but the army has lagged behind in modernising the crucial combat arm, said former director general of military operations Lieutenant General Vinod Bhatia (retd).

“The measures being taken now will significantly enhance our combat effectiveness, especially along the northern borders with China,” Bhatia said.

@Black Tornado @VkdIndian @vishwambhar @LakeHawk180 @Cheepek
 
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retaxis

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In 62 when china curbstomped India. india had a larger economy and backed by two superpowers. China was trying to rebuild after Japan leveled everything in ww2.

The gap between India and China has grown 10x since 62. Its not even fair to compare.
 

LakeHawk180

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No where close to the numbers necessary to make a parity.
I keep hearing the refrain: “private sector needs to form a consortium”. Why? To me it’s like asking the private sector to mimick the worst aspects of public sector enterprises that still haven’t managed to figure out a way to work together all that well.

I’ve never seen a consortium work well outside policy and think tank circles. Maybe someone with better understanding can explain why this is a good idea.
 

Lava820

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In 62 when china curbstomped India. india had a larger economy and backed by two superpowers. China was trying to rebuild after Japan leveled everything in ww2.

The gap between India and China has grown 10x since 62. Its not even fair to compare.
80k well equipped Chinese soldiers attacked 10k Indian soldiers in 1962 war. Regarding 1962,the IAF was not used in the Sino-Indian conflict where many military historians and retired officers claim that it could have altered the final outcome to a great extent. Indian government relied on inputs from the Intelligence Bureau (IB). The IB cautioned the government that the use of offensive air power could result in the PLAAF attacking Indian cities like Calcutta and also deny India the ‘moral high ground’ in case of a protracted conflict. No cognisance was taken of the fact that PLAAF aircraft could reach targets in India only if they operated from airfields in Tibet with the high altitudes imposing severe restrictions on their weapon-carrying capacity. On the other hand, IAF fighters would have had the advantage of operating with full weapon loads from airfields in the plains of Assam and Punjab.With over 22 combat squadrons and over 500 aircraft, the IAF’s mainstays in mid-1962 comprised the Hunter Mk-56 fighter-bomber aircraft, Gnat interceptor aircraft, French-built ground-attack aircraft such as Mystere and Toofani, Canberra bomber-reconnaissance jets, and the Vampire ground-attack jet. The PLA Air Force (PLAAF) was equipped with the MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-19 and medium-range IL-28 bombers.

In 62 when china curbstomped India. india had a larger economy and backed by two superpowers. China was trying to rebuild after Japan leveled everything in ww2.

The gap between India and China has grown 10x since 62. Its not even fair to compare.
Remember the bloody nose Chinese have received during the 1967 Sino-India conflict. After 5 years of this conflict, Sikkim was merged with India
 

Goritoes

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No where close to the numbers necessary to make a parity.
True, but despite I hate IA, I had to say that IA has one important thing which Chinese Lack, Experience of real battles. Chinese can overcome IA with their sheer Power but IA's experience over the years from fighting a low intensity war with Pakistan had given them much needed experience, Same logic applies to PA although they might over the tech would look weak than many fancy EU's Armies but with the experience they get, in their own backyard they can give tough time to any formidable foe.
 

kingQamaR

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True, but despite I hate IA, I had to say that IA has one important thing which Chinese Lack, Experience of real battles. Chinese can overcome IA with their sheer Power but IA's experience over the years from fighting a low intensity war with Pakistan had given them much needed experience, Same logic applies to PA although they might over the tech would look weak than many fancy EU's Armies but with the experience they get, in their own backyard they can give tough time to any formidable foe.

Nah

China is not little Pakistan. Loc skirmishes resembles something from the WW1 no where like war. Both sides lobbing bombs unguided shells everywhere, we so what USA did to Iraqi army dug in like in Kuwait.
 

Goritoes

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Nah

China is not little Pakistan. Loc skirmishes resembles something from the WW1 no where like war. Both sides lobbing bombs unguided shells everywhere, we so what USA did to Iraqi army dug in like in Kuwait.
both armies used high tech weapons on LOC, ATGM's, Arty, LMG's , drones etc
 

kingQamaR

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both armies used high tech weapons on LOC, ATGM's, Arty, LMG's , drones etc

Loc is a WW1 trench stalemate, neither side can or have the type of modern weapons to change it. With a very small introduction of smart toys , majority of both armies poorly constructed bunkers quality would be laughed at by the ww1 Great War German engineers shows how cRap both sides are
 

vishwambhar

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No where close to the numbers necessary to make a parity.
Though we should be more focused on homemade Dhanush artillery sometimes after watching performance in Ukraine war I feel like buying some CEASER artillery from France.... it's beast of artillery warfare.....
@Lava820
 
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Lava820

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Though we should be more focused on homemade Dhanush artillery sometimes after watching performance in Ukraine war I feel like buying some CEASER artillery from France.... it's beast of artillery warfare.....
@Lava820
India needs to extend the ranges of its existing artillery systems and we can make it happen through Ramjet technology
 

etylo

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80k well equipped Chinese soldiers attacked 10k Indian soldiers in 1962 war. Regarding 1962,the IAF was not used in the Sino-Indian conflict where many military historians and retired officers claim that it could have altered the final outcome to a great extent. Indian government relied on inputs from the Intelligence Bureau (IB). The IB cautioned the government that the use of offensive air power could result in the PLAAF attacking Indian cities like Calcutta and also deny India the ‘moral high ground’ in case of a protracted conflict. No cognisance was taken of the fact that PLAAF aircraft could reach targets in India only if they operated from airfields in Tibet with the high altitudes imposing severe restrictions on their weapon-carrying capacity. On the other hand, IAF fighters would have had the advantage of operating with full weapon loads from airfields in the plains of Assam and Punjab.With over 22 combat squadrons and over 500 aircraft, the IAF’s mainstays in mid-1962 comprised the Hunter Mk-56 fighter-bomber aircraft, Gnat interceptor aircraft, French-built ground-attack aircraft such as Mystere and Toofani, Canberra bomber-reconnaissance jets, and the Vampire ground-attack jet. The PLA Air Force (PLAAF) was equipped with the MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-19 and medium-range IL-28 bombers.


Remember the bloody nose Chinese have received during the 1967 Sino-India conflict. After 5 years of this conflict, Sikkim was merged with India
Delusional indians day dreaming as usual.
 

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