• Wednesday, November 20, 2019

India set to meet UN 2015 poverty goal

Discussion in 'World Affairs' started by astodome, Sep 17, 2010.

  1. astodome

    astodome BANNED

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    New Delhi: In the fight against poverty, India seems to be winning - in some parts of the country at least.

    Vimla Sharma lives in Suwana Village in Rajasthan. Her life has been dramatically improved by a government scheme called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act.

    Launched in 2005, it guarantees every rural family 100 days of work a year at a wage of 100 rupees a day.

    She can now send her daughter to school - something which means a lot to her - but she thinks the scheme should be expanded further.

    "There are 100 days of work in a year. Once these days are over, what will the women do? They work as labourers wherever they find work. We want the NREGA scheme to continue so that we are able to meet our household expenses," says Vimla Sharma.

    In another part of Rajasthan - Kodukota village - it's a different story.

    Farm worker - Bhairon Lal Meena - owns some farmland but it isn't enough to sustain his family.

    He lives with his wife and elderly parents in a mud hut.

    The government scheme did give him work but delayed payments meant the family still struggled to survive.

    "What do we do with NREGA? We don't have anything to eat in the house. I had worked for four months as a farm worker with NREGA but have not got a single penny till now," says Bhairon Lal Meena.

    In a progress review of the United Nations development goals for 2015, India is expected to reduce its poverty rate from 51 per cent to 24 per cent by the target date.

    India's economy grew 8.8 percent in the June quarter, its biggest increase in over two years.

    However, Caitlin Wiesen, country director of the UN's development Programme, says the growth must be managed well to make sure everyone benefits.

    "Increasing inequality is a major concern and one has to look at the quality of growth. And the growth within India has been outstanding, it's one of the second fastest growing economies in the world. However, growth needs to be job rich and also needs to focus on agricultural productivity and production," says Caitlin Wiesen, Country Director, United Nations Development Program.

    The growing number of wealthy Indians live in cities like New Delhi. Here, there are many who buy a pair of designer shoes costing 37 thousand rupees - more than a rural farmer earns in a year.

    As India's government successfully tackles the massive problem of poverty - their next big challenge will be to close the widening gap between rich and poor.


    India set to meet UN 2015 poverty goal
     
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  2. Chinese-Dragon

    Chinese-Dragon PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    Well done to India. :cheers:
     
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  3. Mirza Jatt

    Mirza Jatt BANNED

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    long way to go....but a refreshing news for sure...atleast gives the satisfaction, that we are on the right path...the goal is visible now.:cheers: :tup:
     
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  4. Nothing

    Nothing FULL MEMBER

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    National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. is really doing good. Now less people are leaving their villages and coming to metro cities for job. They are getting work in villages where they have some basic facility to live already . Gov. needs to improve infrastructure there and less pressure on metro cities like Mumbai
     
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  5. Skeptic

    Skeptic SENIOR MEMBER

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    The scheme is good but the implementation leaves a lot to be desired. A huge proportion of the money is being siphoned off via fake job cards and there have been reports of a share of wages being charged as commission. I hope the biometric card if used in conjunction with this scheme can produce much better results.

    Since it has brought about excellent results in Rajasthan, it appears that other states are certainly doing less than exemplary implementation.
     
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  6. astodome

    astodome BANNED

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    Acheivements will be on the side of those who dream of becoming
     
  7. Nothing

    Nothing FULL MEMBER

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    There is huge problem of mismanagement . Hopefully biometric cards will help to manage it better. I agree with Rajasthan's results. Same effect is there is some part of UP as well as in Bihar. Thats good this will provide opportunities for every corner of country.
     
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  8. TextMiner

    TextMiner BANNED

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    I have serious reservations about this article, and especially achieving a 25% reduction over the next 5 years with a trickledown policy, should be taken with a truckload of salt. And what eludes us here, is the complete picture ; We are just talking about Poverty, but what about the 800 million odd people living on less than 1$ a day. And on top of it, about 90 percent of the people form the unorganized work-force of India. And widespread corruption even gobbles up the entire allocated 14,000 crore meant for Tribal development through their elaborate "middleman" network. And as the article points out, growth inequality is at the root of our macroeconomic policy. We also see pockets of prosperity spread in India.

    I expect all of us in this forum to suggest ideas on how to reduce such economic disparity (which is one of the key factors i hate about our Economic Miracle).
     
  9. DesiGuy

    DesiGuy SENIOR MEMBER

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    NEW DELHI: At a time of spiralling inflation and dwindling food stocks, the failure of the ambitious National Population Policy-2000 to strategise a gradual reduction in the population growth rate has meant that the country has five crore more hungry mouths to feed than envisaged.

    NPP-2000, which set national socio-demographic goals for the year 2010, said if its strategies were implemented, India's population, which is projected to be 116 crore by 2010, could be capped at 110 crore.

    However, in 2008, the population is already 113 crore, according to the figures given out by National Commission on Population. This is five crore more than what the average projection of population had said it would be.

    More importantly, it means there would be five crore more mouths to feed at a time when the government has banned export of non-basmati rice to avoid a famine-like situation, as has been admitted by the Centre in the Supreme Court.

    This total non-implementation of NPP-2000 was brought into sharp focus on Thursday by counsel Sanjay Parikh before a Supreme Court Bench of Chief Justice K G Balakrishnan and Justices P Sathasivam and J M Panchal during the hearing on a PIL by NGO Azadi Bachao Andolan, which seeks implementation of NPP in letter and spirit.

    He said that though the court had issued notices to the Centre and the states in 2006, neither the Centre nor the states had responded.

    The Centre, through additional solicitor general Gopal Subramaniam, said the affidavit was ready and would be filed by Monday.

    Parikh said that pursuant to NPP-2000, the National Commission on Population was constituted on May 11, 2000, but strangely, it took five years to hold its first meeting - in July 2005.

    Pointing to the failure of the ambitious National Population Policy-2000, counsel Sanjay Parikh told SC: "With the absence of will on the part of the government to implement the strategies suggested in NPP, India appears to have missed the targets set for both 2010 and 2016 in terms of capping the rapid growth of population."

    India misses population control targets for 2010, 2016 - The Times of India
     
  10. SpArK

    SpArK PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    India plans to create 150 mn skilled workforce by 2022
    :oops:



    NEW DELHI: The National Skill Development Corporation, a joint venture between the government and industrial associations, targets to create 150 million skilled workforce in India by 2022 for sustaining high economic growth, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee said on Monday.

    "We have a challenging target of creating a skilled workforce of 150 million persons by 2022. We have to take action to achieve this target by ramping up the capability of the NSDC. The movement is in the right direction," Mukherjee said at a meeting with top NSDC officials here.

    He urged the private institutions to play an active role in skill development.

    Referring to a study conducted by ICRA, Mukherjee said incremental skilled workforce requirement in 20 high growth sectors and the unorganised sector in India would be 240-250 million till 2022.

    "It is indeed going to be a challenging task to bridge this skill gap. Obviously, government alone cannot achieve this target. So far participation of private sector in skill creation has been more or less limited to IT sector. I am happy to note that the NSDC has taken a leap forward in mobilising private initiative in other sectors also," he added.

    The NSDC has been established under the 11th Five Year Plan to create a pool of skilled workforce in line with the industry requirements.

    Industry associations, including the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), are developing various projects across the country to help create the required skilled workforce.

    Eight projects related to skill developments are underway. The FICCI has proposed to start 4 Sector Skill Councils during 2010-11. It will be in retail, food processing, media and entertainment and tourism and hospitality sectors.

    The CII has a plan to start 10 skill development centres during the current financial year.

    The finance minister said the NSDC should ensure the employability of trained individuals.

    "This must remain the focus area in all the proposals and projects being developed and financed by the corporation. At the same time, it is also important to generate monitoring and evaluation mechanisms, which will ensure that the progress made on the ground in linking the unorganised sectors with the needs of the industry, is tracked and updated on a regular basis," Mukherjee added.


    India plans to create 150 mn skilled workforce by 2022 - The Economic Times
     
  11. Skeptic

    Skeptic SENIOR MEMBER

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    Two important segment are still left unattended to - Agriculture and Manufacturing. We are too focussed on service industry while Agriculture already employs the highest percentage of population and Manufacturing has the potential of providing a healthy employment.