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India eyeing Javelin, the fire-and-forget missile

Discussion in 'Indian Defence Forum' started by sudhir007, Feb 19, 2010.

  1. sudhir007

    sudhir007 SENIOR MEMBER

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    India eyeing Javelin, the fire-and-forget missile -  National News ? News ? MSN India

    New Delhi/ Beijing: India is in talks with the United States to buy Raytheon's Javelin fire-and-forget missiles that have been used in Iraq and Afghanistan, Walter Doran, Asia president at the U.S. firm, told Reuters on Monday.

    The portable, medium-range Javelin has been jointly developed by Raytheon and Lockheed Martin.


    Chinese expert reacts to Agni

    In a related development, a chinese defence expert said on Monday that despite India's advances in missile technology, the country is still a decade behind China. The Chinese defence analyst asserted that Beijing does not view New Delhi as its "strategic rival."

    Shrugging off concerns that newer versions of India's Agni missiles could strike the northernmost tips of China, the state-run Global Times, quoting a top analyst said India may take five more years to achieve this capability.

    The analyst also dismissed the claims that India is far ahead of China in developing interceptor technology, the paper said this week, days after India tested the Agni- III, which has a 3,500 km range.

    Chinese Rear Admiral Zhang Zhaozhong, a professor at the prestigious Chinese National Defence University, said India is still 10 to 15 years behind China in terms of missile technology.

    "It's still unknown when the Agni-III will be deployed by the Indian army, though they claim the missile is ready for use. And it might take at least another five years to ready the Agni-V," Zhang was quoted as saying.
    He also claimed that China did not see India as a strategic rival, and developed weapons to counter it.

    "In developing its military technology, China has never taken India as a strategic rival, and none of its weapons were specifically designed to contain India," the Global Times quoted Zhang as saying.
     
  2. PeacefulIndian

    PeacefulIndian FULL MEMBER

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    Javelin Anti-Armour Missile - Army Technology



    Key Data
    Total weight
    22.3kg
    Weight
    11.8kg
    Length
    1.08m
    Diameter
    126mm
    Range
    2,500m
    Seeker
    Imaging infra-red, CMT, 64 x 64 staring focal plane array, 8 - 12 micron
    Guidance
    Lock-on before launch, automatic self-guidance
    Full specifications

    Javelin is a portable anti-tank weapon, supplied by Raytheon / Lockheed Martin Javelin joint venture. It is shoulder-fired and can also be installed on tracked, wheeled or amphibious vehicles.

    In 1989, the US Army awarded a contract for the development of Javelin as a replacement for the M47 Dragon anti-tank missile. The Javelin joint venture was formed by Texas Instruments (now Raytheon Missile Systems) of Dallas, Texas and Lockheed Martin Electronics and Missiles (now Missiles and Fire Control), of Orlando, Florida.

    Raytheon is responsible for the command launch unit (CLU), missile guidance electronic unit, system software and system engineering management. Lockheed Martin is responsible for the missile seeker, missile engineering and assembly.

    Javelin entered full-rate production in 1994 and the systems were first deployed in June 1996 by the US Army at Fort Benning, Georgia.
    "Javelin is a shoulder-fired, portable
    anti-tank weapon."

    The Javelin system saw operational service with the US Army and Marine Corps and Australian Special Forces during Operation Iraqi Freedom in March / April 2003 and is currently deployed in Afghanistan. More than 1,000 rounds have been fired. The CLU is also being used in surveillance operations. The stand-alone mode usage of CLU was proved to be effective in target detection and battle field reconnaissance when it was deployed in Afghanistan and Iraq.

    In January 2003, the UK Ministry of Defence announced that it had decided to procure Javelin for the light forces anti-tank guided weapon system (LFATGWS) requirement. The initial order is for 18 launchers and 144 missiles. Javelin replaced the Milan system and entered service with British Army in July 2005.

    Javelin equips the army's rapid reaction forces, including 16 air assault brigade, three commando brigade and mechanised infantry. BAE Systems and a number of other UK companies are providing subsystems for the missiles. In October 2004, a further order was placed, to equip the armoured infantry and formation reconnaissance forces from 2007, replacing the Swingfire ATGW.

    Javelin orders and deliveries

    Over 25,000 missiles have been produced and over 6,600 command launch units have have been sold to the US Army and Marine Corps. Javelin has also been selected by Taiwan (60 launchers and 360 missiles), Lithuania, Jordan (30 launchers and 110 missiles), Australia (up to 92 systems and 600 missiles), New Zealand (24 launchers, delivered in June 2006), Norway (90 launchers and 526 missiles, delivery from 2006) and Ireland.

    In June 2004, the Czech Republic signed a Letter of Agreement (LOA) with the US government to provide the Javelin system. In November 2004, the United Arab Emirates requested the foreign military sale (FMS) of 100 Javelin launchers and 1,000 missile rounds. In June 2006, Oman requested the FMS of 30 launchers and 250 missiles. In July 2006, Bahrain requested the FMS of 60 launchers and 180 missiles. Contracts for the supply of the missile system to UAE and Oman were placed in July 2008. In October 2008, Taiwan requested the sale of an additional 182 missile and 20 launchers.

    Six more nations are considering deployment of the Javelin system. Canada has also been authorised to make such a purchase, but has not pursued the option to date. France is likely to procure 300 missiles and 50 to 60 launchers for €70m.

    Production of the block 1 missile began in 2006. Successful qualification firings took place in January 2007.

    In December 2008, the Javelin JV was awarded a contract to upgrade 404 block 0 command launch units to block 1 configuration. The upgrade is scheduled for completion in spring, 2011.

    Anti-armour missile

    The Javelin system consists of the CLU and the round. The CLU, with a carry weight of 6.4kg, incorporates a passive target acquisition and fire control unit with an integrated day sight and a thermal imaging sight.

    The sight uses DRS Technologies second-generation thermal imaging technology, based on the standard advanced Dewar assembly (SADA IIIA). The company also provides the quieter, dual-opposed piston coolers for the sight.

    The gunner's controls for the missile system are on the CLU. The day sight is equipped with x4 magnification and the night sight with x4 and x9 magnification optics.

    The round consists of the Javelin missile and the ATK (Alliant Techsystems) launch tube assembly. The range of the missile is 2,500m. Javelin is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance.

    The missile is equipped with an imaging infrared seeker which is based on a cadmium mercury telluride (CdHgTe) 64 x 64 staring focal plane array in the 8 to 12 micron waveband. BAE Systems Avionics is providing the infrared seekers for the British Army's missiles.

    The tandem warhead is fitted with two shaped charges: a precursor warhead to initiate explosive reactive armour and a main warhead to penetrate base armour. The propulsion system is a two-stage solid propellant design which provides a minimum smoke soft launch.

    The block 1 missile upgrade includes an improved rocket motor that reduces time of flight, an enhanced warhead effective against a greater range of targets, 2,500m of improved probability of hit / kill and improvements to the command launch unit and software. In 2008, the improved block 1 missile full materiel release was received and the US Army has stockpiled the first production lots. Other improvements include a digital display, software processing enhancement and remote view of the gunner display in an RS-170 standard video format. The future Javelin will have fragmentation for anti-personnel effects and a multipurpose warhead (MPWH) with shaped charges for armoured vehicles.

    Javelin operation

    The system is deployed and ready to fire in less than 30 seconds and the reload time is less than 20 seconds. The missile is mounted on the CLU and the gunner engages the target using the sight on the CLU, by placing a curser box over the image of the target. The gunner locks on the automatic target tracker in the missile by sending a lock-on-before-launch command to the missile. When the system is locked-on, the missile is ready to fire and the gunner does not carry out post launch tracking or missile guidance.

    Unlike conventional wire guided, fibre-optic cable guided, or laser beam riding missiles, Javelin is autonomously guided to the target after launch, leaving the gunner free to reposition or reload immediately after launch.

    A soft launch ejects the missile from the launch tube to give a low-recoil shoulder launch. The soft launch enables firing from inside buildings or covered positions. Once the missile is clear, the larger propellant in the second stage is ignited and the missile is propelled towards the target. The weapon has two attack modes, direct or top attack.

    The gunner selects direct attack mode to engage covered targets, bunkers, buildings and helicopters.

    The top attack mode is selected against tanks, in which case the Javelin climbs above and strikes down on the target to penetrate the roof of the tank where there is the least armour protection.

    The missile is launched at an 18° elevation angle to reach a peak altitude of 150m in top attack mode and 50m in direct fire mode.
     
  3. PeacefulIndian

    PeacefulIndian FULL MEMBER

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    I am curious in what numbers they will be ordered? Probably 700 - 800 to start with? And 60 - 70 launchers?
     
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  4. Veer

    Veer FULL MEMBER

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    US is more than keen to sell that stuff to India, that's why US have brought this toy in India and demonstrated it.
     
  5. BelligerentPacifist

    BelligerentPacifist SENIOR MEMBER

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    So Nag's dead.
     
  6. sherdil76

    sherdil76 FULL MEMBER

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    Best and most leathal weapon against any tank in the world because it targets the weakest part, turret's top.
     
  7. PeacefulIndian

    PeacefulIndian FULL MEMBER

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    Probably not. Read this.

    Indian Army Intends To Source Javelin Missile From USA | India Defence Online

    It states that India has already ordered 400+ Nag. But just that it may not be the frontline anti-tank missile. And my own guess is that Javelin is not limited to an anti-tank missile. It has other applications as well. Nag is a core anti-tank.


    Additional info - This is what I got from a blog.

     
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  8. jha

    jha ELITE MEMBER

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    first of all this is a way old news...
    secondly nag is not dead...even though both are anti-tank missiles..they both are of different tech. type....google them and find the difference..
     
  9. Veer

    Veer FULL MEMBER

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    True.

    Also, Nag will get more order as NAMICA and HELINA.