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India and 26 Other Countries are Working to Develop a Model for Early Earth Quake Warning System

Discussion in 'Central & South Asia' started by Hindustani78, Jul 15, 2015.

  1. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 BANNED

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    Ministry of Earth Science

    15-July, 2015 17:16 IST

    India and 26 Other Countries are Working to Develop a Model for Early Earth Quake Warning System

    A Satellite to Visualize Surface Displacement Relating to Earthquake is to be Launched by 2019
    Scientists, Geophysicists, and Seismologists of 27 countries are working under India’s leadership on an ambitious project to develop early warning system for earthquakes to predict them some seconds before they occur. This was stated by the Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India Dr.Shailesh Nayak at a summit on ‘Combating Earthquake Disasters’ in Kolkata last evening (14.07.2015). He, said, if the effort is successful and the model is developed, we could reduce the number of human casualties substantially. He said, before earthquakes, some chemical changes under the earth’s surface and some physical displacements on the surface occur and hoped if parameters are developed to observe, study and analyze these changes, the quakes can be predicted. For this purpose, India is going to launch a satellite by 2019 which will send images of surface displacement up to the accuracy of few centimeters. Dr. Nayak added that in the coming years deep bore wells filled with sensors and other equipment will be put in place in all seismically active regions in the country to sense the chemical and physical changes under the earth’s surface.

    It was told in the summit that 22 states in India are prone to earthquakes of various intensities like Severe, High, Moderate and Low and urban explosion and densely populated cities with high rise buildings makes the quake scenario worse. During last one decade, 11 earthquakes of magnitude five (5) or above on Richter scale has shaken India, the summit was informed.

    Participating in the summit Dr. Sankar Kumar Nath, Professor, Geology and Geophysics, IIT Kharagpur, Dr. O.P. Mishra, Sr. Scientist and DDG (Seismology) India Meteorological Department, Dr. Ambarish Ghosh, Prof. of Civil Engineering & Head, School of Disaster Mitigation Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science & Technology, Shibpur and Lt. Gen N.C. Marwah, Member, National Disaster Management Authority, Government of India were among those who participated in the summit. Speakers emphasized on strict adherence to and implementation of Building Structure Codes as in Japan to make them quake resistant. Apart from loss of human lives quakes also severely paralyses the economy by destroying infrastructures such as, rail, road, bridge, communication and power networks, which take years to rebuild them at huge costs.

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  2. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 BANNED

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    Ministry of Earth Science
    12-April, 2017 18:44 IST
    AGRO-Meteorology Services

    India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is implementing Agrometeorological Advisory Services (AAS) under the scheme “Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS)” in the Country.

    GKMS of IMD is rendered twice a week to farmers in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), Institutions of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), IITs etc. District level weather forecast for next 5-days in respect of Rainfall, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity and clouds, weekly cumulative rainfall forecast and Crop specific advisories are provided to farmers. GKMS of IMD has been successful in providing crop specific advisories to farmers through different print/visual/Radio/ IT based media including short message service (SMS) and Interactive Voice Response Service (IVRS) facilitating for appropriate field level actions. Weather forecast based agrometeorological advisories are disseminated through Kisan portal launched by Ministry of Agriculture and also under public private partner.

    All the districts of Kerala have been covered under the scheme. Details of the districts in Kerala covered under the scheme are given below:

    District for which AAS bulletins made

    Agro Meteorological Field Unit (AMFU)

    No. of Farmers receiving Agromet Advisory through SMS

    ********

    Wayanad
    Idukki

    Ambalavayal

    72048
    ***********

    Allepy
    Kottayam

    Kumarakom

    56120

    **********

    Malappuram
    Kozhikode
    Kannur
    Kasargod

    Pillicode

    240408

    ***********

    Palakkad
    Thrissur
    Ernakulam

    Trissur (Vellanikara)

    76644

    *************

    Thiruvanathpuram
    Kollam
    Pattanamthitta

    Vellayani

    74837

    **************

    Total
    520057

    Presently IMD is providing Agromet services to farming community at District level. Research efforts are initiated by IMD to explore possibility of generating sub district scale Agrometeorological forecast with acceptable level of verification skill in a pilot mode.

    There is mechanism for dissemination of Agromet Advisories through multi-mode communication channels including mass and electronic media and also through SMS and IVR (Interactive Voice Response Technology) through Kisan Portal launched by Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India as well as private companies under PPP mode. At present 21.16 million farmers are receiving the information through SMS on regular basis.

    Under modernization plan, IMD has installed 550 AWS and 127 Agro-AWS throughout the country, so that the observational network would be strengthened. These AWS data would be useful in generating high resolution weather forecast. At present the scheme is implemented at district level covering 636 districts in the country.

    This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S.Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.
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    Ministry of Earth Science
    12-April, 2017 18:42 IST
    Regional Climate Services

    India Meteorological Department (IMD) is the nodal Government agency responsible for providing operational weather and climate services required for the country.

    For providing region-wise weather and climate services, , there are 6 Regional Meteorological Centres (RMCs) with headquarters at Chennai, Mumbai, Nagpur, New Delhi, Kolkata, & Guwahati. Under each RMC, there is State Meteorological Centers (MC) in each of the state capitals.The RMCs and MCs provide basic climate services like climatological and extreme weather and climate information, agromet advisories etc and other service products disseminated from office to Climate Research & Services (CRS), IMD, Pune. CRS carries out many India specific specialized climate related activities like Climate Monitoring and Analysis, Climate Prediction (Seasonal Forecasts), Climate Data Management, Climate Research and Climate Applications.

    CRS has been made functional to roll out climate services. Various groups have been created under CRS to render specific climate services activities in a gradual manner. The climate services activity was a part of continuing activities from 12th Plan and will be supported for rendering all necessary service delivery during the current planning period (2017-20).

    This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S.Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

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    Ministry of Earth Science
    12-April, 2017 18:39 IST
    Electronic System to Detect Earthquakes

    At present National Centre of Seismology (NCS) , Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), maintains a National Seismological Network (NSN) comprising of 84 (eighty four) digital (Electronic) permanent seismological field stations.

    NCS is in process of installation of 31 more new seismological observatories. The new seismological observatories state-wise are Haryana (4), Uttarakhand (1), Delhi (3), Jammu & Kashmir (2), Himachal Pradesh (3), Uttar Pradesh (5), Jharkhand (1), Bihar (4), West Bengal (1), Punjab (1) Rajasthan (2), Madhya Pradesh (2), Chhattisgarh (1) and Lakshdweep (1). These observatories will have digital broadband seismograph system with VSAT communication. However, there is no proven scientific technique available anywhere in the world till date, to forecast the occurrence of earthquake with reasonable degree of accuracy with regard to space, time and magnitude. The Ground motion data recorded by the digital seismograph are used for estimation of magnitude and other earthquake parameters. It may be reiterated that the present set up is not used for forecasting earthquakes. New (31) seismological observatories will be installed by March 2018.

    Guidelines have been published by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) and Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) etc for design and construction of earthquake resistant structures to minimize loss of life and damage to property caused by earthquakes. These guidelines are in wide circulation amongst the public and administrative authorities responsible for design and construction of earthquake resistant houses / structures in earthquake prone areas.

    National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), other state Disaster Management Authorities, have also taken up various initiatives to educate and bring awareness amongst general public and school children on the general aspects of earthquakes, their impacts and measures to mitigate losses caused by them.

    This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S.Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

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  3. Hindustani78

    Hindustani78 BANNED

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    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee at the presentation of the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal, the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Arun Kumar and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.
    [​IMG]

    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at a function, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]

    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at a function, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]
    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at a function, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]
    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at a function, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal, the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Arun Kumar and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]
    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at a function, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal, the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Arun Kumar and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]

    The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee addressing at the presentation of the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal, the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Arun Kumar and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]

    The Minister of State for Power, Coal, New and Renewable Energy and Mines (Independent Charge), Shri Piyush Goyal addressing at the presentation of the National Geoscience Awards 2016, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, in New Delhi on April 12, 2017. The President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee, the Secretary, Ministry of Mines, Shri Arun Kumar and the Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Prof. Ashutosh Sharma are also seen.[​IMG]