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How India’s control over Azad Kashmir has loosened over time

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How India’s control over Azad Kashmir has loosened over time
Published August 11, 2015 | By admin
SOURCE : DNA INDIA

http://static.dnaindia.com/sites/default/files/2015/08/10/364084-Azad Kashmir.jpg

Contrary to the relentless media glare on Jammu and Kashmir, the Azad Kashmir (Azad Kashmir) is somewhat akin to the Bermuda Triangle for Southeast Asia, shrouded in everlasting mystery. It is not often one gets to see any news about the place, about its people, about its terror-training schools, about the hectic infrastructure projects undertaken by China, or the elections conducted byPakistan to lend a veneer of legitimacy to its occupation.

India for its part, keeps on showing Azad Kashmir as part of its territory in all the international and national pieces of cartography, never showing any real stridency about defining its role as to what it wants to do about it. Despite India’s tentative overtures to the need of embracing central Asia, Azad Kashmir remains outside its overarching loop of diplomacy.


Recently the ‘mainstream’ media paid very scant notice to Pakistan holding polls to elect a regional legislature after devolution of powers in 2009 changed the region’s name from Northern Areas to Gilgit-Baltistan and provided it with a local assembly. Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) won 14 out of 24 seats, contested by 272 candidates. And the à la carte of contesting parties — besides (PML-N) — consisted of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) of Imran Khan, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) of ex-president Asif Ali Zardari and All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf — that showcased how almost all the mainstream parties of Pakistan had legitimised Pakistan’s occupation of North Kashmir region which we call Azad Kashmir.

Did India, besides just a murmur, cry blue murder when the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative assembly was formed as part of the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order, 2009 which granted the region self-rule and an elected legislative assembly? The Ministry of External Affairs of India, this time, went livid terming the elections as “an attempt by Pakistan to camouflage its forcible and illegal occupation of the regions” and persisted that the “entire state of Jammu and Kashmir which includes the regions of Gilgit and Baltistan is an integral part of India.” Pakistan saw this as an Indian alibi for interfering with Islamabad’s bilateral relations with Beijing and the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Minister of State in the PMO, Jitendra Singh questioned the very constitutionality of Pakistan in holding elections in the Gilgit-Baltistan area, as Pakistan, had no “locus standi” in doing so. The issue is hanging fire since 1947. A study titled Pakistan Occupied Kashmir: Changing the Discourse published in 2011 by the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, referred to Pakistan’s “dual policy” on Kashmir evident in its dithering in declaring Gilgit-Baltistan to be one of its provinces.

The strategic significance of Azad Kashmir is immense not only because it is contiguous to Pakistan, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and Tajikistan to the west and the Xinjiang province of the People’s Republic of China to the north, but also because of the “strategic depth” garnered since the Karakoram Highway (KKH) was built to connect Pakistan with China via Azad Kashmir. Azad Kashmir being a gateway to Central Asian republics and to their expanding markets explains why China had continued with an ambitious economic corridor linking Xinjiang to the Pakistani port of Gwadar, envisaged by a plan to expand the Karakoram Highway and build a railway link through Azad Kashmir — backed in turn by Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of his new “Silk Road Economic Belt” project. The $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is also proposed to pass through the area, all of which cumulatively prove that things have well gone beyond India’s control: first in 1947, next when Pakistan illegally ceded the Shaksgam Valley to China in a 1963 border agreement, or in 1970 when Pakistan divided the region into two separate administrative divisions: Mirpur-Muzaffarabad (aka Azad Jammu and Kashmir, or AJK) and the Federally Administered Gilgit-Baltistan.

One might argue that the defensive position of India vis-à-vis its part of Jammu and Kashmir accounts for its less than strident, rather lame duck protestations about the growing Chinese investment and presence in Azad Kashmir and its involvement especially in the infrastructure development in the area, and its listlessness about Pakistan’s rapacious exploitation of the rich natural resources of Azad Kashmir, which has, in effect, left China almost a free hand to exercise and extend its influence in the region. While China is loath to India’s oil exploration in the South China Sea on the grounds that it is a “disputed” area, it has no problem in justifying its economic corridor through Azad Kashmir on the grounds that it was a “livelihood project”. Detractors, however, think that the water resources of Azad Kashmir partially explain China’s growing interest in this region.

If it is an act of territorial aggression, a charge levelled against India, India has tried to play down its sense of affront, if any, either in the pretext of maintaining a status quo in its unhurried approach towards its larger policies on the border dispute, or in the insidious fear that upping the ante about Azad Kashmir might rock the boat, or worse, might open the poisonous can of worms surrounding the Kashmir dispute. Be that as it may, India’s defensive position has not acted in its favour: Azad Kashmir has gone irretrievably out of India’s hands with each passing year and decade. And while the UN had earlier been Pakistan’s favourite stick to beat India’s Kashmir policy, India chose not to overplay the August 13, 1948 UN resolution on Jammu and Kashmir that had implicitly recognised the Indian “sovereignty” over the Jammu and Kashmir territories Pakistan had occupied “illegally” urging it to vacate the “occupation”.

As it stands today, the ceasefire line, redesignated as the “Line of Control” following the Simla Agreement signed on 3 July 1972 has become the de-facto border between India and Pakistan, beyond which India has no practical access. Terrorist organisations, such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and terror camps continue to thrive in Muzaffarabad, the capital of the so-called AJK, which, as we are made to know, belongs to India. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) that separates the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir from the Chinese-controlled area known as Aksai Chin has long been an unrealised quid pro-quo.

The map of Kashmir we are wont to draw might be historically right but technically wrong, or the reverse of it. But the other Kashmir, going by the stark picture — extra-judicial killings, terrorism, disappearances, sectarian conflict — portrayed by the leaders from Azad Kashmir raised during the 29th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva recently, is certainly no paradise.
 

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How India’s control over Azad Kashmir has loosened over time
Published August 11, 2015 | By admin
SOURCE : DNA INDIA



Contrary to the relentless media glare on Jammu and Kashmir, the Azad Kashmir (***) is somewhat akin to the Bermuda Triangle for Southeast Asia, shrouded in everlasting mystery. It is not often one gets to see any news about the place, about its people, about its terror-training schools, about the hectic infrastructure projects undertaken by China, or the elections conducted byPakistan to lend a veneer of legitimacy to its occupation.

India for its part, keeps on showing *** as part of its territory in all the international and national pieces of cartography, never showing any real stridency about defining its role as to what it wants to do about it. Despite India’s tentative overtures to the need of embracing central Asia, *** remains outside its overarching loop of diplomacy.


Recently the ‘mainstream’ media paid very scant notice to Pakistan holding polls to elect a regional legislature after devolution of powers in 2009 changed the region’s name from Northern Areas to Gilgit-Baltistan and provided it with a local assembly. Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) won 14 out of 24 seats, contested by 272 candidates. And the à la carte of contesting parties — besides (PML-N) — consisted of Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) of Imran Khan, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) of ex-president Asif Ali Zardari and All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf — that showcased how almost all the mainstream parties of Pakistan had legitimised Pakistan’s occupation of North Kashmir region which we call ***.

Did India, besides just a murmur, cry blue murder when the Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative assembly was formed as part of the Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order, 2009 which granted the region self-rule and an elected legislative assembly? The Ministry of External Affairs of India, this time, went livid terming the elections as “an attempt by Pakistan to camouflage its forcible and illegal occupation of the regions” and persisted that the “entire state of Jammu and Kashmir which includes the regions of Gilgit and Baltistan is an integral part of India.” Pakistan saw this as an Indian alibi for interfering with Islamabad’s bilateral relations with Beijing and the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

Minister of State in the PMO, Jitendra Singh questioned the very constitutionality of Pakistan in holding elections in the Gilgit-Baltistan area, as Pakistan, had no “locus standi” in doing so. The issue is hanging fire since 1947. A study titled Pakistan Occupied Kashmir: Changing the Discourse published in 2011 by the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, referred to Pakistan’s “dual policy” on Kashmir evident in its dithering in declaring Gilgit-Baltistan to be one of its provinces.

The strategic significance of *** is immense not only because it is contiguous to Pakistan, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and Tajikistan to the west and the Xinjiang province of the People’s Republic of China to the north, but also because of the “strategic depth” garnered since the Karakoram Highway (KKH) was built to connect Pakistan with China via ***. *** being a gateway to Central Asian republics and to their expanding markets explains why China had continued with an ambitious economic corridor linking Xinjiang to the Pakistani port of Gwadar, envisaged by a plan to expand the Karakoram Highway and build a railway link through *** — backed in turn by Chinese President Xi Jinping as part of his new “Silk Road Economic Belt” project. The $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is also proposed to pass through the area, all of which cumulatively prove that things have well gone beyond India’s control: first in 1947, next when Pakistan illegally ceded the Shaksgam Valley to China in a 1963 border agreement, or in 1970 when Pakistan divided the region into two separate administrative divisions: Mirpur-Muzaffarabad (aka Azad Jammu and Kashmir, or AJK) and the Federally Administered Gilgit-Baltistan.

One might argue that the defensive position of India vis-à-vis its part of Jammu and Kashmir accounts for its less than strident, rather lame duck protestations about the growing Chinese investment and presence in *** and its involvement especially in the infrastructure development in the area, and its listlessness about Pakistan’s rapacious exploitation of the rich natural resources of ***, which has, in effect, left China almost a free hand to exercise and extend its influence in the region. While China is loath to India’s oil exploration in the South China Sea on the grounds that it is a “disputed” area, it has no problem in justifying its economic corridor through *** on the grounds that it was a “livelihood project”. Detractors, however, think that the water resources of *** partially explain China’s growing interest in this region.

If it is an act of territorial aggression, a charge levelled against India, India has tried to play down its sense of affront, if any, either in the pretext of maintaining a status quo in its unhurried approach towards its larger policies on the border dispute, or in the insidious fear that upping the ante about *** might rock the boat, or worse, might open the poisonous can of worms surrounding the Kashmir dispute. Be that as it may, India’s defensive position has not acted in its favour: *** has gone irretrievably out of India’s hands with each passing year and decade. And while the UN had earlier been Pakistan’s favourite stick to beat India’s Kashmir policy, India chose not to overplay the August 13, 1948 UN resolution on Jammu and Kashmir that had implicitly recognised the Indian “sovereignty” over the Jammu and Kashmir territories Pakistan had occupied “illegally” urging it to vacate the “occupation”.

As it stands today, the ceasefire line, redesignated as the “Line of Control” following the Simla Agreement signed on 3 July 1972 has become the de-facto border between India and Pakistan, beyond which India has no practical access. Terrorist organisations, such as Lashkar-e-Taiba and terror camps continue to thrive in Muzaffarabad, the capital of the so-called AJK, which, as we are made to know, belongs to India. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) that separates the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir from the Chinese-controlled area known as Aksai Chin has long been an unrealised quid pro-quo.

The map of Kashmir we are wont to draw might be historically right but technically wrong, or the reverse of it. But the other Kashmir, going by the stark picture — extra-judicial killings, terrorism, disappearances, sectarian conflict — portrayed by the leaders from *** raised during the 29th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva recently, is certainly no paradise.
It may have loosened over time but they are now bringing it back to light as mentioned in the article. Modi has plans of his own. The main question is, do the Indian population feel the same. Are they satisfied with what they have with regards to Kashmir or do they want Pakistan occupied Kashmir as well?
(This part may sound childish but i just want some senior member to share his/her views on it)
If they do want Pakistan occupied Kashmir,will Modi try to do something militarily. I don't know much about the military doctrine of ours, but if India does attack, big IF, will we use our tactical nukes, considering are major water supply runs through that territory?
Edit: i was confused about how to mention azad kashmir, should it be Azad Kashmir or just AK?
 

Areesh

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India never had any control in these regions whatsoever. So no question of loosening.
 

Sarjen29

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It may have loosened over time but they are now bringing it back to light as mentioned in the article. Modi has plans of his own. The main question is, do the Indian population feel the same. Are they satisfied with what they have with regards to Kashmir or do they want Pakistan occupied Kashmir as well?
(This part may sound childish but i just want some senior member to share his/her views on it)
If they do want Pakistan occupied Kashmir,will Modi try to do something militarily. I don't know much about the military doctrine of ours, but if India does attack, big IF, will we use our tactical nukes, considering are major water supply runs through that territory?
Indian government and people are well k with Status quo, what plans modi has, please tell me??
 

RedRock

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Indian government and people are well k with Status quo, what plans modi has, please tell me??
I cannot post links, but the current Indian government has clearly mentioned that Azad Kashmir has not been forgotten.
As far as Modi is concerned, I don't know what goes on in that guys head, but judging by his remarks and his ways, and the people he is surrounded with, well... he is to India what Zia was to Pakistan.
 

Sarjen29

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I cannot post links, but the current Indian government has clearly mentioned that Azad Kashmir has not been forgotten.
As far as Modi is concerned, I don't know what goes on in that guys head, but judging by his remarks and his ways, and the people he is surrounded with, well... he is to India what Zia was to Pakistan.
of course its not forgotten. Its under disputes and you allow Chinese to build infra and also gifted some lands to the Chinese.

There's nothing... Don't think of Modi as every Pakistanis think, He's purely a Business man, He's not going to start a war that's going to collapse Indian Economy.
 

RedRock

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of course its not forgotten. Its under disputes and you allow Chinese to build infra and also gifted some lands to the Chinese.

There's nothing... Don't think of Modi as every Pakistanis think, He's purely a Business man, He's not going to start a war that's going to collapse Indian Economy.
It is just hard to look at Modi as a businessman when he was in charge of the student wing of RSS. He was taught those teachings and surrounded by those people. It has to have influenced him.
 

Sarjen29

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It is just hard to look at Modi as a businessman when he was in charge of the student wing of RSS. He was taught those teachings and surrounded by those people. It has to have influenced him.
Dude he doesn't get well with RSS at all, and he doesn't let them dictate any policy.. he already shown them his middle finger. He's setting up straight many rss fellows who are crossing the line

His importance is economy and lifting the poor and setting a global standard for india
 

Indika

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of course its not forgotten. Its under disputes and you allow Chinese to build infra and also gifted some lands to the Chinese.
There's nothing... Don't think of Modi as every Pakistanis think, He's purely a Business man, He's not going to start a war that's going to collapse Indian Economy.
Exactly, we need to wait for our time. There are many other ways to hit back. We dont want to get our hands dirty.
 

RedRock

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Dude he doesn't get well with RSS at all, and he doesn't let them dictate any policy.. he already shown them his middle finger. He's setting many rss who's crossing the line

His importance is economy and lifting the poor and setting a global standard for india
That may be the case, but the leaches have followed him into power. He is getting advice from Ajit doval who lets not kid ourselves is very anti Pakistan, and has setup the Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) a public policy think-tank which has affiliations with RSS. So Modi may be a saint as you paint him but his election has allowed the hawks to consolidate their power. Modi may be able to hold these fanatics off for this term(from making sure they don't do nothing too crazy on their western border) or even the next, but after that, it is going to be a different story altogether, because since he has come into power he has not slowed down RAW's activities in Afghanistan instead it has multiplied.
 

Sarjen29

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That may be the case, but the leaches have followed him into power. He is getting advice from Ajit doval who lets not kid ourselves is very anti Pakistan, and has setup the Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) a public policy think-tank which has affiliations with RSS. So Modi may be a saint as you paint him but his election has allowed the hawks to consolidate their power. Modi may be able to hold these fanatics off for this term(from making sure they don't do nothing too crazy on their western border) or even the next, but after that, it is going to be a different story altogether, because since he has come into power he has not slowed down RAW's activities in Afghanistan instead it has multiplied.
Dude,Ajit Doval is a brilliant strategist, so what he's Anti-Pakistan?? Can u point me out a single pro-indian from ur establishment ??? His work is to protect indian interests from external threats don't expect him to be pro or soft.

RSS doesn't mean their only work is to be anti-pakistan or muslim , they do lots of charitable work, they do more than what hafiz saeed does in pakistan.

How about isi's activities in AF and India ??
do you know how many terrorists are intercepted and killed in past 2 weeks/?? isi is pushing more than ever before and trying to start riots once again in kashmir like end of 1980s. leave af even the pro pakistani afghan PM pointing his finger at pakistan for the last week attacks.
 

RedRock

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Dude,Ajit Doval is a brilliant strategist, so what he's Anti-Pakistan?? Can u point me out a single pro-indian from ur establishment ??? His work is to protect indian interests from external threats don't expect him to be pro or soft.

RSS doesn't mean their only work is to be anti-Pakistan or Muslim , they do lots of charitable work, they do more than what Hafiz Saeed does in Pakistan.

How about isi's activities in AF and India ??
do you know how many terrorists are intercepted and killed in past 2 weeks/?? isi is pushing more than ever before and trying to start riots once again in kashmir like end of 1980s. leave af even the pro pakistani afghan PM pointing his finger at pakistan for the last week attacks.
Ajit may be what you think of him, but my point is, that he is the most hawkish person to choose to give advice on Defence matters to Modi. That is like asking Zardari for advice on how to fix PIA.
That is how this discussion started, you saying Azad Kashmir will not be attacked by Modi because he is a businessman, and what i am trying to suggest is that since he is surrounded by men/women such as Ajit Doval and his likes, anything is possible. During the run up to your elections, Pakistan bashing featured in all their speeches. and the audience loved it, and you know they loved it, the IA army and intelligence knows the people loved it. You basically gave your intelligence a green light to handle Pakistan the way they felt like. Just look at the difference in statements being made during Singh's term and now Modi's. All this hate being spread will build up and this is gonna blow over in my opinion if not during his terms then after.
 
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Secondly India has no claim over these lands They are just trying to copy our stance and try to fool the world but the world knows better they stopped buying there crap a long time ago so every time they make up crap like Pakistan occupied kashmir which infact doesn't exhist there's only Indian Occupied kashmir the world laughs at them the only Reason UN doesn't interfere is because this is a huge problem and there are nukes involved but if india doesn't want to talk on Kashmir well then we're going to war.
 

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