What's new

History & Operations of Wars in Pakistan

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Chumik Operation

Introduction




The Siachen dispute was added to the roster of major issues in Indo-Pakistan relations for the first time in April 1984. During the month, Indian Army airlifted mountain trained forces into position over-looking key passes in the Baltoro Range , a spur of the Karakoram Mountains , flanking the Siachen Glacier's southern rim, setting in motion a spectacular high-altitude military struggle with Pakistan that has continued unabated to the present day. Confronting one another in some areas at altitude over 6000 metres, the two armies contested for possession of a largely uninhabited wedge-shaped piece of territory, about 2500 square kilometers in size, situated just south of the Chinese border. The struggle is on till today and a number of operations have been executed by both sides for occupation or retention of key areas / posts.


Background

Chumik is a minor sub sector of Bilafond Sub Sector, which has remained quiet since 1984 with the exception of Chumik Operation in 1989. Forwarded posts of the sub sector overlook Gyong Glacier and also dominate by observation, enemies Baniya Base. A Pakistani post was established in the Location of present Sher Post in 1985. The post was later withdrawn suffering heavy losses due to avalanches and enemy artillery fire the same year. The post was re-established in 1988 by 9 Northern Light Infantry on the order of Commander Force Command Northern Area. In the early spring of 1989, there were signal intercepts indicating enemy activity in the area. On 22 February 89 , enemy helicopter's conducted reconnaissance of the area followed by inaccurate artillery fire. Reconnaissance was conducted by Helicopter and it revealed that enemy had established five new posts/bases. Enemy had also occupied off shoots of point 22158 (the highest peak in the area which came to be known as Naveed Top after this operation). This gave enemy, the vital observation over our entire sub sector which could create serious problems in holding and maintenance of own posts. Enemy started engaging our forwarded posts, Ashgar Base and escalated the situation in the sub sector , forcing us to react.

Conduct of operation

Relative strength and deployment in the area is as under:


Enemy

Enemy had intruded into Chumik area and occupied the area. Enemy's one complete battalion supported by different calibers of artillery and complete flight of Lama Helicopter took part in the operation. She established the following posts/bases which were supported through administrative bases of Bniya and Rani:

  • GANGA One platoon
  • SADHU One platoon (minus)
  • AGRA -I One Section
  • AGRA-II One Section with an artillery observer
  • MG Position One Section with heavy Machine Gun
  • Support Troops One Company in support role (for back up support)


Own

A company of regular troops was detailed to relieve Northern Light Infantry troops in the Chumik Sector on 10 April 1989 . The force was further strengthened later, which was necessary for the final eviction of the enemy from the Sector. Activities in this sector had intensified considerably and constant vigil was kept on the enemy activities. Risk of weakening of our forces in this area could therefore not be taken. Guns and mortars of available artillery in the area supported the operation. One company of Northern Light Infantry on relief from the sector was provided for assistance. Ten men of Special Services Group were provided for technical assistance and expertise. Four Lama Helicopters of Arms Aviation were provided to support the operation.


The Initial Plan

Company minus ex 9 Azad Kashmir was holding Chumik sub sector which was subsequently augmented by another company for offensive role. Helicopters were also provided for the operation, along with Special Services Group troops and additional 81 millimeter Mortars. It was planned to occupy the area to check the further movement of enemy. The out line plan was as follows:


Mission

To occupy the area by engaging enemy Ganga Base with observed artillery fire to interdict her Line of Communication.

Execution


  • The plan/task was to be accomplished in following phases:
  • Phase-I Establish Kausar Base.
  • Phase-II Establish Kausar 1, Kausar 2 and Kausar 3 Bases.
  • Phase-III . Occupy the area.



First Attempt


Aerial reconnaissance of the area was carried out on 16 April 1989 . The expedition was sent out in establishing Kausar Base by mid night the same day. Kausar 1 was established on 17 April at a height of 17000 feet and in the same evening Kausar 2 was also established. It was found that movement thereafter was not possible due to extreme difficult nature of terrain. The expedition was immediately called off to avoid detection by the enemy.


Second Attempt

Force Commander Northern Area decided to drop Special Services Group persons on Saddle by helicopter. Effort was made to drop the persons but helicopter could not hover at such a low level where persons could jump basically because of poor weather and configuration of ground. The mission was once again aborted.


Modified Plan

After failure of two missions, the plan was modified as under:

  • Persons ex 9 Azad Kashmir and Special Service Group) to be sling – dropped at the base with the aim of occupying the area, facilitating ultimate eviction of enemy.
  • Two platoon size expeditions to make efforts for link up from two directions (One platoon each from 9 Azad Kashmir and 6 Northern Light Infantry).


Execution of Plan

On 19 April 89 , the first helicopter took off. Lieutenant Naveed, a volunteer officer ex 9 Azad Kashmir was sling drooped at the Saddle. Captain Seghal and Captain Zia(got shahdat as Lt colonel on a UN mission), the pilots of helicopter also did a wonderful job and were able to release the slung officer at a flat place on the base (Naveed Base). Subsequently Naik Yaqoob, Special Services Group was also dropped to join Lieutenant Naveed. Some stores were also dropped in next sorties. But soon weather deteriorated making further drops impossible. It was 21 April when weather cleared and more persons were dropped. Then it was race between Indians and us to reach the top. Our troops made it to the top (Kamran Top) earlier than the enemy thus gaining the victory at a highest point in the world where battle has ever been fought. Eight Indian soldiers were discovered only 300 – 400 meters from Kamran Top who were forced to withdraw under own fire.


6 Northern Light Expedition

The expedition having left on 18 April was close to saddle on 25 April. Three officers with one Jawan were buried alive under tons of snow. This marked the end of expedition.


9 Azad Kashmir Expedition

The expedition under Captain Tariq took a good start on 22 April 89 . Its fire raided enemy's Agra I forcing her to vacate the base. Then proceeded to close with Agra II but could not succeed due to difficult terrain. The post was however engaged with artillery fire.


The First Blow

Enemy's intention of dominating Chumik Glacier began to fail when “Ganga Base” also known as “Thappa Base” was effectively engaged by artillery. The enemy was forced to shift the base. Destruction of Ganga Base probably forced enemy to give a second thought to her plans.


The Raid

On 30 April 1989 , a raiding party consisting of 11 persons including 4 officers was organized by Major Abdul Rehman Bilal. The party closed in with enemy machine gun position at approximately 1900 hours. The fire was opened which caught enemy by surprise. However, enemy soon retaliated with small arms and rocket fire. Own troops were relatively safe since Kamran Post was protected by a boulder. The raiding party in the meantime inflicted heavy damages to the enemy. This final blow forced enemy to withdraw asking for a meeting where almost all of our terms were accepted. The area was vacated and declared as de-militarized zone.



..........................


Operation Chumik concluded on this day, 32 years ago! for starters, some maps.
Sher and Victor were Pakistani OPs - observation posts are crucial for calling in artillery fire-missions. their importance is augmented in high-altitude environs.

1619791930658.png




1619792024585.png



Brigadier Raheel Sehgal; a Lama pilot with the "Chumik Saviours" at Siachen.

1619792308725.png



He was awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat for the daring sling-insertion of troops to seize Point 22158 in April 1989.
He also carried out missions in September 1987, when Operation Qiadat was underway.
Some helmet eh?
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
1948 War




By November 1947 Auchinleck, Supreme Commander based in New Delhi, being convinced that Indian Cabinet was seeking to destroy and undo Pakistan by economic and military means, was forced to resign. As the build-up of Indian forces in Jammu and Kashmir continued, Pakistan Army units were being hurriedly organized and equipped without any base for manufacture of ammunition, signal stores, equipment or vehicles.

Simultaneously, Pakistan National Guards were raised rom ex-servicemen and other volunteers along border areas to provide a second line of defence. By February 1948 Indian build up in Jammu and Kashmir reached five brigades plus, under two full-fledged division Headquarters. Our 101 Brigade, commanded by Brigadier Akbar Khan was rushed into the critical front to forestall and halt the Indian offensive along Uri-Muzaffarabad axis. In April 1948, Commander-in-Chief Pakistan Army appreciating the threats in the north along Muzaffarabad-Kohala axis and in the south along Bhimber-Mirpur-Poonch axis further reinforced the front with elements of 7 Division to halt the Indian offensive at Chakothi. Reinforcements were rushed overnight to Tithwal sector to defend Muzaffarabad front, 9(F) Division was also moved to reinforce 7 Division in Tithwal, Uri and Bagh sectors. 7 Division was thereafter moved to the southern front. In May Pakistan informed the United Nations of these moves.

By June, Pakistan had five brigades in Jammu and Kashmir together with Azad Kashmir forces and elements of the para-military Frontier Corps, holding twelve Indian brigades (with 4 to 5 battalions each) supported by armour, artillery and Indian Air Force. Indian summer offensive was decisively beaten and halted. Some months later, two brigades of 8 Division from Quetta further reinforced to Muzaffarabad-Uri front.




On 14 August 1948 , the first anniversary of Pakistan , General Headquarters sent the following message to the Quaid-e-Azam, “Loyal and grateful greetings from the Army on the first anniversary of Independence Day. We serve and shall serve Pakistan with all our hearts and souls. Pakistan and its Creator, Zindabad.” The Quaid-e-Azam was at that time in Quetta , fighting his own battle for survival against a deadly affliction. In December, Pakistan Army planned to go on the offensive, ‘Operation Venus', with 7 Division to cut off the main supply route at Beri Pattan Bridge area and isolate Indian forces in Nowshera-Jhangar-Poonch sector.

On 14 December, in a pre-attack artillery bombardment the Beri Pattan bridge area containing ammunition, rations, petrol and supplies in a two-mile area was totally destroyed together with Indian divisional Headquarter, isolating the Indian forces in that sector. The Indian Army was taken by surprise. At midnight on 30 December, India asked for ceasefire with effect from 1 January 1949 . Pakistan accepted, as the fate of Jammu and Kashmir had been taken over by the United Nations.

By early 1949 Pakistan Army had completed its formative stage. It halted the Indian offensive and prevented it from totally over-running Jammu and Kashmir and closing up to Pakistan 's vital border areas, thus ended the war in Jammu and Kashmir . Pakistan Army continued its reorganization. An ordnance factory to produce small arms and ammunition was established at Wah.

The threat from India was by no means over. In spring of 1950 and again in 1951 between July and October, the Indian Army concentrated on Pakistan‘s borders and transgressed into Azad Kashmir and West Pakistan territory forty eight times. The Indian Air Force violated Pakistan 's air space thirty times thus bringing the two countries very close to another all out war through India 's coercive diplomacy and interventionist strategy.


1619798812131.png
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Kargil

Kargil valley comprises a cluster of most rugged, inhospitable and difficult to conquer mountain peaks and ridges. A part of the valley has been liberated by Freedom Fighters during Kashmir War 1947-49, however later, it was recaptured by the regular Indian Army in 1971illegally, as In line with Karachi agreement of 1949, Cease-fire line was delineated up to Pt NJ9842. Kashmiris and native of GB continued to manifest their resolve for freedom of lost territory.

In early 1999, locals and Kashmiris freedom fighters sneaked across LOC and occupied the vacant height dominating Kargil, Dras and Batalik areas. By April 1999, Indians realized the strategic surprise achieved by Mujahideen and responded with full military might. India made hue and cry at international level and named it as “infiltration” by Pakistan Army. Consequently Pak Army had to come into rescue of Mujahideen and bravely fought against Indian.

This limited war ended in mid July and both armies reverted to pre-war positions. As per Indians, they lost 553 officers and soldiers (actual figure is much more) two helicopters and a combat aircraft whose Pilot named Nachi Kainta was arrested by Pakistan Army. Many Pakistani Soldiers laid their lives while defending their motherland. Captain Kernal Sher and Havildar Lalak Jan were among the recipients of Nishan – e- Haider.
 

Silverblaze

SENIOR MEMBER
Nov 25, 2012
2,408
3
3,031
Country
Pakistan
Location
Canada
1948 War




By November 1947 Auchinleck, Supreme Commander based in New Delhi, being convinced that Indian Cabinet was seeking to destroy and undo Pakistan by economic and military means, was forced to resign. As the build-up of Indian forces in Jammu and Kashmir continued, Pakistan Army units were being hurriedly organized and equipped without any base for manufacture of ammunition, signal stores, equipment or vehicles.

Simultaneously, Pakistan National Guards were raised rom ex-servicemen and other volunteers along border areas to provide a second line of defence. By February 1948 Indian build up in Jammu and Kashmir reached five brigades plus, under two full-fledged division Headquarters. Our 101 Brigade, commanded by Brigadier Akbar Khan was rushed into the critical front to forestall and halt the Indian offensive along Uri-Muzaffarabad axis. In April 1948, Commander-in-Chief Pakistan Army appreciating the threats in the north along Muzaffarabad-Kohala axis and in the south along Bhimber-Mirpur-Poonch axis further reinforced the front with elements of 7 Division to halt the Indian offensive at Chakothi. Reinforcements were rushed overnight to Tithwal sector to defend Muzaffarabad front, 9(F) Division was also moved to reinforce 7 Division in Tithwal, Uri and Bagh sectors. 7 Division was thereafter moved to the southern front. In May Pakistan informed the United Nations of these moves.

By June, Pakistan had five brigades in Jammu and Kashmir together with Azad Kashmir forces and elements of the para-military Frontier Corps, holding twelve Indian brigades (with 4 to 5 battalions each) supported by armour, artillery and Indian Air Force. Indian summer offensive was decisively beaten and halted. Some months later, two brigades of 8 Division from Quetta further reinforced to Muzaffarabad-Uri front.




On 14 August 1948 , the first anniversary of Pakistan , General Headquarters sent the following message to the Quaid-e-Azam, “Loyal and grateful greetings from the Army on the first anniversary of Independence Day. We serve and shall serve Pakistan with all our hearts and souls. Pakistan and its Creator, Zindabad.” The Quaid-e-Azam was at that time in Quetta , fighting his own battle for survival against a deadly affliction. In December, Pakistan Army planned to go on the offensive, ‘Operation Venus', with 7 Division to cut off the main supply route at Beri Pattan Bridge area and isolate Indian forces in Nowshera-Jhangar-Poonch sector.

On 14 December, in a pre-attack artillery bombardment the Beri Pattan bridge area containing ammunition, rations, petrol and supplies in a two-mile area was totally destroyed together with Indian divisional Headquarter, isolating the Indian forces in that sector. The Indian Army was taken by surprise. At midnight on 30 December, India asked for ceasefire with effect from 1 January 1949 . Pakistan accepted, as the fate of Jammu and Kashmir had been taken over by the United Nations.

By early 1949 Pakistan Army had completed its formative stage. It halted the Indian offensive and prevented it from totally over-running Jammu and Kashmir and closing up to Pakistan 's vital border areas, thus ended the war in Jammu and Kashmir . Pakistan Army continued its reorganization. An ordnance factory to produce small arms and ammunition was established at Wah.

The threat from India was by no means over. In spring of 1950 and again in 1951 between July and October, the Indian Army concentrated on Pakistan‘s borders and transgressed into Azad Kashmir and West Pakistan territory forty eight times. The Indian Air Force violated Pakistan 's air space thirty times thus bringing the two countries very close to another all out war through India 's coercive diplomacy and interventionist strategy.


View attachment 738905
People understimate this war and its sacrifices. While the civil bureaucracy and the politicians played the worst possible role, it was azad forces, tribes, GB scouts and the very ill equipped Pak army that got what we have today.

Had the politicians read the signs before, Pakistan might have had all of JK without even a drop of blood.

The supreme sacrifice should never ever be forgotten.
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
‘Live wire’ on the Mohmand Blockade Line, 1917 (c).

1620329950030.png




The Mohmand Blockade began in late September 1916 and continued on into July 1917. The Blockade was made up of a series of blockhouses and barbed wire defences manned by men of the British and Indian Armies along the British border of Mohmand territory.

The Blockade began in response to excessive Mohmand raiding of the Peshawar settled district. The most important engagement occurred on 15th November where at the Third Affair of Hafiz Kor.. The Blockade was lifted in July 1917 when the Mohmands finally submitted to British terms.
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Smoke rises from Indian Doordarshan television relay center in Kargil after getting hit by Pakistani Artillery shelling. 1 June 1999

1620486993033.png
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
The 14ᵗʰ Punjab

1621302214296.png


In September 1965, operating with the 10ᵗʰ Infantry Brigade, it took Nawan Hamirpur, during the second phase of Operation Grand Slam, and subsequently the town of Jaurian.

Six years later, the battalion captured Burejal, during the tough battle for Chhamb
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Artist's impression of a last-ditch bayonet charge by a platoon led by Jemadar Dost Muhammad and Havaldar Jalal Khan of the Guides Infantry, on 31 May 1948, as the Indians took Richmar Gali, just ahead of Pt 7802. the unit lost 32 men and won 11 gallantry awards during the war.

1621774253770.png


In July 1948, Aziz Bhatti's battalion recaptured the Chunj Complex, primarily based on the Pt 9444 and 7229 features, denying the Indian 163 Brigade a bridgehead over the River Neelum . diminishing the threat to Muzaffarabad.

Success of this operation prevented closure of the road to the Neelum Valley uptil Kel, and has allowed the present-day NJ Hydropower Plant to be where it is now.

The Guides Infantry retook Pir Saheba and Point 7802.


1621774078685.png
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
1621863931833.png



A rare photograph of captured AMX-13s of the Indian 20ᵗʰ Lancers, assembled at Chhamb in the aftermath of Operation Grand Slam.

Most of these belonged to the regiment's 'C' Squadron, which was, despite giving stiff resistance, all but wiped out during the first day of battle.
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
General Tikka was the GOC 8 Division during the clashes in the Rann of Kutch, in the spring of 1965. can be seen on General Musa's left, while the former was on a tour of the battlefield.
KM Azhar is present too.


1622249595435.png
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Operation Koh-e-Paima was impossible without the Army Aviation's efforts; countless recon missions across the LC, shifting of medium guns and casualty evacuation in hostile territory.

1622641029126.png



Colonel Raheel Sehgal SJ, CO of the "Chumik Saviours" Sqn, next to a Lama chopper.
 

ghazi52

PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST
Mar 21, 2007
63,638
73
100,769
Country
Pakistan
Location
United States
Second Lieutenant Saleem Akhund; tank troop leader in the 'B' Sqn of 4ᵗʰ Cavalry -
He was awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat for blasting the defences of the Qaiser-i-Hind during the Battle of Hussainiwala, on 3/4ᵗʰ December 1971.

1623449289549.png



Later on he joined the Aviation, becoming a Cobra pilot .
 

Users Who Are Viewing This Thread (Total: 1, Members: 0, Guests: 1)


Top Bottom