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History of “Pakistan Railways"

ghazi52

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History of “Pakistan Railways"

The idea of a rail network was first thought of in 1847, with the possibility of Karachi becoming a major seaport. Sir Henry Edward Frere, who was appointed as the Commissioner of Sindh, sought permission from Lord Dalhousie to begin a survey for a Karachi Seaport and a survey for a railway line in 1858. The proposed railway line would be laid from Karachi (city) to Kotri. A steamboat service on the Indus and Chenab rivers would connect Kotri to Multan and from there another railway line would be laid to Lahore and beyond.

On 13 May 1861, the first railway line was opened to the public, between Karachi and Kotri, with a total length of 169 kilometres (105 mi). A Lahore-Multan 336 kilometres (209 mi) railway line was opened for traffic on 24 April 1865. On 6 October 1876 three bridges on the Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum rivers were completed and a Lahore-Jhelum railway line opened. On 1 July 1878 a Lodhran-Pano Akil 334 kilometres (208 mi) section was inaugurated.

By 1885, there were four railway companies operating in what would become Pakistan: Scinde (Sindh) Railways, Indian Flotilla Company, Punjab Railway and Delhi Railways. These were amalgamated into the Scinde, Punjab & Delhi Railways Company and purchased by the Secretary of State for India in 1885, and in January 1886 formed the North Western State Railway, which was later on renamed North Western Railway (NWR). It was renamed Pakistan Western Railway in February 1961 and Pakistan Railways in May 1974.


It was the year 1857 when the idea was suggested by William Andrew (Chairman of Scinde, Punjab and Delhi Railway) that the railways to the Bolan Pass would have a strategic role in responding to any threat by Russia. During the second Afghan War (1878–80) between Britain and Afghanistan, there was a new need to construct a railway line up to Quetta in order to get easier access to the frontier.

On 18 September 1879, under the orders of the Viceroyal council, work began on laying the railway tracks, and after four months the first 215 km of the line from Ruk to Sibi was completed; it became operational in January 1880. Beyond Sibi the terrain was very difficult. After immense difficulties and harsh weather conditions, it was March 1887 when the railway line, over 320 km long, finally reached Quetta.

On 27 October 1878 a Kotri-Sukkur railway line on west bank of Indus river was opened for traffic. The Lansdowne Bridge over the Indus connecting Rohri and Sukkur was inaugurated on 25 March 1889. The completion of this bridge connected Karachi with Peshawar by rail.

By 1898, as the network began to grow, another proposed railway line from Peshawar to Karachi was in the works. It closely followed the route taken by Alexander the Great and his army while marching through the Hindu Kush to the Arabian Sea. During the early 20th century, railway lines were also laid down between Peshawar and Rawalpindi and Rawalpindi to Lahore.

Different sections on the existing mainline from Peshawar and branch lines were constructed in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early 20th century. months the first 215 km of the line from Ruk to Sibi was completed; it became operational in January 1880. Beyond Sibi, the terrain was very difficult.

After immense difficulties and harsh weather conditions, it was March 1887 when the railway line, over 320 km long, finally reached Quetta.tta.

In 1947, at the time of independence, 3,133 route kilometres (1,947 mi) of the North Western Railway were transferred to India, leaving 8,122 route kilometres (5,048 mi) to Pakistan. Of this 6,880 route kilometres (4,280 mi) were 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in), 506 kilometres (314 mi) were 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in), and 736 kilometres (457 mi) were 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge.


It was the year 1857 when the idea was suggested by William Andrew (Chairman of Scinde, Punjab and Delhi Railway) that the railways to the Bolan Pass would have a strategic role in responding to any threat by Russia. During the second Afghan War (1878–80) between Britain and Afghanistan, there was a new need to construct a railway line up to Quetta in order to get easier access to the frontier.

On 18 September 1879, under the orders of the Viceroyal council, work began on laying the railway tracks, and after four months the first 215 km of the line from Ruk to Sibi was completed; it became operational in January 1880. Beyond Sibi, the terrain was very difficult. After immense difficulties and harsh weather conditions, it was March 1887 when the railway line, over 320 km long, finally reached Quetta.tta.nally reached Quetta.
 

ghazi52

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A view of Mari Indus Railway Station


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Railway service between Lahore and Rawalpindi in British-India (now Pakistan).


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aziqbal

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best railway is up the Khyber pass

I was there last year and there is talk of riving it
 

ghazi52

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NW Railway Office (now Pakistan Railway Headquarter) Lahore
Date: c. 1930s


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Railway Station, Lahore
A view of the platform.
Date: 1880


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ghazi52

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A reversing point for the Rail Motor (Railcar of past) at Landi Kotal.
It's a rare photo of our Railway's history.

Contributed: Kartikeya Lunia


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ghazi52

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Rail Motor (Railcar of past) at Landi Kotal.

Contributed: Kartikeya Lunia


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Rail:Line-Khyber Pass


> Cost Rs 2 million in 1925
> First train driven on 4th Nov 1925 by Mrs Victor Belay(wife of British Engr: who completed the project),when it steamed off on maiden voyage.
> Climb 12000 meters
> Rise nearly 2000 feet in 13 km
> Runs 3500 feet above sea level.
> Drop 872 feet in 67.5 km down to Landi-Khana.
> Bogies of train pulled by Two Steam Locomotives,one in the front & one in the rear.
> Tunnels 34 with an aggregate length of 5km.
 

ghazi52

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Express train


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William Edge (Civil Engineer) on one of Bolan Pass locomotives.

A North Western Railway locomotive on the Bolan Pass railway line with William Edge on it.
This locomotive was used for a short rack section on the Bolan Pass line under construction. It was later converted to use for shunting duties after the line was completed with an easier gradient.

Source: IRFCA
 

ghazi52

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Lahore Railway Station when steam engines were in use.
Date: c.1920's



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Dark1

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You should give contemporary photos of these places so that a comparison can be made. Would be so interesting seeing the century old with the new.
 

ghazi52

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Railway Workshop, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
Date: 1868


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One of the Lahore Railway Station's points where Electrification and communicational work is almost complete to run the NWR's electric trains between Lahore -Khaniwal section.



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ghazi52

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Photograph Of The Bolan Pass In Balochistan (After Railway Was Made), Circa 1880.

The Bolan Pass Is Approximately 60 Miles Long (100 km) And Is At An Altitude Of 5,880 Feet (1,792 metres). Due To Its Strategic Location, The Pass Has Traditionally Been Used As A Gateway To India By Traders, Invaders And Nomadic Tribes. The Railroad Cuts Through The Pass En Route To The Afghanistan Frontier.

From The Macnabb Collection (Col James Henry Erskine Reid): Album Of Miscellaneous Views, Taken In The 1880's. The Bolan Pass Is A Gap In The Central Brahui Mountain Range, Balochistan Province, Pakistan.



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ghazi52

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The Khyber Pass Railway, Circa 1920's.


Photograph Of A Railway Engine Stopped In A Narrow Defile In The Khyber Pass (NWFP, Pakistan) With Two Persons Standing Next To It, One A Local Man And The Other A European Identified In The Caption As Dr. E S Appleby. A Third Local Man Stands On The Front Of The Engine Itself.
 

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