A column of British Indian troops on the march between Kulachi and Draban, Dera Ismail Khan, 1919 (c).
Around 10,000 troops from the Royal Indian Army took part in the campaign in Waziristan during 1919-1920 to re-establish British control of the border areas after local tribesmen had taken advantage of the war with neighbouring Afghanistan to rise up.
Arrival at the top of the Lowari Pass. Guard of Honour of the Chitral Scouts, 1919 (c).
The Chitral Scouts were an armed frontier police under the command of the Assistant Political Agent of Chitral. On the outbreak of the 3rd Afghan War (1919) Emir Amanullah of Afghanistan called on the Chitralis to expel the British and sent his forces into the state.
However, the Mehtar of Chitral, Shuja-al-Mulk, remained loyal to the British and put his state forces at their disposal. Alongside the Chitral Scouts and regular Indian Army units they helped repel the Afghan incursion into Chitral.
The scouts saw action against the Afghans on the Arandu-Birkot front. They occupied Birkot and captured a large cache of arms and ammunition including two Russian field guns.
From an album compiled by Lieutenant-Colonel G J Davis, India, North West Frontier.
The First Commandant Of The Khyber Rifles Was Sir Robert Warburton, Son Of An Anglo-Irish Soldier Robert Warburton Of The Bengal Artillery And His Wife Shah Jehan Begum, An Afghan Princess. Sir Robert Remained The Commandant Until His Retirement In 1899. His Deputy, Colonel Sir Aslam Khan Sadozai, The First Muslim Commandant, Succeeded Him.
Abbottabad was founded in 1853 by Major James Abbott, the first Deputy Commissioner of the Hazara District. This district ran from the Himalayas in the north towards Rawalpindi in the south. Abbottabad was a cantonment, or permanent Army base, for the region.
The garrison there consisted of four Gurkha battalions and four mountain batteries; this is a view of some of the mountain battery buildings.