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History of Pakistan Army.

khanasifm

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8ᵗʰ FFR - been there, done that.

1857 Revolt/Rebellion





https://artsandculture.google.com/entity/indian-rebellion-of-1857/m03z8w6?hl=en





“The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi northeast of Delhi. It then erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions chiefly in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, though incidents of revolt also occurred farther north and east. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to British power in that region, and was contained only with the rebels' defeat in Gwalior on 20 June 1858. On 1 November 1858, the British granted amnesty to all rebels not involved in murder, though they did not declare the hostilities to have formally ended until 8 July 1859. Its name is contested, and it is variously described as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Revolt of 1857, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence.



Most of the units from current kpk frontier region were dispatched to put down the rebellion.”





This unit badge which shows battle honor for 1857 operations besides WWI and WWII and subsequent ones.



8th battalion of Current Frontier Force Regiment or FFR, mostly recruited from current KPK even today with lower ranks composition of 50-70% phathan or puktoons and rest other casts of the time, which is almost same today.



So bottomline phatahan ended Mughal era. Historically Mughals and phathans were at odds all the time from the beginning.



History tidbit 😉



Chao



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ghazi52

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The Guides Mess at Mardan, 1908 (c).

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Photo taken from “The Story of the Guides” by Younghusband. Probably this building is adjacent to Punjab Regt Centre Offrs Mess where PRC is maintaining a Museum. Hollywood Movie ‘FAR PAVILLION” was also filmed here.

Source - The Story Of The Guides.
Author - Colonel G.J. Younghusband, C.B.
Publisher - Macmaillan And Co., Limited ST. Martin's Street, London, 1908.

Richard Clay and Sons, Limited, Bread Street Hill, E.C., And Bungay, Suffolk First Edition, March 1908, Reprinted April 1908.
 

ghazi52

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10 Division of Pakistan Army.

10 Division is the oldest and most honored formation of Pakistan Army.

One hundred years ago, the 10 Infantry Division of the Pakistan Army, nicknamed "the Tenacious Ten," was created. The 10 Infantry Division is the oldest and the most honored formation of the Pakistan Army.

In November 1914, the 28th, 29th and 30th Brigades of the British Indian Army were sent to Egypt to defend the Suez Canal. On the November 25, 1914, these Brigades were grouped together and the 10 Infantry Division of the British Indian Army came into being.

Seeing its first action in al-Qantarah, Egypt, where a rebel attack was repulsed, the division was ordered to Palestine to participate operations against Nablus. Clearing opposition along the way, the division attacked Nablus from the north-east, completing the operation. The fighting for the division in World War I was ended.

When World War II began, "the Tenacious Ten" was re-raised in January 1941 by Major General William Joseph Slim at Ahmednagar comprising 20th, 21st, 25th and later 10th Indian Infantry Brigades. It landed in Busra in Syria by May 1941. It moved to Habbaniyah and then to Baghdad in Iraq to crush the rebellion supported by Vichy France. A brigade sent to Syria forced the commanders of Vichy France to sign an armistice.

Meanwhile, the Soviet Union entered Iran through the Caspian Sea and the division was ordered for the rescue. It reached Tehran before the Russians could. After the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran was complete, the division then went back to Mosul, Iraq.

The Battle of Gazala began on May 26, 1942, in Libya. "The Tenacious Ten" was committed. The division took defenses in areas El Adem, Kambut and Sidi Rezegh. Later, a retreat was ordered to El Alamein, Egypt. El Alamein was vital. The remanence of 10 Division thwarted the attacks of Nazi Germany. The tide of the war was turned and the division was pulled out to Cyprus for regrouping.

The was sucked into Italy. The division, with Major General Denys Whitehorn Reid in command, moved to Ortona in Italy and was then ordered to peruse the Germans in the Upper Tiber Valley. It captured Umbertide and contacted Città di Castello, reaching the end of the Tiber basin fighting through forty miles in a month. Here, Naik Yeshwant Ghadge was awarded the Victoria Cross for his gallantry.

The division has reached Bibiana facing the main enemy position when it was shifted to the Adriatic coast. Clearing San Marino provided a start line for the action along the Po Valley. 20th Brigade made an opportunity crossing over river Savio and captured Forlì. Ultimately, overpowering the 90th Panzergrenadier Division of Nazi Germany, the division was near Bologna when the ceasefire was declared. The division moves to Trieste.

In 1947, the Muslims of the subcontinent were perusing their dream. One of the largest mass migrations in history took place as the Muslims left everything behind and moved to their new home, Pakistan. During the Partition of India, the 10 Division at Lahore put all it could in caring and providing relief to the bewildered immigrants.

During the early hours of September 6, 1965, the Indian Army attacked Lahore with a very wide front with the city as its initial objective. There were two Indian infantry divisions against the 10 Division. The 15th Indian Infantry Division advance along the Grand Trunk road while the 7th Indian Infantry Division used the Khalra-Burki approach. The main defenses of the division was based on the Bambawali-Ravi-Bedian (BRB) Canal. 10 Division had seven infantry battalions to defend a front of about fifty miles.

The protective detachments ahead of the eastern banks of the canal and a company commanded by Major Shafqat Baloch delayed the enemy for eight hours while the main position was ready. It took the 7th Indian Infantry Division three days to capture the small village of Burki. The village was helped by elements commanded by Major Raja Aziz Bhatti.

Major Raja Aziz Bhatti chose to stay with his forward platoon under incessant artillery and tank attacks for five days and nights in the defense of the strategic BRB Canal. Throughout, undaunted by constant fire from enemy small arms, tanks and artillery, he organized the defense of the canal, directing his men to answer the fire until he was hit by an enemy tank shell and embraced martyrdom on September 10, 1965. He was awarded the Nishan-e-Haider for his acts of greatest heroism.

The Indians failed to dislodge "the Tenacious Ten." The Indian Army failed to cross the BRB Canal anywhere and were effectively checked. Lahore was as far away from the Indians as was on the first day of the war.

On December 3, 1971, Pakistan and India were at war again. The 10 Division used its experience and jumped into action and pushed forward into Indian territory. Many posts and villages close to the border were captured, including Pul Kanjari, Mula Kot, Kalsian and Gilpan.

After the ceasefire, the enemy violated and treacherously attacked Pul Kanjari. The enemy was stalled ahead of the post by a counterattack. The Division then saw the heroics of Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz.

Despite being pinned down by unceasing frontal and crossfire from automatic weapons and his machine gun destroyed by an enemy shell, Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz advanced towards an enemy bunker whose automatic fire had inflicted heavy casualties. Even though wounded in both legs by shell splinters, when he reached the bunker he stood up and pounced on the enemy, in the encounter he was hit with a bayonet. Although unarmed, he got hold of the enemy and did another bayonet strangling with him. Due to serious injuries he embraced martyrdom on the night of December 17, 1971. He was awarded the Nishan-e-Haider for his acts of greatest heroism.

Whenever called upon, the 10 Division has been helping the government of Pakistan for the best interest of the nation. The menace of global terrorism has added yet another dimension to the duties of the division. The division is always ready to face this challenge as well.

"The Tenacious Ten" is fully trained in all areas of warfare and every soldier and will not resist in offering any sacrifice for the defense of the homeland.

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The formation sign, red over blue with black shield, was adopted in 1941 denoting river crossing at night with blood spilling. In 1956, the round shield was adopted and it says to all, "Prospered in peace. We are there, on the walls, guarding."
 

ghazi52

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Pakistan Army Aviation Corps ‎;


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Army Aviation Corps), abbreviated as Avn, is the aviation corps of the Pakistan Army, tasked with providing close aerial combat support and aerial logistics for the Pakistan Army.

History

Originally formed by British Army Air Corps in 1942, the entire unit was transferred to Pakistan in 1947. The officers and personnel were part of the Air Observation Post who were deployed in support of Punjab Boundary Force. Later the entire group was stationed at Chaklala Air Force Base before the partition of India.

Initially part of Pakistan Air Force, the Corps was split into the new service and became part of Pakistan Army in 1958. The Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering started to maintain the aircraft and helicopters given by the United States Army Aviation Branch, opening its own aviation school in 1959.

Since the 1960s, the corps expanded in momentum, manpower, and its operational scope has widened. By the 1970s, the Corps became a fighting air component of the Pakistan Army, with its attack helicopters becoming the backbone of military operations. The Corps has become an integral part of Pakistan Army's every imitated operations, and came to public and international notice in the 1970s after initiating, and successfully quelling, the serious civil war in Balochistan.

It is also a most decorated Corps of Pakistan Army, with more national citations and awards conferred and bestowed to this Corps than any combatant corps of Pakistan Army. Although it came into existence in 1947, the corps was given a full commission in 1977.

Combat operations

As for its war capabilities, the Corps has a long history; participating in every conflict and war with India, they also led and flew bombing and combat missions in the Afghanistan war, Somalian War, Sierra Leone war, Mozambique war, Sri Lankan war Bosnian war, and recently, the War in North-West Pakistan. The corps has actively participated in Siachin Conflict, Kargil Conflict and War on Terror. The daring pilots of Pakistan Army Aviation have conducted some of the most historic and difficult missions in Aviation history, in pursuit of which some of them laid down their lives. They are known for their professionalism for high altitude flying, combat, assault and rescue missions.

The Corps also initiated the non-combatant operations in 2005, when it led a massive airlift and re-location mission after the Kashmir earthquake. In 1991, the Corps was stationed in Bangladesh, where they completed its non-combat mission after the country was hit with a cyclone. Since its inception, the Corps has become a significant combatant arm of the Pakistan Army, poised for a definite and critical role be it peace or war.
 

ghazi52

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The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry in the old city of Peshawar wearing pith helmets on the morning of the massacre committed on 23rd April 1930.



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ghazi52

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circa 1897

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Pashtun Lance Naiks and a Baloch Jemadar of the 26ᵗʰ (Baluchistan) Regiment, Bombay Infantry.
The unit lives on in the Pakistan Army as the 7ᵗʰ Baloch.

In 1965 it was deployed with the 106ᵗʰ Infantry Brigade - awarded battle honours for both Kasur and Khem Karan.
 

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02/01/1971
Commander Eastern Command, Lieutenant General Sahibzada Yaqub Ali Khan on a visit to the East Bengal Regimental Centre, at Chittagong.

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Two months later, he resigned and, these troops were up in arms.
 

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Rawalpindi.
Military Accounts Office -
also called Calcutta building.
Date: 1910



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Gunners of the 34th Reserve Mountain Battery training in the Nowshera Section, 1914-18 (c).


May be an image of standing and outdoors

© Imperial War Museum / IMW Q 52583
 

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1st Battalion 89th Punjabis (1 Baloch), Nowshera, North-West Frontier, 1917 (c).


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Arrival at the top of the Lowari Pass. Guard of Honour of the Chitral Scouts, 1919 (c).

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The Chitral Scouts were an armed frontier police under the command of the Assistant Political Agent of Chitral. On the outbreak of the 3rd Afghan War (1919) Emir Amanullah of Afghanistan called on the Chitralis to expel the British and sent his forces into the state.

However, the Mehtar of Chitral, Shuja-al-Mulk, remained loyal to the British and put his state forces at their disposal. Alongside the Chitral Scouts and regular Indian Army units they helped repel the Afghan incursion into Chitral.

The scouts saw action against the Afghans on the Arandu-Birkot front. They occupied Birkot and captured a large cache of arms and ammunition including two Russian field guns.

From an album compiled by Lieutenant-Colonel G J Davis, India, North West Frontier.
 

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A Malikdin Khel (Afridi) of the Khyber Rifles, 1908 (c).


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The Khyber Rifles were one of several paramilitary police units recruited from the tribesmen of the North-West Frontier. They served as auxiliaries to the regular Indian Army. Raised in the early 1880s and recruited from Afridi Pathan tribesmen, the Rifles were commanded by British officers on secondment from regular Indian regiments. Until 1919 units like the Khyber Rifles provided a useful link between the British and the local tribes and helped keep the peace, but following the Afghan incursion into British-India and the outbreak of revolt in the North-West Frontier there were many desertions as men threw in their lot with their tribal cousins.

This is the original artwork for an illustration in Major G F MacMunn's 'Armies of India', published in 1911.

Watercolour painting by Major Alfred Crowdy Lovett (
 

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The Semaphore At Work With The Troops On The North-West Frontier Of British India, 1940's (c).


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Presentation of Colours to 2nd Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment, by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Peshawar,15 April, 1948

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Jinnah, formerly leader of the All-Indian Muslim League, became Pakistan's first Governor General following independence in August 1947. India and Pakistan's independence also led to the division of the old British Indian Army and five of the six Punjab Regiments, including the 15th, were allocated to Pakistan.
 

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