• Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Gwadar's Accession to Pakistan

Discussion in 'Pakistan History' started by Cheetah786, Apr 21, 2015.

  1. Cheetah786

    Cheetah786 PDF VETERAN

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    Gwadar is a hammerhead-shaped peninsula protruding into the Arabian Sea from the westernmost coastline of Pakistan in Balochistan province. It is situated at the apex of the Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, approximately 460 km (290 mi) west of Karachi, 75 km (47 mi) east of Pakistan's border with Iran and 380 km (240 mi) km northeast of the nearest point in Oman across the Arabian Sea. It is a natural and strategic location for a warm-water, deep-sea port.

    Before 1784, Gwadar was under the suzerainty of the Kalat State (also known as the "Khanate of Kalat"), a princely state that always remained under the paramountcy of various overarching empires at different periods of its history. In 1784, the Khan of Kalat, Mir Muhammad Naseer Khan I, of the Brahui Ahmadzai clan, granted suzerainty over the Gwadar peninsula and its hinterland to Sultan bin Ahmad of the Al Said dynasty of Muscat who, due to an internal power struggle with his brother, Said bin Ahmad, had escaped to Gwadar from Muscat in 1784. Upon returning to Muscat in 1792 and capturing power, Sultan bin Ahmad maintained his possession of Gwadar by appointing a wali(governor) and ordering a fort to be built there. Sultan bin Ahmad also ordered his governor to attack and annex the nearby Persian port of Chahbahar.

    Rai Muhammad Saleh Azam

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    Gwadar is a hammerhead-shaped peninsula protruding into the Arabian Sea from the westernmost coastline of Pakistan in Balochistan province. It is situated at the apex of the Arabian Sea and at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, approximately 460 km (290 mi) west of Karachi, 75 km (47 mi) east of Pakistan's border with Iran and 380 km (240 mi) km northeast of the nearest point in Oman across the Arabian Sea. It is a natural and strategic location for a warm-water, deep-sea port.

    Before 1784, Gwadar was under the suzerainty of the Kalat State (also known as the "Khanate of Kalat"), a princely state that always remained under the paramountcy of various overarching empires at different periods of its history. In 1784, the Khan of Kalat, Mir Muhammad Naseer Khan I, of the Brahui Ahmadzai clan, granted suzerainty over the Gwadar peninsula and its hinterland to Sultan bin Ahmad of the Al Said dynasty of Muscat who, due to an internal power struggle with his brother, Said bin Ahmad, had escaped to Gwadar from Muscat in 1784. Upon returning to Muscat in 1792 and capturing power, Sultan bin Ahmad maintained his possession of Gwadar by appointing a wali(governor) and ordering a fort to be built there. Sultan bin Ahmad also ordered his governor to attack and annex the nearby Persian port of Chahbahar.

    [​IMG]
    When Pakistan gained independence in 1947, Gwadar was still under Omani rule. With the independence of Pakistan and accession of all Baloch states to Pakistan, including the Chief Commissioner's Province of British Baluchistan on 15 August 1947 (under Section 2(2)(b) of the Indian Independence Act, 1947); the States of Kharan, Makran and Lasbela on 17 March 1948; and the Kalat State on 27 March 1948, the residents of Gwadar began raising the demand to join Pakistan.

    In 1954, Pakistan engaged the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to conduct a survey of its coastline. The USGS deputed the surveyor, Worth Condrick, for the survey, who identified the hammerhead-shaped peninsula of Gwadar as a natural and suitable site for a new deep-sea port. This finding, coupled with the rising demands of the residents of Gwadar to join Pakistan, prompted Pakistan to make a formal request to the Sultan of Muscat and Oman, Said bin Taimur, for the transfer of Gwadar to Pakistan. On 7 September 1958, after four years of negotiations, including six months of intense negotiations, Pakistan purchased the Gwadar enclave from the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman for USD $3 million. Gwadar formally became part of Pakistan on 8 December 1958, after 174 years of Omani rule.In 1958, the Gwadar enclave was transferred to Pakistan after Aga Khan III paid ?3 million and gifted Gwader to Pakistan and it was made part of Balochistan province.

    As Prime Minister Malik Feroze Khan Noon addressed the nation on Radio Pakistan on 7 September 1958 to break the news of Gwadar's accession to Pakistan, celebrations broke out in Gwadar, Balochistan and the rest of Pakistan. Below is the transcript of the Prime Minister's radio address:

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    "The Government of Pakistan has issued a communiqué stating that the administration of the Port of Gwadar and its hinterland, which had been in the possession of His Highness the Sultan of Muscat and Oman since 1784, was today taken over by Pakistan with full sovereign rights. The people of Gwadar have joined the people of Pakistan and the whole of Gwadar now forms part of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. I know that the people all over Pakistan, including those residing in Gwadar, have received this announcement with feelings of great joy. I welcome the residents of Gwadar into the Republic of Pakistan and I would like to assure them that they will enjoy equal rights and privileges along with all other Pakistan nationals irrespective of considerations of religion, caste or creed. They will have their full share in the glory and prosperity of the Republic to which they now belong. The residents of Gwadar, most of whom are members of the brave Baloch community, have close racial and cultural links with the people of Pakistan and joining the Republic of Pakistan represents the natural culmination of their political aspirations. I should like to take this opportunity to thank, on behalf of the people and Government of Pakistan, Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom for their assistance and help in bringing to a successful conclusion our negotiations with His Highness the Sultan of Muscat and Oman for the transfer of his rights in Gwadar. The negotiations were pursued with great vigour during the last six months and at every stage we received valuable advice from Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom. I should like to congratulate and thank his Highness the Sultan of Muscat and Oman on his wise and statesmanlike decision, which has endeared him to the people of Pakistan. The success of these negotiations and the return of Gwadar to Pakistan should help to illustrate that international disputes can be resolved in a peaceful and satisfactory manner provided that the parties to a dispute are prepared to approach the problem in a spirit of fairness and justice without allowing their emotions or prejudices to get the better of their judgment. I’ve been advocating this course during the last six months and I’m happy that the present Government has been able to establish the validity and effectiveness of this policy. Gwadar is the first fruit of this policy of goodwill and cooperation. I fervently hope and pray that it will be possible for us to resolve our other international disputes in an equally peaceful and reasonable manner. Pakistan Zindabad."At the time, Gwadar was a small and underdeveloped fishing village with a population of a few thousand. Soon after its accession to Pakistan in 1958, the Government of Pakistan made Gwadar into a Tehsil (Sub-District) of Makran District in the erstwhile West Pakistan Province (after its accession to Pakistan in 1948, Makran had been made one of the districts of West Pakistan Province in October 1955). On 1 July 1970, when West Pakistan Province was dissolved into four separate provinces, Makran was declared one of the eight districts of the newly created Balochistan Province. On 1 July 1977, Makran was declared a Division and Gwadar was declared one of its three districts.
     
  2. Al Bhatti

    Al Bhatti SENIOR MEMBER

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    Some 5 or 6 years back (if i remember correctly) the Omani government granted money to the Baluchistan government for restoration of the Gwadar Fort and turning it into a museum and also for some development projects there.
     
  3. Dr. Strangelove

    Dr. Strangelove SENIOR MEMBER

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    i think we bought it from omanies for 1 million $
     
  4. Al Bhatti

    Al Bhatti SENIOR MEMBER

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    After some 57 years we are still trying to get the port up and running.
     
  5. Tiger Genie

    Tiger Genie BANNED

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    nah, too late. Let the Chinese write about Gwaadar's accession to China!
     
  6. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    No they want to write accession of Arunachal Pradesh to China. Just like Aksai Chin's accession to China.
     
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  7. Icewolf

    Icewolf ELITE MEMBER

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    :lol: :lol: :lol:

    GOTTTT EEEEMMM
     
  8. Tiger Genie

    Tiger Genie BANNED

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    oops I forgot I'm showing the truth to Pakistanis, so will have to be explicit and simple. here it is:

    WHo gave away landmass to China ....Pakistan
    Who gave away Gwaddar to China ...Pakistan

    USA gone, KSA gone, so now better keep in the good books of auntie China!
     
  9. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    Landmass is with us along with Gawadar and its port both are with Pakistan. You better go learn how lease works in such kind of deals instead of trolling here like an idiot.
     
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  10. Shamain

    Shamain SENIOR MEMBER

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    And not to forget the 6,7 north east stateS that burma had claims over, so lets say tripura, manipur, mehgalaya, nagaland, mizoram and assam should be taken by burma ,also india's treatment towards those locals is soo subpar that the ppl betterbe liberated and states be ceded with the country having rightful claims on the terrirtories.
    Rest sikkim needs indepnedence,having been shamelessly ceded by india. Usay tau zarur azad karan chaheay.due to indias shameless occupation of it.
    So lets already start drawing india's small new maps.
     
  11. Tiger Genie

    Tiger Genie BANNED

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    ha ha ha! so that's what you guys have been told to call it? lease?? pathetic man. Since when does a country build a new security force carved out of its own army so Chinese can develop and explot their ...ahem ....lease?

    Go find someother bs
     
  12. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    Yeah that's what it is. I don't what sh!t you have been told back in India but Gawadar and its port are with Pakistan and will remain with Pakistan. Can't say the same about Arunachal Pardesh though. :)
     
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  13. Tiger Genie

    Tiger Genie BANNED

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    all this 'energy' because the Chinese dropped a few shekels into your bowl?....go find some useful constructive way to get your country to stop digging its own grave deeper and deeper ...

    just read what I told you about special force. if you still don't get it ask someone older than you
     
  14. Areesh

    Areesh ELITE MEMBER

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    Shuu. Don't need a Bharati to teach us about our territory. We know what we are doing. You better go worry about attacks of Maoists or Nagas etc.
     
  15. Shamain

    Shamain SENIOR MEMBER

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    Lolzzz indians are hurt badly badly. And when they run out of logic they start making cheap attacks.. Seems like my comment showed too much of a truth.