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Five dams being built in occupied Kashmir

Patriotic_Pakistani

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ISLAMABAD: India has resumed work on the controversial Kishanganga hydropower project and has taken up four other mega projects of about 3,900MW on the Chenab and Jhelum rivers in occupied Kashmir that can result in major water shortages and cause a disaster in Pakistan in the event of an earthquake.

Documents available with Dawn suggest that the Indian government has handed over the security of the five projects to the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) — a specialised division of the Indian armed forces that provides security cover to the country’s missions abroad and UN peacekeeping operations, besides private and cooperative establishments in the country. The CISF has more than 130,000 personnel to provide security in highly sensitive areas and regions.

According to a progress report prepared by the Indian government and the administration of occupied Kashmir after a Jan 10 meeting, seven major water and electricity projects are being executed in the occupied state, besides nine road and infrastructure projects.

According to sources in Islamabad, Pakistan has not been informed about some of the major projects although India is required under the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty to inform it about a project six months before its launching.

Pakistan’s Permanent Indus Commissioner Syed Jamaat Ali Shah was not available for comments.

The Indian government’s project update revealed that about 33 billion Indian rupees sanctioned for the 330MW Kishanganga project on Jhelum river in January last year had been increased to Rs37 billion. “Work has restarted after settlement of outstanding issues. The project is expected to be completed by January 2016.”

Pakistan has been opposing the project for more than a decade because it could stop water flows into Jhelum river. Bilateral talks have so far failed to yield any result to Pakistan’s satisfaction.

But the most crucial and the biggest is the Sawalkot project with a capacity of 1,200MW. Another is the 1,000MW Pakul Dul project for which Rs51 billion has been allocated and the executing agencies are awaiting forest clearance of 311 hectares and security arrangements to start construction.

The 240MW Uri-II project on Jhelum river was allocated Rs18 billion, of which Rs8 billion has been spent with 51 per cent physical progress. The project is expected to be completed in February next year.

Work on the 1,020MW Busrar multi-purpose project on the Chenab has been stalled because of inadequate security.

Despite Pakistan’s objections, the Indian government has been successful in completing the Bagilhar Dam, having a 474m height and water pondage capacity of 37.5 million cubic metres, because the authorities in Islamabad reacted too late, when the project had reached an advanced stage.

Indian documents reveal that the Sawalkot Dam project on the Chenab in occupied Kashmir has 646-foot height, which is more than the 485-foot height of Tarbela and 453-foot of Mangla. The project is also higher than the Bagilhar Dam and has 13 times more water capacity.

Work on the $2 billion dam is in full swing and is monitored by the Indian home ministry, because of the law and order situation in occupied Kashmir.

As of Jan 6, a 10.74kms access road to the project had been opened.

The Sawalkot project is located in Doda and Udhampur districts of occupied Kashmir. The project was designed and is being developed by international consortium contractors comprising the NCC of Norway and Hochtief of Germany, including financing and construction, before being handed over to the Kashmir State Power Development Corporation (JKPDC) for operation.

Arshad H. Abbasi, a research fellow at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute, said the dam would inundate more than 12 square kilometres. He said the dam would be highly vulnerable to earthquake being in the seismic zone of Kashmir Himalayas. The site is close to the Himalayan Boundary Thrust zone where a number of earthquakes have been recorded in the past.

Mr Abbasi, who had worked with Nespak after the October 2005 earthquake said the nearest epicentre was just 50kms from the project site and the Bhadarwa earthquake of 6 degrees magnitude on the Richter scale had been recorded there in 1947. The Badgam earthquake of magnitude 5.5 in 1967 had its epicentre 70kms from the site, while the strongest earthquake recorded in the region (1905) was of magnitude 8.0 and had its epicentre in Kangra, about 160kms away.

He said three fault-lines near the place were believed to have serious seismic potential -- the Panjal Murree fault close to Damkund, the Sawalkot fault just upstream of the site and the Chakka fault less than 2kms downstream.

The dam site had some serious geological and environmental trans-boundary concerns that ought to be addressed, the expert said. Otherwise, he added, it could be an environmental disaster for Pakistan as the lower riparian.
:angry:
 

jarnee

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reached an advanced stage.

As of Jan 6, a 10.74kms access road to the project had been opened.

He said three fault-lines near the place were believed to have serious seismic potential -- the Panjal Murree fault close to Damkund, the Sawalkot fault just upstream of the site and the Chakka fault less than 2kms downstream.

The dam site had some serious geological and environmental trans-boundary concerns that ought to be addressed, the expert said. Otherwise, he added, it could be an environmental disaster for Pakistan as the lower riparian.
:angry:
WAR cant solve this , Only talks can.
And India has stopped talking, Till you punish Hafiz sayed (w/o much evidence in your court).
 

Spitfighter

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Pakistan won't declare war on India, they have enough going on at the moment. They'll be engaged for at least another 4 years and by then we'd have finished all the projects.
 

Gin ka Pakistan

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Pakistan without water , Sind will suffer the most as river Indus gets water from all other rivers before entering Sind. Weak up Sindis and see who is stealing your water and your President is sleeping with the thieves .:cry:
 

SandsofTime

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Yes, not fully yet.

If we are breaching any treaty guidelines, pakistan is free to go to the world bank as per the treaty instead of printing ISI led articles to spread disinformation.
Can you provide any evidence or argument that its an "ISI" led disinformation article?:frown:
 

Hutchroy

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Filling of Mangla, hydropower projects in jeopardy - Khaleeq Kiani

ISLAMABAD: The filling of Mangla Dam’s additional 2.33 MAF (million acre feet) storage capacity built at a cost of more than Rs90 billion and construction of cheap hydropower projects of about 4,500MW are in jeopardy because of non-implementation of the dam’s up-raising agreement and three provinces’ opposition to allocation of water for Azad Kashmir.

Background discussions with government officials and documents available with Dawn suggest that the controversy has resulted in cancellation of a scheduled visit of President Asif Ali Zardari for inauguration of the Mangla dam up-raising project at the eleventh hour when AJK Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider and his government threatened to boycott the ceremony and declined to receive the president at Mangla.

The officials said the Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan, Manzoor Watoo, had to make hectic consultations to persuade the AJK government not to create a scene during the president’s visit to Muzaffarabad on Jan 5.

A hurriedly-formed committee comprising AJK President Raja Zulfiqar, Chief Secretary Khalid Sultan, federal Minister for Water and Power Raja Pervaiz Ashraf and member planning Gen Zubair met at Mangla recently and decided to take up the matter with all chief ministers.

“The delay in water allocation to AJK has created unrest and mistrust in the minds of people and may hamper the filling of the reservoir and resettlement of people dislocated by the project,” said a summary sent to Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani by the ministry of water and power. The ministry sought an executive order to get the Mangla agreement implemented.

The non-allocation of water under the federal government’s binding agreements could also severely affect the implementation of seven hydropower projects of 4,500MW, a senior official said.

The projects include 969MW Neelum-Jhelum, 1,100MW Kohala, 700MW Mahel, 800MW Karot, 600MW Azad Pattan and 180MW Gulpur and 135MW Kotli.

The AJK government has sought a meagre allocation of 614 cusecs of water for drinking, irrigation and fishery needs. The ministries of water and power and law and the Punjab government have supported the demand on the basis of agreements with the AJK government and from other legal standpoints.

The Indus River System Authority (Irsa) and the governments of Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP have opposed the water allocation on the ground that Indus system waters stood allocated to the provinces and these could not be shared with AJK under the Irsa Act.

The people displaced by the construction of Mangla Dam in the 1960s and the up-raising project have also threatened to stop the filling of the dam if the resettlement issue is not resolved.

The ministry of law has supported the allocation of water for AJK, as calculated by an independent expert committee comprising Nespak and ministries of Kashmir affairs and water and power from the legal point of view. The law ministry says: “It flows from the obligation of the government of Pakistan under the June 27, 2003, agreement. The obligation has become operative with the completion of the project.”

The AJK prime minister, the officials said, had already told Prime Minister Gilani that neither Irsa, nor any federating unit could decide about water rights and uses in AJK. He said that Irsa had no jurisdiction over AJK and that AJK was not represented in Irsa.

The AJK government has also informed the federal government that the filling of the dam would not be allowed until final resolution of pending issues, including water allocation and resettlement of affected people.

In a recent meeting with Prime Minister Gilani, the AJK premier was reported to have protested over the stance taken by the three provinces. He said: “Water is not coming from the Arabian Sea and flowing towards AJK to necessitate permission from Sindh and Balochistan. Rather it is the other way round. The AJK, being an upper riparian, has prior rights under all international water conventions and agreements with the federal government which should be honoured by the centre.”

The officials said the water and power minister had written to the chief ministers of Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP, asking them to allow allocation of water for AJK because it was mandatory under the 2003 tripartite agreement between the government of Pakistan, AJK and Wapda. It also cited a 1904 agreement between the then Darbar government of the state of Kashmir and the Punjab administration.

According to the officials, the ministry has requested the four chief ministers to attend a meeting of all stakeholders. A date for the meeting would be fixed in consultation with the chief ministers, the added.

A spokesman for the water and power ministry said the commitment made with the people and the government of Azad Kashmir at the time of implementation of the project was one of the prime responsibilities of the federal government and it fully supported the stance taken by the governments of AJK and Punjab for allocation of water.

About the position taken by the three provinces, he said a broad-based consensus could be developed through negotiations.

The spokesman said it was a responsibility of the federal government to keep all federating units on board to resolve all disputes in a fair manner.
 

Trichy

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Filling of Mangla, hydropower projects in jeopardy - Khaleeq Kiani

ISLAMABAD: The filling of Mangla Dam’s additional 2.33 MAF (million acre feet) storage capacity built at a cost of more than Rs90 billion and construction of cheap hydropower projects of about 4,500MW are in jeopardy because of non-implementation of the dam’s up-raising agreement and three provinces’ opposition to allocation of water for Azad Kashmir.

Background discussions with government officials and documents available with Dawn suggest that the controversy has resulted in cancellation of a scheduled visit of President Asif Ali Zardari for inauguration of the Mangla dam up-raising project at the eleventh hour when AJK Prime Minister Raja Farooq Haider and his government threatened to boycott the ceremony and declined to receive the president at Mangla.

The officials said the Minister for Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan, Manzoor Watoo, had to make hectic consultations to persuade the AJK government not to create a scene during the president’s visit to Muzaffarabad on Jan 5.

A hurriedly-formed committee comprising AJK President Raja Zulfiqar, Chief Secretary Khalid Sultan, federal Minister for Water and Power Raja Pervaiz Ashraf and member planning Gen Zubair met at Mangla recently and decided to take up the matter with all chief ministers.

“The delay in water allocation to AJK has created unrest and mistrust in the minds of people and may hamper the filling of the reservoir and resettlement of people dislocated by the project,” said a summary sent to Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani by the ministry of water and power. The ministry sought an executive order to get the Mangla agreement implemented.

The non-allocation of water under the federal government’s binding agreements could also severely affect the implementation of seven hydropower projects of 4,500MW, a senior official said.

The projects include 969MW Neelum-Jhelum, 1,100MW Kohala, 700MW Mahel, 800MW Karot, 600MW Azad Pattan and 180MW Gulpur and 135MW Kotli.

The AJK government has sought a meagre allocation of 614 cusecs of water for drinking, irrigation and fishery needs. The ministries of water and power and law and the Punjab government have supported the demand on the basis of agreements with the AJK government and from other legal standpoints.

The Indus River System Authority (Irsa) and the governments of Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP have opposed the water allocation on the ground that Indus system waters stood allocated to the provinces and these could not be shared with AJK under the Irsa Act.

The people displaced by the construction of Mangla Dam in the 1960s and the up-raising project have also threatened to stop the filling of the dam if the resettlement issue is not resolved.

The ministry of law has supported the allocation of water for AJK, as calculated by an independent expert committee comprising Nespak and ministries of Kashmir affairs and water and power from the legal point of view. The law ministry says: “It flows from the obligation of the government of Pakistan under the June 27, 2003, agreement. The obligation has become operative with the completion of the project.”

The AJK prime minister, the officials said, had already told Prime Minister Gilani that neither Irsa, nor any federating unit could decide about water rights and uses in AJK. He said that Irsa had no jurisdiction over AJK and that AJK was not represented in Irsa.

The AJK government has also informed the federal government that the filling of the dam would not be allowed until final resolution of pending issues, including water allocation and resettlement of affected people.

In a recent meeting with Prime Minister Gilani, the AJK premier was reported to have protested over the stance taken by the three provinces. He said: “Water is not coming from the Arabian Sea and flowing towards AJK to necessitate permission from Sindh and Balochistan. Rather it is the other way round. The AJK, being an upper riparian, has prior rights under all international water conventions and agreements with the federal government which should be honoured by the centre.”

The officials said the water and power minister had written to the chief ministers of Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP, asking them to allow allocation of water for AJK because it was mandatory under the 2003 tripartite agreement between the government of Pakistan, AJK and Wapda. It also cited a 1904 agreement between the then Darbar government of the state of Kashmir and the Punjab administration.

According to the officials, the ministry has requested the four chief ministers to attend a meeting of all stakeholders. A date for the meeting would be fixed in consultation with the chief ministers, the added.

A spokesman for the water and power ministry said the commitment made with the people and the government of Azad Kashmir at the time of implementation of the project was one of the prime responsibilities of the federal government and it fully supported the stance taken by the governments of AJK and Punjab for allocation of water.

About the position taken by the three provinces, he said a broad-based consensus could be developed through negotiations.

The spokesman said it was a responsibility of the federal government to keep all federating units on board to resolve all disputes in a fair manner.
I have a Doubt that If Pakistan can Build Dams on AJK then why India Can built it in IOK
 

graphican

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WAR cant solve this , Only talks can.
And India has stopped talking, Till you punish Hafiz sayed (w/o much evidence in your court).
Thats lame, rather lamest argument you could put as a reason of breaching International Water Treaty. What about India failing to provide any credible evidence against Hafiz Saeed? Are you even aware Interpol can access and arrest Hafiz Saeed if India had given them evidence against him? Why would India provide that when they have "great" things to do as an excuse for Pakistan not doing anything against one person. Nice playing.
 

Hutchroy

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Thats lame, rather lamest argument you could put as a reason of breaching International Water Treaty. What about India failing to provide any credible evidence against Hafiz Saeed? Are you even aware Interpol can access and arrest Hafiz Saeed if India had given them evidence against him? Why would India provide that when they have "great" things to do as an excuse for Pakistan not doing anything against one person. Nice playing.
This ”lame excuse” is shouted out from the roof tops in Pakistan has no basis.

The World Bank Arbitrator ruled that the Parapet Wall was a “bit” high and so the Parapet wall height was reduce by a Metre or two. The Capacity of the Baglihar Dam was remains untouched or reduced.

Whereas all Dams built in Jammu & Kashmir also provide significant amounts of Irrigation Waters and Power to the people of the State of Jammu & Kashmir the Power and Irrigation Water supplied by the Mangla Dam to the people of Pakistani Occupied Kashmir is, to my knowledge, minimal-insignificant.

The stringent conditions of the IWT and the WB watch dog ensure that India has always, is now and will always provide Pakistan with its rightful amount of waters from the Rivers which have been allocated to Pakistan
 

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