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Feasibility Report | Pakistan has a potential of 50 Gigawatts of wind power.

Discussion in 'Pakistan Economy' started by Horus, Jan 21, 2014.

  1. Horus

    Horus ADMINISTRATOR

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    THE FEASIBILITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN PAKISTAN

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    Over the last thirty years, Asia has become a major player on the global scene. Many economies have become tigers while China and India are developing more rapidly than anyone had expected. Because of these developments, electricity demand is expected to increase 8% every year until 2015. As the world wakes up to the reality of climate change, electricity will increasingly have to come from renewable sources such as wind and solar. Pakistan is in a good position to exploit these because it has abundant wind and sun. This article will look at this potential, the barriers that exist to further development – and of course reasons why it must follow the course to a greener energy future.

    Origins of Wind Power

    Many people do not realize that wind energy first came about in Asia. Between 500 and 900 AD, a vertical axis turbine was developed in Persia to grind grain and pump water. These wind turbines were made from bundles of reeds or wood. During the 11th century, the Crusaders brought back the concept of the windmill to Europe where it was first used by the Dutch to grind corn and to drain wetlands in order for people to settle and build homes. In recent years, Europe and North America have led in terms of installed wind capacity.
    Asia is now -again- making its presence felt. India and China currently have the fourth and fifth largest number of wind turbines installed, respectively. It is interesting to note however, that while India has 45,000 megawatts (MW) of wind energy potential and a much larger surface area, Pakistan has at least 50,000 MW of potential.

    The Viability of Wind Power in Pakistan

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    Pakistan is fortunate to have something many other countries do not, which are high wind speeds near major centres. Near Islamabad, the wind speed is anywhere from 6.2 to 7.4 metres per second (between 13.8 and 16.5 miles per hour). Near Karachi, the range is between 6.2 and 6.9 (between 13.8 and 15.4 miles per hour). Pakistan is also fortunate that in neighboring India, the company Suzlon manufactures wind turbines, thus decreasing transportation costs. Its turbines start to turn at a speed of 3 metres per second. Vestas, which is one of the world’s largest wind turbine manufacturers, has wind turbines that start turning at a speed of 4 metres per second. In addition to Karachi and Islamabad, there are other areas in Pakistan that receive a significant amount of wind.

    In only the Balochistan and Sindh provinces, sufficient wind exists to power every coastal village in the country. There also exists a corridor between Gharo and Keti Bandar that alone could produce between 40,000 and 50,000 megawatts of electricity. Given this surplus potential, Pakistan has much to offer Asia with regards to wind energy. In recent years, the government has completed several projects to demonstrate that wind energy is viable in the country. In Mirpur Sakro, 85 micro turbines have been installed to power 356 homes. In Kund Malir, 40 turbines have been installed, which power 111 homes. The Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) has also acquired 18,000 acres for the installation of more wind turbines.

    In addition to high wind speeds near major centres as well as the Gharo and Keti Bandar corridor, Pakistan is also very fortunate to have many rivers and lakes. Wind turbines that are situated in or near water enjoy an uninterrupted flow of wind, which virtually guarantees that power will be available all the time. Within towns and cities, wind speeds can often change quickly due to the presence of buildings and other structures, which can damage wind turbines. In addition, many people do not wish for turbines to be sited near cities because of noise, though these problems are often exaggerated. Wind turbines make less noise than an office and people comfortably carry on conversations while standing near them.

    Financial and Policy Incentives
    Despite the fact that Pakistan is so well endowed with wind and solar potential, only a few projects such as those mentioned above have been completed. One of the reasons why this has occurred is that Pakistan does not have major financial incentives available for those who want to install wind turbines or solar panels. Let us look at the case of India, Pakistan’s neighbour. Despite having less potential for wind, India now has the world’s fourth largest number of wind turbines installed at 7,093 MW, according to India: Renewable Energy Market report. In front of India are Germany at 21,283 MW, Spain at 13,400 MW and the US at 12,934 MW. In Germany, Spain and India, those who install wind turbines and solar panels are guaranteed a certain rate per kilowatt hour. In India, this varies according to the technology and the area. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India reports that in most areas, between 2500 and 4800 rupees are guaranteed for solar panels, and for wind turbines, between 250,000 and 300,000 rupees are awarded.

    Because of the above incentives, the cost of wind in India is between 2 and 2.5 cents per kilowatt hour while in Pakistan, the cost is 7 cents. In December 2006, President Musharraf announced a national renewable energy policy. This policy means that small projects do not need approval and that any person can put up their own project. However, there are no financial incentives for doing so. At the moment, all renewable energy equipment has no sales or income tax and is free of custom duty, but these incentives do very little to stimulate growth in the renewable energy market where RoIs and other financial ratios have a long gestation or break even period.

    Conclusion

    It is starkly evident that Pakistan is a suitable country for the installation of wind and solar: due to high winds near cities; the presence of rivers and lakes as well as the availability of wind turbines from nearby India. There are also other reasons for installing renewable energy.

    In 2006, the government reported that Pakistani economic growth reached 8.4 percent and will most likely grow for the foreseeable future. It is quite normal for power outages to happen on a daily basis in the country, but this cannot continue if the Pakistani economy is to grow. In March 2007, President Musharraf stated that renewable energy should be part of the push to increase energy supplies by 10 to 12 percent every year. The government has also set a target of 10 percent of energy to come from renewables by 2015. If it does follow through with aggressive capacity enhancements, Pakistan could be an Asian leader in renewable energy given its strategic endowments.

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    References.

    1. Diana Biggs, “Three Gorges Case Study” Three Gorges Case Study

    2. GLOBE-Net, “India: Renewable Energy Market” http://www.globe-net.ca/market_reports/ index.cfm?ID_Report=1069

    3. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Sources, “CFA Provided Under Various Renewable Energy Schemes/ Programmes” http://mnes.nic.in/cfa-schemes-programmes.htm

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    The Feasibility of Renewable Energy in Pakistan | Triple Bottom Line Magazine
    Sindh has potential of generating 50,000MW wind energy
    Green energy: Sindh govt to allot land for wind power projects – The Express Tribune
    Groundbreaking of 50MW wind power plant in Jhimpir – The Express Tribune

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    الله نے ہمیں یہ ملک اور اسکے وسائل، مفت میں دیے ہیں. کیا ہم عقل کے اندھے ان کا استعمال بھی نہیں کرسکتے؟
     

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  2. airmarshal

    airmarshal SENIOR MEMBER

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    We do potential in a lot of other things too. At this moment we are like a rudderless ship as we have no leadership.

    Give this nation leadership and see how it progresses.
     
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  3. BATMAN

    BATMAN ELITE MEMBER

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    Nothing new, its quite well known!
     
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  4. surya kiran

    surya kiran SENIOR MEMBER

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    Since @Aeronaut you deleted my post, but were kind enough to not issue a warning, will give you a reason for the comic strip I posted.

    My skepticism steps from the fact that, wind energy typically ends up getting subsidies from governments for setting up. But the actual utilisation of the same has been found to be wanting. Let me give you a simple statistic, which while from the Indian scenario may take place in the Pakistani setup too. India has the fifth largest installed capacity of wind energy, approximated 20,000 MW. But actual generated capacity is approximately 1.6% of the total generation. There are multiple factors which can affect this.

    1. Transmission.
    2. Maintenance of the equipment.

    Hence, while wind energy may seem like a boon, without fixing the above 2 its useless.
     
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  5. 45'22'

    45'22' SENIOR MEMBER

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    wind energy isnt economical........the amount you will spending for the setting up of blades and other things is damm high...........unless you are going for green energy.....its a strict no no..........
    u can go for nuclear........for green energy.....solar is also there
     
  6. jarves

    jarves SENIOR MEMBER

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  7. Horus

    Horus ADMINISTRATOR

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  8. Fahad Khan 2

    Fahad Khan 2 FULL MEMBER

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    We can not bear this its maintenance cost is too high Europe use because because there population and consumption is on lower side....
    Solar energy is best there are many Pakistani companies which are making panel...
     
  9. Yaduveer

    Yaduveer BANNED

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    remind me of a American president quote "Africa has the potential of becoming the grain capital of the world , but problem is people don't eat potential"
     
  10. engineersmile86

    engineersmile86 FULL MEMBER

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    i think Pakistan is Installing 650 MW Wind Energy Form in Sind Province if it will working effiecently Pak will go for more

    Indians don,t worry Pakistan have much coal to produce electricity you will see much advancment by Pak in this field
     
  11. asim595

    asim595 FULL MEMBER

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    Our leaders don't want to give benefit to the country.
     
  12. Ijaz Ahmad Zarrar

    Ijaz Ahmad Zarrar FULL MEMBER

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    Exactly this is the biggest tragedy with this nation...
     
  13. Agent Smith

    Agent Smith BANNED

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    how about harnessing solar energy, low maintenance cost, good output. our countries are located on tropic of cancer.
     
  14. Al Bhatti

    Al Bhatti SENIOR MEMBER

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    bad leadership + many resources = underdeveloped nation (many countries are there as examples)
    bad leadership + less or no resources = underdeveloped nation

    good leader ship + many resources = developed country
    good leader ship + less or no resources = developed country (many countries are there as examples)


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    September 3rd, 2011

    Pakistan is endowed with various renewable energy resources such as hydel, solar, wind, geothermal and bio-fuel. It can earn dividends if these resources are explored, exploited and developed properly. Hydropower source of energy is well known in Pakistan and there is ever growing experience in the sector to develop the hydro-power potential indigenously in the country. Hydro-potential is estimated at about 50,000 MW, out of which about 6595MW has been developed. Pakistan lies in an area of one of the highest solar insulation in the world. The average solar radiation is 5.5 KW/m2 and there are more than 300 clear days. Wind energy is another important area where Pakistan can benefit by exploiting it in efficient manner. The wind potential is estimated upto 50,000 MW. Urban areas of Pakistan generate over 55000 tonnes of solid wastes daily. There are 56.9 million animals (Buffaloes, cows) in Pakistan, which can generate 21.35 million M3 biogas and 36.0 million tonnes of biofertilizer per day. The creek systems of Indus Delta extends over an area of 170 Km. It is estimated that about 100 KW power can be produced from the source. There are more than 6000 surface indications of geo-thermal energy resources with an estimated potential of 800,000 KW.

    » RE Scenario»PAKISTAN RENEWABLE ENERGY SOCIETY


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    September 3rd, 2011

    Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) with the help of renowned international experts / agencies such as United Stated National Renewable Energy Laboratories (NREL), GIT from Germany and Risoe from Denmark, has identified the RE potential as follows:

    • Wind 340,000 MW
    • Solar 2,900,000 MW
    • Hydro (Large) 50,000 MW
    • Hydro (Small) 3,100 MW
    • Bagasse Cogeneration 1,800 MW
    • Waste to Power 500 MW
    • Geothermal 500 MW
    » RE Scenario»PAKISTAN RENEWABLE ENERGY SOCIETY
     
  15. senses

    senses FULL MEMBER

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    Wind energy project only looks good on paper, we are still not able to produce electricity from coal here in pakistan.
     
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