• Thursday, November 15, 2018

Experts, planners air concern over unplanned urbanization

Discussion in 'Bangladesh Defence Forum' started by bluesky, Nov 9, 2018 at 3:18 PM.

  1. bluesky

    bluesky SENIOR MEMBER

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    Experts, planners air concern over unplanned urbanisation
    FE Report | Published: November 09, 2018 15:02:56 | Updated: November 09, 2018 15:08:00

    [​IMG]A general view of the Dhaka city. Courtesy: United Nations via Flickr

    Urban experts and planners at a seminar in the city have expressed concern over the trend of unplanned urbanisation and blamed personal interests, non-implementation of the plans that remain only in papers and lack of good governance for the scenario.

    There is a huge gap between planning for development of the cities and its implementation, they observed.

    Policymakers have a kind of aversion to the philosophical aspects of urbanisation although these are important parts of the development process, they viewed.

    Keeping these views in mind, they suggested that the plan should be a complete one with involvement of youths and secondary cities be developed for the sake of sustainable urbanisation.

    Thursday's seminar styled 'World Town Planning Day 2018: Contemporary Planning Issues' was organised by the Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP) at its auditorium, marking World Town Planning Day 2018. The theme of the day this year is 'Sustainable Cities and Communities'.

    Power and Participation Research Centre (PPRC) executive chairman Hossain Zillur Rahman was present as the chief guest.

    BIP president Professor Abul Kalam chaired the seminar while its general secretary Adil Mohammed Khan moderated the event.

    Urbanisation in Bangladesh is mainly influenced by four factors and these are-focus on the expansion of cities, personal interest instead of overall development, lack of accountability and transparency and innovation in the existing haphazard context, said Hossain Zillur Rahman.

    "We are at the same time optimistic and concerned regarding the expansion process of our cities. Planning has two dimensions-technical knowledge and skills and philosophy," he added.

    If policymakers have aversion to the philosophical aspects of planning or management of the cities, the planners will face difficulties, he noted.

    Terming urban planning a means to an end, Mr Zillur said people want to see all the cities with same features and amenities.

    He laid stress on four major characteristics that the cities should have- they should have the role in economic growth, balanced development, urban aesthetics and be livable.

    "Planning should be reflected in all these factors but it remains confined to paper documents only," said the noted economist.

    Planner Akter Mahmud said nowadays, there is more use of the word 'planning' which was absent in the previous development documents.

    But there is a huge gap between a plan in paper documents and its implementation, he added.

    Prof Abul Kalam said planning is meant for development and the development must be sustainable; planning is not for cities only, he added.

    Citing the example of relocating the tanneries from Hazaribagh to Savar and the consequent pollution of the Dhaleswari River, he said it was not a complete planning which has created adverse impact on the environment.

    "We've relocated the tanneries to save the river Buriganga by declaring that area an industrial zone. But we're destroying the Dhaleswari river, although the relocation process was done through planning," he said, adding: it means the planning was not complete.

    He laid emphasis on such planning which will not destroy climate, weather, land, forest or any other resource. Coordination between the government's initiatives and people's engagement are crucial in this regard, he added.

    BIP vice president Fazle Reza Sumon said there is a huge gap between planning and implementation and failure of the relocation process of Hazaribagh tanneries is the example.

    Planner Adil Mohammed Khan said the main development philosophy should be to think how to develop secondary cities and municipalities, instead of investing in Dhaka only.

    https://defence.pk/pdf/forums/bangladesh-defence-forum.92/create-thread
     
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  2. 313ghazi

    313ghazi SENIOR MEMBER

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    Each nation should do it's upmost effort for air quality. Delhi air quality yesterday was 999, that's the maximum reading they take, the machines don't record any higher. It's no less than a chemical attack.
     
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  3. bluesky

    bluesky SENIOR MEMBER

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    I should ask the jumpy @UKBengali what is the meaning of high GDP when the urban planning lacks plans to combat noise, air and water pollution? Is it only to build a few high-rise buildings that matter to you guys? What is the use of flattering ourselves with a GDP rise when people have to suffer under man-made pollution that can be seen throughout Dhaka and its vicinity?
     
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  4. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri ELITE MEMBER

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    BD likes to "Fix" what is easy to fake first. For example trumpeting nominal GDP which when measured in US dollars is given huge (useless) bump by:

    a) Bad inflation accounting of GDDS level country (to the degree even govt data unwittingly shows erosion of real income for average household)
    b) exchange rate determined by export of one product only (extremely skewed from what BD local economy consumes), and one that is given LDC quota for in developed world

    Solid actual development needs solid actual institutions and solid actual private companies.....not ones that keep saying "1 billion exports that were supposed to come 3 years ago...will now come 10 years later" continuously....following same smoke and mirrors attitude of BD govt claims on social development.
     
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  5. Mage

    Mage SENIOR MEMBER

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    GDP PPP has been increasing too. From 2016 to 17 it grew from 3800$ to 4200$. According to information in 2018 PPP is estimated to be 4600$. Increase is not so bad I'd say. Isn't PPP somehow connected to exchange rate as well? Taka does depreciate against USD. But the rate is usually significantly lower than INR or PKR. Not for d1ck measuring purpose though. Also I think no BD's PPP is growing faster than Pak's PPP....although Pak's many institutes have had problems to calculate Pak's economy because of lack of data.
     
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  6. Homo Sapiens

    Homo Sapiens SENIOR MEMBER

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    This is a disaster.:tsk:
     
  7. bluesky

    bluesky SENIOR MEMBER

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    23 April, 2018 00:00 00 AM

    [​IMG]


    Savar tannery wastes now polluting Dhaleshwari river
    Experts suggest that the government must take immediate steps for making the CETP at the tannery estate fully functional
    Prof. Sarwar Md. Saifullah Khaled

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]The tannery industry of the country still seems to be an unavoidable nuisance that kills the rivers it is placed beside. Though the tanneries are very important as contributor to the country’s economic development in the form of providing employment and earning foreign exchange but the entrepreneurs of the industry and the government are yet to scientifically manage the wastes that go with it without harming the environments that surrounds them. As we know that to save the Buriganga River almost dieing from pollution most of the tanneries have already been relocated to Savar from the capital's Hazaribagh area. But the untreated poisonous wastes from the leather factories are now seriously polluting another major river, the Dhaleshwari, putting its existence and biodiversity at stake. The quality of water of the river Dhaleshwari has seriously degraded due to the direct disposal of liquid and solid wastes from the newly located tanneries at Savar. The wastes include the high level of concentrated chromium and salt because of faulty installation of central effluent treatment plant (CETP).

    The water experts suggest that the government must take immediate steps to making the CETP at the tannery estate fully functional. That includes fixing its problems and creating a dumping place for solid wastes, including unused rawhides. They also said proper action also needs to be taken to check other untreated industrial and domestic wastes, chemicals, and heavy metals. And enforce the laws to save the Dhaleshwari River and its biodiversity and inhabitants on its banks. The aquatic resources, including fish, have almost become extinct in the river as its water has got seriously contaminated with the releasing of huge untreated waste and salty water from the tanneries every day.

    All kinds of hazardous wastes from the tanneries flow into the river through drains and four big pipelines. Due to bad odour coming from the polluted black-coloured water of the endangered river, even it is difficult for anybody to take breath standing on the river bank. Nearly 20,000 people in the area are being subjected to severe pollution by the newly relocated tanneries having no effective measure to protect the environment. Due to the adverse impact of environmental degradation, the people of the area are being affected by various diseases, especially skin-related ones. Even tube-well water in the areas has got stinky due to the contamination of the river water with tannery wastes.

    The fishermen of the Dhaleshwari Riverside area who greatly depended on the river for fishing have now become day-labourers changing their old profession as no fish is now available in the river. The water is so stinky and polluted that hardly any fish or other aquatic animals can survive in it. Dead fishes were seen floating in the river six months ago. Green activists opine that to process rawhides hundreds of tonnes of salt are used in tanneries every year alongside other toxic materials like chromium. But their wastes are being discharged directly into the river as the CETP is not run properly. It also lacks the necessary components to treat the wastewater. The green activists together with people are planning to wage a strong movement to save Dhaleshwari and local people from the pollution by the relocated tanneries.

    It is regrettable and shameful that inefficient engineers from BUET designed the CETP which is not capable to treat the huge amount of liquid wastes, including salt, of the tanneries. Experts opine that out of the four units of the CETP, only one unit is functioning regularly. They say that the government should immediately engage other experts to fix the faulty design of the CETP and enhance its capacity to treat all kinds of tannery wastes. They apprehend that the Dhaleshwari will die if proper steps are not taken very soon to check the untreated wastes of the relocated tanneries.

    Now pollution by the tanneries has been shifted to Dhaleshwari from Buriganga. We should not allow any industry to kill a river and harm people. A dumping space must be set up to discharge solid wastes of the tanneries alongside ensuring an effective and functional CETP so that the rive Dhaleshwari is saved from ruin.

    The writer is a retired Professor of Economics, BCS General Education Cadre
     
  8. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri ELITE MEMBER

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    I didn't say its not increasing (it would be riots/civil war out on the streets non stop if it wasn't for any developing country below 10k per capita PPP given just how little that consumption amount is)....but the real problem is this seems to be consumption growth purely added by the 1 - 5% top earners rather than the 95% (average household) where the real consumption is actually stagnating/declining overall (thanks to the inflation imposed across the board by lack of supply of diversification of economy and lack of genuine reform). It is sure fire way to hit a low income stagnation trap (that Harvard for example projects for Bangladesh at 4% long term sustainable growth) and it is for example seen in BD very low energy consumption per capita (which is not growing all that much either).

    https://opinion.bdnews24.com/2017/12/18/where-did-the-benefits-of-economic-growth-disappear/

    In stark contrast, according to HIES2016, each person at the household level actually received an income (household income divided by household size) that was 2 percent less than what they had received in 2010 and the real spending for consumption of each decreased by about 1 percent.

    An alarming finding of HIES2016 is that the average calorie intake per person has declined by 5 percent from 2318 Kcal in 2010 to 2210 Kcal in 2016 alongside a reduction in real income.

    The poorest one-fifth of the household population received 2.78 percent of the total income in 2010, but by 2016 their share has declined to a measly 1.24 percent.

    But the HIES2016 findings suggest a stagnant lacklustre economy where the household sector (comprising the entire population) have completely missed out on the benefits of the high economic growth with both their average income and consumption falling. These contradictory findings from the data of two of the most widely used BBS sources are likely to deepen the suspicion regarding BBS data quality and further erode its credibility unless some satisfactory explanations are offered.
     
  9. Mage

    Mage SENIOR MEMBER

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    Let some people get rich first.....like Deng said. The problem is, the people who are getting rich are taking their wealth offshore.

    Anyway I posted a thread here more than a year ago which sates something different.
    https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/bang...s-comes-from-south-asia-but-not-india.498500/

    I think I talked to you about it before. How Rickshaw fare increased(tripled in last ten years), there are less beggars in the streets, salary of govt employees also tripled in last ten years. Even looking at inflation, it has been going down lately. Below pic taken from IMF page,

    Capture.PNG
     
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  10. gslv mk3

    gslv mk3 ELITE MEMBER

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    Midrise Architecture in Dhaka, Bangladesh ?
     
  11. Nilgiri

    Nilgiri ELITE MEMBER

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    Deng burned the rope of poverty from both ends though. Reforms from the bottom that is a pipe dream for BAL or anyone else in BD (as much as you lot say BAL is some kind of stability miracle, it squanders a LOT). This is why BD is stuck in LDC RMG low income trap (for example still consuming energy per capita that India and Pakistan did back in the 50s and 60s).

    Actual major manufacturing industries (that get no LDC quota from big consumer countries for producing in BD...i.e no LDC incentive and thus BD has to suddenly compete with much less globalist feel help) are simply not interested in corrupt untrained, grossly inefficient Bangladesh given there is no profit margin. Hence your export composition is stagnant (and skewed heavily to one type of product) and Walton export target (of just 1 bn dollars too) of 3 years ago is delayed another 10 years now.

    Whats worse is BD market capitalisation. Its not really an issue if such people take their wealth offshore. What is an issue is they arent even reinvesting it from there into BD in any significant way (like was done in China and India). Again its mostly because BD govt refuses to reform basic things in its banking and economic yoke over country. If you allow better return on investment, more money flows in....but it means less govt control over it and subsequent use for political goals.

    Not interested in BD (GDDS level) data/claims. Only hard completely unfakeable data (that which 3rd party countries can back up from their end) pertaining to trade, energy, investment, market cap, credit rating etc. BD does atrociously bad on this.....and probably the most dissonant country in the world regarding this. Hence the junk credit rating and not even a basic commitment to improve its GDDS rating (e.g complete rejection by BD govt of ESCAP assessment...quite unlike say Pakistan, another GDDS country - and it shows up in the corruption perception index between the two).

    Again refer to above. The bulk household consumption pattern can be quite different from the CPI weighting, especially in a GDDS country that does not sample frequently (as evidenced by those wild swings in even CPI rate in the years past). Hence it could all be part of the reason why real household income is on the decline (and why crucially this was deliberately not computed and presented in the HIES report, leaving only M A Taslim to point it out in his article)

    When Bangladesh actually reforms BBS and turns it into a half credible institution (rather than just another political tool for govt)....and uses that as stepping stone to become a SDDS economy that is not 90% dependent on RMG export (and access to 0 tarrif LDC quota on this in EU)....with actual foreign trade and investment norms correlating to its internal claims.....then something starts to matter about its macro "data"....but only then.

    Sure BD is making strides in absolute poverty rate decline (your mention of beggars). But I am talking more about people just above that threshold (lower middle class) that are now seeing wage stagnation. It is evidenced even by your escape rate of absolute poverty compared to India:

    https://worldpoverty.io/

    India escape rate is 4 times the target escape rate (that too at half the poverty level of BD). BD escape rate is 3 times the target (when it should be much higher than India's given it has dbl the poverty level). It gives a rough indication of the lower middle class dynamics too, given the pull into middle class there affects better rate of escape among absolute poor.
     
  12. bluesky

    bluesky SENIOR MEMBER

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    This writer must be an anti-Bangladesh crook. He has criticized soundly the internationally famous very efficient and knowledgeable BUET engineers for the wrong design of Central Effluent Treatment Plant (CEPT) in the Savar tannery area.

    I criticized the wrong location of Teesta Barrage in a thread and was heinously criticized to be a false flagger. Teesta Barrage should have been built 100 km downstream at its mouth with the Jamuna river. But, it has been built very near the border with India. Now, if the gates are open some water may come down the river. But, when closed all the water is retained at the Indian side of the river. This barrage is a typical example of putting a cart before the horse.

    The barrage was built without a proper study and sound planning. It is same with many other constructions. This is why Dhaka people suffer from knee-deep water at a half-hour rainfall and Savar relocation of the tanneries are creating only more pollution. The BUET graduates lack the knowledge to systematically design this kind of thing.