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Exocet Anti-Ship Missile

Zarvan

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The Exocet anti-ship missile is useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes



Entered service 1979
Missile length 4.7 m
Missile diameter 0.35 mm
Wing span 1 - 1.1 m
Launch weight 670 kg
Warhead weight 165 kg
Warhead type Conventional
Range of fire 42 - 180 km


The Exocet (French for “flying fish”) is a French anti-ship missile developed in the 1970s. While lacking in warhead size and range, this battle-tested missile is still in production. The Exocet is cheap, effective, and can be launched from submarines, ships, and aircraft.

Development began in the 1970s. The original goal was to create a surface-to-surface anti-ship missile for use on warships. Since then, versions for submarine and aircraft usage have emerged.

This missile is an internally guided weapon. When it is about 12-15 kilometers from the target, it begins to utilize its active radar. The Exocet has a solid-fuel rocket motor. It can reach a top speed of Mach 0.9 (1 130 km/h).

The main advantage of the Exocet is its low flight altitude (generally 1-2 meters above the water). Due to this low altitude, this sea-skimming missile can often avoid detection until it is about 6 000 meters from the target, which leaves little time for launching surface-to-air missiles. Consequently, this missile has a good hit probability.

The Exocet is primarily useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes due to its small warhead size.

To date, about 4 000 Exocets have been produced and only by the French company Aerospatiale (now part of MBDA).

Unlike some anti-ship missiles, the Exocet has been heavily tested in combat. In the 1982 Falkland Islands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina, Argentina used Exocet missiles extensively. They succeeded in damaging the HMS Sheffield, Atlantic Conveyor, and HMS Glamorgan. The Exocet was also heavily used in the Iran-Iraq War. It gained international notoriety when an IraqiMirage F1 pilot shot two Exocet missiles at the USS Stark, heavily damaging it.



Variants



MM38: is the surface-launched version with a range of 42 km. It has since been superseded by the MM40.

AM38: prototype-only helicopter-launched variant.

AM39: air-launched version for various kinds of aircraft. The AM39 has a range of 50-70 km.

SM39: submarine-launched version. It is deployed in a watertight capsule. Upon reaching the surface, this capsule falls off and the motor ignites.

MM40: improved surface variant for ships and land batteries. It features three different Blocks. The most recent model of the MM40 (Block III) entered service in 2008 and has a turbojet engine with a range of at least 180 km.








Exocet Anti-Ship Missile | Military-Today.com
 

Inception-06

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The Exocet anti-ship missile is useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes



Entered service 1979
Missile length 4.7 m
Missile diameter 0.35 mm
Wing span 1 - 1.1 m
Launch weight 670 kg
Warhead weight 165 kg
Warhead type Conventional
Range of fire 42 - 180 km


The Exocet (French for “flying fish”) is a French anti-ship missile developed in the 1970s. While lacking in warhead size and range, this battle-tested missile is still in production. The Exocet is cheap, effective, and can be launched from submarines, ships, and aircraft.

Development began in the 1970s. The original goal was to create a surface-to-surface anti-ship missile for use on warships. Since then, versions for submarine and aircraft usage have emerged.

This missile is an internally guided weapon. When it is about 12-15 kilometers from the target, it begins to utilize its active radar. The Exocet has a solid-fuel rocket motor. It can reach a top speed of Mach 0.9 (1 130 km/h).

The main advantage of the Exocet is its low flight altitude (generally 1-2 meters above the water). Due to this low altitude, this sea-skimming missile can often avoid detection until it is about 6 000 meters from the target, which leaves little time for launching surface-to-air missiles. Consequently, this missile has a good hit probability.

The Exocet is primarily useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes due to its small warhead size.

To date, about 4 000 Exocets have been produced and only by the French company Aerospatiale (now part of MBDA).

Unlike some anti-ship missiles, the Exocet has been heavily tested in combat. In the 1982 Falkland Islands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina, Argentina used Exocet missiles extensively. They succeeded in damaging the HMS Sheffield, Atlantic Conveyor, and HMS Glamorgan. The Exocet was also heavily used in the Iran-Iraq War. It gained international notoriety when an IraqiMirage F1 pilot shot two Exocet missiles at the USS Stark, heavily damaging it.



Variants



MM38: is the surface-launched version with a range of 42 km. It has since been superseded by the MM40.

AM38: prototype-only helicopter-launched variant.

AM39: air-launched version for various kinds of aircraft. The AM39 has a range of 50-70 km.

SM39: submarine-launched version. It is deployed in a watertight capsule. Upon reaching the surface, this capsule falls off and the motor ignites.

MM40: improved surface variant for ships and land batteries. It features three different Blocks. The most recent model of the MM40 (Block III) entered service in 2008 and has a turbojet engine with a range of at least 180 km.








Exocet Anti-Ship Missile | Military-Today.com

When was the last time Pakistan ordered and upgraded the Exocet inventory ?
 

Penguin

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According to Sipri, this is what France supplied in terms of Exocet missiles from 1950 to 2014:
  • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1974) 1975 (40) Incl for SH-3D helicopters
  • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1980) 1982-1983 (40) For Mirage-5 combat aircraft and SH-3D helicopters
  • SM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1994) 1999-2006 (25) $100 m deal; for Agosta-90B (Khalid) submarines
AM-39 could also be fired from Brequet Atlantic MPA, but the last of these retired 2012
Pakistan does not have the surface launched MM-38 or MM-40 (of any block).

I haven't found anything indicating any 'block' for the Pakistani Exocets.
 

Inception-06

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According to Sipri, this is what France supplied in terms of Exocet missiles from 1950 to 2014:
  • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1974) 1975 (40) Incl for SH-3D helicopters
  • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1980) 1982-1983 (40) For Mirage-5 combat aircraft and SH-3D helicopters
  • SM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1994) 1999-2006 (25) $100 m deal; for Agosta-90B (Khalid) submarines
AM-39 could also be fired from Brequet Atlantic MPA, but the last of these retired 2012
Pakistan does not have the surface launched MM-38 or MM-40 (of any block).

I haven't found anything indicating any 'block' for the Pakistani Exocets.

Thx for the detail report, but 25 for 3 submarines, that mean 8 for ech submarine, a little bit less or not ?
 

Penguin

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Thx for the detail report, but 25 for 3 submarines, that mean 8 for ech submarine, a little bit less or not ?
Well, if you consider that the warload of an Agosta 90B to be 16 pieces of ordnance (either missile or torpedo) then 4 SSMs and 12 torpedoes (for both ASW and ASuW) sounds about right, which means it is essentially 2 load outs per sub.
SSK Agosta 90B Class Submarine - Naval Technology

The first Agosta 90B commissioned 1999 so these SM-39 Exocet are likely for this class, not for the previous Agosta 70s. These apparently use UGM-84 Harpoon.

Pakistan
Pakistan Air Force – AM39 (on Dassault Mirage 5 naval support fighters)
Pakistan Navy – SM39 (on Agosta 90B (Khalid) class submarines), AM39 (on Breguet Atlantic patrol aircraft)
Atlantiques retired.... 2012
 

Inception-06

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Well, if you consider that the warload of an Agosta 90B to be 16 pieces of ordnance (either missile or torpedo) then 4 SSMs and 12 torpedoes (for both ASW and ASuW) sounds about right, which means it is essentially 2 load outs per sub.
SSK Agosta 90B Class Submarine - Naval Technology

The first Agosta 90B commissioned 1999 so these SM-39 Exocet are likely for this class, not for the previous Agosta 70s. These apparently use UGM-84 Harpoon.


Atlantiques retired.... 2012

very well explained, the two Agosta-70 did get their last upgrade in 2010 and 2011, I know that these are equipped with the Harpoon. What do think about the defensive potential of the two Agosta-70 as a threat to the indian Navy ?
 

Inception-06

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Do we have any special tactic for the Sea Kings, in the scenario the Seaking will use their Exocet missile against IN Ships, will they operate from Land or ship ? Which role do this Helicopters have when they are equipped with anti ship missile, defensive or offensive ? Can they Land on all types of Ship deck like the Alamgir Frigate, Type-21 Amazon Frigate and F-22P Frigate ?
 

Rashid Mahmood

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Do we have any special tactic for the Sea Kings, in the scenario the Seaking will use their Exocet missile against IN Ships, will they operate from Land or ship ? Which role do this Helicopters have when they are equipped with anti ship missile, defensive or offensive ? Can they Land on all types of Ship deck like the Alamgir Frigate, Type-21 Amazon Frigate and F-22P Frigate ?
Yes sure, but can't share them.

Naturally they are Offensive when in ASV role with 2 AM-39s.
Sks can only land on Tankers, not on the frigates which we have.
 

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