• Saturday, January 25, 2020

Exocet Anti-Ship Missile

Discussion in 'Military Forum' started by Zarvan, Feb 9, 2016.

  1. Zarvan

    Zarvan ELITE MEMBER

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    The Exocet anti-ship missile is useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes



    Entered service 1979
    Missile length 4.7 m
    Missile diameter 0.35 mm
    Wing span 1 - 1.1 m
    Launch weight 670 kg
    Warhead weight 165 kg
    Warhead type Conventional
    Range of fire 42 - 180 km


    The Exocet (French for “flying fish”) is a French anti-ship missile developed in the 1970s. While lacking in warhead size and range, this battle-tested missile is still in production. The Exocet is cheap, effective, and can be launched from submarines, ships, and aircraft.

    Development began in the 1970s. The original goal was to create a surface-to-surface anti-ship missile for use on warships. Since then, versions for submarine and aircraft usage have emerged.

    This missile is an internally guided weapon. When it is about 12-15 kilometers from the target, it begins to utilize its active radar. The Exocet has a solid-fuel rocket motor. It can reach a top speed of Mach 0.9 (1 130 km/h).

    The main advantage of the Exocet is its low flight altitude (generally 1-2 meters above the water). Due to this low altitude, this sea-skimming missile can often avoid detection until it is about 6 000 meters from the target, which leaves little time for launching surface-to-air missiles. Consequently, this missile has a good hit probability.

    The Exocet is primarily useful against small warships like frigates and corvettes due to its small warhead size.

    To date, about 4 000 Exocets have been produced and only by the French company Aerospatiale (now part of MBDA).

    Unlike some anti-ship missiles, the Exocet has been heavily tested in combat. In the 1982 Falkland Islands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina, Argentina used Exocet missiles extensively. They succeeded in damaging the HMS Sheffield, Atlantic Conveyor, and HMS Glamorgan. The Exocet was also heavily used in the Iran-Iraq War. It gained international notoriety when an IraqiMirage F1 pilot shot two Exocet missiles at the USS Stark, heavily damaging it.



    Variants



    MM38: is the surface-launched version with a range of 42 km. It has since been superseded by the MM40.

    AM38: prototype-only helicopter-launched variant.

    AM39: air-launched version for various kinds of aircraft. The AM39 has a range of 50-70 km.

    SM39: submarine-launched version. It is deployed in a watertight capsule. Upon reaching the surface, this capsule falls off and the motor ignites.

    MM40: improved surface variant for ships and land batteries. It features three different Blocks. The most recent model of the MM40 (Block III) entered service in 2008 and has a turbojet engine with a range of at least 180 km.

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    Exocet Anti-Ship Missile | Military-Today.com
     
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  2. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    When was the last time Pakistan ordered and upgraded the Exocet inventory ?
     
  3. Penguin

    Penguin ELITE MEMBER

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    According to Sipri, this is what France supplied in terms of Exocet missiles from 1950 to 2014:
    • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1974) 1975 (40) Incl for SH-3D helicopters
    • AM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1980) 1982-1983 (40) For Mirage-5 combat aircraft and SH-3D helicopters
    • SM-39 Exocet Anti-ship missile (1994) 1999-2006 (25) $100 m deal; for Agosta-90B (Khalid) submarines
    AM-39 could also be fired from Brequet Atlantic MPA, but the last of these retired 2012
    Pakistan does not have the surface launched MM-38 or MM-40 (of any block).

    I haven't found anything indicating any 'block' for the Pakistani Exocets.
     
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  4. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Thx for the detail report, but 25 for 3 submarines, that mean 8 for ech submarine, a little bit less or not ?
     
  5. Rashid Mahmood

    Rashid Mahmood MILITARY PROFESSIONAL

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    I have had the honour also to fire it.
     
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  6. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    from ship or submarine ?

    What is the Status of our Agosta-70 can this submarines also fire Anti Ship missiles ?
     
  7. Rashid Mahmood

    Rashid Mahmood MILITARY PROFESSIONAL

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    From a Sea King.

    Agosta 70 can fire Harpoons.
     
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  8. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Nice, I hope you did hit the target ;)

    Do we still have any Huangfen class (Fast attack craft missile) boat in service which was build in China ?
     
  9. Rashid Mahmood

    Rashid Mahmood MILITARY PROFESSIONAL

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    Yes I did for sure.:sniper:

    No we don't have those MB's anymore.
     
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  10. Maarkhoor

    Maarkhoor ELITE MEMBER

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  11. Penguin

    Penguin ELITE MEMBER

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    Well, if you consider that the warload of an Agosta 90B to be 16 pieces of ordnance (either missile or torpedo) then 4 SSMs and 12 torpedoes (for both ASW and ASuW) sounds about right, which means it is essentially 2 load outs per sub.
    SSK Agosta 90B Class Submarine - Naval Technology

    The first Agosta 90B commissioned 1999 so these SM-39 Exocet are likely for this class, not for the previous Agosta 70s. These apparently use UGM-84 Harpoon.

    Atlantiques retired.... 2012
     
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  12. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    very well explained, the two Agosta-70 did get their last upgrade in 2010 and 2011, I know that these are equipped with the Harpoon. What do think about the defensive potential of the two Agosta-70 as a threat to the indian Navy ?
     
  13. Rashid Mahmood

    Rashid Mahmood MILITARY PROFESSIONAL

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    favicon.jpg
     
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  14. Inception-06

    Inception-06 SENIOR MEMBER

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    Do we have any special tactic for the Sea Kings, in the scenario the Seaking will use their Exocet missile against IN Ships, will they operate from Land or ship ? Which role do this Helicopters have when they are equipped with anti ship missile, defensive or offensive ? Can they Land on all types of Ship deck like the Alamgir Frigate, Type-21 Amazon Frigate and F-22P Frigate ?
     
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  15. Rashid Mahmood

    Rashid Mahmood MILITARY PROFESSIONAL

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    Yes sure, but can't share them.

    Naturally they are Offensive when in ASV role with 2 AM-39s.
    Sks can only land on Tankers, not on the frigates which we have.
     
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