• Monday, October 21, 2019

Dastan-e-Shujat.!!!

Discussion in 'Military History & Tactics' started by F.O.X, Oct 20, 2007.

  1. Spasha

    Spasha FULL MEMBER

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    The officers of Pak Army who made the supreme sacrifise 50 years ago on this day of 1st Sept 1965:


    5. Major Mian Raza Shah SJ, belonged to the famous Kaka Khel family of Village Sardar Killi, Umerzai, Charsadda. Raza Shah started his early schooling in Islamia High School, Peshawar and subsequently joined prestigious Lawrence college, Ghora Gali, Murree. He made his mark in academics and sports earning College colours and setting a record for the longest Javelin throw, a record yet to be broken.

    Raza Shah heads the list of Martyrs (Shaheeds) on the War Memorial at Lawrence College, erected in honour of the gallant Gallians who laid down their lives for the country.

    In May 1957, Raza Shah joined Pakistan Army as a gentleman cadet of 20 PMA Long Course at the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul. At the time, Pakistan used to send one cadet from every course for training at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, United Kingdom. Raza Shah earned this honour. He justified his selection and became a member of the Academy's Hockey and Football teams. And, at the end of his training he was awarded the "Overseas Cane" for overall best performance by an allied cadet.

    Commissioned in Pakistan Army on 18 October 1959, Raza Shah joined 11th Cavalry (Frontier Force) at Nowshera. About two years later the Shah of Iran, Raza Shah Pehalvi visited Pakistan and attended the festival of Horse and Cattle Show at Fortress Stadium, Lahore. A chosen group of young subalterns, Raza Shah included, was introduced to the Royal dignitary. The Shah of Iran was surprised when this handsome cavalry officer introduced himself as lieutenant Raza Shah. "Oh really", was the spontaneous remark by Shah of Iran.

    In late August 1965, he was assigned the command of C (Charlie) Squadron, 11 Cavalry, equipped with M36B2's, a problematic turret-less tank not known for envious technical performance. To give the coveted command of a difficult squadron to an officer so young reflected the confidence that his commanding officer had in Raza Shah.

    When the Indians had captured the Haji Pir Pass in Azad Kashmir by 28 August 1965, and were threatening Muzafarabad, the Pakistan Army launched a counter offensive on 1 September 1965 across the cease-fire line to relieve pressure on our forces defending Muzafarabad. The objective of this counter offensive was Chamb, Jourian and Akhnoor in Indian Held Kashmir.

    On the eve of battle, the just appointed squadron commander, Captain Raza Shah bubbling with confidence and excitement gave a pep talk to his troops poised for combat the following day. "Tomorrow we shall Inshallah go into battle against a wicked enemy", said Raza Shah adding, "Those of you who know me will find me leading the front. And, those who do not know me yet shall not fail in discovering me." Raza Shah proved to be a man of his words.

    Captain Raza Shah, was given the objective to capture Chak Pandit, a village south of Chamb, in the first phase of the battle. The enemy had very strong defences in the area and had well entrenched tanks and anti-tank weapons.

    As the battlefield shivered with machine-gun fire, thundering of tank guns and artillery bombardment, Raza shah, undeterred, continued with a steady advance destroying several enemy tanks and positions in the process.

    His steadfast perseverance in battle and unyielding commitment for maintaining the momentum of attack without regard to his personal safety in the battlefield littered with hostile fire showed his character, courage and gallantry beyond the call of duty in keeping with the highest traditions of cavalry and Pakistan Army.

    By 10:00 am, the objective given to his squadron was within the firing range of its tanks, and a few minutes separated him from his operational goal. Suddenly his own tank was hit by the fire of an enemy Recoilless Rifle hiding in the brick kiln close to village Chak Pundit. All the crew-members of the tank, barring its driver, Ghulam Khan, were caught in the intense inferno that instantly raged in the tank. It precluded any chance of evacuation from the burning tank or escape from fire. Ghulam Khan, the only eyewitness in the episode, sustained burn injuries and was evacuated for treatment. Raza met his Creator at the young age of 28 and was the first officer to have embraced shahadat on 1 Sept 1965. Along with Major Raza Shah, 19 other ranks of 11 Cavalry Regiment made the supreme sacrifise on the first day of this battle plus another 15 from this regiment embraced shahadat before the ceasefire took place.

    Mian Raza Shah was a Captian in September 1965 and was promoted to the Major rank after embracing shahadat.

    On 23 March 1966, President Mohammad Ayub Khan delivered Raza Shah's richly deserved gallantry award of Sitara-i-Jurrat to his father Mian Firdos Shah. It now adorns the quarter guard of the regiment that once had the pleasure of welcoming him in its fold. Major Raza Shah's portrait and ceremonial uniform enrich the officer's Mess of 11th Cavalry Regiment. His younger brother Lt Col Mian Liaquat Shah commanded 11 Cavalry in late 1980s.

    6. Major Shah Nawaz SJ, of 8 Baloch Regiment. Major Shahnawaz was a part of the force which launched a counter offensive across the Cease-fire line against Chamb, Jourian and Akhnoor.

    The infantry battalion, 8 Baloch was being commanded by Lt. Col. Siddique and was a part of 102 Infantry Brigade commanded by Brigadier Zafar Ali Khan.

    The 102 Brigade was tasked in the phase 1, to capture area west of River Tawi in the Chamb sector, including villages of Mandiala, Ullan Wali, Pir Jamal, Moel, Paur and Burjeal etc. The Brigade was supported by 11 Cavalry, a tank regiment.

    The Pakistani attack commenced at 0500 hours 1st September 1965 supported by a terrific pre-H-Hour artillery bombardment which had commenced belching fire at 0330 hours.

    The Company of 8 Baloch, commanded by Major Shahnawaz, having the task of capturing villages Moel and Paur, commenced its lightening attack against its objectives and was met with a stiff resistance from well dug in enemy infantry, Recoilless Rifles and tanks. Bitter fighting ensued and by 0900 hours the enemy resistance at Moel was eliminated and 20 prisoners were sent back to the Regimental HQ.

    Major Shahnawaz then commenced advance south towards the village of Paur where enemy light tanks were dug in position. Support of 11 Cavalry was called in to deal with the enemy AMX-13 tanks which were effectively dealt after taking a few losses. Major Raza Shah shaheed of 11 Cavalry took part in this particular action, enabling the company of Major Shahnawaz to proceed towards its objective.

    Once in the outskirts of Paur, bitter fighting again errupted with heavy losses on both sides. In the heat of the battle, Major Shahnawaz leading his company was hit by a burst from machine gun fire and embraced shahadat. Soon after his company was succesful in finishing the enemy resistance and capturing Paur.

    Major Shahnawaz was awarded Sitar e Jurat in recognition of his gallantry services. He had received commission in February 1951 through 3 PMA Long Course.
     
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  2. Spasha

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    Officers of Pak Army who embraced shahadat on this day of 3rd Sept 1965, 50 years ago:

    Captain Ghulam Murtaza Cheema of 127 Light Aid Detatchment Regiment. This fine officer embraced Shahadat on 3 sept 1965 near Jourian in Indian Held Kashmir.

    This Light Aid Detatchment commanded by Captain Muftuza Cheema was attached to 13 Lancers Armour Regiment. The LAD worked as a mobile maintenance unit for recovering and repairing damaged tanks, right on the battlefield, and as such moved along with the Regiment it was attached with.

    13 Lancers along with 127 LAD was tasked to capture Chamb and Jaurian and then assault Akhnour as its final objective.

    By 3rd Sept 1965, 13 Lancers grouped with 10 Infantry Brigade had captured Chamb, crossed the wide River Tawi, and was now advancing towards Jourian.

    Enroute they hit enemy armour, infantry and anti-tank positions at Troti where a grim battle took place. While 13 Lancers neutralized enemy armour, one of its own tank got hit in the battle.

    Captain Ghulam Murtaza Cheema, who was watching this battle from his jeep positioned closeby, rushed towards the tank to help the crew bail out from the burning tank, but was hit by a burst of machinegun fire from a nearby enemy position and embraced shahadat.

    Captain Ghulam Murtaza Cheema, lovingly called Miler by his close friends, was a course-mate of Brig Syed Masud Ul Hassan of Army Aviation, who even today, after the passage of 50 years remembers everything that these two officers shared between themselves.

    Maj Aman Ullah of 8 Azad Kashmir Regiment. This Regiment belonged to Sector No 4 of Azad Kashmir which included the area north of Chamb village. The brigade consisted of 5 Azad Kashmir Regiment and 19 Azad Kashmir Regiment and was under command of Brigadier Hameed. During Phase 1 of the operation, its objectives were destruction of enemy west of River Tawi, entrenched in areas of Laleal, Dewa and Sakrana which fell in the Northern Chamb sector.

    Major Aman Ullah led his company into attacking and succesfuly captured Laleal and Dewa after bitter fighting with the entrenched enemy. On 2 Sept 1965, he along with his company crossed River Tawi and waited for Phase 2 of the operations to begin. The Regimment was then given the task of capturing Kalidhar hills which lay north of Jourian. Major Aman Ullah led his company into attack and was killed in action on the night between 3 and 4 Sept 1965 when he was very near to the objective. He was commissioned in August 1950 through 2 PMA Long Course.
     
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  3. Spasha

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    Martyr of this day of 4th Sept 1965 at Chamb-Jourian battlefield

    Major Bashir Ahmed Qazi of 12 Frontier Force Regiment. 12 FF was a Recce & Support battalion made up of a force consisting of jeep mounted Machine Guns and anti-tank Rifles known as RRs. A Recce & Support Battalion consisted of a force of 120 of such jeeps.

    On September 1st, 1965, B Company, commanded by Major Bashir Kazi and D Company formed the spearhead of 102 Brigade’s attack on Burejal and Dalla posts in Chamb sector and subsequently formed the firm base for operations of 11 Cavalry (FF) against the enemy position at Chamb.

    On September 3rd, B Company was placed under the command of 13 Lancers, the armour regiment, tasked to destroy enemy armour in Chamb sector.

    This force, together with 6 FF, was ordered to cross the river Tawi and advance along the axis Pallanwala-Khaur-Jaurian. A fierce battle between enemy AMX tanks and B Company of Major Qazi developed near Troti feature, strongly held by the enemy, during the night of September 3/4.

    Major Qazi carried out a right outflanking move, destroying 4 enemy tanks and captured 42 fleeing soldiers.

    On September 4, Major Bashir Qazi established a firm base for 6 FF’s attack on Troti and Jaurian area, which was captured on September 5th after a severe fight, bagging several enemy tanks, vehicles, guns, arms and ammunition.

    Major Bashir A. Qazi, the gallant B Company Commander, who had been leading the advance since September 1st, was killed in this action on 4th Sept 1965.

    Major Bashir Qazi had been commissioned in Pak Army in August 1950 through 2 PMA Long Course.

    The battalion casualties in 1965 were two officers killed, one wounded, eight other ranks killed and thirty-five wounded.
     
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  4. Spasha

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    The officers of Pak army who embraces shahadat on this day of 6th Sept exactly 50 years back:

    Captain Islam Ahmed Khan of 27 Field Regt Artillery. This officer embraced Shahadat on 6 Sept 1965, at Devipur, near the town of Akhnoor in Indian Held Kashmir. He was a Forward Observer of his artillery regiment and was in the front lines in support of 6 FF infantry Regiment, directing accurate fire on enemy positions, when he was struck by a hail of bullets. Captain Islam had received commission in Pakistan Army in Sept 1954 from 10 PMA Long Course.

    Major Fakhr e Alam of 13 Lancers Armoured Crops. This exceptionally brave officer embraced Shahadat on 6 sept 1965. This armoured regiment was tasked to capture Chamb in Phase 1, and Jaurian in Phase 2 of the assault plan on Akhnour, which it succesfully accompalished by 3 Sept 1965.

    13 Lancers which was grouped with 10 Infantry Brigade, started the second phase of Operation Grand Slam at 1300 hours on 3 September. When 10 Brigade started the second phase, 6 FF with a squadron of 13 Lancers commanded by Major Fakhre Alam drove through a wooded area south of Trotti feature and penetrated the Indian defences in this area forcing them to abandon the important Trotti feature.

    The Squadron under command of Major Fakhr fought gallantly destroying enemy positions on the way and captured 14 enemy artillery guns.

    Major Fakhrs tank was hit by an enemy artillery shell while heading towards his final objective Akhnoor in Indian Held Kashmir. He belonged to 9 PMA Long Course which graduated in May 1954. The regiment earned the battle honour Dewa, Chamb and Jaurian.

    Major Mohd Muneer Khan of 12 FF Recce and Support Battalion. This gallant officer achieved Shahadat on 6 Sept 1965 while leading a company of Jeep Mounted Anti tank guns and Machine guns neutralizing enemy positions in Troti- Jourian - Akhnoor sector of Held Kashmir.

    Major Muneer belonged to the 6 PMA Long Course which passed out in August 1952.

    After the shahadat of Major Bashir Qazi of B Company 12 FF R&S, C Company under command of Major Muneer resumed the advance on parallel axes, followed by 6 FF and 8 Baluch. They repelled enemy counter-attacks of tanks and infantry, securing up Fatwal Ridge and Najle Chak, deep in enemy territory, by September 6th. During the action at Fatwal Ridge, Major Muneer received a direct hit from an enemy anti-tank rifle and embraced shahadat. This regiment lost two of its finest Company Commanders in this operation.

    Major Mohammad Sarwar Bunty of 11 Cavalry Regiment. This armour Regiment had the honour of capturing Chamb on 1 Sept 1965 and later advanced to Jourian on 4 Sept 1965. Major Sarwar leading B squadron of his regiment embraced Shahadat on 6 Sept 1965 near Dilpat, Troti village, just 6 miles short of Akhnoor, in Indian Held Kashmir. His tank caught fire after getting hit by an armour piercing shell. He belonged to 4 PMA Long Course which was commissioned in Sept 1951.

    Captain Khalid Hameed Lodhi of 6 FF. Captain Khalid Lodhi re-joined his parent battalion 6 FF in middle of August 1965. He had earlier served as ADC to Major Gen Atiq ur Rehman, GOC 7 Infantry Division.

    Captain Lodhi achieved Shahadat on 6 Sept 1965 when 6 FF and 8 Baloch advanced towards their objective after capturing Troti and Jourian short of Akhnoor in Jammu Area. 6 FF was a part of 10 Infantry Brigade commanded by Brig Azmat Hayat.

    Captain Khalid belonged to 17 PMA Long Course which was commissioned in April 1958. His close freind and coursemate Lt Gen Agha Nek Mohammad served as Quarter Master General.

    Captain Khalid's Company included 2/Lt Shabir Sharif, Sitar e Jurat who was critically wounded during this battle but refused to be evacuated and insisted on continuing to fight. Shabir who had become a Major in 1971 fought gallantly during the 71 war embracing shahadat on 5 Dec 71 after he had beaten back several Indian attacks against the positions he had captured inside Indian territory in the Fazilka sector and was given the highest gallantry award Nishane Haider. Maj Shabir's younger brother Raheel joined 6 FF in 1976 as a second lieutenant and later became its Commanding Officer. This exceptionally fine regiment what is called 6 Frontier Force has not only produced a Nishan e Haider but three Commander in Chiefs also. The first one is General / Field Marshall Sam Manekshaw who commanded the Indian Forces in 1971. General Abdul Waheed Kakar also served in 6 FF, while General Raheel Sharif served as CO of 6FF.

    It is said that Gen Manekshaw during the 1971 war would every morning get reports of the war situation from his ADC and he would ask how his old unit 6FF was doing. On 7 December 1971, his ADC informed that 6 FF which had captured the Sabuna Bund had beaten back several Brigade level attacks supported by armour, the General remarked ' only my unit could do this!'

    When Major Shabir Sharif received a Nishane Haider, Gen Sam Menkshaw wrote to one of his old British Commanding Officer in England that he was so proud that an officer of his battalion has got the honor, although his forces were fighting against Pakistan.


    Lt Kaleem Mahmud SJ of 3 Punjab Regiment was initially declared Missing in Action on 7 Sept 1965 while defending the Jassar Bridge over River Ravi where the Indian troops had launched a Brigade size attack to eliminate a small Pakistani enclave across the bridge.

    As planned by India, the first place that took the brunt of Indian attack in this sector was Jassar. 3 Punjab Regiment was partly deployed in the little enclave across the river Ravi on Indian side of the international border. The Indians started shelling at 0315 hours, a quarter of an hour earlier than they crossed the border in other places. An hour later the attack came in, led by one infantry battalion and the Indians succeeded in securing a foothold in the enclave. 3 Punjab put in a counter attack at 1000 hours on 6 September throwing back the Indians by 1200 hours.

    Simultaneously 3 Punjab cleared the Indian enclave on West bank of the river. There does not appear to have been much resistance to this action. The lack of enthusiasm on the part of Indians to defend their position on the right bank of Ravi was a clear indication that the Indian attack against Jassar was merely a feint. If they had meant to invade Pakistan from this direction in earnest, it would have been easier for them to build up across the river, by making use of the enclave as initial brigade head. The Indians were to continue giving the impression that the attack on Jassar was in real earnest.

    Between 0300 and 0630 hours on 7 September, Indians put in three attacks supported by massive artillery support and tanks. Lt Kaleem along with his platoon defended the Pakistani enclave with dogged determination and grit.

    The enemy, overwhelming in numbers succeeded in getting close to the far end of the Ravi bridge at Jassar eventually. The bridge as a result was blown up at 0800 hours the same day. Lt Kaleem who was on the far end of the bridge ordered his troops to swim to the home side of the river while he provided covering fire for them to safely get accross.

    Lt Kaleem held the far end of the bridge till all Pak troops in the enclave had crossed over to the home bank. As he moved in the open to cross the river, he was hit by a burst of machine gun fire as there was no one to provide covering fire for him.

    A couple of days before the ceasefire took effect, 6 FF which had arrived in this sector after successful operation in Chamb and Jourian, relieved 3 Punjab Regiment at Jassar bridge. During patrolling of the area beyond the bridge 2/Lt Shabir Sharif SJ found out that the Indians had buried the dead body of 2/Lt Kaleem Mahmud just close to the bridge with his name written on a chit that was put in a glass bottle. Kaleem Mahmud received his commision in April 1963 passing out from 27 PMA Long Course.


    Major Arif Jan of 11 FF Recce & Support Battalion is believed to have embraced shahadat on 6 Sept 1965 at Wagha border. He received his commission in Pak army in August 1951 through 5 PMA Long Course.

    Major Arif Jan, who was leading a company of force consisting of jeeps mounted with Anti-tank Rifles and machine guns, had hardly arrived in the area of village Diayal near the Wagha sector when the Indians launched their attack in the early hours of 6 Sept.

    After passing information to Headquarters of 114 Brigade about the Indian attack on the rangers post at Wagah at about 0430 hours on September 6th, Major Arif Jan faced the Indian attack of tanks and two infantry battalions, inflicting heavy casualties, delaying and deploying them until about 0630 hours, thereby giving early warning and time, and enabling other elements of the formation to occupy their main defensive positions in full strength.

    This small force under command of Major Arif Jan cost the Indians heavily. Major Arif allowed the Indians to come close and then opened fire at short range. In view of the inadequate light this was the only course open to him. This platoon not only held up the Indian advance along the main Wagah road but inflicted very heavy casualties on them.

    The successful tactics employed by Maj Arif Jan in engaging the enemy made the enemy's Divisional Commander to beleive that they were being opposed by a force of atleast two Infantry Divisions and thus decided not to advance any further. Major Arif Jan and all his men are beleived to have embraced Shahadat on 6 Sept 1965, and no one lived to tell this tale of valour.

    Rather than surrender to an overwhelming force of enemy, Major Jan and his men put up a gallant fight and will for ever be remembered as a force which fought to the last man and last round. No one left his postion. Not one of them was taken prisoner. They all achieved the highest distinction that man can get.

    A dead body was found in March 1966 after the Tashkent Agreement and it was thought to be of Major Arif Jan. The recovered body was burried in Military Grave Yard, R.A Bazar, Lahore with full military honors. He was earlier believed to have been taken a Prisoner of War. Rumour has it that Major Arif Jan is one of the 18 POWs still in captivity of the Indians.

    The gallantry of this officer came into lime light when Commander of Indian Forces Gen Harbaksh Singh, made the following revealations in his book:

    ""Until mid-day of the 6th of September, all that was opposing 15 Infantry Division on the GT Axis, was just a company of the enemy’s Reconnaissance and Support Battalion, which had been sent ahead to oppose the Indian Offensive. This Reconnaissance and Support Battalion had been introduced into the Pakistan Army by the Americans, at the scale of one per Corps. It was fully mounted on jeeps, armed with formidable firepower: 12 Recoilless guns and 12 Medium Machine Guns per Company. A Company came up to the Canal and started firing aimlessly and this is what made Maj Grneral Niranjan Prasad believe that he was being counterattacked by ‘two Divisions’, as conveyed in his message.""
     
  5. Spasha

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    The officers of Pak army who embraced shahadat on 7th and 8th Sept 1965.

    Major Dost Mohammad Khan Utra of 6 Lancers armoured Crops. He embraced Shahadat on 7 sept 1965 in Khem Karan sector. 6 Lancers led the assault on Khem Karan and was the first Pakistani regiment to enter into Khem Karan.

    Major Dost Utra was commissioned in Pak Army in 1949 and was commanding the leading Squadron of his regiment. His tank, while crossing the bridge over Rohi Nalla came under attack by Indian Airforce and fell into the Rohi Nalla killing him. During the 1965 war, 2 officers, 11 Non-Commissioned Officers and 7 sowars of 6 Lancers embraced Shahadat, including the Commanding Officer.


    Captain Abdul Jalil Orakzai SJ of 3 Punjab Regiment. This gallant officer achieved Shahadat on 7 sept 1965 while defending the Bridge over River Ravi at Jassar. The officer received his commission in Pakistan Army in April 1959 through 19 PMA Long Course. His parent battalion was 12 FF R&S battalion.

    The Indians were continously giving the impression that the attack on Jassar was in real earnest. Between 0300 and 0630 hours on 7 September, enemy put in three attacks supported by massive artillery support and tanks. They succeeded in capturing the far end of the bridge eventually. The bridge as a result was blown up at 0800 hours the same day. The troops on the far end were ordered to swim to home side as it was not considered advisable to leave a few unsupported companies across the river.

    Captain Jalil Orakzai, refused to leave the area and provided covering fire on enemy troops, so that his men could safely swim back to the homeside of River Ravi. While holding his position he was struck by an enemy shell and embraced Shahadat.


    Captain Nazeer Ahmed of 21 Medium Regiment artillery. This artillery regiment was a part of Divisonal Artillery which was commanded by Brig A.R Shami. The regiment was under command of Lt Col Maqbool, and was deployed in Kasur - Khem Karan.

    Captain Nazeer was an Observer for his regiment and was operating in the front line area. He stood up in his post to engage enemy tanks with better effect in total disregard of his personal safety. He was killed with a bullet in his right eye on 8 Sept 1965,

    Captain Nazeer received his commission in Pakistan Army in Feb 1953 through 7 PMA Long Course.


    Major Muhammad Fazil of 11 FF Recce and Support Battalion. Major Fazil was sent as a screen position to village Ichogill Hattar at Wagha sector on the night between 5 and 6 Sept 1965. Hardly had he taken positions along with his platoon, when in the early hours of 6 Sept, the Indians launched a massive attack all along the border. Inspite of being cut off from the rest of his regiment, Major Fazil stood fast and counter-attacked the enemy while making a tactical withdrawl towards the BRB Canal where he established his platoon defenses and effectively stopped the enemy from crossing over the BRB Canal.

    At 0300 hours, on the morning of Sep 8 1965, the machine gun ammunition of his platoon was exhausted. Despite heavy enemy fire, Major Muhammad Fazil managed to bring the badly needed ammunition to the platoon location. He was controlling the fire onto the attacking enemy when a bullet hit his forehead and this brave son of soil embraced martyrdom.

    Major Fazil was buried in PAF Chaklala Graveyard. He was born on 3 Jan 1930 and received commission in Pak Army in Auguat 1952 and belonged to 6 PMA Long Course.

    Major Muhammad Fazil became the second Company Commander of 11 FF R&S to have embraced shahahdat at Wagha sector during this conflict.


    Lieutenant Muhammad Naeem Akhtar of 20 Punjab Regiment. This officer was BSUO and recipient of Sword of Honour from 26 PMA Long Course. He got seriously wounded on 31 August 1965 when an artillery shell hit his position at Sar Feature in Haji Pir Pass area and was evacuated for medical aid. He breathed his last on 8 Sept 1965. His brother Lt Gen Naseer Akhtar also served in the army.

    Lt Gen Lharaseb Khan who was commisioned in April 1963 and was a part of Gibraltar Force (10 Azad Kashmir Regiment) operating in Indian Held Kashmir describes his meeting with Lt Naeem Akhtar on the day Lt Naeem was fatally wounded.

    ""On 31 August, I met Lieutenant Naeem Akhtar of 20 Punjab Regiment who was on his way to visit Captain Nawaz’s company at Sar Feature in Azad Kashmir. Lieutenant Naeem told me that he had not taken any food for last three days. I offered him chana and gur. Both of us enjoyed our “fast food” and then moved to company HQs of 20 Punjab Regiment near Sar feature commanded by Captain Nawaz. When I returned to my company, an Artillery Shell landed on the bunker of Lieutenant Naeem critically injuring him. He was evacuated with great difficulty to a Medical Aid center, but he had suffered extreme loss of blood. He breathed his last on 8 Sept 1965.""

    While at Hasan Abdal military college, he excelled at studies and also in athletics. Fifty years later, his memories are still cherished by his friends, classmates and colleauges. He was a close friend of Lt Farouk Khatlani shaheed from Hasan Abdal days.


    Captain Anwaar ul Haq Chaudhry of 3 Baloch Regiment. Anwar ul Haq was commissioned in Pak Army in August 1952 through 6 PMA Long Course.

    On the morning of 6 Sept 1965, the only Pakistani force astride the Lahore-Wagah Road was a Company of 3rd Baluch Reagiment commanded by Captain Anwaar. A little after first light they saw the Indians advancing astride the road. In front of the advancing Indians were a large number of refugees, men, women and children, hurrying across as if driven by a pack of blood thirsty hounds. Captain Anwaar could not engage the enemy until the refugees had crossed the bridge. It was risky but they could not shoot their own people.

    The Indian 15 Dogra Regiment and 3 Jat Regiment were following the main Wagah - Batapur axis. They enemy battalions, supported by tanks reached the killing grounds set up by Captain Anwaar, and having lost two of its tanks in the first few minutes called it a day and turned about.

    The enemy got exasperated and instead launched another attack on the GT Road bridge at Batapur which came in at 0800 hours and was again beaten back. In the meanwhile, own troops started arriving at the BRB canal from Lahore Cantonment, thus strengthening their positions. Therefore this company of 3 Baluch was pulled back at about 0900 hours. At about the same time Pakistan Air Force (PAF) joined in the shoot and came out of it with a heavy bag of indian tanks, trucks and large clusters of men.

    The entire GT Road from Batapur bridge to the border was in shambles, with enemy tanks, trucks and vehicles burning all along the main road. The front enemy companies were running back, the rear companies were being pushed and goaded forward. The supply service and the engineers who had been kept unduly too far forward by the Indians with the hope of their being used for providing additional crossings over the river Ravi and BRB Canal provided excellent game to the gallant pilots of PAF including Squardon Leader Sajjad Haider.

    The enemy realized the importance of Batapur bridge and inspite of the heavy losses that his forward troops had sustained, he was putting in attack after attack on it. The artillery on both sides was pounding the area all around it. The bridge was still intact and was not blown until midnight 6/7 September. Enemy tanks were hardly six hundred yards away. A few vehicles from the Indian side strayed across and were all immobilized on the road. They proved very useful later on. They provided cover to the defenders in moving about in the vicinity of the bridge.

    The artillery and small arms dual continued throughout the major part of the day. The enemy had committed all the three battalions of the leading brigade. The night was spent by Captain Anwaar and his men in digging in trenches and replenishing and by the enemy in reconnoitering for a likely crossing over BRB canal.

    The fesh formation brought forward by the Indians was 50 Indian Para Brigade. It arrived on the evening of 7 September and went into attack against the company of Captain Anwaar of 3 Baluch same night.

    Captain Anwaar and his men had tenaciously kept the far bank of BRB under control and although it had hardly about 50 men on the other side, yet these devoted men kept the Indian Para Brigade away from them.

    The Indian Infantry never came to grips with Men of 3 Baloch Regiment. They were the attackers. It was up to them to get into a dog fight and force the issue. The previous day's experience of coming forward boldly had dampened their spirits. They invariably shelled the positions for two hours before every attack. The moment the barrage lifted the Indian army would get up, shout, "jai Hind" and "Charge" from a distance of 300 to 400 yards and immediately the Pakistan artillery opened up or the small arm fire was brought on them, they would hug the ground. The performance would be repeated and the wireless message could be intercepted saying "heavy casualties - falling back". At the other end some commander could be heard shouting, "You ---------- go forward".

    The Indians on this front, however, did not relish going forward, little knowing that the move backwards would be equally costly. The Indians changed over to night attacks, on the next night, but even the cover of darkness did not provide enough security. Early in the morning on 8 September the enemy was seen with drawing and were hastened backwards by a few bursts of MMG and LMGs.

    Captain Anwaar embraced Shahadat on the morning of 8 sept 1965 during a successful counter attack launched by him across the BRB Canal in Wagha sector. He was promoted to the rank of a Major after his shahadat.

    He is buried in Army Graveyard Cavalry Ground Lahore along with rest of Shuhadhas of 3 Baloch.

    The citizens of Lahore owe a lot to these brave men of 3 Baloch who ensured their freedom that day by sacrificing their lives. (information courtesy of Brig Ajmal of 3 Baloch)

    Major Muhammad Ashraf Khan of 13 FF Recce & Support Battalion. This battalion was serving under the command of 15 Division and was responsible for defending the entire Sialkot sector from Chaprar in the north to Jassar in the south. The Regiment was equipped with 150 jeeps mounted with Anti Tank Rifles, Machine Guns and Light Machine guns.

    On 8 sept 1965, 13 FF R&S battalion engaged the enemy armour and infantry at Charwa, Bajragarhi and Maharajke area inflicting heavy casualties on them with Anti-tank Rifles and Machine guns mounted on Jeeps.

    Later the same day, No 5 Platoon of B Company 13 FF laid a highly succesful ambush on the coloumn of Indian 16 Cavalry Regiment tanks while it was advancing towards Gadgore. This platoon destroyed 13 enemy tanks in just a few minutes creating havoc in enemy lines.

    An hour later, an entire enemy artillery Battery belonging to 71 Medium Regiment along with 4 ammunition carriers were destroyed by No 4 Platoon operating in the area.
     
  6. Spasha

    Spasha FULL MEMBER

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    The officers of Pak army who embraced shahadat on 9th Sept 1965.

    Major Muhammad Ashraf Khan of 13 FF Recce & Support Battalion. This battalion was serving under the command of 15 Division and was responsible for defending the entire Sialkot sector from Chaprar in the north to Jassar in the south. The Regiment was equipped with 150 jeeps mounted with Anti Tank Rifles, Machine Guns and Light Machine guns.

    On 8 sept 1965, 13 FF R&S battalion engaged the enemy armour and infantry at Charwa, Bajragarhi and Maharajke area inflicting heavy casualties on them with Anti-tank Rifles and Machine guns mounted on Jeeps.

    Later the same day, No 5 Platoon of B Company 13 FF laid a highly succesful ambush on the coloumn of Indian 16 Cavalry Regiment tanks while it was advancing towards Gadgore. This platoon destroyed 13 enemy tanks in just a few minutes creating havoc in enemy lines.

    An hour later, an entire enemy artillery Battery belonging to 71 Medium Regiment along with 4 ammunition carriers were destroyed by No 4 Platoon operating in the area.

    Major Ashraf embraced Shahadat on 9 sept 1965 when Indian tanks and infantry had quitely sneaked near Ura village in an attempt to enter Sialkot cantt. Major Ashraf on getting the information went out looking for the enemy and knocked out two tanks in quick succession. Meanwhile he saw a enemy contingent getting under the bridge close to Ura village. He dismounted from his jeep to chase the enemy and was killed in the ensuing close quarter battle under the bridge. He received his commission in Sept 1952.

    Lt Col Sahibzad Gul SJ of 6 Lancers. Lt Col Gul was commisioned in 1943 in the then Indian army and at the time of partition, opted to join Pakistan army. This was the leading tank regiment which not only blunted the Indians advancing on the Kasur front on 6 Sept 1965, but threw them back across the border. This armour regiment under command of Lt Col Sahib zad Gul then rolled across the border and captured Khem Karan by 0900 hours on 8th Sept.

    After Khem Karan had fallen into Pakistani hands the advance continued. The move of 6 Lancers was so brilliant an execution of advance forward that the infantry which was being impeded due to the need of clearing small pockets, snipers and odd MMG nests hidden in crops, could not keep pace with armour. 6 Lancers under Lt. Col. Sahib Zad Gul by 1700 hours had captured Valtoha Railway station at a distance of 12 miles from Khem Karan. It was magnificent piece of work. The enemy echelons, all along the route had been taken by surprise.

    The Indians had lost over 600 killed and a much larger number in wounded due to the lightening strike of Lt Col Sahib Zad Gul. The amount of equipment and stacks of ammunition left lying by the fleeing Indians speaks volumes of the counter attack of 6 Lancers and was a debacle of the worst type for the enemy.

    Later that evening Lt Col Gul was ordered to fall back to leaguer at Khem Karan for the night by the Brigade Commander. They had to come all the way from the territory they had captured, with the dint of their courage and in the face of very strong opposition. To fall back without adequate reasons is never acceptable to a soldier. However they obeyed the order but with a feeling of disappointment.

    The next day, 9 September, 6 Lancers undertook the same task as on the previous day to re- capture Valthoa Railway Station. 6 Lancers once again faced stiff opposition from the enemy who had by now re-grouped. Never the less, Lt Col Gull advanced towards his objective and capturedb the Valthoa Railway station.

    While defending the Valthoa Railway station from the attacking enemy troops, Lt Col Sahibzad Gul embraced Shahadat on 9 Sept 1965 when he received a direct hit while standing out through the open capula of his tank. In recognition of his gallantary services, he was awarded Sitar e jurat.
     
  7. Spasha

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    The Dastan e shahadat of those six officers of Pakistan Army who met their creator on this day of 10th Sept 1965, exactly 50 years ago, while defending their motherland:

    Brig Ahsan Rashid Shami Hilal e Jurat, Artillery Commander of 1 Armoured Division in Kasur secor. The Artillery deployed in Kasur sector under this brave Commander provided accurate and devastating fire on enemy positions. While inspecting our troop positions in the Khem Karan sector on 10 Sept 1965, Brig Shami drove into enemy positions and got hit by a machine gun burst. His dead body could not be recovered immediately. However, Maj Gen Harbaksh Singh, the Commander of Indian forces claims that Brig Shami's body was temporary buried near Asal Uttar. After the cease-fire his body was returned by the Indians and buried with full military honours. Brigadier Shami had received his commission from the British-Indian Army in June 1942. His son Sikandar Shami joined Pakistan Army in 1966 and retired as a Major General and served as ADC to Gen Asif Nawaz Janjua.

    Major Ali Abid Hussain of 3 Self Propelled Artillery Regiment.
    Maj Ali Abid Hussain Shaheed was born in the year 1931. Hailing from Jhelum District, he studied at Military College Jhelum, Sara-e-Alamgeer. He was tall and had a strong built, and that earned him a place in college boxing team and turned out to be a fine boxer. After getting commission in the year 1952 from 6th PMA long course, he joined Artillery.

    He had a distinguish military career. He was sent to United States for foreign courses in the year 1957. Later on after graduating from Command and Staff College Quetta, he was sent to Australia for a foreign staff course in the year 1964.

    He came back after successfully completing the course and was posted to 3 Self Propelled Field Regiment Artillery, where he was given the command of an SP Battery.

    During 1965 war, he was commanding this battery and was deployed at Khem Karan Sector. The accurate and on spot fire deadly directed by Maj Ali Abid lead to the destruction of enemy troops at Khem Karan.

    On 10th September 1965 while giving fire support to 24 Cavalry Regiment tanks, Maj Abid came outside his operational bunker to analyse the damage caused by his gunners, but as he came out, he came under enemy's fire and was hit in head by a shell.

    The supreme sacrifice made by Maj Ali Abid motivated his gunners to the extent that they fought furiously and aggressively after their commander embraced shahadat and by 12th September the gunners killed 156 soldiers and other ranks of 4 Sikh Regiment and their Commanding Officer Lt Col Anant Singh surrendered.

    Captain Hameed ullah Khan Sumbal of 31 Field Regiment Artillery/ School of Signals. He embraced Shahadat on 10 Sept 1965 when a shell exploded near him.

    Captain Hameed belonged to the famous Niazi clan from Ghandi, Kundian, District Mianwali. His father Lt Col Muhammad Atta ullah Sumbal also served in the army.

    He joined Pakistan Army in 12 PMA Long Course and got commissioned in 1956 in 9 Signals Battalion. Later on he opted for Special Services Group and went for the training. He joined SSG, but after sometime, was called back from SSG. On returning back to regular Army, he was absorbed in 31 Field Regiment Artillery. Captain Sumbal went to Oklahoma Military Academy USA on a course and topped that course with excellent remarks. His course report news was also published in the Oklohama Newspapers.

    During the 1965 war, 31 Field Regiment provided fire support to 24 Brigade and 25 Cavalry group in Chawinda area as well as a battery was located in Jassar area to support 4 FF Regiment.

    On 10 Sep 1965, he was doing as artillery observer with 4 FF Regiment at Jassar Bridge, Narowal where he embraced Shahadat when an artillery shell exploded in his observation post.

    In recognition of his supreme sacrifise, the citizens of Kundkian, named the nearby Ghandi Railway Station as Sumbal Hameed Railway Station. A road in Okara Cantt is also named after Captain Sumbal shaheed.

    His younger brother Ifthikhar ullah Sumbal joined the Pakkistan army in 1970 through 44 PMA Long Course.


    Major Sheikh Zahur ud Din of 5 FF embraced Shahadat on 10 Sept 1965 at Asal Uttar beyond Khem Karan while leading an attack against enemy held positions. His body immediately could not be recovered as he died in enemy held territory. He was commissioned in Oct 1949.

    Major Sheikh Zahur was Company Commander A Company of 5 FF and was defending the Kasur sector.

    On 7 Sept 1965, the battalion moved through a bridgehead established by 2 FF in the Indian territory opposite Khem Karan for the advance to this town. Hardly had it settled in for the night on September 7/8 when it heard “Jay Hind” and was attacked by some Indian raiders who were promptly dispatched successfully, but the battalion suffered a few killed as the result of this raid.

    On September 8th, an armor group which included 10 FF continued to advance while Major Zahur was tasked to clear up enemy pockets of resistance left behind. The battalion was also ordered to clear Khem Karan and Mast Garh. Two companies were to clear Khem Karan and later two companies were to go for Mast Garh. These were cleared successfully on September 8th and by dawn on September 9th Major Zahur along with the battalion was well dug in astride the Khem Karan-Amritsar road.

    On this day two companies of 5 FF formed part of an armored regiment group which was ordered to advance towards the village of Assal Uttar. On September 10th these two companies A and B, under command of Major Sheikh Zahur-ud-Din and Major Qazi Fazal-i-Rehman, attacked the village.

    Assal Uttar was strongly defended by an enemy battalion and a troop of tanks. Major Zahur, nevertheless made a spirited attack on the village but could not progress owing to the intensity of fire and because own artillery observers had become casualties. However. Major Zahur-ud-Din refused to be curbed by the enemy fire and with “Nara-i-Haidery” jumped up and waved his hand for his company to follow.

    The company which had been grounded by the fire now followed their company commander through a beet of fire. The company managed to cross the first line of trenches but then Major Zahur was killed by a machine-gun burst. In the true tradition of Piffers, men rushed up to try to bring back the body of the gallant Major and in this Havildar Juma Khan and Sepoy Anar Gul, Major Zahur’s orderly, also lost their lives.

    In this day and age of bitterness and hatred there is good reason to record that the enemy later returned Major Sheikh Zahur-ud-Din’s body with full military honors.

    Lieutenant Ahmed Munir SJ of 10 FF APC Borne Infantry Battalion. This battalion was grouped with 4 Armoured Brigade which was leading a counter offensive in Khem Karan area. Lt Munir belonged to 27 PMA Course which received commissioned in April 1963.

    On September 8th, 1965 the battalion was moved into the bridgehead in the Khem Karan sector and early next morning was subjected to a heavy enemy air attack. However, 4 Armoured Brigade in which 10 FF was grouped advanced towards the Indian village of Mast Garh. The battalion, led by a squadron of tanks from 5 Horse, then continued the advance in the direction of Bhure Karimpur village.

    Some of the tanks were bogged down and since there was little light left, the Brigade Commander decided to go into a brigade leaguer just east of Mast Garh. The confusion of battle during this night was at a high level and little food came up on the evening of September 9th because some of the ration vehicles and water trailers were destroyed by enemy shelling.

    On September 10th, the brigade advanced in a northerly direction. 4 Cavalry with A Company 10 FF were in the lead and were ordered to go for milestone 32 on the Khem Karan-Tarantaran road. The battalion advance was led by C Company and Lieutenant Ahmad Munir commanded the leading platoon. When this platoon had reached Lakhna it came under heavy artillery- and small arms fires. Lieutenant Ahmad Munir manoeuvred his platoon to the west of Lakhna, and while doing so was hit by a burst of enemy automatic fire.

    At this time our own tanks came forward and the position was stabilized. Lieutenant Ahmad Munir was awarded a posthumous Sitara-e-Jurat for this action.

    Major Sheikh Mobarik Ali Sitar e Jurat belonged to East Pakistan and joined Pakistan Army in 1952 after passing out from 6 PMA Long Course. He joined 16 Punjab Regiment after receiving his commission. The Regiment was commanded by Lt Col Golewala in 1965.

    On 6 September 1965, the A Company of 16 Punjab commanded by Major Mobarik was attached with 3 Baloch Regiment to defended the BRB Bridge on GT Road at Batapur in Wagha sector.

    The B Company, commanded by Major Nazir Gill of 16 Punjab Regiment was allocated to 22 Brigade, the strike force of 10 Infantry Division, under command of Brigadier Qayyum Sher. Its position on the morning of 6 Sept 1965 was east of BRB Canal at village Bhasin.

    The main attack led by Indian 15th Infantry Division on the GT Road axis had come to a grinding halt at the BRB Canal by 10 am on 6 Sept 1965 because of a superhuman effort of 16 Punjab Regiment, 3 Baloch, 18 Baloch Regiment and a company of 11 FF R&S battalion, which prevented the enemy from crossing the BRB bridge at Batapur and Bhaini.

    On 8 Sept 1965, a counter offensive led by Brig Qayyum Sher of 22 Brigade threw the Indians back accross the border. The A and B Companies of 16 Punjab Regiment, which were a part of this strike force captured the Indian Posts of Ranian and Kakar accross the border. However, due to shortage of infantry troops, these Indian Posts could not be held for long, and the two companies of 16 Punjab Regiment were ordered to take up positions between milestones 14 and 13 on the GT Road, about a mile and a half east of BRB Canal, ahead of Dograi village. While on the move to their new positions, Major Nazir Gill came under enemy fire and was seriously injured. He was evacuted to the Regimental Aid Post across the BRB canal, while Lt Jaffar took the command of B Company.

    By morning of 9th Sept 1965, the A Company of 16 Punjab Regiment, under Command of Major Mobarik Sheikh was entrenched on the left side of the GT Road, facing village Dial where the Indian 54 Brigade ( consisting of 3 Jat, 15 Dogra and 13 Punjab) had then taken positions. The B Company under command of Lt Jaffar had taken positions on the right side of the GT Road, adjacent to A Company positions, thus effectively blocking the enemys advance towards the BRB Bridge on the GT Road axis.

    The enemy shelled the positions of A and B companies, non stop, untill ceasefire to break the will of these 320 men, but these men stood fast and did not let the enemy advance.

    The enemy with a strength of three battalions supported with one squadron of 17 tanks was entrenched in and around village Dial about 600 yards from the positions of A and B Companies of 16 Punjab.

    Major Mobarik Sheikh under took the task of ejecting the enemy on 10 Sept from Dial village and led his Company of 150 men into the attack. The enemy after a tough battle left the village and ran towards the border leaving behind 16 dead, 21 injured (taken POWs) and 3 damaged tanks. Major Mobarik kept on chasing the retreating enemy and in the process was hit by machine gunnfire and embraced shahadat. Havaldar Durre Aman and Lance Naik Haider Ali got severely wounded while succesfully retrieving the dead body of Major Mobarik shaheed.

    The positions held by A and B Company, from 8 Sept to 22 Sept took the life of 12 officers belonging to infantry, armour and artillery, 106 jawans and critically wounded 116 all other ranks. Only 48 Men out of the 320 survived when ceasefire took place.

    The 16th Punjab Regiment had the honors of fighting against the Germans in the First World War at Flanders / Ypres where it performed Khattak dance before launching its deadly attack. It was then known as 40 Pathaan Regiment. The 40th Pathans fought with great gallantry in the Second Battle of Ypres, where they suffered 320 casualties on 26 April, and in the Battles of Aubers Ridge and Loos. The 40th Pathans suffered a total of 800 casualties (killed or wounded) during the First World war
     
  8. DR AHMAD

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    SIR KINDLY RECONFIRM FROM ARMY RECORD (WRONG INFO MARKED IN RED) ACCORDING TO MY KNOWLEDGE AS I AM WRITING HIS BIOGRAPHY AND DOCUMENTARY MY UNCLE CAPT. ABDUL JALIL ORAKZAI (SJ) JOINED PAK ARMY WITH 6TH SHORT COURSE 1958 OTS KOHAT AND COMMISSIONED 1959 HIS NUMBER WAS (PTC), HIS FIRST APPOINTMENT WAS IN EDUCATION CORPS LAHORE ALSO SERVED IN PUNJAB REGIMENT MARDAN AND LAST 14 FF WHERE HE EMBRACED SHAHDAT 06 SEPT 1965 AT KASHMIR KALIDAR AWARDED SITARA E JURAT.
     

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    Captain Abdul Jalil Orakzai (Shaheed) “Sitara I Jurat”
    15 March 1931 – 07 September 1965
    Capt. Abdul Jalil Orakzai was born at Peshawar on 15th March 1931. He was very obedient, honest, friendly, loving, caring and was famous in hospitality from his childhood.

    His last wish told to his younger brother “if I died, I want to die like a soldier fighting in battle field with enemies, not on the way to battle field and some bullet or bomb hitting me before the war starts”.

    Capt. Abdul Jalil applied for regular commission in Pakistan Army during his studies and was rejected on first attempt. But his love for country and passion of Pakistan Army tempted and he tried again to join Pakistan Army in education force. He was selected for short course and went to Officers Training School (O.T.S) Kohat in 1958. He got Pak Temporary Commissioned (PTC) in Pakistan Army in 1959 as Second Lieutenant. He started his carrier in Pakistan Army as Education Officer and served as A.E.C Officer / 12 Frontier Force from 1959 – 1961 at Lahore and Quetta. In 1961 got promoted as Lieutenant and during same time converted from education to infantry and joined 3rd Punjab Regiment. In 1964 promoted as Captain in 3rd Punjab Regiment where he remained till 1965.


    In 1965 Indo - Pak war, he was deputed to Azad Kashmir Regiment Force - 25 AKRF designated (ACO). On 06 Sep 1965 “C Company” under the command of Capt. Abdul Jalil was given the mission to capture enemy's Kalidhar post, Azad Kashmir, which widely overlooked/ dominated our areas and had always been of great nuisance for our defense. Capt. Abdul Jalil was commanding right forward company for this operation, during this operation, due to his leadership and his scrupulous dedication to duty was displayed by him. When his company reached only 100 yards from target, enemy shelling became dangerously heavy but he went into the battle field and shouted “NARA TAKBEER” and was the first man pouncing upon the first enemy's bunker. After capture of first, he went on top of second bunker and was in the process of charging and then he got machine gun burst straight on his chest and fell down. He however continued encouraging his men and his last words were “We Must Destroy Every KAFIR in this Post” and embraced Shahadat on 07 Sept 1965. He was posthumously awarded military award “Sitara I Jurat” due to performing his duty with distinction, showed complete disregards to his own life and willingly and boldly gave supreme sacrifice in order to safeguard the honor and dignity of the nation and set an example for his men and his iron willed character will never be forgotten. Capt. Abdul Jalil was buried at his family “Orakzai” cemetery with full military honor.

    Researched & Written By: Dr. Ahmad
    Copy Rights: Dr. Ahmad (11 Solution)
     
    Last edited: Aug 12, 2019