All good suggestions. But there are extraneous factors too.Lets just go back to basics.
Your food staples, pulses, vegetables, onions, tomatoes, flour, rice.
You are supposed to grow this at home and try to be self sufficient or atleast close to becoming self sufficient.
What the fish were you guys doing for the last 3-4 decades? I am sure this problem did not pop up a month or 2 ago.
Anyways, I won’t go into trolling or ranting mode here. Solutions are simple, but may be hard to implement for obvious reasons.
- Population control. Stop producing like rabbits and avoid cousin marriages ffs
- Invest in agriculture r&d and incentivize farmers to grow crops that are high in demand. If your neighbor can produce onions, tomatoes, pulses, why can’t you?
- Decrease cost of inputs of farmers but avoid subsidy at the same time. Eg. Loans for farmers for tractors and power inputs
1. Glacial melting. This is causing increasing flooding in the lands not previously considered flood zones. That is causing major loss of life, property and farmland.
2. Partly due to above, faster silting in the dams. Lowering their capacity and hence ability to prevent flooding downstream.
3. Salinity in coastal areas making them unfit for agriculture. Formerly rich Indus delta acreage is now poverty stricken.
All these are of course exacerbated by poor investment in public works.