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Company launches China's first privately designed commercial rocket - Global Times


Feb 1, 2018
By Shen Weiduo in Inner Mongolia and Bai Tiantian in Beijing Source:Global Times Published: 2018/5/17 17:03:40 Last Updated: 2018/5/18 0:25:17

The OS-X rocket, "Chongqing Liangjiang Star," China's first privately designed commercial rocket, blasts off from its launch pad in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on May 17. Photo: Courtesy of OneSpace Technology

Chinese company OneSpace Technology on Thursday successfully launched the country's first privately designed commercial rocket, with the company's CEO saying OneSpace may be able to compete with Elon Musk's SpaceX in the next five to 10 years.

The OS-X rocket, "Chongqing Liangjiang Star," designed and developed by Chongqing-based start-up company OneSpace, took off from an undisclosed location in Northwest China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region at 7:33 am Thursday.

The 9-meter high, 7,200-kilogram rocket is capable of reaching an altitude of 38.7 kilometers with a maximum speed of 5.7 times the speed of sound, according to a OneSpace statement.

The company said the launch has met the requirements of the client, a Shenyang-based research institute under the Aviation Industry Corporation of China.

OneSpace CEO Shu Chang conceded at a Thursday press conference the gap between his company and SpaceX, but said OneSpace may be able to compete with SpaceX in certain areas in the next five to 10 years.

"OneSpace is dedicated to developing small-launch vehicles that carry micro- and nano-satellites. SpaceX is sending much larger satellites," Shu said.

SpaceX is now worth $21.5 billion. Shu declined to reveal his company's worth.

However, Zhengxuan Investment Co chairman Xia Zuoquan, who led investment worth more than 100 million yuan ($15.7 million) in OneSpace in 2016, said Thursday's successful launch gave him confidence in China's commercial space sector, and that he intends to help OneSpace surpass SpaceX.

Established in 2015 in Beijing, OneSpace has since received three rounds of investment totaling 500 million yuan.

OneSpace President Ma Chao told the Global Times on Thursday that compared with other overseas private space companies, OneSpace enjoys low costs.

Ma said OneSpace has already signed contracts with domestic and overseas clients, and orders of the OS-X series have been made for 2019.

It has also established partnerships with satellite companies in Asia and Europe.

Turning into a space power

In 2014, China began encouraging private capital in the satellite and spaceflight industries, a previously closed sector.

The country said in its 2016 space activities white paper that its vision is to "build China into a space power in all respects."

In April, another private Chinese company, Space Honor, successfully launched a solid-propellant rocket from Hainan Province to a height of 108 kilometers.

But OneSpace stressed its rocket is based on self-developed technology, claiming the company had completed research on rocket engines in nine months and control systems in six months, and there is much room for improvement in technology and costs.

Lin Guiping, a professor at Beihang University, said the opening-up could improve competition in the industry, boost innovation and develop China's space sector.

Lin said that the high-efficiency and profit-oriented nature of private companies could help China conduct space experiments at a much lower cost and shorter time, and that the companies can also serve as a platform for universities to test their research projects.

Pang Zhihao, a Beijing-based rocket expert, told the Global Times that China needs to develop commercial rocket launch sites to accommodate the companies, as the current fields are military controlled.

The OS-X rocket, "Chongqing Liangjiang Star," China's first privately designed commercial rocket, blasts off from the launch site in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on May 17. Photo: Courtesy of OneSpace Technology

The OS-X rocket, "Chongqing Liangjiang Star," is being put in place for launch. Photo: Courtesy of OneSpace Technology

Photo: Courtesy of OneSpace Technology



Apr 30, 2014
Taiwan, Province Of China
China launches rocket developed by private company


China on Thursday morning launched a rocket developed by a Chinese private company from a launch center in northwest China.

"Chongqing Liangjiang Star", launched at 7:33 a.m. BJT, was developed by OneSpace, a Beijing-based private company with a manufacturing base in southwest China's Chongqing Municipality.

The nine-meter-long, 7,200-kg rocket reached a maximum altitude of 38.7 kilometers and a top speed of more than 5.7 times the speed of sound, according to Shu Chang, founder and CEO of OneSpace.

Powered by a solid fuel engine developed by OneSpace, the rocket traveled a distance of 273 kilometers for around five minutes, Shu said, adding that its control system can be customized to meet customer's demands.

The rocket "Chongqing Liangjiang Star" soaring into space, May 17, 2018 /Photo via local media

The rocket is also equipped with wireless communication devices and low-cost energy sources which allow the design of rocket systems to be simplified, according to Shu.

"This is the first commercial rocket developed by our company," he said.

The rocket was launched for OneSpace's customer Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute under the Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Ltd.

In 2014, China issued a series of guidelines allowing private capital to enter into several key fields, including commercial aerospace exploration.

Established in August 2015, OneSpace is China's first private company with a license to develop carrier rockets.

The company has two rocket series, the OS-X and the OS-M. The former offers aerospace services for scientific research while the latter is used to launch small satellites.

"Our focus is on the small satellite market," said Shu, adding that many countries have demand for satellite launches, but few are capable of making rockets.

"Commercial rockets are relatively more efficient and cheaper," said Shu. "We see great potential."


May 12, 2010
landspace is making 100t methane engine.

this is huge for a company that only recently exist :D

methane engines in development by spacex and blue origin for next-gen big rockets

spacex raptor 190t
blue origin BE-4 240t

machine translate..
Blue Arrow first large nozzle aerospace products manufactured 100 tons of liquid oxygen engine development methane Breakthrough
2018-06-07 Post Reply
Amount of reading: 22
Recently, the Beijing Space Science and Technology Co., Ltd. Blue Arrow (Blue Arrow Space) announced a major breakthrough in large-scale engine nozzle forming technology, the first large nozzle was finished recently completed production factory, the company's 100-ton liquid oxygen rocket engine development methane work is progressing well.

Large engine nozzle manufacturing process is one of the key engines of product development. Blue Arrow Air Aerospace chief engineer Wang Ming said, after following the methane-oxygen gas generator ignition engine thrust chamber testing and commissioning successful, large nozzle engine factory successfully developed the company's high-thrust liquid oxygen methane engine in the process of a new milestone.

In December, Blue Arrow aerospace self-developed 10-ton liquid oxygen rocket engine methane gas generator test firing the first round success. Blue Arrow aerospace thus breaking the gas generator development difficulties, mastered the cryogenic propellant ignition timing, combustion performance testing and test all aspects of technology. Earlier this year, methane, liquid oxygen engine thrust chamber test three were a complete success. Pintle injector blockage ratio, overrun ratio, momentum than the design parameters such as fully verified.

As the first company to master the core technology of liquid oxygen methane engine of private enterprise, Blue Arrow CEO Zhangchang Wu said the company self-developed 100-ton liquid oxygen methane engine, "One day magpie" design work has been completed, the manufacturing work has been in full swing, there will be intensive follow-up related plans to achieve ignition test 100 tons of liquid oxygen and methane engine production in 2019, and medium-sized methane from ancillary liquid oxygen rocket first flew in 2020.

(This article Source: Sina Aspect)

Last edited:


May 12, 2010
Chinese rocket startup wants to achieve SpaceX success in 50% less time than Elon Musk · TechNode
|By China Money Network
10-13 minutes

This article by Nina Xiang originally appeared on China Money Network, the best data intelligence platform tracking China’s tech and venture capital markets (access requires subscription).

Even though private rocket startups in China have only started to emerge in the past three to four years, their nascency is not stopping these companies from dreaming big.

For one, Beijing Deep Blue Aerospace Technology, a startup that was founded in 2017 and secured an angel round led by Shunwei Capital this January, wants to achieve major milestones in less than half the time it took Elon Musk to do so.

The startup wants to successfully launch its first liquid-propellant rocket in 2020, three years after its establishment. Deep Blue Aerospace aims to achieve vertical landing and recovery in two to three years, and to complete re-flight in another one to two years, compared to the total of about six years that Elon Musk’s SpaceX required, from 2002 to 2008.

“We have the advantages of a latecomer. The path toward our goal is there already. We are learning [from those before us], which will be faster,” Huo Liang, the founder of Deep Blue Aerospace told China Money Network in an interview in the company’s Beijing office last week. “In addition, we are standing on the shoulders of a giant: China’s aerospace sector.”

Indeed, the Chinese aerospace industry has achieved major breakthroughs, including the landing of spacecraft Chang’e-4 on the far side of the moon in January, the first nation to do so. In 2018, China launched the most satellites globally, sending 39 satellites into orbit, compared to 31 by the United States. Other ambitious goals in China’s space program include a crewed mission in the 2030s and robotic missions to Mars, Jupiter and Uranus.

Huo, himself a veteran of China’s state-owned aerospace enterprises, believes that private rocket companies will take up perhaps over 50% of the Chinese space launch market in around ten years—up from practically zero right now—because private companies are more efficient, nimble, and innovative. “Since China’s reforms, any sector that has been opened up to private capital has always seen market share of state-owned enterprises decline over time,” said Huo.

It may be reasonable to expect that private companies will eventually play a bigger role in the launch market in China. But in order to fly high, Chinese rocket startups must escape the enormous “gravitational pull” of the highly entrenched state-led aerospace systems in China.

As much as startups can “stand on the shoulders of a giant,” they are equally beholden and constrained by it. A simple example is talent flow. Huo was lucky that he left the state aerospace systems as early as he did. Those after him are finding it harder to be let go.
To leave, or to stay?

A Tsinghua University PhD who majored in material processing engineering, Huo joined China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC), a state-owned enterprise with its roots in the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. During his five-year stint at CASIC, Huo was involved in design and engineering work of various spacecraft. In 2016, he joined one of the earliest Chinese private rocket startups, One Space. A year later, due to differences in growth strategies, he decided to leave and start his own company.

“SpaceX’s success in reusable rockets was a big shock to us,” Huo said, recounting the process he went through before leaving the “iron rice bowl” state space systems. “Its Merlin rocket engines became the world’s most advanced in less than ten years. But it took our country over 20 years to develop one liquid-propellant rocket engine.”

Huo gradually concluded that privately funded companies, not the “planned economy” model of state-led space programs, would be the future of the Chinese launch market. So when One Space’s founder Shu Chang came knocking, it was an easy pitch. Because aerospace is closely linked to defense and national security, leaving the state aerospace sector requires an employee to undergo formal desensitization and approval procedures. Back in 2017, it was a smooth process for Huo.

But policy changes in China can be unexpected and subtle. In 2014, China’s State Council issued a directive that encouraged private capital to participate in the research, production and launch services of commercial satellites. That document opened the doors to the era of the private commercial space sector in China.

Within a short four-year window, over 60 commercial aerospace startups mushroomed in China, with specialties ranging from satellite production to space launch services. In the latter category, around five startups have emerged and secured venture financing. One Space, LandSpace, iSpace, LinkSpace, and Huo’s Deep Blue Aerospace have all received significant financial backing from top-tier venture firms, including Matrix Partners, Gaorong Capital, IDG Capital, Shunwei Capital and Morningside Ventures.

Initially, the startups planned to buy rocket engines from state-owned enterprises and to assemble rockets to provide more economical launch services. The original 2014 directive and 2015 policy concept of “military and civilian integration” did not provide any specific details as to just how much “encouragement” private aerospace companies would receive.

It took nearly three years for startups to conclude that it would be impossible for them to purchase rocket engines from CASIC and the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), the two state-owned enterprises controlling nearly 100% of the Chinese space launch sector. These giant corporations, both units under the Ministry of Defense in the 1950s, had evolved into state-owned enterprises as China reformed its economy. In 2017, CASIC recorded revenues of $34 billion, while CASC’s last available financials in 2013 showed revenues of $44 billion.

hen, in September 2018, a dispute over the departure of a researcher to join the privately funded LandSpace created an uproar. Zhang Xiaoping, a researcher at Xi’an Aerospace Propulsion Institute (a developer of liquid-propellant rocket engines under CASC), decided to join LandSpace. In doing so, his salary would jump nearly tenfold, triggering the age-old debate about inadequate talent compensation within the Chinese state-led systems.

But the state-owned research institute attempted to make him stay via administrative measures, requiring him to undergo a two-year desensitization period. The related documents were leaked online. An official statement from Xi’an Aerospace Propulsion Institute claiming that Zhang’s departure will “impact our country’s manned moon mission to some extent” as a reason for forcing him to stay was widely ridiculed on social media.

The high-profile case led to Zhang successfully leaving and joining the new company, but it was a reflection of the increasing difficulties that talent encounter when joining the private sector. It is also a reminder of the immense challenges faced by private businesses in China’s state-dominant economy, especially in a critical sector like aerospace. Despite President Xi’s call for “military and civil integration,” private companies have realized that in order to shake off state-led aerospace, they will have to overcome challenges beyond market forces.

“This wave of privately funded commercial rocket startups will end this year,” Huo said. “Rockets are complex and it takes a year to put a team together. With regard to talent, capital, and technology, the existing companies will build significant entry barriers in a year’s time.”

Currently, a majority of the researchers in the private rocket startups come from the state-owned systems—in some companies, the number is as high as 80% to 100%, according to Chinese official media reports. Without that talent supply, it will be impossible to set up a rocket company.
A trillion RMB market

The global aerospace industry, including development and production of aircraft and spacecraft, is worth an estimated $838 billion, according to estimates by the AeroDynamic Advisory and Teal Group Corp. In China, the commercial aerospace sector is currently worth around several hundred billion RMB, and is like to expand to around RMB 1 trillion ($150 billion) in ten years, Huo reckons.

If private sector takes around half of that market, as Huo expects, it means this segment will be valued at around $75 billion. Because of the industry’s high capital investment, long development cycle, and scarce talent supply, no more than five private companies are likely to enjoy the ultimate reward.

“We looked through all the second-batch commercial launch startups and saw that Deep Blue Aerospace had the best team and technology capacity,” said Meng Xing, VP and entrepreneur-in-residence at Shunwei Capital; he differentiates between first-batch startups—LandSpace, OneSpace and LinkSpace, all founded in 2015—and the second batch of companies, founded in 2017. “We clearly see great growth potential in the private commercial launch sector in China.”

But in order to compete with the state-owned systems, the challenges are enormous. China’s state-owned enterprises receive massive fiscal allocations for national projects such as the landing on the far side of the moon and future crewed missions, as well as commercial launch services. Chinese state-owned enterprises are already known for providing launch services that are much more economical than international players.

CASIC’s Kuaizhou-1 orbital launch vehicles cost around $20,000 per kilogram, and could be reduced to $10,000 per kilogram, Huo has said in previous interviews. Compare that to $25,000 to $40,000 per kilogram by international launch service providers. Some industry observers say the potential for private commercial launch companies to further decrease prices is limited.

But Huo disagrees. The core competence of private space launch companies goes beyond serving as a low-price alternative. Private companies will be able to move faster, and be more flexible and nimble in meeting market needs. Their research and development will be more efficient. In the future, it will be easier for private companies to grow internationally for overseas expansion.

State-owned enterprises are spending taxpayer money and don’t have to worry about funding. People often overlook the costs behind China’s achievements in space. That is the fundamental difference that Huo and his peers believe will allow them to overcome all the insurmountable challenges.



May 12, 2010
another one :D

space transportation technology co,


and another :D

this one is using pulse detonation engine technology



and another one. lol

this one just recently successfully tested their CL-1 60t methalox engine for their reusable rocket.

landspace's got competition! :D


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