• Sunday, March 29, 2020

Climate Justice for humanity, what it really means and how we can achieve it

Discussion in 'World Affairs' started by kalu_miah, Dec 16, 2015.

  1. kalu_miah

    kalu_miah SENIOR MEMBER

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    I would like to propose a sticky thread for World Affairs section with this topic.

    To get started with the discussion, I will present the some definition and some important articles:

    About Climate Justice

    "CLIMATE JUSTICE
    Climate Change

    Climate change may well be humanity’s greatest challenge. It is a crisis that must be rapidly addressed if catastrophe is to be averted. Already the impacts are being felt by millions in the world’s most vulnerable and marginalized communities. Climate Change is at once a social and environmental justice issue, an ecological issue, and an issue of economic and political domination. As such, it must be addressed through broad and visionary alliances.

    To successfully address the climate crisis, we must identify and address the deep root connections that link it to the myriad other crises we face, as well as the intertwined crises of food, water and biodiversity loss. These crises are unified by their common roots in an economic system that encourages banks and corporations to ignore ethical and moral considerations and gamble with the Earth, peoples’ lives, and our collective futures in the service of higher profits.

    Successfully addressing climate change will require a fundamental restructuring of our society that, if thoughtfully done, can lay a new foundation that will simultaneously help us achieve both global justice and ecological balance.

    What is Climate Justice?

    The heart of climate justice is the understanding that the urgent action needed to prevent climate change must be based on community-led solutions and the well-being of local communities, Indigenous Peoples and the global poor, as well as biodiversity and intact ecosystems.

    Climate justice is the understanding that we will not be able to stop climate change if we don’t change the neo-liberal, corporate-based economy which stops us from achieving sustainable societies. It is the understanding that corporate globalization must be stopped.

    The historical responsibility for the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions lies with the industrialized countries of the Global North. Even though the primary responsibility of the North to reduce emissions has been recognized in the UN Climate Convention, the production and consumption habits of industrialized countries like the United States continue to threaten the survival of humanity and biodiversity globally. It is imperative that the North urgently shifts to a low carbon economy. At the same time, in order to avoid the damaging carbon intensive model of industrialization, countries of the Global South are entitled to resources and technology to make a transition to a low-carbon economy that does not continue to subject them to crushing poverty.

    Indigenous Peoples, peasant communities, fisherfolk, and especially women in these communities, have been able to live harmoniously and sustainably with the Earth for millennia. They are now not only the most affected by climate change, but also the most affected by its false solutions, such as agrofuels, mega-dams, genetic modification, tree plantations and carbon offset schemes.

    Instead of market-based climate mitigation schemes, the sustainable practices of these peoples and communities should be seen as offering the real solutions to climate change.

    Climate justice will never come from corporations or from schemes based on the market, because the market is what got us into this crisis in the first place."

    Climate justice - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    http://www.vtt.fi/inf/julkaisut/muut/2015/VTT-R-00139-15.pdf

    The above is an excellent article that covers the issues regarding climate justice in detail. The most comprehensive source of "historical" Green House Gas emissions (GHG) comes from this source:
    Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions
    Background & Mission
    "
    Background & Mission of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

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    The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (Thomas A. Boden, Director), which includes the World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases, has served as the primary climate-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) since 1982.

    CDIAC serves the climate change-related data and information needs of users worldwide. CDIAC's holdings - all of which are available free of charge - include estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel consumption and land-use changes; records of atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active trace gases; carbon cycle and terrestrial carbon management datasets and analyses; global and regional climate data and time series; and analyses of land-cover/land-use change.

    Please note: CDIAC does not archive climate model output, nor do we specialize in information on the medical aspects of carbon dioxide exposure, or industrial and household uses of carbon dioxide (e.g., commercial sources of canisters of compressed CO2 gas, or fire extinguisher supplies).

    CDIAC is supported by DOE's Climate and Environmental Sciences Division of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Jay Hnilo is DOE's Program Manager with responsibility for CDIAC.

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    Security Notice · DOE - Oak Ridge · UT-Battelle · Contact Us · This page was last modified: 11/07/14."
    Climate

    Briefly these are the main ideas as I see them:
    1. GHG, chief among them coal, was started to be used by humans right around 1750 and since then every nation on earth have added GHG emissions to the atmosphere. There is detailed accounting of this information from the above and other sources.

    2. Some nations have added more and others have added less. The industrialized nations were mainly responsible for the bulk of GHG's added, but newly industrialized nations like China and India are quickly becoming the main source of new GHG additions.

    3. There is also the issue of negative emissions by means of carbon sinks, such as forests, so this has to be taken into account in the calculation as well. These issues are covered in this concept called LULUCF:
    Land use, land-use change and forestry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    4. One idea of Climate Justice is that all humans from all countries must have equal rights to reach equal amount of GHG emissions, counting the Net Cumulative Historical GHG emissions starting from 1750.

    5. If poorer developing countries are to chose more expensive sustainable alternative solutions over cheaper "dirtier" solutions, then they must demand help and compensation for the extra investment required from richer countries which have added much more GHG per capita than the world average.

    6. The countries that get adversely affected by global temperature rise, must get compensation for the polluting nations who are responsible for this climate change. One way to get such funds is through Carbon tax, but in my opinion it should be applied only to nations whose per capita GHG addition since 1750 have exceeded the global per capita GHG addition. This will automatically exclude nations like India for example and give a large window for China to become carbon neutral by the later half of 21st century. Obviously the burden of carbon tax will fall on mostly the rich industrialized countries of the world who have in fact polluted the atmosphere with GHG and thus caused the ongoing global temperature rise.

    Climate change denial has now been relegated to history and a new era now must begin where human beings must take responsibility for their and their nations actions at least since 1750, with regards to GHG emissions.