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Chinese hybrid rice yield hits record

cirr

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Xinhua, September 30, 2013


A team led by Yuan Longping, known in China as "the father of hybrid rice" has made a record for hybrid rice production with an average yield of 988.1 kilograms per mu (0.0667 hectares).

Deng Qiyun, a member of the team, told Xinhua Sunday that the new progress has pushed China's hybrid rice study to a new level and greatly boosted the team's confidence to achieve the targeted production of 1,000 kg per mu.

The new record was confirmed by experts from the China National Rice Research Institute, the Wuhan University and the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, who actually harvested three lots of a farm of 101.2 mu growing the new hybrid rice known as "Y liangyou 900" on Saturday.

The farm is located at Niuxing Village, Longhui County of central China's Hunan Province on Saturday.

Officials from the China National Hybrid Rice Research and Development Center confirmed the development.

Yuan Longping, 83, an academic from the Chinese Academy of Engineering, developed the world's first hybrid rice in 1974.

The new progress is approaching the 1,000 kg-per-mu target set by the Chinese Agriculture Ministry in 2013 after the yield of hybrid rice was raised to 963.65 kg per mu in 2012.

The yield of hybrid rice per mu in China surpassed 700 kg in 2000, 800 kg in 2005 and 900 kg in 2011 respectively, according to the Agriculture Ministry.

China, the world's most heavily farmed country, faces problems including limited land and water resources, and rising pollution, making food security a major concern.

Chinese hybrid rice yield hits record- China.org.cn
 

cirr

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If it were not for the extremely bad weather,the target of 1000kg per mu would have been achieved this year:

[YouKu]XNjE1NTkyOTI0[/YouKu]

Now we must wait for the next year。:azn:
 

Viet

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a mu? I guess nobody outside China knows it. The article does not provide any infos on how much fertilizer and under which conditions can this yield be achieved?
 

MeshFree

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a mu? I guess nobody outside China knows it. The article does not provide any infos on how much fertilizer and under which conditions can this yield be achieved?
You should get some information about the average yield of rice. Even with extreme good conditions normal rice cannot reach this high yield. Actually the rice yield has increased from 300kg/mu to 1000kg/mu in the past 30 years, owing to his excellent work. What an achievement!
 

darkhero

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Good for a country like China. With so little arable land, we need high yield crop.

I remember an article I read before: China is indeed a food export country now!

We not only produce about 50% world steel, but also 50% world apple, pear, peach etc. I was amazed.

But I have to say: the taste of hybrid rice sucks.
 

vK_man

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Good for a country like China. With so little arable land, we need high yield crop.

I remember an article I read before: China is indeed a food export country now!

We not only produce about 50% world steel, but also 50% world apple, pear, peach etc. I was amazed.

But I have to say: the taste of hybrid rice sucks.
try punjabi basmati rice then .its excellent.
 

cirr

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a mu? I guess nobody outside China knows it. The article does not provide any infos on how much fertilizer and under which conditions can this yield be achieved?
14814kg per hectare。

Happier now that a western square measure is used?:rofl:

988kg is the average yield of 3 lots,of which the highest is 1045kg per mu(sorry,15667kg per hectare:omghaha:)。

The hybrid rice were grew in paddies,and under conditions,that are normal in the Chinese rice-growing areas,but extreme weather(first drought then typhoon)exacted a bad impact on the harvest。
 

noname1

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Xinhua, September 30, 2013


A team led by Yuan Longping, known in China as "the father of hybrid rice" has made a record for hybrid rice production with an average yield of 988.1 kilograms per mu (0.0667 hectares).

Deng Qiyun, a member of the team, told Xinhua Sunday that the new progress has pushed China's hybrid rice study to a new level and greatly boosted the team's confidence to achieve the targeted production of 1,000 kg per mu.

The new record was confirmed by experts from the China National Rice Research Institute, the Wuhan University and the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, who actually harvested three lots of a farm of 101.2 mu growing the new hybrid rice known as "Y liangyou 900" on Saturday.

The farm is located at Niuxing Village, Longhui County of central China's Hunan Province on Saturday.

Officials from the China National Hybrid Rice Research and Development Center confirmed the development.

Yuan Longping, 83, an academic from the Chinese Academy of Engineering, developed the world's first hybrid rice in 1974.

The new progress is approaching the 1,000 kg-per-mu target set by the Chinese Agriculture Ministry in 2013 after the yield of hybrid rice was raised to 963.65 kg per mu in 2012.

The yield of hybrid rice per mu in China surpassed 700 kg in 2000, 800 kg in 2005 and 900 kg in 2011 respectively, according to the Agriculture Ministry.

China, the world's most heavily farmed country, faces problems including limited land and water resources, and rising pollution, making food security a major concern.

Chinese hybrid rice yield hits record- China.org.cn
The earliest high-yield rice was cultivated by Henry 'Hank' Beachell[2] in 1966, but it was not until the 1974 that the first hybrid rice varieties were released in China.[3]

Dr. Henry M. Beachell (September 21, 1906 – December 13, 2006) was an American plant breeder. His research led to the development of hybrid rice cultivars that saved millions of people around the world from starvation.

Born in Waverly, Nebraska, Beachell and his family moved to a corn and wheat farm in western Nebraska. In 1930 he earned an agronomy degree from the University of Nebraska, where he was a member of FarmHouse fraternity.[1] After graduate study at Kansas State University, Beachell worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Texas. There, he created nine rice varieties, which eventually accounted for more than 90 percent of the U.S. long-grain rice production.

Beachell has been called the most important person in rice improvement in the world. As farmers planted higher yielding rice, nutrition improved in many Asian countries, and farmers increased their incomes. Beachell has received many international awards, including the 1996 World Food Prize. As a centenarian, Beachell consulted with Rice-Tec, the only commercial hybrid rice-breeding program in the U.S, up until his death.
 

Nan Yang

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The earliest high-yield rice was cultivated by Henry 'Hank' Beachell[2] in 1966, but it was not until the 1974 that the first hybrid rice varieties were released in China.[3]

Dr. Henry M. Beachell (September 21, 1906 – December 13, 2006) was an American plant breeder. His research led to the development of hybrid rice cultivars that saved millions of people around the world from starvation.

Born in Waverly, Nebraska, Beachell and his family moved to a corn and wheat farm in western Nebraska. In 1930 he earned an agronomy degree from the University of Nebraska, where he was a member of FarmHouse fraternity.[1] After graduate study at Kansas State University, Beachell worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Texas. There, he created nine rice varieties, which eventually accounted for more than 90 percent of the U.S. long-grain rice production.

Beachell has been called the most important person in rice improvement in the world. As farmers planted higher yielding rice, nutrition improved in many Asian countries, and farmers increased their incomes. Beachell has received many international awards, including the 1996 World Food Prize. As a centenarian, Beachell consulted with Rice-Tec, the only commercial hybrid rice-breeding program in the U.S, up until his death.
In crop breeding, although the use of heterosis in first-generation seeds (or F1) is well known, its application in rice was limited because of the self-pollination character of that crop. In 1974, Chinese scientists successfully transferred the male sterility gene from wild rice to create the cytoplasmic genetic male-sterile (CMS) line and hybrid combination.[4] The first generation of hybrid rice varieties were three-line hybrids and produced yields that were about 15 to 20 percent greater than those of improved or high-yielding varieties of the same growth duration.

At the present time, Yuan Longping, the "Father of Hybrid Rice", may be the most famous in research on hybrid rice. In the 1970s, he made his seminal discovery of the genetic basis of heterosis in rice. This was a unique discovery because it had been previously thought that heterosis was not possible for self-pollinating crops such as rice.[5] According to the China Daily, in 2011, Yuan developed a new hybrid rice that can produce 13.9 tons of rice per hectare.[6]
 

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