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China's National Security Strategy

Discussion in 'China & Far East' started by Yizhi, Jan 25, 2015.

  1. Yizhi

    Yizhi FULL MEMBER

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    China's National Security Strategy
    The Politburo, headed by Xi Jinping, emphasized the severity of threats facing China’s national security.

    By Shannon Tiezzi
    January 24, 2015

    On January 23, the Politburo of the Communist Party of China (CPC) adopted the outline of a national security strategy. Chinese media reports did not go into detail about the strategy, but underlined the sense of urgency running through the document. The new strategy, without going into specifics, warned of “unpredictable” and “unprecedented” dangers facing China, both at home and abroad. To face these challenges, Xinhua said, “national security must be under the absolute leadership of the CPC’s efficient and unified command.”

    While Xinhua’s official summary didn’t provide details, it gave a general sense of the issues Beijing is most concerned about: a shifting international environment; profound economic and social changes domestically; proposed reforms entering a critical period; and a wealth of “social contradictions.” Notice that the vast majority of these concerns are domestic issues, continuing a long-standing tradition wherein CCP leaders see China’s greatest challenges coming from within. In fact, the bulk of the Xinhua piece focused not on the national security strategy, but on the CCP’s determination to continue to fight against “undesirable work styles,” a key part of the anti-corruption campaign.

    That doesn’t mean China is unconcerned with external affairs, however. The Politburo announcement vows that China, even while seeking to sure its own national interests, will “promote the common prosperity of all countries.” As part of this, China continues to have three main focal points: “great power relations,” the security environment in China’s immediate neighborhood, and cooperation among developing countries. The Politburo also pledged that China will “proactively participate in regional and global governance,” a tendency that was on display in 2014 as China set the agendas for the APEC Summit, CICA, and even the BRICS Summit.

    Interestingly, the Xinhua summary did not specifically mention any of the non-traditional security challenges facing China. From cyber attacks to terrorism, China’s government has been increasingly calling attention to these new threats. Strategies for dealing with these issues will be a key part of China’s national security strategy, whether or not those sections are made available to the public.

    It’s also clear that China will continue to reform the way its bureaucracy handles national security. After taking power, President Xi Jinping moved quickly to consolidate control over national security affairs. The creation of anew national security commission (headed by Xi himself) was announced at the Third Plenum in November 2013. The new commission unites the various threads of national security, both domestic and foreign, under the authority of one organization.

    At its meeting today, the Poliburo emphasized the need to continue revamping China’s national security apparatus, namely by bringing it under unified control. China must “hold fast to a centralized, unified, highly efficient, authoritative leadership system of national security work,” the Politburo said. The CCP’s vision, according to Lu Ningsi of the Phoenix TV, is to “create a high-quality, specialized national security team.” Xi himself intends to “directly lead China’s political security, economic security, and homeland security” – setting him apart from his predecessors. As the threats facing China grow more dire, Xi is insisting upon ever more control of China’s security environment.

    China’s National Security Strategy | The Diplomat
     
  2. Yizhi

    Yizhi FULL MEMBER

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    China's leadership warns of unprecedented national security risks

    English.news.cn | 2015-01-23
    BEIJING, Jan. 23 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee warned that China was facing unprecedented security risks and should remain on alert.

    The bureau convened on Friday for a meeting on security, it was presided over by President Xi Jinping who is also general secretary of the CPC Central Committee.

    A national security strategy guideline was adopted at the meeting.

    According to a statement issued after the meeting, risks were unpredictable so the country must always be mindful of potential dangers.

    The statement said China will protect its security in "a pattern [consistent] with Chinese characteristics", firmly protect its core interests -- with the safety of its people as its main mission -- and safeguard national security through reform and economic development.

    Also, China will contribute to global prosperity while actively protecting its interests, maintain favorable relations with other major countries, work for a safe neighborhood and step up cooperation with developing countries.

    China will take an active part in global and regional governance and contribute to world peace and development.

    It underscored that national security must be under the absolute leadership of the CPC's efficient and unified command.

    At its third plenary session in November 2013, the CPC Central Committee decided to establish a national security commission headed by President Xi.

    At the commission's first meeting last April, Xi advocated an "overall national security outlook".

    Last month, a new draft of the national security law was put before China's top legislature, it will replace a previous law, which took effect in 1993 has been renamed the Counterespionage Law inline with its content.

    Friday's statement pledged to raise public awareness and improve agency capacity.

    At the meeting, the committee members also reviewed a report on a briefing held last Friday to its Standing Committee from the "leading Party groups" in the five major organs -- the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC); the State Council; the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee; the Supreme People's Court (SPC); and the Supreme People's Procuratorate (SPP).

    The statement acknowledged that the briefing was advantageous to improving the state organs and should become a regular occurrence.

    It stressed that party organs at the NPC Standing Committee, the State Council, the CPPCC National Committee, the SPC and the SPP should always stand along side the CPC Central Committee in terms of principles, policies and actions.

    They should fully implement the central leadership's decisions and make they all work for the same end, it said.

    ----------------------------------------------------------
    the original Xinhua source.
     
  3. TaiShang

    TaiShang ELITE MEMBER

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    It does not really serve the purpose to quote the Diplomat, a sworn anti-China media outlet. As usual, they will "underline" the domestic instability that "may" strike China anytime. These pundits must be having their longest orgasm in a particular dream of China collapsing.
     
    Last edited: Jan 26, 2015