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China’s massive Tibet infra push cause of worry for India

beijingwalker

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China’s massive Tibet infra push cause of worry for India
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India New
April 30, 2021


Kolkata– China is planning to develop a massive defence logistics infrastructure in Tibet that will turn the once independent kingdom into a military hub to dominate the Himalayas.

The plans were approved during the plenary session of China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) in March this year and also by the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

The Tibet infrastructure development projects have been included in the 14th Five Year Plan (2021-2025).

The Long Range Objectives-2035 additionally identifies a number of strategic military projects for completion by 2025 and 2035.

The G318 Sichuan-Tibet Highway and the G219 and G331 national highways will be upgraded and extended to run along China’s southwestern border.

The new 1,800-km Chengdu-Lhasa high-speed railway network will be the second strategic railway connecting from Tibet to the Mainland, reducing travel time from Chengdu to Lhasa to just 10 hours.

Chengdu is now the headquarters of the integrated Tibet-Sichuan military command that makes it possible for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to move strategic reserves swiftly from the borders with other Southeast Asian nations to beef up both offensives and strategic defence on the India front.

Shigatse (Rikaze), Tibet’s second-largest city, will emerge as a rail transportation hub as work has begun on railways to link Shigatse with Jilong in Guizhou province and Hotan in Xinjiang province.

To make up for aerial defence weakness, China will construct at least 20 new border airports by 2025 in Tibet, in places like Tashkurgan and Longzi.

Tashkurgan, the last stop before the Karakoram Pass, is under the jurisdiction of the South Xinjiang Military District and the PLA could easily threaten the Daulat Beg Oldi and the Depsang Plains from there.

The airport at Longzi in Tibet’s Shannan County will also boost the capabilities of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) in the middle sector of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Analysts like Jayadeva Ranade, former Cabinet Secretariat’s Chiba expert, say that “in just over a decade, China will have a much-improved strategic border defence infrastructure”.

“The considerably enhanced Chinese military presence will be a long-term potential threat for India,” Ranade said.

Ranade has closely studied the 142-page, 70,000-character “14th Five Year Plan (2021-2025) and the Long Range Objectives through the Year 2035 for National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China”, whose English version is yet to be released.

“The document clarifies China’s national strategic intent and identifies the core areas of national security and development. It has a definite focus on strategic science and technology programmes in the frontier areas. The document details the projects that have direct implications for India,” said Ranade.

He said that India’s worst concern is over the Chinese plan to construct a massive dam on the Great Bend on the Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra).

Serious discussions on diverting the waters of the Brahmaputra had started in the Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics in Beijing in 1995.

Details of a comprehensive plan emerged in a book authored by former military officer Li Ling titled ‘Tibet water can save China’, which was published in 2005.

The 14th Five Year Plan (2021-2025) and the Long Range Objectives-2035 confirms that a number of hydroelectric projects will be built along its lower reaches and a massive dam three times the size of the Three Gorges Dam in Sichuan province will be constructed on the Great Bend on the Tsangpo.

“The dams constructed on the fragile Himalayas will pose a constant danger to those living downstream and adversely impact the livelihoods of over a billion people residing in the Indo-Gangetic plain,” said Ranade.

He said the planned infrastructure projects in Tibet and the anticipated huge influx of labour and engineers will raise the temperature on the Tibetan Plateau and accelerate the retreat of Tibet’s glaciers.

These glaciers are the source of the Indus and a number of rivers that feed into the Ganges. This will seriously reduce the flow of water even leading to the rivers drying up. (IANS)

 
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FuturePAF

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Shigatse (Rikaze), Tibet’s second-largest city, will emerge as a rail transportation hub as work has begun on railways to link Shigatse with Jilong in Guizhou province and Hotan in Xinjiang province.

To make up for aerial defence weakness, China will construct at least 20 new border airports by 2025 in Tibet, in places like Tashkurgan and Longzi.

Tashkurgan, the last stop before the Karakoram Pass, is under the jurisdiction of the South Xinjiang Military District and the PLA could easily threaten the Daulat Beg Oldi and the Depsang Plains from there.

The airport at Longzi in Tibet’s Shannan County will also boost the capabilities of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) in the middle sector of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

Analysts like Jayadeva Ranade, former Cabinet Secretariat’s Chiba expert, say that “in just over a decade, China will have a much-improved strategic border defence infrastructure”.

“The considerably enhanced Chinese military presence will be a long-term potential threat for India,” Ranade said.

Ranade has closely studied the 142-page, 70,000-character “14th Five Year Plan (2021-2025) and the Long Range Objectives through the Year 2035 for National Economic and Social Development of the People’s Republic of China”, whose English version is yet to be released.
The ramifications of the August 5th abrogation will haunt India long after Modi’s rule is over. Indians need to soak that in. China plays for keeps. 20 new air bases, train lines across Tibet all the way to Hotan (perhaps later on looping to Kashgar and onwards to Pakistan and supply depots coming from that direction). All of this in little more than a decade, along with stealth fighters and S-400 deployments. If there is going to be any place the Quad and China will come face to face it looks like China is preparing for it to probably be along the LAC.

The thing China lacks though, other than the skirmishes with in 2020, is major combat experience in high altitude mountain warfare. Recruiting the Nepalese Gurkhas to give training as part of an annual Billion dollar payment and infrastructure development deal with Nepal will be the best way to do that. This would also allow China to keep Nepal (and its Gurkha troops in the Indian Army) out of any fight on the side of the Indians as well as move Nepal slowly away from India, economically and politically. Probably best to built a series of whole cities with all the modern amenities and educational opportunities (and job opportunities) just across the border on all the major roads and rail links with Nepal, to counter balance the opportunities provided by India, and move Nepal away from India Socially as well. If Nepal had more of a stake with China then India, it will sit out any fight between the two.

China will probably start incorporating more mountain warfare exercises with foreign nations like Pakistan in its exercises. Starting to include a land component to the Shaheen series of air exercises, from now on, would probably be best for helping both nations stay up to date and ready in mountain warfare.
 
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FuturePAF

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Bases within a few hundred Kms of the border; especially with Over the Horizon radars could allow China to give the PLAAF (and PAF) better situational awareness, if they are paired with aircraft that can operate in a bistatic manner to receive the radar returns and detect stealth aircraft.

The massive infrastructure (proposed mega dams and the power lines over and near the tracks) to bring large amounts of electricity to these bases could allow them to host supercomputers to process all the data.
 
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siegecrossbow

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The ramifications of the August 5th abrogation will haunt India long after Modi’s rule is over. Indians need to soak that in. China plays for keeps. 20 new air bases, train lines across Tibet all the way to Hotan (perhaps later on looping to Kashgar and onwards to Pakistan and supply depots coming from that direction). All of this in little more than a decade, along with stealth fighters and S-400 deployments. If there is going to be any place the Quad and China will come face to face it looks like China is preparing for it to probably be along the LAC.

The thing China lacks though, other than the skirmishes with in 2020, is major combat experience in high altitude mountain warfare. Recruiting the Nepalese Gurkhas to give training as part of an annual Billion dollar payment and infrastructure development deal with Nepal will be the best way to do that. This would also allow China to keep Nepal (and its Gurkha troops in the Indian Army) out of any fight on the side of the Indians as well as move Nepal slowly away from India, economically and politically. Probably best to built a series of whole cities with all the modern amenities and educational opportunities (and job opportunities) just across the border on all the major roads and rail links with Nepal, to counter balance the opportunities provided by India. If Nepal had more of a stake with China then India, it will sit out any fight between the two.

China will probably start incorporating more mountain warfare exercises with foreign nations like Pakistan in its exercises. Starting to include a land component to the Shaheen series of air exercises, from now on, would probably be best for helping both nations stay up to date and ready in mountain warfare.
I'm actually a lot more interested in the construction of civilian infrastructure assets like housing complex, bridges, highways, and cellular/power towers. We may see a North vs. South Korea development comparison at the border area pretty soon.
 

FuturePAF

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I'm actually a lot more interested in the construction of civilian infrastructure assets like housing complex, bridges, highways, and cellular/power towers. We may see a North vs. South Korea development comparison at the border area pretty soon.
That may, in the long term, be the key to winning over the Nepalese, and keeping them in China’s sphere.

Perhaps even Bhutan and the rebel ethnic groups in Myanmar.

For Pakistan it will open up another trade corridor and market (redundancy in military logistics and supply of a different variety of food to the Chinese in Tibet) for it to potentially rely upon.
 
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