• Monday, January 21, 2019

China wants to retranslate the Bible to establish a correct understanding of Christianity in the PRC

Discussion in 'China & Far East' started by dBSPL, Jan 14, 2019.

  1. dBSPL

    dBSPL FULL MEMBER

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    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2...ersecution-translation-bible?CMP=share_btn_tw

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    by Lily Kuo in Chengdu - Sun 13 Jan 2019 08.00 GMT - Last modified on Mon 14 Jan 2019 12.20 GMT

    In China, they’re closing churches, jailing pastors – and even rewriting scripture

    China’s Communist party is intensifying religious persecution as Christianity’s popularity grows. A new state translation of the Bible will establish a ‘correct understanding’ of the text

    In late October, the pastor of one of China’s best-known underground churches asked this of his congregation: had they successfully spread the gospel throughout their city? “If tomorrow morning the Early Rain Covenant Church suddenly disappeared from the city of Chengdu, if each of us vanished into thin air, would this city be any different? Would anyone miss us?” said Wang Yi, leaning over his pulpit and pausing to let the question weigh on his audience. “I don’t know.”

    Almost three months later, Wang’s hypothetical scenario is being put to the test. The church in south-west China has been shuttered and Wang and his wife, Jiang Rong, remain in detention after police arrested more than 100 Early Rain church members in December. Many of those who haven’t been detained are in hiding. Others have been sent away from Chengdu and barred from returning. Some, including Wang’s mother and his young son, are under close surveillance. Wang and his wife are being charged for “inciting subversion”, a crime that carries a penalty of up to 15 years in prison.

    Now the hall Wang preached from sits empty, the pulpit and cross that once hung behind him both gone. Prayer cushions have been replaced by a ping-pong table and a film of dust. New tenants, a construction company and a business association, occupy the three floors the church once rented. Plainclothes police stand outside, turning away those looking for the church.

    One of the officers told the Observer: “I have to tell you to leave and watch until you get in a car and go.”

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    Wang Yi, pastor of the Early Rain church, who was arrested and detained three months ago, along with his wife. Photograph: Early Rain/Facebook

    Early Rain is the latest victim of what Chinese Christians and rights activists say is the worst crackdown on religion since the country’s Cultural Revolution, when Mao Zedong’s government vowed to eradicate religion.

    Researchers say the current drive, fuelled by government unease over the growing number of Christians and their potential links to the west, is aimed not so much at destroying Christianity but bringing it to heel.

    “The government has orchestrated a campaign to ‘sinicise’ Christianity, to turn Christianity into a fully domesticated religion that would do the bidding of the party,” said Lian Xi, a professor at Duke University in North Carolina, who focuses on Christianity in modern China.

    Over the past year, local governments have shut hundreds of unofficial congregations or “house churches” that operate outside the government-approved church network, including Early Rain. A statement signed by 500 house church leaders in November says authorities have removed crosses from buildings, forced churches to hang the Chinese flag and sing patriotic songs, and barred minors from attending.

    Churchgoers say the situation will get worse as the campaign reaches more of the country. Another church in Chengdu was placed under investigation last week. Less than a week after the mass arrest of Early Rain members, police raided a children’s Sunday school at a church in Guangzhou. Officials have also banned the 1,500-member Zion church in Beijing after its pastor refused to install CCTV.

    In November the Guangzhou Bible Reformed Church was shut for the second time in three months. “The Chinese Communist party (CCP) wants to be the God of China and the Chinese people. But according to the Bible only God is God. The government is scared of the churches,” said Huang Xiaoning, the church’s pastor.

    Local governments have also shut the state-approved “sanzi” churches. Sunday schools and youth ministries have been banned. One of the first signs of a crackdown was when authorities forcibly removed more than 1,000 crosses from sanzi churches in Zhejiang province between 2014 and 2016.

    “The goal of the crackdown is not to eradicate religions,” said Ying Fuk Tsang, director of the Christian Study Centre on Chinese Religion and Culture at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. “President Xi Jinping is trying to establish a new order on religion, suppressing its blistering development. [The government] aims to regulate the ‘religious market’ as a whole.”

    While the CCP is officially atheist, Protestantism and Catholicism are two of five faiths sanctioned by the government and religious freedom has been enshrined in the constitution since the 1980s. For decades, authorities tolerated the house churches, which refused to register with government bodies that required church leaders to adapt teachings to follow party doctrine.

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    Members of the Early Rain Covenant Church pray during a meeting in their church before it was shut down in December 2018.

    As China experienced an explosion in the number of religious believers, the government has grown wary of Christianity and Islam in particular, with their overseas links. In Xinjiang, a surveillance and internment system has been built for Muslim minorities, notably the Uighurs.

    Xi has called for the country to guard against “infiltration” through religion and extremist ideology.

    “What happens in Xinjiang and what happens to house churches is connected,” said Eva Pils, a professor of law at King’s College London, focusing on human rights. “Those kinds of new attitudes have translated into different types of measures against Christians, which amount to intensified persecution of religious groups.”

    There are at least 60 million Christians in China, spanning rural and urban areas. Congregation-based churches can organise large groups across the country and some have links with Christian groups abroad.

    Pastors such as Wang of Early Rain are especially alarming for authorities. Under Wang, a legal scholar and public intellectual, the church has advocated for parents of children killed in the 2008 Sichuan earthquake – deaths many critics say were caused by poor government-run construction – or for families of those affected by faulty vaccines. Every year the church commemorates victims of the 4 June protests in 1989, which were forcibly put down by the Chinese military.

    “Early Rain church is one of the few who dare to face what is wrong in society,” said one member. “Most churches don’t dare talk about this, but we obey strictly obey the Bible, and we don’t avoid anything.”

    Wang and Early Rain belong to what some see as a new generation of Christians that has emerged alongside a growing civil rights movement. Increasingly, activist church leaders have taken inspiration from the democratising role the church played in eastern European countries in the Soviet bloc or South Korea under martial law, according to Lian. Several of China’s most active human rights lawyers are Christians.

    “They have come to see the political potential of Christianity as a force for change,” said Lian. “What really makes the government nervous is Christianity’s claim to universal rights and values.”

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    Catholics wait to take communion during the Palm Sunday mass at a ‘house church’ near Shijiazhuang. Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

    As of 2018, the government has implemented sweeping rules on religious practices, adding more requirements for religious groups and barring unapproved organisations from engaging in any religious activity. But the campaign is not just about managing behaviour. One of the goals of a government work plan for “promoting Chinese Christianity” between 2018 and 2022 is “thought reform”. The plan calls for “retranslating and annotating” the Bible, to find commonalities with socialism and establish a “correct understanding” of the text.

    “Ten years ago, we used to be able to say the party was not really interested in what people believed internally,” said Pils. “Xi Jinping’s response is much more invasive and it is in some ways returning to Mao-era attempts to control hearts and minds.”

    Bibles, sales of which have always been controlled in China, are no longer available for purchase online, a loophole that had existed for years. In December, Christmas celebrations were banned in several schools and cities across China.

    “Last year’s crackdown is the worst in three decades,” said Bob Fu, the founder of ChinaAid, a Christian advocacy group based in the US.

    In Chengdu, Early Rain has not vanished. Before the raid, a plan was in place to preserve the church, with those who were not arrested expected to keep it running, holding meetings wherever they could. Slowly, more Early Rain members are being released. As of 9 January, 25 were still in detention.

    They maintain contact through encrypted platforms. On New Year’s Eve, 300 people joined an online service, some from their homes, others from cars or workplaces, to pray for 2019. Others gather in small groups in restaurants and parks. One member, a student who was sent back to Guangzhou, said he preaches the gospel to the police who monitor him.

    The church continues to send out daily scripture and posts videos of sermons. In one, pastor Wang alludes to the coming crackdown: “In this war, in Xinjiang, in Shanghai, in Beijing, in Chengdu, the rulers have chosen an enemy that can never be imprisoned – the soul of man. Therefore they are doomed to lose this war.”
     
  2. Daniel808

    Daniel808 FULL MEMBER

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    If this is not western garbage propaganda again, then it's really good move by Chinese people.

    Only stupid people believe, Jews is superior than all of us. Jews is the chosen one, What the .... :hitwall:
     
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  3. kuge

    kuge FULL MEMBER

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    what if your race were the chosen one?What the .... :hitwall:
     
  4. Rusty

    Rusty SENIOR MEMBER

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    I would say that that is a load of nonsense and continue to believe that all of humanity is equal.
     
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  5. Daniel808

    Daniel808 FULL MEMBER

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    I never say Chinese ethnic the chosen one.
    I believe about Intelligence and hard work, not special one or the chosen one. WTF !

    All hail jews :hitwall:
     
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  6. Char

    Char FULL MEMBER

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    if CCP doesn't control the spread of religions, CCP will be abandoned by Chinese people.
     
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  7. Offshore

    Offshore FULL MEMBER

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    about time to kick middle eastern cult to garbage bin :china:
     
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  8. Beast

    Beast ELITE MEMBER

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    At least it show PRC dont pick on muslim only. :enjoy:
     
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  9. Retired Troll

    Retired Troll ELITE MEMBER

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    They say that Jesus was a Bhuddist Monk or the Lama.

    There are missing years of Jesus who many believe were spent traveling to and back from Tibet. Actually there is a Jesus tomb in Kashmir too.

    Just do not tell Prime of the Ministers of Pakistan. He thinks Jesus has no documented evidence in history.
     
  10. Foxtrot Delta

    Foxtrot Delta FULL MEMBER

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    When i was in China is also saw a wierd and strange translation of Quran in chinese language as well. I think learned people should make a council like we have a sahih international english translation of Quran universally accepted. They should have a sahih chinese translation of Quran too. Because ot was so confusing to read mandarin chinese quran.

    I think if they have a similar body for bible as well that would he great. Responsibility is on global Christians but sad part it english bible has more than 100 translations in english... Most polotically motivated.
     
  11. ZeEa5KPul

    ZeEa5KPul FULL MEMBER

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    It's very important that this passage (Romans 13:1-7) be emphasized:

    13 1 Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. 2 Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. 3 For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. 4 For the one in authority is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God's servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. 5 Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience. 6 This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing.

    7 Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.

    The people "praying" in unsanctioned churches are directly defying the Apostle Paul and in so doing also defy Jesus Christ. Christian doctrine is very clear about what their fate will be:
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    Last edited: Jan 14, 2019
  12. yantong1980

    yantong1980 FULL MEMBER

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    The problem with the religion teaching is mixed with myths, that can lead you into nowhere. Taking your faith too personal really wasn't wise move, we should 'control' what we believes, don't let it control us.
     
  13. Retired Troll

    Retired Troll ELITE MEMBER

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    There is No concept of Church in Islam.

    The Quran is the same for everyone. Translations from Arabic Depends on human Intellect and wisdom.
     
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