• Sunday, December 17, 2017

China-Nepal Railway May Trigger Indian Response

Discussion in 'Central & South Asia' started by ashok321, Dec 8, 2017.

  1. ashok321

    ashok321 ELITE MEMBER

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    https://sputniknews.com/asia/201712071059770746-china-nepal-railway-trigger-india-response/

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    A team of high-level Chinese officials and experts recently completed a land inspection trip in Nepal for the construction of a China-Nepal railway.

    The team of 23 was led by Zheng Jian, deputy director of National Railway Administration of China, who met with the Nepali Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport on November 10, after completing field trips to Gyirong, Pokhara and Lumbini.

    According to the Kathmandu Post, Nepali Department of Railways spokesperson Prakash Bhakta Upadhayaya said that the Chinese team resolved many technical issues, especially geological ones.

    "Altitude variation between Syaprubeshi and Gyirong and the gap created between Indian and Tibetan tectonic plates after the 2015 earthquake were major concerns. This Chinese team of experts has cleared out our concerns, paving way for development of railroads in the country," Upadhayaya told the Kathmandu Post.

    He said that the Chinese team has assured the technical support required for this project. Nepal and China have also agreed to expedite cooperation in the field of cross-border railway connectivity.


    Long in the making

    Sun Lizhou, an international relations expert from Tsinghua University, has followed the progress of the project closely. He told the Global Times that time varies from project to project, from the moment an inspection team is sent out until construction begins.

    The development of projects between China and Nepal has been affected by geopolitics.

    Over the years, China and Nepal have held several rounds of talks, both formal and informal, about possible cross-border railways, especially under the Belt and Road initiative.

    In 2006, Qiangba Puncog, the then-chairman of the government of China's Tibet Autonomous Region, told Sharma Oli, who was then deputy prime minister of Nepal, that the Qinghai-Tibet railway would be extended from Lhasa to Xigaze, Tibet Autonomous Region and then to the Sino-Nepalese border.

    In March 2016, the Nepali prime minister signed 10 agreements with China during the Boao Forum for Asia, including plans to establish railways between the two countries.

    In May 2017, during a bilateral meeting in Beijing, Chinese Vice Premier Wang Yang told Nepal's Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara that China was willing to push for the steady development of basic infrastructure projects between the two countries, such as road and railway construction.

    There were further meetings between China and Nepal in September of this year, when Mahara held a bilateral delegation-level meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi while visiting Beijing.

    Soon after this year's 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, a high-level Chinese delegation was dispatched to Nepal to carry out an inspection of the technical feasibility of the railway.

    China's National Railway Administration said that, in Nepal, China has made developing the cross-border railway "a high priority," according to Xinhua News Agency.

    On the Chinese side, the extension of the railway from Xigaze in Tibet to the China-Nepal border port of Gyirong is being carried out and will be completed by 2020.

    The railway is part of China's greater plan to connect neighboring countries with roads and railways in every direction.

    Foreign media outlets have commented that China is executing "railway diplomacy."

    Toward the West, there are three China-Europe cargo train rails, two rails between China and Kazakhstan and discussions of a railway project connecting China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan and Iran.

    To the South, the China-Laos railway is expected to be finished by the end of 2020, and Thailand has recently approved a China-Thailand rail to begin construction this year.


    Boost in cross-border trade

    For Chinese companies trading with Nepal, the most convenient means of transportation is rail shipping from cities in Tibet to the Nepal's capital, Kathmandu. The railway's extension from Xigaze to Gyirong is highly anticipated.

    The Guangdong-Tibet-Central South Asia freight train was launched based on the premise that it would link China and Nepal, an official in Lhasa involved with the project, who preferred not to be named, told the Global Times in a previous report.

    "The China-Nepal railway remains a bottleneck for the economic corridor of South Asia, as the most challenging part is still in Nepal," he said.

    Many experts also look forward to the railway. Sun told the Global Times that if China and Nepal are connected by rail, trade volume will be increased, with China receiving an all-new market with a 29 million population.

    Sun thinks inconvenient transportation is the primary reason why Nepal's economy has fallen behind other Asian nations. Presently, a 1,389-kilometer shared border separates China and Nepal, but there are only two trading posts, both on roads, along the route.

    Furthermore, after the railway is completed, the development of cross-border trade between Bhutan, Bangladesh and China via Nepal will also thrive.

    When Sun visited Nepal in 2016, he spoke with more than 200 people from all walks of life, asking for their honest opinions about the China-Nepal railway. Most showed their support.

    Sun also believes that the China-Nepal railway will be advantageous to Nepal's national unity, as it could as it could encourage Nepal to maintain national unity and lessen its reliance on India.

    "It will provide freedom and make it smoother to select suitable markets for the Nepalese. It will help Nepal to manage the trade deficit. It will play an important role to develop and flourish the trade, economic, social, cultural, religious and practical relations between China and Nepal," said Prem Sagar Poudel, Chairman of the Nepal-China Mutual Cooperation Society.

    Pressure from India

    When news of a Chinese surveying team arriving in Nepal got out, there was a strong response from the Indian side. There were also reports of Nepal "choosing China" as a new strategic partner so as to lower its dependence on, or "counterbalancing" against, India. Media reported the railway as "a bid to reduce landlocked Nepal's dependence on India for supplies."

    Thinktank researchers in India also expressed concern that China's Qinghai-Tibet railway could impact India's national security by having the ability to send troops and war-time supplies directly to border regions.

    Tsinghua's international relations expert, Sun, told the Global Times that India has been concerned about the construction of the China-Nepal railway.

    "For years, India fully penetrated Nepal's government, army and main political parties, preventing Nepal from getting closer to China," he said.

    Poudel told the Global Times that India doesn't want Nepal to fall out of its control.

    "India clearly knows that if Nepal and China's relationship becomes strong, then India can't use Nepal's natural resources like now. They will lose the monopoly over water resources, herbs, mines etc.," he said.

    Sun thinks China should push forward for the development of the project even if it makes India "a little uncomfortable."

    But the continuation of the railway on Nepal's side will be affected largely by the upcoming results of Nepal's national election, he added.

    "Foreign pressure and interruptions can delay the Chinese railway line project, but no one can stop this project. Its process is moving ahead in a slow motion, but it is moving continuously nonetheless," Poudel said.
     
  2. ashok321

    ashok321 ELITE MEMBER

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    Time for Modi's armored bulldozers again?
    But against whom?
     
  3. Enigma_

    Enigma_ FULL MEMBER

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    Try to stop them India. They don't care.
     
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  4. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    Why India is so insecure and jealous of prosperity of its neighbours? Let Nepal develop. It is none of your business indians..
     
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  5. Kaniska

    Kaniska SENIOR MEMBER

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    I am not sure why India will or should object to this positive initiatives. If they object, it is a bad foreign policy...Rather, we should collaborate with China to extend the railway to India, Bhutan and BD if Chins is interested to pursue it..
     
  6. Beast

    Beast ELITE MEMBER

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    Indian are irrational people. You cannot use logic to understand them. They always day dream about being superpower after complete colonized by Great Britain for 200 years.
     
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  7. nang2

    nang2 SENIOR MEMBER

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    may? definitely will!
     
  8. Alphacharlie

    Alphacharlie BANNED

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    It is Shocking to See Blind Faith of Pakistanis Nationals on China....

    This Blind Faith has Killed their Industry....Impact are already Visible --- Why acting like Ostrich ?

    CPEC has added Burden of 50Bn on your Nation.
     
  9. AndrewJin

    AndrewJin ELITE MEMBER

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    Look at what this SP2012 has brought to its neighbours.....
    South Asia in many criteria is even worse than Sub-Sahara Africa.
    Small countries in this region have full right to develop, they are sovereign countries not your colonies.
    Former colony now wants to act like a master?
    Those smaller countries do not want to become the same sh**ho**.
     
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  10. Crystal-Clear

    Crystal-Clear FULL MEMBER

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    haha doesn't matter . we will complete it & we will surely give a naval base to PLAN :D ..
    .
    .
    your insecurities motivates us to complete the project :) ..
     
  11. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    I think Nepal is not Bhutan and they won't invite Indian army so Modi cannot do anything here. Rather it is being done for their benefit so they are actually happy with this development.
     
  12. HariVamsha

    HariVamsha BANNED

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    LOL.... we don't have to try too hard.

    http://www.livemint.com/Politics/xg...llion-hydropower-plant-deal-with-Chinese.html

    Nepal scraps $2.5 billion hydropower plant deal with Chinese company

    Critics say the $2.5 billion hydropower project was handed to Gezhouba Group without any competitive bidding and a parliamentary panel asked the govt to scrap the deal

    Nepal has scrapped a $2.5 billion deal with China’s Gezhouba Group Corp. to build the country’s biggest hydropower plant, citing lapses in the award process, the energy minister said.

    In June a Maoist-dominated coalition government awarded a contract to China Gezhouba Group Corp. to build a 1,200MW plant on the Budhi Gandaki river, about 50km west of Kathmandu, to address acute power shortages
     
  13. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    Well, that's your opinion but history tells us something different. India's constant bitching about CPEC and China's relations with South Asian countries speaks about the ill-wishes India has for its neighbours.
     
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  14. ashok321

    ashok321 ELITE MEMBER

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    Nepal has lot at stake when it comes to its bilateral relations with India.
    Nepal does not have their own Industries. They rely on India.
    Indian cars, two wheelers, Gasoline, diesel, whiskey, beer all come from India.
    Many Nepal citizens come and work in India without the need of passport or visa.
    Nepali Rupee is pegged to Indian rupee.

    If India revokes its treaty, Nepal would suffer.
    I have visited Kathmandu and Pokhra 4 times.
     
  15. war&peace

    war&peace ELITE MEMBER

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    This railway and road network will help Nepal get out of indian influence. Everything you said can easily be replaced with Chinese alternatives. Chinese goods are cheaper and better in quality.
     
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