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China's deep-sea manned submersible "Striver" concludes diving trials
China's manned deep-sea submersible "Striver," or "Fendouzhe," has concluded its diving trials on Friday morning. Striver had conducted eight diving operations at over 10,000 meters in the total number of 12 divings in the Mariana Trench as of November 19.

 

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China's Largest Offshore Gas Field Goes into Operation in Hainan
China's largest high-temperature and high-pressure offshore gas field, Dongfang 13-2, went into operation in Hainan Province, its builder China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) announced Wednesday.
 

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First nuclear unit with China-developed reactor connected to grid
China's 1st nuclear power unit using Hualong One technology, a domestically developed third-generation reactor design, was connected to the grid on Friday.
 

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First nuclear unit with China-developed reactor connected to grid
China's 1st nuclear power unit using Hualong One technology, a domestically developed third-generation reactor design, was connected to the grid on Friday.
First nuclear unit with Hualong One reactor connected to grid in Fujian

By ZHENG XIN | China Daily | Updated: 2020-11-28 09:15

First nuclear unit with Hualong One reactor connected to grid in Fujian 20201127.jpeg

CNNC staff members watch the No 5 nuclear power unit's connection to the grid in Fuqing, Fujian province, on Friday. XINHUA

China's first nuclear power unit using Hualong One technology, a domestically developed third-generation reactor design, was successfully connected to the grid in East China's Fujian province early Friday morning (11/27), according to China National Nuclear Corp.

The No 5 nuclear power unit in Fuqing, Fujian province, was connected to the power network and it has started generating electricity, the company said in a statement.

"(The successful grid connection) indicates that China has broken the monopoly of overseas nuclear technology and has officially become a country with advanced nuclear techniques."

The successful grid connection will boost China's competitiveness in the nuclear sector globally, improve the overall energy structure and boost the country's dual-circulation economy model, CNNC said.

According to the company, the successful grid connection will enhance the confidence in Hualong One among countries and regions participating in the Belt and Road Initiative.

Industry experts said the smooth operation of the Fuqing No 5 nuclear power unit will boost China's scientific and technological innovation and help develop the advanced manufacturing industry in the country.

The nuclear sector has been witnessing rapid development, which will not only improve the country's energy mix but also bolster domestic economic development, Xiao Xinjian, an industry expert with the Energy Research Institute affiliated with the National Development and Reform Commission, said earlier.

The construction of No 5 nuclear power unit started on May 7, 2015. All the key components and parts have been fully made in China and the project's localization rate of parts and components exceeds 85 percent, CNNC said.

The Hualong One reactors are jointly designed by China General Nuclear Power Group and CNNC. It is one of the most welcomed third-generation reactor designs as well as a
milestone of China's innovative nuclear development.

Currently, FIVE other Hualong One units are under construction in China. CNNC is building one at Taipingling in Guangdong and two at Zhangzhou in Fujian province. China General Nuclear is building two at its Fangchenggang site in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.

In addition, two Hualong One units are under construction in Karachi, Pakistan, while CGN proposes applying the technology at the planned Bradwell nuclear power project in the United Kingdom.
 

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China's Deep-sea Manned Submersible Returns after Diving 10,909 Meters in Mariana Trench
China's new deep-sea manned submersible Fendouzhe (Striver) returned to south China's Hainan Province on Saturday morning onboard the scientific research ship Tansuo-1, after diving to a national record depth of 10,909 meters in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.
 

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First nuclear unit with Hualong One reactor connected to grid in Fujian

By ZHENG XIN | China Daily | Updated: 2020-11-28 09:15

View attachment 691576
CNNC staff members watch the No 5 nuclear power unit's connection to the grid in Fuqing, Fujian province, on Friday. XINHUA


China's first nuclear power unit using Hualong One technology, a domestically developed third-generation reactor design, was successfully connected to the grid in East China's Fujian province early Friday morning (11/27), according to China National Nuclear Corp.

The No 5 nuclear power unit in Fuqing, Fujian province, was connected to the power network and it has started generating electricity, the company said in a statement.

"(The successful grid connection) indicates that China has broken the monopoly of overseas nuclear technology and has officially become a country with advanced nuclear techniques."


The successful grid connection will boost China's competitiveness in the nuclear sector globally, improve the overall energy structure and boost the country's dual-circulation economy model, CNNC said.

According to the company, the successful grid connection will enhance the confidence in Hualong One among countries and regions participating in the Belt and Road Initiative.

Industry experts said the smooth operation of the Fuqing No 5 nuclear power unit will boost China's scientific and technological innovation and help develop the advanced manufacturing industry in the country.

The nuclear sector has been witnessing rapid development, which will not only improve the country's energy mix but also bolster domestic economic development, Xiao Xinjian, an industry expert with the Energy Research Institute affiliated with the National Development and Reform Commission, said earlier.


The construction of No 5 nuclear power unit started on May 7, 2015. All the key components and parts have been fully made in China and the project's localization rate of parts and components exceeds 85 percent, CNNC said.

The Hualong One reactors are jointly designed by China General Nuclear Power Group and CNNC. It is one of the most welcomed third-generation reactor designs as well as a milestone of China's innovative nuclear development.

Currently, FIVE other Hualong One units are under construction in China. CNNC is building one at Taipingling in Guangdong and two at Zhangzhou in Fujian province. China General Nuclear is building two at its Fangchenggang site in the Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region.

In addition, two Hualong One units are under construction in Karachi, Pakistan, while CGN proposes applying the technology at the planned Bradwell nuclear power project in the United Kingdom.
Hualong One Nuclear Reactor (3rd-Gen) - China's Own IP

The 1,150-megawatt reactor, No. 5 unit of the Fuqing Nuclear Power Plan, which was connected to the national grid on Friday (11/27), can generate 10 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity each year and cut carbon emissions by 8.16 million tons. Nuclear plants supplied less than FIVE PERCENT of China's annual electricity needs in 2019, according to the National Energy Administration, but this share is expected to grow as China attempts to become carbon neutral by 2060. The landmark achievement signals a great improvement in the competitiveness of China’s nuclear power industry, which is of great significance for the country’s energy restructuring plan and pursuit of low-carbon development.

Fuqing Nuclear Power Plant complex in Fujian.jpg


Reducing its dependence on imported technologies in critical high-tech sectors such as nuclear power generation is a key goal in Beijing's "MADE IN CHINA 2025" plan. Billions of dollars in state subsidies have been given to Chinese companies to speed up the process of technological developments. Beijing has INVESTED BILLIONS of dollars to develop its nuclear energy sector in recent years as it attempts to reduce dependency on coal usage. Thirteen nuclear plants are under construction, more than in any other country.

Roughly 50 nuclear reactors with a combined generation capacity of 50,000 megawatts are currently operating in China, local media reported. While seven units of the Hualong One are being built, another four have been approved for construction. China is the world's third highest in operating the nuclear power plant after the United States and France.

China is now on track to surpass the US as the world’s top producer of nuclear energy as early as 2030. According to the World Nuclear Association, an industry group, China’s total nuclear power generation capacity, including reactors under construction and in planning, came to 108,700 megawatts as of April 2020, more than America’s 105,120 MW. But, China comes in third in terms of capacity in operation currently, at 45,000 MW, after the US at about 98,000 MW and France at 62,000 MW.

The Hualong One, deployed at a plant in Fuqing, east China's Fujian province, will be put into commercial use by the end of 2020 after undergoing a series of tests and trial runs, including full-power continuous operation. China's first nuclear power project to use China's own Hualong One third-generation nuclear technology, which is being used in Pakistan at its K2 and K3 projects in the Karachi nuclear power plant, successfully generated power, and was connected to the grid early Friday morning,
a milestone in China's transformation from a major nuclear power to a strong nuclear power. The second Hualong One at Fuqing, Unit 6, is likely to be completed by 2021. China currently has six overseas Hualong One projects under construction. Part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, one reactor is nearing completion in Pakistan, and the design is also pending export approval from British and Argentinian authorities.

Chinese energy experts said the successful operation of the Hualong One nuclear reactor, which is expected to outperform other completed third-generation nuclear reactors in terms of cost, is of great significance as the success adds confidence to the vital technological export.

No 5 nuclear power unit in Fuqing, Fujian 20201126.jpg


CNNC said the successful connected-grid power generation provides a sound foundation for the commercialization of such reactors, and sets up the best-in-class result in terms of constructing the first reactor for the third-generation nuclear reactor globally.

The successful power generation of the Fuqing-5 reactor marks the addition of a THIRD nuclear power plant in the world utilizing so-called THIRD-GENERATION nuclear technology, with the first two - the Sanmen nuclear plant in East China's Zhejiang Province using the US' AP1000 technology and the Taishan nuclear plant in South China's Guangdong Province installed with France's evolutionary power reactors (EPR) technology, also in China.

Taishan Nuclear Power Plant complex in Guangdong is one of 47 nuclear power plants in China.jpg


The first two nuclear power generators ran into problems as costs surged after the projects faced delays.

Experts said that Hualong One could succeed in the international market and serve as a new solution to the world's resource shortage, and plays a role in China's efforts to reduce carbon emissions.

Wang Dezhong, a professor specializing in nuclear-related technology at the School of Mechanical Engineering of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, said Friday's event is a MILESTONE for homegrown technology, VALIDATING its reliability.

"As Chinese leaders have pointed out, the HUALONG ONE is China's national business card in the global market, and, having a successful operation for the Fuqing-5 reactor, is very positive for overseas sales of the technology," said Wang Dezhong on Friday.

Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for Energy Economics Research at Xiamen University, said because Hualong One is an exclusively homegrown technology, that means China CAN SELL this technology in global markets, unlike the other [licensed] technologies that can only be used in the construction of nuclear plants in China.

There will also be a COST ADVANTAGE for the Hualong One, with EXCLUSIVE intellectual property rights.

CNNC said for the Hualong One, the company and its partners owned over 700 patents, more than 120 software copyrights, one set of international nuclear standards and 411 domestically produced core equipment covering the life cycle of a nuclear power plant. China’s nuclear power industry now has roughly 5,000 companies including 58 state-owned enterprises in the supply chain.

The reactor, with all of its core components produced domestically, has a DESIGNED LIFE of 60 YEARS and and 177 reactor cores, which will be replaced every 18 months, and meets the strictest safety standards in the world (with its two layers of containment), according to the CNNC.

Experts said that as those [third-generation nuclear technologies] are the FIRST PROJECTS GLOBALLY [US' Westinghouse AP1000; France Areva EPR; China's Hualong One (HPR 1000)], companies usually spend more time than planned as they turn blueprints into projects. But when a delay happens, financial costs for the projects will soar, easily double the original budgets.

"It is highly likely that the Fuqing-5, utilizing China's proprietary technology, could feature lower costs in power generation than the two other plants," said Lin Boqiang on Friday.

Argentina and Saudi Arabia have shown interest in China's Hualong One nuclear reactors.

CNNC has SIX reactors utilizing Hualong One technology under construction in China and abroad.

[Xinhua, Global Times, Eurasian Times, AFP]
 

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China commissions new-generation "artificial sun"
Source: Xinhua | 2020-12-04 21:28:17 | Editor: huaxia

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CHENGDU, Dec. 4 (Xinhua) -- The HL-2M Tokamak, China's new-generation "artificial sun," went into operation on Friday and has achieved its first plasma discharge, according to the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC).

Designed to replicate the natural reactions that occur in the sun using hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuels, the apparatus in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, will provide clean energy through controlled nuclear fusion, said the CNNC.

The self-developed device is the country's largest in scale and highest in parameters, with a more advanced structure and control mode than its predecessor, the HL-2A Tokamak.

It is able to generate plasma hotter than 150 million degrees Celsius and is expected to greatly enhance the research and development of key technologies in plasma physics research in China.

"The energy confinement time of international tokamak devices is less than one second. The shot discharge duration of the HL-2M is around 10 seconds, with an energy confinement time of a few hundred milliseconds," said Yang Qingwei, chief engineer of the HL-2M at the Southwestern Institute of Physics under the CNNC.

The artificial sun will provide key technical support for China's participation in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project and frontier research fields including flow instability and magnetic phenomena of ultra-high temperature plasma, according to Yang.

 

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China delivers giant rock tunnel boring machine to Georgia
A giant hard rock tunnel boring machine made by China for Georgia has been delivered. The machine, with a diameter of 15.08 meters, a length of 182 meters and a weight of 3,900 tonnes, will be used in the construction of an expressway tunnel in Georgia.

 

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First call in Europe of the largest LNG-powered containership and flagship of our fleet: the CMA CGM Jacques Saade.

This vessel, first of a series of 8 LNG-powered vessels named after famous Parisian landmarks, is powered by Liquefied Natural Gas, a pioneering technology preserving air quality and accelerating the shipping industry’s energy transition.



Funny thing, some commenters at the video thought the giant ship was made in France, or at least in Europe. Some silly netizen even thought that only Europeans are capable of handling such marvelous ships :D
 

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New light rail train rolls off assembly line in Changchun, NE China
A new light rail train has rolled off the assembly line in the northeastern Chinese city of Changchun. It boasts a combination of high speed and low maintenance costs.

 

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