Hi, Pakistanis are having a very hard time understanding the case behind " assets beyond means---and who has to prove what---". They still think that it is the job of the state to prove ill gotten funds & property by public servants & their associates---. The state does not need to prove anything---. It falls all on the shoulders of the accused to prove their innocence. The asset beyond their means cases deal with govt servants---politicians---police officers---personal in sensitive jobs or any govt employee---in case of dealing of the state. The public servants can be charged to declare their assets and prove their assets and show trail of funds---and show assets are within their means---. Then their family members and those close to them may also be charged to prove the funds or show the trail of acquiring the funds and means of those funds---. The govt does not need to prove anything in this case---. It is all on the accused to prove---. Once it determines that there are assets beyond means---it can open proceedings and take legal action accordingly---. This procedure has been used in the west to catch spies for ages---. A simple basic example being---Sir---you have a $3000 a month job---yet you have a new sports car---a rolex watch---there are expensive empty bottles of wine in your trash can---you are visiting expensive night clubs $ restaurants---please show where those funds are coming from---what is the source of those funds. Then it came to catch bad cops in los angeles and miami area during the 80's when the drugs started coming in rampantly from Columbia---. Interior dept would start the investigation---Mr. so & so---you get 4500 a month salary---yet you are wearing $200 pair of italian shoes---$800 italian suit---$150 tie---$100 shirt---you are seen at expensive night clubs and restaurants where your average night bill is 250-350 dollars---. You are wearing a 18kt gold Rolex---you are driving an expensive Porsche---would you please explain where did this money coming from---what is the source of these funds. Next---your father bought a new house for cash---your sister got a new house as well---. They don't have any resource---share with us where did that money come from---. Your brother is driving a new pickup truck even though he was without a job---your sister also has a new house----. I can go on and on---that is how the assets beyond means got contained here in the west---. So---in these case---the state does not prove anything---. It challenges any citizen that the state thinks the citizen has assets beyond his means---and challenges them to prove otherwise---. Show a source of funds---where they came from---.