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    Are Early Elections Inevitable after PTI's Landslide Victory in Punjab?

    Given PTI's landslide victory in Punjab's by-elections and the confidence of the masses in Imran Khan and his party, Sarmad Ishfaq states that PTI's return to the federal government is imminent. He states that Imran Khan can now force early elections by: 1. Using his new majority in Punjab to...
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    Exposing Western Propaganda: How Russia is Winning the War

    The Russia-Ukraine war has been portrayed by the West with extreme prejudice. The American-European media has been demonizing Russia, while Ukraine, the second-most corrupt country in Europe (behind Russia), is being showcased as a champion of liberty and democracy. Where Russian war crimes...
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    Interregionalism in EU-African Relations

    The partnership theme in the EU-Africa co-operation seems to be based on mutual respect and a commitment to the SDGs. However, Zunaira Malik notes that the relationship is peculiarly asymmetrical, by virtue of the EU's overwhelming dominance in global economics and politics. Read the complete...
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    China's Failure to Ensure Hong Kong's Autonomy

    Hong Kong's fate has largely been tied to China - with the exception of the 155-year rule by the British. The Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 was drafted to ensure Hong Kong's “high degree of autonomy”. Referring to the national security law imposed on Hong Kong in 2020, Wasif Hassan...
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    Reorienting the Pakistan-Saudi Arabia Relationship

    The asymmetrical relationship between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia has compromised Pakistan’s key strategic interests on various occasions. The volatility of this relationship has been the centre of attention of researchers and diplomats alike. Afifa Iqbal discusses the dissonances of the...
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    The Rise of AI and the Future of War

    Technological evolution has steered the world in a new direction. Artificial intelligence has become deeply embedded in military operations and has changed the very nature of war. Ahsan Riaz discusses how autonomous weapons have become an area of interest for the international community...
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    Why US Invaded Iraq: A War Based on Lies

    George W. Bush’s statement on May 19th, 2022 has once again brought the destruction of Iraq into the spotlight. For many, the former president’s remarks are his admission of guilt for the horrors and injustice caused by his decision to invade Iraq in 2003. Maryam Yasmeen examines the 2003...
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    Understanding the Kashmir Conflict Through Realism

    The Kashmir conflict started between India and Pakistan after the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh acceded to India - despite it being a Muslim majority area. This research aims to study the history of the Kashmir conflict and the policies adopted by India and Pakistan from a realist...
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    Shooting for a Century: The India-Pakistan Conundrum by Stephen P. Cohen

    In “Shooting for a Century: The India-Pakistan Conundrum,” Stephen P. Cohen analyzes the future of India-Pakistan relations. Cohen argues that even after the two rival South Asian states surpass a century since their independence, the ties between them are unlikely to normalize. Read the...
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    The Unjust Criminal Justice System of Pakistan

    The crude reality of countless unresolved cases exposes the incompetence and the flaws of the criminal justice system of Pakistan. Alishba Siddiqui discusses how despite being extremely 'high profile', justice has still not been served in the Noor Muqaddam case, the Benazir Assassination case...
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    A War of Attrition: The Taliban vs ISIS-K

    What is the relationship between the Taliban and ISIS? Are they allies or dissimilar enemies? Hania Amaad details the formation and outlook of the ISIS-K as well as its interactions with the Taliban. Read the complete article: https://www.paradigmshift.com.pk/taliban-isis-k/ To submit your...
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    The Russia-Ukraine War: Impact on Global Food Security

    One of the most recent factors negatively affecting food security is the armed struggle between Russia and Ukraine. Aimen Jamil and Zartaj Chaudhary explain how droughts, shortage of fertilisers, and geopolitical tensions are possibly creating a global food crisis. Read the complete article...
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    The Untimely Deaths of Dr. Rizwan, Malik Maqsood Chaprasi & Others: Coincidence or Conspiracy?

    Pakistan is a country where uncanny coincidences are commonplace. The sudden deaths of key figures in the Ramzan Sugar Mills case like Dr. Rizwan and Malik Maqsood Chaprasi have raised a few eyebrows. Sarmad Ishfaq details a few of these recent 'sudden' deaths, and then discusses how such...
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    Sepoy Maqbool Hussain: The Bravest of the Brave

    Aleena Imran relates the bravery and will of Sepoy Maqbool Hussain, a Pakistani soldier. The number 335139 is the final piece to his life's puzzle — odd and specific, wouldn't you say? Read the complete article: https://www.paradigmshift.com.pk/sepoy-maqbool-hussain/
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    Examining PTI’s 2018 Manifesto

    Muhammad Mustafa Ahmed Khan appraises PTI's performance from 2018 to the party's abrupt end in April 2022. The party's own 2018 manifesto is reviewed to understand the contributions that it has been able to make — and the damage it has left in its wake. Read the complete article...
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    Explainer: Foreign Exchange Reserves

    The term foreign exchange reserves has become the buzzword lately. From talk shows to op-eds, everybody seems to be talking about it, but the concept itself continues to elude the comprehension of people who are not well-versed in economic jargon. Afifa Iqbal sets out the basics around foreign...
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    Modi’s India & Hindutva-related Communal Violence

    Communal violence in India has significantly increased since Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party came to power in 2014. The rise in violence against Indian Muslims, in particular, can be attributed to the BJP’s promotion of Hindutva and its support for the creation of a Hindu-dominated state...
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    The Political Situation of Pakistan under the PML-N: 1990s vs the Present

    Afifa Iqbal notes that the current political situation in Pakistan is reminiscent of the 1990s, a time when the people suffered while the political elite struggled for power. During the government of PML-N in the '90s, corruption was rampant in Pakistan, and once again, the country’s economy is...
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    Pakistan and America – Relations Strained by US Involvement

    Since Pakistan’s independence in 1947, America has maintained a continuous presence in the state’s political affairs. Iqra Mumtaz notes that throughout the history of Pakistan-US relations, the US’ policies towards Pakistan have revolved around engagement, containment, and the “carrots or...
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    PTI’s Long March

    Imran Khan’s calls for Long March were followed by a governmental crackdown on PTI workers. The peaceful march turned violent and bloody after the government called the police forces. Iqra Mumtaz gives a brief account of the short-lived march that happened on 25th May. Read the complete...

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