Top 10 future weapons of CHINA

Discussion in 'Chinese Defence Forum' started by DrSomnath999, Sep 7, 2011.

  1. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    10.TYPE 99A2 tank
    [​IMG]
    China is researching the so-called "Enhanced third generation MBT"----Type 99-A2 MBT with an integrated propulsion system, powerful active protection system, Shaped ERA armor, reaction improved aiming system and digital battlefield information terminal.
    The "Integrated Propulsion System" is a module includes engine, transmission, cooling system and fuels tank. Besides, the modified 1500HP transverse mounted engine brings a smaller sized module and changes the inlet and exhaust position of tank.
    The well-known feature of Type 99 MBT is the laser-countermeasure device, but the actual performance is unclear. And in Type 99-A2 MBT, the laser-countermeasure will be replaced by other active protection system (APS), such as a Chinese copy of Russian Arena tank APS. In the picture, a bulged device fixed on turret right side is believed to be a part of experimental protection system.
    Of course, the APS can not be an alternative of all other conventional protections. It has been known that Type 99-A2 MBT has arrow-shaped ERA armor instead of former spaced armor covered by ERA liner.
    As alike as the improved “Hunter-Killer” fire control system of Type 99-A2 MBT, the digital battlefield information terminal can not observed from the appearance.
    Armor Classified, Al2O3, ERA, composite
    Primary
    armament 125 mm smoothbore tank gun, compatible with Chinese 140 mm guns or 155 mm for Type 99KM



    9 HQ-19/SA- 400TRIUMF
    [​IMG]
    Development
    It is believed that the Chinese Hong Qi-19 (HQ-19) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system, was a joint development programme with the Russian Federation. The HQ-19 system appears to use the same missiles, sensors, battle management and launch vehicles as the Russian S-400 Triumf. The Russian S-400 introduced three new missiles, the 9M96, 9M96/2 and the 40N6, which can be fitted in new canisters replacing all or some of the S-300 (SA-10/-20) missile canisters on the S-300 Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicles. Development of the third version, the 40N6, was reported to have been completed in December 2002, but no further details are available and this has not been confirmed. The HQ-19 system could be adapted as an Anti-Satellite weapon (ASAT) system, for use against satellites in Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

    Radar

    The S-400s radar is capable of tracking over 100 targets at ranges of over 400 km (250 mi), and engaging up to 12 of these targets at varying ranges, depending on the missile used (see infobox). For stealth targets the detection range will be less than 100 km (62 mi)

    Missiles



    The 40N6 very long range missile is capable of destroying slow airborne targets at ranges up to 400 km (250 mi). Due to its large size and low manoeuvrability it is generally unsuitable for intercepting smaller targets such as fighter aircraft or cruise missiles.
    The 48N6 long range missile is capable of destroying airborne targets at ranges up to 250 km (160 mi).
    The 9M96 short range missile is capable of destroying airborne targets at ranges up to 120 km (75 mi). It has the highest hit probability against fast, manoeuvrable targets such as fighter aircraft.
    The ABM capabilities are near the maximum allowed under the (now void) Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

    8.WZ-10 ATTACK CHOPPER
    [​IMG]
    Internet source photos revealed that the Z-10 has a conventional attack helicopter layout, with the pilot and weapons operator seated in tandem, stepped cockpits. The helicopter has a five-blade main rotor and a four-blade tail rotor. Two engines are podded to the helicopter just to the rear of the cockpit. The fuselage has a sloped side to reduce its radar cross section (RCS), and is slender and tapered to the rear, with fixed landing gear. The tail boom tapers to the rear, with a high, swept-back fin with square tip. The flats are unequally tapered with a square tip, while the belly fin has the rear landing wheel attached. The tail rotor is mounted on the right side.

    The helicopter is thought to be fitted with a ‘fly-by-wire‘ (FBW) control system, and a modern glass cockpit with multifunctional display (MFD) screens. The helicopter crew may also be equipped with a helmet-mounted sight (HMS) for head-up display of information and weapon control.
    Specifications (estimated)


    General characteristics
    Crew: 2
    Length: 14.15 m (ft)
    Rotor diameter: 13.0 m[6] (ft)
    Height: 3.85 m (ft)
    Empty weight: 5,540 kg[6] (lb)
    Loaded weight: 7,000 kg (lb)
    Useful load: 1,500 kg[6] (lb)
    Max takeoff weight: ? kg (lb)
    Powerplant: 2 × WZ-9 turboshaft[6], 1000 kw (1340 shp) each

    Performance
    Maximum speed: 300+ km/h[6]
    Cruise speed: 270+ km/h[6]
    Ferry range: 800+ km[6] ()
    Service ceiling: 6,400 m (ft)
    Rate of climb: over 12+ m/s[6] (ft/min)

    Armament
    Guns: 23 mm or 30 mm autocannon mounted on chin turret with grenade launchers, or 14.5 mm Gatling gun
    Hardpoints: 4
    Rockets: 57 mm, 90 mm multi-barrel unguided rocket pods
    Missiles:
    Up to 8 ATGM air-to-surface missiles
    Up to 8 TY-90 air-to-air missiles
    Up to 4 PL-5, PL-7, PL-9 air-to-air missiles

    Avionics
    YH millimetre-wave fire-control radar
    YH-96 electronic warfare suite

    7.STEALTH WARSHIPS

    (i) Type_054A_frigate
    [​IMG]
    It is a development of the Type 054 frigate, using the same hull but with improved sensors and weapons.The Type 054A carries HQ-16 medium-range air defence missiles in a VLS system. The HQ-16 provides area air defence from all engagement angles up to a range of 50km; the HQ-7 carried on the Type 054 have inferior range and engagement angles.
    The 4 AK-630 close-in weapon systems (CIWS) of the Type 054 were replaced with 2 Type 730 CIWS on the Type 054A. The autonomously-operating Type 730 provide improved reaction time against close-in threats.
    The Type 054A retains its predecessor's stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and cleaner profile.

    (ii)Lanzhou_class_destroyer
    [​IMG]
    The Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class, often referred to as Lanzhou class after the lead ship name) is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China. The destroyers feature an active phased array radar system with four statically-mounted antennas proving continuous 360-degree coverage and multiple missile direction capability for the vertically launched HHQ-9 long-range air defence missiles. This class represents China's first true long-range fleet air defence capability and is similar in outward appearance to the US AEGIS air defence system.
    Armament
    8 YJ-62 Anti-ship Missile in 2 x quad cells
    48 vertically launched HHQ-9 SAM
    8 HN-2 land attack cruise missiles [6]
    8 C-805 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
    1 x 100 mm gun
    2 x 30 mm Type 730 CIWS
    4 x Type 726-4, 18 barrel decoy Multiple rocket launcher
    2 x Triple 324 mm ASW torpedo tubes
    Aviation: 1 Kamov Ka-28 ASW helicopter

    (iii)Houbei_class_missile_boat
    [​IMG]
    The boats incorporate stealth features and wave-piercing catamaran hulls
    Armament: • Anti-ship missiles: 8 C-801/802/803 in friction stir welded aluminium missile launch containers[4] or
    • Land-attack missiles: 8 Hongniao missile-2 long range land attack cruise missiles.[5]
    • Surface-to-air missiles: FLS-1 surface-to-air launcher with 12 QW class MANPAD missiles
    • 1 × licensed copy of KBP AO-18 6-barrel 30 mm gun (AK-630) by ZEERI


    6. UCAV

    (i)Chengdu Pterodactyl I/Yilong
    [​IMG]
    Developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAC), a division of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC),[2][3] the Pterodactyl I bears a distinct similarity in appearance to the Predator/Reaper family of drones developed by the United States.[3][4] The drone is capable of being fitted with a variety of sensors, including a forward looking infrared turret and synthetic aperture radar;[2] in addition, the aircraft is capable of carrying weapons.[4] The Pterodactyl I's total payload capacity for sensors and weapons is 200 kilograms (440 lb).

    (ii)Anjian (Dark Sword)
    [​IMG]
    It is obviously designed for high manoeuvrability at supersonic speeds, having a flat, triangular shape with an additional large wing area and swing canards, hinting at China’s J-10 multi-role combat aircraft (which itself strongly resembles jets such as the Eurofighter, Rafale and Gripen). Its large intake underneath the fuselage implies high speed, agility and angle-of-attack, further suggesting that the aircraft will be powered by a turbofan.

    At the Zhuhai air show, a staff member called the aircraft the “future of Chinese unmanned combat aviation”, emphasising its projected ability to evade enemy radar and to engage in air-to-air combat.
     
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  2. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    5.BALLISTIC MISSILES.
    (i) DF-41
    [​IMG]
    The Dongfeng-41 (DF-41, CSS-X-10) (东风-41, Chinese: "East Wind"), is a Chinese nuclear solid-fueled road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile currently under service with the Second Artillery Corps.
    It has an estimated operational range of 15,000 km, is capable of MIRV delivery (up to 12), and can cover any position on the planet. The project started in the 1980s, and is now quite likely coupled with the JL-2 program.

    Specifications

    Warhead :nuclear 12 MIRVs (single 1 MT or MIRV with selectable 20, 90, 150 kTs)
    Engine :Three-stage solid propellant
    Operational range: ~15,000 kms (~9,320 miles)

    Guidance system :Inertial with COMPASS

    Launch platform :Silo, road-mobile TEL
    (ii) JL-2
    [​IMG]
    The JL-2 (巨浪-2 Jù Làng-2, Giant Wave 2) is a Chinese second-generation intercontinental-range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) which has a two-stage, solid-liquid fuelled propulsion design.

    Specifications

    Warhead nuclear: single or MIRVs (up to 10), 1050 to 2800 kg
    Blast yield :25-1000 kt ?
    Propellant :2-stage solid-fueled 1st stage liquid-fueled 2nd stage


    Operational range: 8600 km (JL-2), 12,000 km = 7,456 miles (JMA), 14,000 km = 8,699 miles (JMB)

    Launch platform :Type 094 Jin class submarine

    (iii)ANTI SHIP BALLISTIC MISSILE DF-21D (CSS-5 Mod-4)
    [​IMG]
    The US Department of Defense has stated that China has developed and reached initial operating capability [10] of a conventionally-armed[11] high hypersonic[1] land-based anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) based on the DF-21. This would be the world's first ASBM and the world's first weapons system capable of targeting a moving aircraft carrier strike group from long-range, land-based mobile launchers.[12][13] [14] These would combine maneuverable reentry vehicles (MaRVs) with some kind of terminal guidance system. Such a missile may have been tested in 2005-6, and the launch of the Jianbing-5/YaoGan-1 and Jianbing-6/YaoGan-2 satellites would give the Chinese targeting information from SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) and visual imaging respectively. The upgrades would greatly enhance China's ability to conduct sea-denial operations to prevent US carriers from intervening in the Taiwan Strait.

    4. aircraft carrier PLAN 83 Shi Lang & 3-4indigenous AC
    [​IMG]
    Displacement: est. 50,000–60,000 tons[1] (conventional) 93,000 tons (nuclear)[2]

    Propulsion: Conventional and nuclear[2]
    Aircraft carried: Shenyang J-15/Chinese Naval Flanker, Chengdu J-10C,J-19?

    3.Chengdu J-20
    [​IMG]
    Avionics



    The production J-20 may incorporate an advanced fly-by-wire (FBW) system fully integrated with the fire-control and the engine systems. Its fire-control radar is expected to be Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) (Type 1475/KLJ5?).[53]
    According to recent pictures from the internet, two small dark diamond shaped windows can be seen on both sides of the nose, which could house certain EO sensors, such as MAWS and/or IRST. Two additional windows are seen underneath the rear fuselage, plus two more on top of the forward fuselage above the canard wings, suggesting a distributed situational awareness system similar to the EODAS onboard American F-35 was installed providing a full 360° coverage.

    Cockpit
    The aircraft features a "pure" glass cockpit (two large color liquid crystal display (LCD) and several smaller ones and a wide-angle holographic head-up display (HUD)). Many of these subsystems have been tested onboard J-10Bs to speed up the development.[53]
    Armament
    The J-20 has a large belly weapon bay for short/long-range air-to-air missiles (AAM) (PL-10, PL-12C/D & PL-21) and two smaller lateral weapon bays behind the air inlets for short-range AAMs (PL-10).[53]
    One photo depicts the same air to air loadout as the F-22, that is six medium range air to air missiles and two short range.
    Stealth
    Carlo Kopp has suggested that the J-20's overall stealth shaping is "without doubt considerably better" than the F-35 and PAK FA, but he agrees with others, such as Shih Hiao-wei of Defense International monthly and Bill Sweetman of Aviation Week, that some parts on the J-20 will challenge its ability to remain stealthy from all directions: "The aft fuselage, tailbooms, fins/strakes and axi-symmetric nozzles are not compatible with high stealth performance, but may only be stop-gap measures to expedite flight testing of a prototype."[58] As of January 2011 the engine nozzles were clearly non-stealthy; this may be due to the fact that the final "fifth generation" engines had not been completed yet.[2][59] However, one of the prototypes uses WS-10G engines with stealthy jagged-edge nozzles and tile

    Jian-10B Multirole Fighter Aircraft
    [​IMG]

    The J-10B is a modified variant of the J-10 multirole fighter aircraft, with modifications in airframe and avionics. Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) of AVIC began to develop a follow-on variant of its J-10 fighter around 2004/05. A J-10B prototype reportedly made its maiden flight in December 2008. Photos of the aircraft began to emerge on the Chinese Internet in March 2009. Once commissioned, the J-10B is likely going to become the standard for later J-10 productions.
    Rampless Inlet

    The J-10B features a chin-mounted diffuser supersonic inlet (DSI) air inlet. The traditional rectangle-shape air inlet on the J-10 requires a large moveable inlet ramp to generate a rearward leaning oblique shock wave to aid the inlet compression process. The ramp sits at an acute angle to deflect the intake air stream from the longitudinal direction. The air inlets comprises many moving parts, which increases the aircraft’s weight and radar reflections.

    The newly designed rampless inlet, first tested on the FC-1/JF-17 fighter design by Chengdu, employs a one-piece bump at the top of the inlet replacing the movable ramp. This eliminates all moving parts on the inlet, lightening the overall weight and reducing the aircraft’s radar signature.

    Electro-Optic Targeting System

    The J-10B has been added with an electronic-optic targeting system (EOTS) commonly found on all fourth-generation Russian fighter aircraft such as Su-27 and MiG-29. Placed forward of the cockpit canopy to the right, the system comprises an infrared search and track (IRST) sensor and a laser rangefinder, which can detect enemy targets passively without requiring to turn on the fire-control radar, thus reducing the chance of the aircraft being detected. The EOTS of the J-10B is likely based on a Russian design.
    Tailfin ECM Pod

    The upper edge of J-10B’s tailfin is curved, in contrast to the straight-edged tailfin of the J-10. A large fairing is added to the tip of the tailfin to accommodate electronic warfare and countermeasures (EW/ECM) equipment.

    ECM Antenna Array

    The J-10B has four black antenna arrays attached externally to the fuselage, a larger one on either side of the cockpit and a smaller one on either side of the rear fuselage near the engine nozzle. The specific purpose of these antennas is unknown but they are thought to be for electronic countermeasures purpose.


    2.cruise missiles
    (i)HN-2000
    [​IMG]

    A stealthy, supersonic cruise/anti-ship missile has been reported under development. It is reported to be equipped with a millimeter wave radar, infrared image mapping, synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and Beidou satellite guidance. It has an accuracy of up to 1-3 meters and a range of 4000 km

    (ii)CJ-10 & DH 10
    [​IMG]

    The CJ-10 is a land attack cruise missile (LACM) currently in service with the Second Artillery Corps of the People's Republic of China.
    The CJ-10A is an air-launched variant with a range of 2,000—2,200 km, intended to arm the Xian H-6K strategic nuclear bomber which can carry six of the missiles under its wings.
    Specifications
    Engine : Solid fueled

    Operational range : 2,500km > 3,000+ km (CJ-20)
    Speed: Mach 2.5+ (CJ-10)
    Guidance system: Inertial + possibly GPS

    Launch platform :8 axle TEL (CJ-10) ,Xian H-6K (CJ-10A)
     
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  3. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    1. NUCLEAR SUBMARINES

    (i) SSBN type094 submarine & type 96 submarine
    [​IMG]

    General characteristics
    Displacement: 8,000 tons surfaced , 9,000 tons submerged
    Length: 133 m
    Propulsion: Nuclear reactor, 1 shaft


    Armament: Torpedoes: six 533 mm bow tubes Missiles: 12 JL-2 SLBM,16 JL-2 SLBM (Type 2),20-24 JL-2 SLBM (Type 3)

    [​IMG]
    The Type 096 submarine is a new class of SSBN rumored to be in development for the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). Little information exists about the project. Some sources suggests that the new submarine will carry 24 SLBMs. It will be the successor to the Type 094 SSBN currently under evaluation by the PLAN.

    (ii)SSGNType 093 submarine & type 95 submarine
    [​IMG]
    Design

    The Type 093 is estimated to be roughly 7000t displacement when dived. The Type 093 is estimated to be 110 metres (360 ft) long with a beam of 11m and can dive to a maximum depth of 400 metres (1,300 ft). It is estimated to have a noise level of 110db[3] and have an endurance of 80 days. This submarine is the first to incorporate flank linear array sonars designated as H/SQG-207 in its design, and this linear flank array was designed by the 715th Institute, with deputy chief designer Mr. Li Qihu (李启虎), who was the chief designer of H/SQ-2 262/262A/262B/262C/H-SQG-4 sonars used to upgrade Type 035, 033, both 091 and 092, 035G, and 039 submarines.
    The improved Type 093G incorporates new technologies such as retractable diving planes and a modified hull for greater acoustic stealth.[
    Weapons

    The Type 093 is expected to be armed with six 533 mm and/or 650 mm torpedo tubes that will launch Russian or indigenous wire-, acoustic, and wake-homing torpedoes as well as anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles. This could include the submarine launched version of YJ-83 anti-ship missile. Currently YJ-83 is not believed to be nuclear tipped. Nuclear deterrence missions are delegated to the 092 Xia class and 094 Jin class SSBN.

    [​IMG]
    It is anticipated that Type 095 submarines will have a substantially reduced acoustical signature, incorporating the latest Russian submarine technology, within a larger version of the Xia/Jin hull type.[3][6][7] The Type 095's acoustical signature is estimated to be superior to Soviet-era Victor III (Project 671RTM) submarines but inferior to Akula I (Project 971) submarines initially introduced in the late 1980s.[1][2] Additionally, it is also speculated that Type 095 submarines may be armed with long-range anti-ship HY-4 cruise missiles and act as a potential undersea escort for any future PLAN aircraft carrier task forces

    PLEASE NOTE
    This is my personal assumption of top 10 future weapons,i have tried my
    level best to give as much accurate list i could.If i by chance had missed out any weapon or u want to change the list then plz comment
    I hope u would appreciate my hard work.THANK YOU

    FROM THE AUTHOR
    This article is dedicated to to all the great peoples of CHINA:china:
     
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  4. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    PLA Railgun
    [​IMG]
    It is known that the PLA has invested heavily in both technologies. Chinese work on railguns may extend back to the 1980s, and an unconfirmed report emerged in January 2008 that the PLA had tested a 25kg railgun round in 2006 and was able to deploy a 50kg round with a range over 200nm.Then, in early 2011, an image appeared on a Chinese web page showing what may be an early Chinese small-caliber rail gun. However, it cannot be confirmed that this represented an actual test model or perhaps an engineering model for display purposes.The prospect of an early PLA railgun deployment, however, is important when considering future U.S. offensive and defensive responses.
     
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  5. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA's Future AAM
    [​IMG]
    Three new variants of the PL-12 have been unveiled with newer ones in development:
    PL-12B: with improved guidance system
    PL-12C: with foldable tailfins for internal carriage on 5th-generation fighters
    PL-12D: with a belly inlet and ramjet engine for even longer range attacks, similar to the PL-21

    LETRI “PL-13” “Sino-Meteor”
    [​IMG]



    In 2008 an image appeared on the Chinese internet showing a solid ramjet powered AAM evidently based on the existing PL-12 design. The status of this design is not clear. Conceptually it is closest to the MBDA Meteor AAM planned for the Royal Air Force.

    If such a missile is in development it would likely be similar in performance to the Meteor, which has exceptionally high endgame lethality due to the increased sustained G capability arising from persistent engine thrust, compared to conventional single and dual pulse rocket AAMs
     
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  6. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    PLA Hypersonic Weapon
    [​IMG]
    Informal sources suggest the Chengdu Aircraft Co. has already tested a hypersonic aircraft similar to the U.S. X-43A, which could lead to early development of an aircraft or missile launched weapon version. A X-43A shape tested in a Chinese hypersonic wind tunnel and possible hypersonic projectile shape investigated by naval scholars (bottom). . Source: Journal of Astronautics

    The PLA is also focused on achieving technology breakthroughs to enable advanced supersonic (up to Mach 4) and hypersonic (Mach 5 and higher) combat. The 1986 “869 Program” to select a manned space vehicle that resulted in a preference for space plane concepts gave a boost to university and corporate level hypersonic research. Today the Chengdu and Shenyang Aircraft Corporations likely have multiple hypersonic programs underway, while the China Aerospace Corporation works on a Shuttle-like space plane. Major Chinese university centers for PLA-funded or directed hypersonic research in aerodynamics, materials and engines include: the Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Northwestern Polytechnical University; Harbin Institute of Technology; National University of Defense Technology; Beijing University; the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics; the Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Nanjing University of Science and Technology. Informal Chinese sources suggest that the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation has designed and tested a hypersonic test vehicle similar to the hydrogen-powered NASA X-43A[65]. Such a vehicle could be developed into a hypersonic weapon.[66] Chinese academic literature suggest PLA interest in multiple scramjet-powered and combined engine concepts for atmospheric and LEO capable platforms. A mid-2010 study by researchers at the Institute of Mechanics suggests PLA interest in what could develop into a nearer term option, a Mach 3 speed lifting body platform.[67] An unmanned or manned version of sufficient size could perform surveillance or strike missions at very high altitudes that would stress current U.S. interception capabilities.

    ---------- Post added at 11:32 AM ---------- Previous post was at 11:31 AM ----------

    PLA Hypersonic Weapon
    [​IMG]
    Informal sources suggest the Chengdu Aircraft Co. has already tested a hypersonic aircraft similar to the U.S. X-43A, which could lead to early development of an aircraft or missile launched weapon version. A X-43A shape tested in a Chinese hypersonic wind tunnel and possible hypersonic projectile shape investigated by naval scholars (bottom). . Source: Journal of Astronautics

    The PLA is also focused on achieving technology breakthroughs to enable advanced supersonic (up to Mach 4) and hypersonic (Mach 5 and higher) combat. The 1986 “869 Program” to select a manned space vehicle that resulted in a preference for space plane concepts gave a boost to university and corporate level hypersonic research. Today the Chengdu and Shenyang Aircraft Corporations likely have multiple hypersonic programs underway, while the China Aerospace Corporation works on a Shuttle-like space plane. Major Chinese university centers for PLA-funded or directed hypersonic research in aerodynamics, materials and engines include: the Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Northwestern Polytechnical University; Harbin Institute of Technology; National University of Defense Technology; Beijing University; the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics; the Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the Nanjing University of Science and Technology. Informal Chinese sources suggest that the Chengdu Aircraft Corporation has designed and tested a hypersonic test vehicle similar to the hydrogen-powered NASA X-43A[65]. Such a vehicle could be developed into a hypersonic weapon.[66] Chinese academic literature suggest PLA interest in multiple scramjet-powered and combined engine concepts for atmospheric and LEO capable platforms. A mid-2010 study by researchers at the Institute of Mechanics suggests PLA interest in what could develop into a nearer term option, a Mach 3 speed lifting body platform.[67] An unmanned or manned version of sufficient size could perform surveillance or strike missions at very high altitudes that would stress current U.S. interception capabilities.
     
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  7. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA"S EMP weapons

    China is developing electromagnetic pulse weapons Beijing could use against U.S. aircraft carriers in any future conflict over Taiwan, a U.S. report says.

    The EMPs are part of China's so-called "assassin's mace" arsenal to allow a technologically inferior China to defeat U.S. military forces, the report by the National Ground Intelligence Center said.

    The declassified 2005 intelligence report provides details on China's EMPs and plans for their use, The Washington Times reported Friday.

    EMPs mimic a gamma-ray pulse caused by a nuclear blast and can disable all electronics, including computers and automobiles, over wide areas.

    "For use against Taiwan, China could detonate at a much lower altitude (30 to 40 kilometers) ... to confine the EMP effects to Taiwan and its immediate vicinity and minimize damage to electronics on the mainland," the report said.

    Chinese military writings have discussed building low-yield EMP warheads but "it is not known whether [the Chinese] have actually done so," the report concluded.
    Report: China developing EMP weapons - UPI.com
     
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  8. siegecrossbow

    siegecrossbow PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    Moved the thread from Indian Defence?
     
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  9. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA'S ANTI SATELLITE WEAPONS

    the PLA may be developing a new wave of ASAT weapons targeting U.S. assets in LEO. The SC-19 is likely based on the KT-1 4-stange space launch vehicle (SLV), a derivative of the DF-21 medium range ballistic missile (MRBM), that must be transported by rail or road to its launch intercept position. But in 2006 the China Aerospace Corporation revealed a program to develop an air-launched small satellite launcher similar to the U.S. Orbital Sciences Pegasus, which could be more rapidly deployed to its launch position by a Xian Aircraft Corporation (XAC) H-6 bomber.

    [​IMG]
    Air Launched ASAT #1: While there has been no update since its unveiling at the 2006 Zhuhai Airshow, this air launched space launch vehicle could easily be reconfigured for ASAT missions.


    Then in late 2009 a wall mural likely created for the then 50th Anniversary of the PLA Air Force depicted a four-turbofan powered transport aircraft using a nose-mounted laser to attack a satellite. This aircraft is similar to the Boeing AL-1A chemical laser armed Boeing 747 transport, which the Obama Administration cut back in 2009 to only a single prototype. While U.S. defense officials reportedly were concerned the AL-1A could not be defended in contested airspace in order to shoot down tactical missiles, perhaps the PLA has decided this concept works better as an ASAT weapon rather than an anti-missile platform.[10] XAC is apparently developing a four-turbofan engine transport aircraft that could carry a chemical laser system.
    [​IMG]
    Air Launched ASAT # 2: This 2009 mural depiction of a laser armed four-engine aircraft could mean that the PLA sees this concept serving ASAT missions better than anti-missile missions. The XAC transport that could carry the laser seen below. Source: Chinese Internet
     
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  10. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA'S LASER WEAPONS
    ****************************************************
    ********** CLASSIFIED SECTIONS WITHHELD FROM RELEASE **********
    ****************************************************************
    [​IMG]
    2. (unclassified) the beam director's gimbal configuration is based on an elevation inside an azimuth mount with the elevation axis mounted to the outside yoke. the beam director is of the cassegrain type and uses the classical configuration of a paraboloidal concave primary mirror and a hyperboloidal convex secondary mirror. the beam folding technique utilized by this design permits a relatively compact beam director size with corresponding reductions in device weight and jitter, factors which influence a beam director's pointing and tracking accuracy.
    [​IMG]

    3. (unclassified) the coude path consists on seven mirrors, precision pointing and tracking is accomplished by the seventh mirror in this configuration, a fast steering-mirror situated behind the primary mirror. in tracking mode, the fast-steering mirror transmits a relatively low-powered laser beam through a concentric hole in the primary mirror to the secondary mirror. the beam is then reflected back to the primary mirror's reflective surface and out of the beams director's expanding telescope to the target.

    4. (unclassified) the purpose of the fast-steering mirror is to compensate for beam wander caused by device jitter and atmospheric turbulence. beam stabilization provided by the fast-steering mirror maximizes the amount of tracking beam energy on the target, resulting in a corresponding increase in return laser signal. optimization of the laser weapon's pointing and tracking capability is then accomplished. a high-power weapon beam can then be transmitted through the same coude path to engage the target.

    5. (unclassified) movement of the fast-steering mirror is accomplished using three piezoelectric actuators located at 120 degree intervals around the mirror's faceplate, adjustable pressure springs attached to the mirror's backplate and base maintain contact between the back of the mirror and the actuators, state of two millimeters, maximum mirror pointing angels are plus or minutes two minutes. actuator deformation is implemented by application of plus or minus 700 volts at 200 hertz.

    6. (unclassified) when operating in a closed optical loop, the fast steering mirror can provide a tracking accuracy of 4 microradians. when operating with an adaptive optics wavefront compensation device, which can effect additional beam energy on the target, tracking precision can be as high as 1 microradian. (for more information on this subject, see naic weekly wire 43-98 dated 23 oct 98.)

    7. (unclassified) by comparison, china's own "rough estimate' for conducting an air defense mission requires a pointing and tracking accuracy of less than 10 microradians. an antisatellite laser mission requires submicroradian pointing and tracking capability. (for more information on this subject, see naic weekly wire 43-98 dated 23 oct 98.)

    ************************************************** **************
    ********** classified sections withheld from release **********
    ************************************************** **************
    3. (unclassified) the chinese design for correcting wavefront distortions uses an adaptive optic system consisting of a continuous faceplate deformable mirror made of silicon dioxide (sio2). the deformation mirror has a diameter of 120 millimeters (mm) and a thickness of 2 mm. sixty-one piezoelectric lead magnesium niobate (pzt) actuators provide the wavefront compensation which can deform the sio2 mirror plus or minus 3 micrometers. pzt actuator deformation is implemented by the application of plus or minus 350 volts. actuator separation is 16.4 mm and response frequency range is about 2 kilohertz. to combat temperature extremes and subsequent mirror deformation effects, the adaptive optic mirror is situated within a thermostatic environment.

    4. (unclassified) image wandering is controlled by a two-dimensional fast-steering, piezoelectric mirror 140 mm in diameter. the maximum tilting angle is plus or minus two arc minutes. actuator deformation is implemented by the application of plus or minus 700 volts at frequencies around 200 hertz.

    5. (unclassified) real-time wavefront sensing is conducted using a shack-hartmann wavefront sensor. the wavefront sensor consists of an 8 by 8 array of subapertures. the sensors associated with each subaperture are responsive to 0.818 micrometer radiation. wavefront processor operates at 300 megahertz.

    6. (unclassified) operating in a closed loop, the fast steering and deformable mirrors improve the tracking of balloon-borne targets positioned at an oblique angle at an unknown distance from the laser source. tests indicate the system's tracking precision can be as high as 1 microradian while far-field energy on target can be "increased substantially."

    7. (unclassified) in comparison, china's "rough estimates" for conducting a laser antisatellite mission call for submicroradian pointing and tracking capability with laser intensities on the target of 1000 watts per square centimeter. (for more information on this subject, see naic weekly wire 43-98 dated 23 oct 98.)

    ************************************************** **************
    ********** classified sections withheld from release **********
    ************************************************** **************
    4. (unclassified) the table shows a requirement for a 4 meter (m) diameter beam director mirror for an antisatellite mission. this mirror production requirement can probably be met by the nanjing astronomical instrument research center which is currently producing a 4.3 m diameter mirror for the beijing observatory. this mirror is scheduled to be installed in the year 2000.

    5. (unclassified) the table shows china's air defense laser beacon and adaptive optics requirements for a capability to induce rayleigh backscatter from the target and for its associated adaptive mirror to have "a few actuators", respectively, china has already met the technological requirements of producing laser beacon-induced rayleigh backscatter signals and has the capability to produce adaptive optics having 69 actuators.

    1. (unclassified) citing the speed of light operation of high-energy laser weapons, li hui, director of the beijing institute of remote sensing equipment, a developer of optical precision and photoelectronic guidance systems for surface-to-air missiles, has cited laser technology as the only effective means to counter cruise missiles.

    2. (unclassified) li hui has encouraged the acceleration of laser weapon development. as a means to accelerate this inclusion, li has stressed that the anti-cruise missile laser weapon utilizes chinas most mature high-energy laser technology, the deuterium-fluoride chemical laser.

    ************************************************** **************
    ********** classified sections withheld from release **********
    ************************************************** **************
    6. (unclassified) li hui's statement advocating ground-based laser weapons for use against missiles is not the first by a chinese weapons developer. the 1028th research institute (ri) of the ministry of information industry, a major chinese developer of integrated air defense systems, has analyzed the use of lasers in future warfare. such uses include active jamming of electro-optics, blinding combatants and damaging sensors, causing laser-guided weapons to deviate from their true targets, and target destruction.

    7. (unclassified) the 1028 ri's analysis concluded with the statement, "the appearance of laser weapons will have a significant impact on modern warfare. on today's electronic battlefield, it is natural for defensive systems to use low-energy laser weapons to damage enemy electronic equipment. when high-energy lasers that can directly destroy tanks, planes and ships develop and mature, they w]ll be formidable offensive weapons." (for more information on this subject, see naic weekly wire 25-98 dated 19 jun 98).


    TABLE I

    CHINA'S "ROUGH ESTIMATES" FOR
    LASER WEAPON SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS
    (UNCLASSIFIED)

    LASER AIR DEFENSE ANTI-
    SENSOR LASER SATELLITE
    BLINDING WEAPON WEAPON
    ================================================================
    OPERATIONAL RANGE 0.5-10 1-500 500-1000
    (KILOMETERS)

    TARGET SPEED LESS THAN LESS THAN 8
    (KILOMETERS/SECOND) 1 1

    TARGET HARD KILL 10-10XX2 10XX4 10XX3
    IRRADIANCE
    (WATTS/CENTIMETER)

    LASER BRIGHTNESS 10XX11 2 X 10XX14- 2 X 10XX17-
    (JOULES/STERADIAN) 10XX14 2 X 10XX17 10XX19

    DWELL TIME 1-10 1-10 1-10
    (SECONDS)

    AVERAGE POWER 30-3 X 10XX4-5 X 10XX6 -
    ON TARGET (WATTS) 10XX4 10XX6 10XX7

    BEAM QUALITY LOW APPROX. 2
    REQUIREMENTS 2 - 3

    LASER WAVELENGTH 1 - 10 1 - 10 APPROX.
    (MICROMETERS) 1

    OUTPUT BEAM LESS THAN 1 - 1.5 4
    DIAMETER (METERS) 1 METER

    POINTING & TRACKING LESS THAN LESS THAN LESS THAN
    REQUIREMENTS 10 10 1
    (MICRORADIANS)

    ADAPTIVE OPTICS NOT A FEW MANY
    REQUIREMENTS REQUIRED ACTUATORS ACTUATORS

    BEACON NOT REFLECTED MULTIPLE
    REQUIREMENTS REQUIRED TARGET LIGHT BEACONS
    AND RAYLEIGH
    BEACONS
    http://www.softwar.net/redlite.html
     
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  11. indushek

    indushek SENIOR MEMBER

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    Good collection Somanath, i think that the hypersonic weapon and the emp weapons are really futuristic of all.
     
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  12. Mech

    Mech BANNED

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    I tried reading but i had to give up 'cause its all in caps and I'm not comfortable with that.
     
  13. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA'S MRLs
    WS-2
    [​IMG]

    During the 2004 Zhuhai Air Show, SCAIC revealed its latest WS-2 multiple launch rocket system. The weapon is fitted with 6 box-shape launchers and fires 400mm rockets to a maximum range of 400 km, which is long enough to travel through the Taiwan Strait and attack Taiwan targets should a war break out. It is speculated that WS-2 is going to be a cheaper alternative to the expensive short range ballistic missiles in Chinese inventory. The WS-2 is fitted with a primitive cascade inertial terminal guidance to compensate the degraded accuracy caused by the long distance flight of the rocket. In 2008, it was revealed that sub-munitions are developed for WS-2, including a specialized anti-radar version, which is a rocket containing three UAVs. Once the rocket is fired to the target area, the UAVs are released the same way like other sub-munitions. The seekers would seek out target radar signals as UAVs begun to cruise, and once locked on to the radar, UAV would home in and attack. Some domestic Chinese military enthusiasts have claimed such technology was based on the principle of Israeli Harpy anti-radar UAVs, but this could not be confirmed by independent sources outside China.
    A WS-1E and WS-2 rocket battalion shared the same equipment and is armed with:
    Firing command truck (5 men): 1;
    Rocket launch truck (3 men): 6;
    Transport and loading truck (3 men): 6~9;
    Rockets per launch truck: 30~48;
    Preparation time (from traveling to firing) < 12 minutes
    Firing density: better than 1/600 m
    Accuracy: better than 0.3%
     
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  14. DrSomnath999

    DrSomnath999 SENIOR MEMBER

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    CHINA'S CONVENTIONAL SUBMARINE

    Type 041 submarine
    [​IMG]
    The Type 041 submarine[2] (NATO code name Yuan class) is a class of diesel-electric submarine in the People's Liberation Army Navy. This class was first launched at Wuhan Shipyard and is the successor of the Type 039. The improved "A" variant was also launched.

    Design

    The Type 041 inherits the tail design of the Type 039 (NATO codename: Song class) with four diving planes and a single large shaft. The teardrop shaped hull and large sail suggest heavy Kilo influence. The teardrop shape also suggests a pressurized double hull design inherited from the Kilo. A pair of foreplanes are positioned in the middle of the sail. The submarine is equipped with indigenously developed cabin-raft (shock absorbers) system that helped to reduce noise level by over 35dB. Additionally, the submarine is covered with rubber anti-sonar protection tiles to reduce the risk of detection. A new improved "A" variant was also launched.
    Weapons

    The Type 041 has six 533 mm torpedo tubes. These can be used to launch indigenous as well as Russian-made torpedoes. The general designer of the torpedo and missile launching system is Mr. Sun Zhuguo (&#23385;&#26609;&#22269;, 1937-). The Type 041 is also believed to be capable of launching YJ-8X (C-80X) series anti-ship missiles. The missile uses inertial + terminal active radar guidance. It carries a 165 kg time-delayed semi-armour-piercing high-explosive warhead, with a maximum range of 80~120 km and speed of Mach 0.9.
    The Type 041 is also capable of firing the CY-1 ASW missile under water, but the status of the missile is in question because nothing is heard about its production. The CY-1 ASW missile has a maximum range of 18 km (10 nm), and when using A244 or Mark 46 torpedo as a payload.
    This class is designed to replace the aging Romeo and Ming Class SSKs that previously formed the backbone of the PLAN conventional submarine force. At least one ship have been commissioned as of 2005 by the PLAN.
     
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  15. April.lyrics

    April.lyrics FULL MEMBER

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    many of above weapons have already in sevice.

    besides,never rank weapons like that.this is more like a program of DISCOVERY.meaningless.