Pakistan's War - Images from the frontlines

Discussion in 'Military Photos & Multimedia' started by HAIDER, Apr 29, 2009.

  1. HAIDER

    HAIDER ELITE MEMBER

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  2. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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    i post already many images in same thread of war on terorr.
     
  3. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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  4. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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  5. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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  6. arslan_treen

    arslan_treen FULL MEMBER

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    wow its the ist time army has moved Al zarar on the front line , they goin hot this time .hope they crush these terrorist and then run then under the tanks !!
     
  7. moha199

    moha199 SENIOR MEMBER

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    great pictures Brothers go kill these terrorists. I love Pakistan and Her army, May Allah keep you safe amin
     
  8. JK!

    JK! PROFESSIONAL

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    Are those Al Zarar MBTs?
     
  9. ajpirzada

    ajpirzada PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    i doubt if its al zarrar. should be one of those T-59 etc..

    now that is some artillery. we are definately facing some resistance
     
  10. ajpirzada

    ajpirzada PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    how do we get the coordinates at which this artillery then fires???
     
  11. ajpirzada

    ajpirzada PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    so men who are leading the operation sends back the coordinates or do they only say fire and then artillery ppl do some guess work and fire???

    is it only me who cant see the last three pics u have posted??
     
  12. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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    There are several dimensions to this subject. The first is the notion that fire may be against an opportunity target or may be prearranged. It the latter it may be either on-call or scheduled. Prearranged targets may be part of a fire plan. Fire may be either observed or unobserved, if the former it may be adjusted, if the latter then it has to be predicted. Observation of adjusted fire may be directly by a forward observer or indirectly via some other target acquisition system.

    Counterbattery fire: delivered for the purpose of destroying or neutralizing the enemy's fire support system.
    Counterpreparation fire: intensive prearranged fire delivered when the imminence of the enemy attack is discovered.
    Covering fire: used to protect troops when they are within range of enemy small arms.
    Defensive fire: delivered by supporting units to assist and protect a unit engaged in a defensive action.
    Final Protective Fire: an immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across defensive lines or areas.
    Harassing fire: a random number of shells are fired at random intervals, without any pattern to it that the enemy can predict. This process is designed to hinder enemy forces' movement, and, by the constantly imposed stress, threat of losses and inability of enemy forces to relax or sleep, lowers their morale.
    Interdiction fire: placed on an area or point to prevent the enemy from using the area or point.
    Preparation fire: delivered before an attack to weaken the enemy position.
    Deep supporting fire: directed at objectives not in the immediate vicinity of own force, for neutralizing or destroying enemy reserves and weapons, and interfering with enemy command, supply, communications and observation; or
    Close supporting fire: placed on enemy troops, weapons or positions which, because of their proximity present the most immediate and serious threat to the supported unit.
    Neutralization fire: delivered to render a target temporarily ineffective or unusable; and
    Suppression fire: that degrades the performance of a target below the level needed to fulfill its mission. Suppression is usually only effective for the duration of the fire.
    The targeting process is the key aspect of tactical fire control. Depending on the circumstances and national procedures it may all be undertaken in one place or may be distributed. In armies practicing control from the front, most of the process may be undertaken by a forward observer or other target acquirer. This is particularly the case for a smaller target requiring only a few fire units. The extent to which the process is formal or informal and makes use of computer based systems, documented norms or experience and judgement also varies widely armies and other circumstances.

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  13. Imran Khan

    Imran Khan PDF VETERAN

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    Forward Observer (FO)
    Because artillery is an indirect fire weapon, the forward observer must take up a position where he can observe the target using tools such as binoculars, laser rangefinders, and designators with call back fire missions on his radio. This position can be anywhere from a few thousand meters to 20-30 km distant from the guns. Modern day FOs are also trained in the rudiments of calling in both air strikes and naval gun fire.

    Using a standardized format, the FO sends either an exact target location or the position relative to his own location or a common map point, a brief target description, a recommended munition to use, and any special instructions such as "danger close" (the warning that friendly troops are within 600 meters of the target, requiring extra precision from the guns). Once firing begins, if the rounds are not accurate the FO will issue instructions to adjust fire and then call "fire for effect."

    The FO does not talk to the guns directly - he deals solely with the FDC. The forward observer can also be airborne and in fact one of the original roles of aircraft in the military was airborne artillery spotting.


    FDC (Fire Direction Center)
    Typically, there is one FDC for a battery of six guns, in a light division. In a typical heavy division configuration, there exists two FDC elements capable of operating two four gun sections, also known as a split battery. The FDC computes firing data, fire direction, for the guns. The process consists of determining the precise target location based on the observer's location if needed, then computing range and direction to the target from the guns' location. These data can be computed manually, using special protractors and slide rules with precomputed firing data. Corrections can be added for conditions such as a difference between target and howitzer altitudes, propellant temperature, atmospheric conditions, and even the curvature and rotation of the Earth. In most cases, some corrections are omitted, sacrificing accuracy for speed. In recent decades, FDCs have become computerized, allowing for much faster and more accurate computation of firing data.


    Guns

    The final piece of the puzzle is the "gun line" itself. The FDC will transmit a warning order to the guns, followed by orders specifying the type of ammunition and fuze setting, bearing, elevation, and the method of adjustment or orders for fire for effect (FFE). Elevation (vertical direction) and bearing orders are specified in milliradians or mils, and any special instructions, such as to wait for the observer's command to fire relayed through the FDC. The crews load the howitzers and traverse and elevate the tube to the required point, using either hand cranks (usually on towed guns) or hydraulics (on self-propelled models).
     
  14. ajpirzada

    ajpirzada PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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  15. Solomon2

    Solomon2 ELITE MEMBER

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    No prisoners, no trophies, no dead Taliban. How does this look different from a training exercise?
     
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