Khalid ibn al-Walid undefeated in over 100 battles

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  1. dabong1
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    Khalid ibn al-Walid (a.k.a. The Sword of Allah) &#8211; Muslim Arab soldier and general during the Muslim conquests of the 7th century, remained undefeated in over 100 battles against the numerically superior forces of the Roman Empire (under Heraclius), Persian Empire (under Yazdgerd III) and their allies during his conquest of the Persian Empire and conquest of Eastern Roman Empire


    Conquest of Persian Empire

    After entering Iraq (Mesopotamia) with his army of 18,000, Khalid won decisive victories in four consecutive battles: Battle of Chains, fought in April 633 CE; Battle of River, fought in the 3rd week of April 633 CE; Battle of Walaja, fought in May 633 CE (where he successfully used a double envelopment manoeuvre), and Battle of Ullais, fought in the mid of May, 633 CE. By now the Persian court was down and out. In the last week of May 633 CE, the capital city of Iraq fell to the Muslims after resistance in the Battle of Hira. After resting his armies, Khalid moved in June 633 CE towards Al Anbar, which resisted and was defeated in the Battle of Al-Anbar, and eventually surrendered after a siege of a few weeks in July 633 CE. Khalid then moved towards the south, and conquered the city of Ein ul Tamr after the Battle of ein-ul-tamr in the last week of July, 633 CE. By now, almost the whole of Iraq was under Islamic control. Khalid got a call of help from northern Arabia at daumat-ul-jandal, where another Muslim Arab general, Ayaz bin Ghanam, was trapped among the rebel tribes. Khalid went to Daumat-ul-jandal and defeated the rebels in the Battle of Daumat-ul-jandal in the last week of August, 633 CE. Returning from Arabia, he got news of the assembling of a large Persian army. Within a few weeks, he decided to defeat them all separately to avoid the risk of defeat to a large unified Persian army. Four divisions of Persian and Christian Arab auxiliaries were present at Hanafiz, Zumiel, Sanni and Muzieh. Khalid divided his army in three units, and decided to attack these auxiliaries one by one from three different sides at night, starting from the Battle of Muzieh, then the Battle of Sanni, and finally the Battle of Zumail. In November 633 CE, Khalid defeated those armies in his series of three sided attacks at night. These devastating defeats ended Persian control over Iraq. In December 633 CE, Khalid reached the border city of Firaz, where he defeated the combined forces of the Persians, Romans and Christian Arabs in the Battle of Firaz. This was the last battle in his conquest of Iraq.

    Conquest of Eastern Roman Empire

    Caliph Abu Bakr congratulated Khalid over his victories and gave him a new task to enter the Byzantine province of Syria and command Islamic armies there. The Byzantine province of Syria in those days consisted of modern day Syria, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Southern Turkey. Passing through the Syrian Desert, Khalid with his half army of 9000 warriors entered Syria in June 634 A.D and commanded the 23000 Muslim army present there under the command of 4 generals, Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah, Yazid bin Abu-Sufyan, Sharjeel bin Hosanna and Amr ibn al-A'as. After only one day of his arrival, Khalid set out for conquest of Syria. He reached the town of Sawa, and defiant forces present there resisted a bit but later in the evening surrendered the city and agreed to pay tribute. He moved to Aarak city in the same day, and this city too surrendered and agreed to pay tribute. The next day Khalid moved to Tarmad city, which surrendered as well. He moved further and cities of Sakhna and Qadma also surrendered and agree to pay tribute. The next day city of Qarteen and Hawwareen were captured after small battle of Qarteen and battle of Hawareen. After dealing with all these cities, Khalid moved towards Damascus, after three days journey he reached a mountain pass, 20 miles from Damascus which is now known asSanita-al-Uqab( Uqab pass) after the name of Khalid's army standard. From here he moved away from Damascus towards rest of the Islamic armies which were still near the Syrian-Arabia border. At Maraj-al-Rahab, Khalid defeated a Ghassanid army of Christian Arabs in a short Battle of Marj-al-Rahit. By now he was moving away from Damascus, the stronghold of Byzantines, and towards the city of Basra. Khalid reached Basra after 3 days at a time when Sharjeel bin Hassana's 4000 army was fighting the 12000 Roman army. As soon as Khalid reached there with his 9000 warriors, the Roman army retreated and fortified themselves in the castle. After few days they came out and were defeated in the Battle of Basra and again retreated to castle and surrendered the city. 130 Muslims died, and by now it was almost mid of July 634 A.D. Muslims soon heard of gathering of 90,000 Roman army at Ajnadayn, after which all the divisions of Muslim army joined Khalid at Ajnadayn on 24 July 634, and the Muslim army became 32,000 in number. Khalid defeated Roman there on 30 July 634 A.D in Battle of Ajnadayn. After one week Khalid moved to Damascus, and on his way there he defeated an other Roman army in the battle of Yakosa in mid-august 634 A.D. Tomur, the son-in-law of Emperor Heraclius, sent another army to stop Khalid but they too were defeated in the battle of Maraj-al-Safar on 19 August 634 A.D. The next day Khalid finally reached Damascus and besieged the city for 30 days, having defeated the Roman reinforcement sent by emperor Heraclius at battle of Sanita-al-Uqab 20 miles from Damascus. Khalid's forces withstood 3 Roman attacks that tried to break the siege, and finally attacked and conquered the city on 18 September 634 A.D after Battle of Damascus. The Roman army was given a deadline of 3 days to go as far as they can, with their families and treasure, or simply agree to stay in Damascus and pay tribute. After the three days deadline was over, the Muslim cavalry under Khalid's command attacked the Roman army by catching up to them using an unknown shortcut at battle of Maraj-al-Debaj.

    Battles for Emesa and 2nd Battle of Damascus

    After the battle, Abu Ubaida moved towards Emesa with Khalid, who was commanding the cavalry. Meanwhile, Emperor Heraclius sent General Theodras to Damascus to recapture it, as there was only a weak defensive army in the city. Theodras met the Muslim army at Maraj-al-Rome, and moved with half of his army towards Damascus at night, while Abu Ubaida and Khalid were engaged with the remaining Byzantine army. Khalid's spy informed him about the move, and Khalid asked Abu Ubaida to give him the permission to defend Damascus. While Abu Ubaida fought and defeated the Roman army in the battle of Maraj-al-Rome, Khalid moved to Damascus with his cavalry and attacked and defeated Theodrus in the 2nd battle of Damascus. A week later, Abu Ubaida himself moved towards Balaq, while he sent Khalid straight towards Emesa. Both cities surrendered and agreed to pay tribute. Emesa and Qinasareen signed a one year peace treaty. In November 635, Khalid and Abu Ubaida moved towards Hamma city, which surrendered and agreed to pay tribute. Later, Abu Ubaida sent Khalid to Shairzer, Afamia and Matar-al-Hamz which all surrendered. Meanwhile Qinasareen and Emesa broke the peace treaty. In response, Abu Ubaida decided to conquer Emesa first and sent Khalid who defeated the Byzantine army in the 1st Battle of Emesa. The Byzantines retreated to the castle of Emesa and were subsequently besieged. Soon, Abu Ubaida reached Emesa with rest of his army, and he gave the command of the siege to Khalid, who once more defeated the Byzantine army in the 2nd Battle of Emessa. After two months of the siege, the city was finally conquered on March 636 CE after the 3rd Battle of Emesa.


    Battle of Yarmouk

    Abu Ubaida sent Khalid to conquer northern Syria. Khalid defeated a small Roman army in a skirmish and took many prisoners. These prisoners informed him about Emperor Heraclius's final effort to take back Syria. They told him that an army possibly two hundred thousand (200,000) strong would soon emerge to recapture their territory. Khalid stopped there on June 636 CE. This huge army set out for their destination. As soon as Abu Ubaida got the news, he gathered all his officers to plan their next move. Khalid suggested that they should call all of their forces present in Syria (Syria, Jordan, Palestine) to make a powerful joint force and then move towards the plain of Yarmouk for the battle. Abu Ubaida ordered all the Muslim commanders to withdraw from all the conquered areas, return the tributes that they previously gathered, and move towards Yarmuk. Hercules army also moved towards Yarmuk. The Muslim armies reached there in July 636 CE. A week or two later, around mid July, the Byzantine army arrived. Khalid's cavalry defeated Christian Arab auxiliaries of the Roman army in a skirmish . Nothing happened until the third week of August in which the Battle of Yarmouk was fought. The battle lasted 6 days during which Abu-Ubaida transferred the command of the entire army to Khalid. The Byzantine army was defeated on October 636 CE.


    Capturing Jerusalem

    Abu Ubaida held a meeting with his high command officers, including Khalid to decide of future conquests. They decided to conquer Jerusalem. The siege of Jerusalem lasted four months after which the city agreed to surrender, but only to caliph Umar Ibn Al Khattab in person. Amr-bin al-eas suggested that Khalid should be sent as caliph, because of his very strong resemblance with Caliph Umar. Khalid was recognized and eventually, Caliph Umar Ibn Al Khattab came and the city surrendered on April 637 CE. Abu Ubaida sent the commanders Amr bin al-As, Yazid bin Abu Sufyan, and Sharjeel bin Hassana back to their areas to reconquer them. Most of the areas submitted without a fight. Abu Ubaida himself along with Khalid moved to northern Syria once again to conquer them with a 17000 strong army. Khalid along with his cavalry was sent to Hazir and Abu Ubaidah moved to Qasreen city.


    Conquest in northern Syria and southern Turkey

    Khalid defeated a strong Byzantine army in the Battle of Hazir and reached Qasreen before Abu Ubaidah. The city surrendered to Khalid. Soon, Abu Ubaidah arrived in June 637 CE. Abu Ubaidah then moved against Aleppo. As usual Khalid was commanding the cavalry. After the Battle of Aleppo the city finally agreed to surrender in October 637 CE. Abu Ubaidah and Khalid then moved towards Antioch. In their way to Antioch, a Roman army blocked them near a river on which there was an iron bridge. Because of this, the following battle is known as the Battle of Iron bridge. The Muslim army defeated the Byzantine army and Antioch surrendered on 30 October 637 CE. Abu Ubaida sent Khalid to conquer the remaining cities within the area. In a series of minor battles, Khalid conquered the cities of Lazkia, Jabla and Tertoos. Abu Ubaidah sent Khalid to conquer north eastern Syria. All the areas up to Munbij were conquered, and all resistance suppressed up to the Euphrates. After these conquests Khalid returned to Abu Ubaidah at Aleppo in January 637 CE. Later within the year, Abu Ubaida sent Khalid and another general Ayaz bin Ghanam at the head of two separate armies against Maresh, which was conquered in autumn 638 CE. Khalid returned to Aleppo and Abu-Ubaida appointed him Governor of Qasreen city. The conquest of Maresh city represented the end of Khalid's military career.

    Campaigns of Khalid ibn al-Walid

    Conquest of Arabia
    Uhud &#8211; Trench &#8211; Mu'tah &#8211; Mecca &#8211; Hunayn &#8211; Ta'if
    Ridda Wars
    Yamama &#8211; Zafar &#8211; Daumat-ul-Jandal &#8211; Buzakha &#8211; Ghamra &#8211; Naqra
    Conquest of the Persian Empire
    Chains &#8211; River &#8211; Walaja &#8211; Ullais &#8211; Hira &#8211; Al-Anbar &#8211;
    Ein-ul-tamr &#8211; Daumat-ul-Jandal &#8211; Muzayyah &#8211; Saniyy &#8211; Zumail &#8211; Firaz
    Conquest of Roman Syria
    Mu'tah &#8211; Firaz &#8211; Qarteen &#8211; Bosra &#8211; Ajnadayn &#8211;
    Marj-al-Rahit &#8211; Fahl &#8211; Yarmouk &#8211; Hazir &#8211; Aleppo
    Conquest of Antioch
    Iron Bridge
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khalid_ibn_al-Walid
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  2. Interceptor
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    Interceptor SENIOR MEMBER

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    Wiki isnt a good source.
  3. Interceptor
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    Interceptor SENIOR MEMBER

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    Just to add something,

    There are only two Generals in history who have Never been defeated in war, one is Gengis Khan and the other is Khalid bin Al-Waleed.
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  4. Interceptor
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    Interceptor SENIOR MEMBER

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  5. Averroes
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    Khalid felt convinced that Malik was guilty, that he remained an unbeliever. He gave the order for his execution. And it was the end of Malik bin Nuwaira. Laila became a young widow, but not for long. That same night Khalid married her! She had hardly made up her mind to mourn her departed husband when she became a bride again, this time of the Sword of Allah!

    When Khalid announced his intention of marrying Laila some Muslims did not take kindly to the announcement. On arrival at the capital, Abu Bakr was told that Malik bin Nuwaira, was a Muslim and that Khalid had killed him in order to be able to marry the beautiful Laila.

    They were heard by Umar who leapt to his feet and rushed to Abu Bakr. "You have appointed a man to command", he said, "who kills Muslims and burns men alive." Umar continued: "There is tyranny in the sword of khalid." Umar persisted: "But this enemy of Allah has killed a Muslim and taken his wife!"
    "You killed a Muslim and snatched his wife", Umar shouted to Khalid. "You ought to be stoned to death."


    This was a crime de passion. Umar was further encouraged in this belief by the brother of Malik, who came to see him and told him what a wonderful man Malik was and how tragic it was that he had fallen a victim to Khalid's lust!

    The long and short of the whole affair was that Malik was killed and the beautiful Laila with the gorgeous eyes and the lovely legs became the wife of Khalid bin Al Waleed. He would one day pay a very high price for the pleasure!

    http://www.swordofallah.com/html/bookchapter15page3.htm
  6. Interceptor
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    Interceptor SENIOR MEMBER

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    ^^

    "This matter of Malik and Laila has been the subject of much dispute in Muslim history. Some, quoting sources like Abu Qatadah, have said that the household of Malik had called the Adhan and that Malik had returned to the faith before he was taken captive. Others have said that Khalid never ordered the killing of Malik, that the weather was chilly and Khalid had said, "Warm your prisoners", that in certain dialects the same word is used to denote 'warming', and 'killing', thus Dhiraar misunderstood Khalid's order and went and killed Malik.

    These versions of the story are, in all probability, not true. They have been offered by factions-one to explain away Umar's hostility towards Khalid and the other to clear Khalid of the possible guilt of murdering a Muslim."

    http://www.swordofallah.com/html/bookchapter15page4.htm
  7. Averroes
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    Sir John Glubb

    "Abu Bakr sent Khalid b. Waleed into Nejd with 4000 men. Many clans of Beni Temeem, hastened to visit Khalid but the Beni Yerboa branch of the tribe, under its chief, Malik ibn Nuweira, hung back. Malik was a chief of some distinction, a warrior, noted for his generosity and a famous poet. Bravery, generosity and poetry were the three qualities most admired among the Arabs. Unwilling perhaps to demean himself by bowing to Khalid, he ordered his followers to scatter and himself apparently moved away across the desert alone with his family. Abu Bakr had given orders that the test to be applied to suspected rebels was that they be asked to repeat the Muslim formula and that they answer the call to prayer. Khalid, however, preferred more aggressive methods and sent out parties of horsemen to round up the fugitives and plunder their property. One such party seized Malik ibn Nuweira and his family and brought them in to Khalid, although they claimed to be Muslims. The men of Medina who were with the army protested vigorously against Khalid's ruthlessness, but without avail. The prisoners were placed under guard but, during the night, Malik ibn Nuweira and his supporters were killed in cold blood. Within 24 hours Khalid had married the widow of his victim.

    Malik ibn Nuweira had been executed while professing to be a believer. Indeed Khalid's marriage to the beautiful Leila gave rise to the suspicion that Malik had been killed with the object of making her available to the conqueror.

    The men of Medina, who had already opposed Khalid's ruthless actions, were outraged by the death of Malik. A certain Abu Qatada, an erstwhile friend and companion of the Prophet, hastened to Medina to complain to Abu Bakr, who summoned Khalid to answer the accusation. Umar b. Khattab pressed the caliph to deprive Khalid of his command. Khalid returning to Medina, claimed that he had not ordered the execution of Malik, but that his instructions to the guards had been misunderstood. The wise Abu Bakr, whatever he may have thought of the morals of his lieutenant, was aware of his prowess. &#8216;I will not sheathe a sword which God has drawn for His service,' he exclaimed. Khalid's excuses were accepted." (The Great Arab Conquests, 1963, p. 112)

    You can always argue the source, but it's known that after he murdered Malik he married his wife who was the most beautiful women of the age, without observing Iddah and Hazrat Umar (ra) made his opposition known, that pretty much puts things in clear.

    I will not blindly believe everything said in praise of a person without putting things into context. This man was also in every army that was fighting Prophet Muhammed (SAWW). I cannot find the sources at this moment, I' will dig deeper inshaAllah, but I remember someone accusing him of crucifying his victims.

    "Khalid bin Waleed reported that there was an exchange of hard words between Ammar bin Yasir and I. I abused Ammar and he went to Rasool Allah (s) to complain against me. We were talking nothing in front of Rasool Allah (s) except abusing each other and Rasool Allah (s) was sitting quietly. Ammar started weeping and said to Rasool Allah (s): "Don't you see that he is abusing me."

    Rasool Allah (s) rose his head and said, "One who will shows enmity towards Ammar, Allah will show enmity to him".
    Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hambal, vol. 4, page 89-90
  8. niaz
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    This is not correct. Genghis Khan was defeated a few times and even captured early in his carrier. His wife was raped and his first son Jochi ( who later commanded the the wing of Mongols who penetrated into Europe; Uzbeks of today) was reputed to be a bastard.

    We dont know early carrier of Hazrat Khalid bin Walid, he was however never defeated after he converted to Islam. The two generals who have not known to taste defeat are Alexander of Macedon and Gaius Julius Caesor.

    Historians have debated whether Khalid was actually guilty over Leila affair or not. Hazrat Omer ( RA) certainly suspected him and therefore Khalid was removed from the command on his orders. IMO Hazrat Omer was probably the best administrator of all the Rashideen and if he thought something was amiss, I have no problem with that.

    Hazrat Khalid was probably the greatest fighter of Islam except Hazart Ali (RA), that makes him a great man in my eyes and this affair is no slur of his capabilities as a general. He was the one who was responsible for the muslim rout at the battle of Uhad and his later exploits leading muslims armies are a legend to this day. A minor infraction simply proves that he was a normal human being, not an angel.
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  9. Interceptor
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    If you are referring to a battle than that maybe but at war he has not been defeated he has defeated empires but empires could not defeat him at WAR he is an amazing general. His army even to the muslim empire but later the army fully converted to Islam but for except one soldier who ran away. Later it was the first time that middle east was under an empire that wasnt Arab the mongals convert later went to Turkey and and called them selfs the Ottomans or in turkish AttaTurk.

    In his early life Khalid had fought against the muslims in war, I know that Khalid had was also very active during the muslim trench war he was against the muslims at that time but, you must understand he was not a General at that time, when he converted to islam shortly after that they appointed him as the General he was under Hazart Umar who strategised all the movements of troops. Khalid was the General of the army for only a few battles afterwards the Roman empire sent a message to Umar and said that if Khalid bin Al-Waleed falls this will bring the end of Islam, so Hazrat Umar told Khalid bin Al-Waleed he is to be removed from the rank of General and to be made a normal foot soldier, the reason it was to show he has no importance, and also to boast the morals of the muslims. However, even as a foot soldier he was the most brave he was out numbered but still beat the Roman empire centurians to death. You should read the book it will teach u how Khalid bin Al-waleed thought what an amazing thinker, there will no like him in the world ever.
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  10. rockstar08
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    no sword or any any arrow can pass through his body , he was truly the sword of Allah . there were no match for him in any duel or battlefield
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  11. Informant
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    In the end they are all men, and give into errs of human.

    But their personal life and professional life should be separate.
  12. Cherokee
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    Alexander Suvorov 63 - 0
  13. AUSTERLITZ
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    AUSTERLITZ PDF THINK TANK: ANALYST

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    100 is exaggeration.
    As soldier he fought around
    Battle of uhud[Khalid's flank attack wins the day for confederates]
    Battle of trench[defeat of confederates,muslim victory]
    After this he switched sides to islam.
    Battle of hunayn[victory]
    Siege of tauf[inconclusive]

    As commander-
    Battle of mutah[inconclusive]
    AL uzzah expedtion[victory]
    Daumat ul jandal[victory]
    Battle of buzakha[victory]
    Battle of ghamra[victory]
    Battle of yamama[decisive victory]
    Skirmish of zafar[victory]
    Battle of naqra[victory]
    Battle of chains[victory,first battle vs persians]
    Battle of river[decisive victory]
    Battle of walaja[decisive victory]
    Battle of ullais[decisive victory]
    Battle of daumat ul jandal 2[victory]
    Battle of muzayyah[decisive victory]
    Battle of saniyy[victory]
    Battle of zumail[victory]
    Battle of firaz[decisive victory]
    Battle of qarteen[victory]
    Battle of bosra[victory]
    Battle of ajnadayn[decisive victory]
    Battle of marj al rahit[victory]
    Siege of damascus[victory]
    Raid at marj al debaj[victory]
    Battle of fahl[victory]
    Battle of yarmouk[decisive victory]
    Siege of jerusalem[victory]
    Battle of hazir[victory]
    Battle of iron bridge[victory]
    Armenian expedition[victory]


    That amounts to around 33 engagements.Still incredible.
    As for suvorov,plz elaborate on 63-0?He was undefeated but the actual number is around 20-30.
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  14. Malik Usman
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    And from where your just copy...pasted above text..........any credible.....reference or links....:smart:
  15. AUSTERLITZ
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    Osprey publishing book on muslim conquests,wiki should confirm most too.