Kalabagh Dam Project

Discussion in 'Economy & Development' started by VisionHawk, Jan 6, 2006.

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  1. sparklingway
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    sparklingway PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    Azad:- freshwater storage, especially upstream, is not as simple. If an "unpar GAWAR" cannot understands the benefits of this, let alone any project, then your naivety and lack of knowledge about the issue is not any better.

    And for those who always state that politicians have ruined the prospect of KBD (I do not reject this claim in entirety), I hope they know the name of the person who first politicized it in the 1980s as Governor NWFP, Drug Lord Lt Gen Fazle Haq.
  2. Muhammad Yahya
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    Muhammad Yahya SENIOR MEMBER

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    Feasibility of Kalabag was completed in 1990 , Please get complete knowledge before any statement .

    It was Banazir who started Ghazi Barotha first and put Kala bagh in cold strorage.
    Last edited: Aug 13, 2010
  3. AZADPAKISTAN2009
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    AZADPAKISTAN2009 ELITE MEMBER

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    1) Kalabagh is a Federal Matter not provincial , State can build a dam
    any where , country's interest over individual

    2) China build the 3 gorges damns , its citizens and old cities where
    destroyed but you know what they did it because it helps the
    whole country :china:


    Now , reality

    a) Dam builds , it will first will have to get filled with water
    so there will be temporary shortage as water will be used to fill up
    the dam

    b) Some cities close to dam will be submerged (Which is fine)
    becasue they are mud sheds anywhys , gov has to provide
    $$ to people effected and create new cities in Kahber PK

    c) [​IMG]

    This image shows areas where water naturally "downflows" and you can see the distance between the oragne areas and the canals in balouchistan is not that far so its technically possible to flow water from indus towards blouchistan.


    ALL the orange spots in balouchistan , are places where there is downflow ... which is why water accumulated there.....its visible in map above. So water naturally goes to blouchistan , and we can divert water to balouchistan as well if we have ability to stop moonsoon rain water


    d) Sindh , has nothing to worry about there is only 1 exit point of all
    water from indus river Sindh !!! Yes temporarily there will be
    shortage but once the dam is filled the flow of water will be like
    always

    Remember the damn can only hold so much water ALL extra water is released naturally , a DAM breaks if someone steals too much water , so idea punjab will steal water is absurd DAM has to relase water daily

    Also natural rain water also produces water in rivers in Pakistan due to moonsoon rain ....


    So really Kalabagh dam should be build ...


    Saves HUGE % OF DRINKABLE WATER
    Saves water for irregation of lands
    Fixes the destroyed feilds
    Free electricity generation

    No repeat of floods which we see now


    Also finally Sindh can also get water from Water desalination - millions and millions of gallon of water from sea ?


    We need a dictatorship decision on Kalabagh weather we like it or not it has to get built

    If provinces don't agree they should get 0$ from federal reserves let the politicians build flood infested cities aftere every 4-5 years

    The provinces otherwise should pay their own repair cost for infrastructure , federal authorities will not pay 1 dollar to anything no liability, state should sue the provincial gov in courts for damage to state assets due to provincial politics

    Privincial party members who oppose should pay for cost of national damage to infrastructure !!! due to their incompetence

    40% of electricity produced should be allocated to Kheber paktoon khuwa ...
    20% for blouchistan , they also get some water via cannals
    20% for sindh , gets same amount of water gurentee
    20% for punjab , Punjab gets lands irregated

    Sindh should get a water desalination project , running on coal energy , when that is completd, punjab + and balouchistan can get more water from sindh's supply
    Last edited: Aug 13, 2010
  4. sparklingway
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    sparklingway PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    You are one big nincompoop, and I say with all possible irritation that arises from recognizing your utter disconnect from reality and fictional portray of facts. Where did I state the date of the feasibility? But that's not the point here. Do you even know the history of the project?

    It was first proposed in 1953. First feasibility reported completed in 1975. Feasibility report revised and updated for an even bigger storage area in 1982. That has been the basic report on which the next two short term reviews were prepared.

    When trying to be you're-wrong-I-know-all-the-facts, be sure about your own claims.

    PS : Don't give me the "personal attack" BS.
  5. Muhammad Yahya
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    Muhammad Yahya SENIOR MEMBER

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    From your above post any body can judge who is involved in Personal Attack.

    When Ayub Khab sold two rivers Satluj and Ravi to India for 880 Millions ,World Bank agreed to provide loan for both Kalabagh and Terbela Dam, but Ayub Khan started Terbela Dam because it was in NWFP and wanted to give Royality benefits to NWFP.

    Feasibility of Dam took minimum five years to complete , your information is not correct.After completing Terbela Dam, WAPDA started feasibility of Kalabagh Dam and it was completed in 1990.

    My Father worked in Terbala Dam and I worked in Ghazi Barotha as Sr Engineer .:D
  6. sparklingway
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    sparklingway PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    I never said you were, but told you not to give me the personal attack card. Anyways, not the major point right now.

    Ayub Khan was sitting and deciding everything? Moving beyond the logic of this, backup your claims about WB possibly giving loans for KBD back then, especially since you claim that there was no feasibility report (loan for a project than has not had a detailed feasibility study?).

    But as I stated, Kalabagh never went under a detailed feasibility before '75. Tarbela was however selected over Kalabagh for a number of reasons.

    Would you like to know the name of the firm that did the feasibility study of '75, and it was an extensive one not a single-page summary. Also the group that did the project scrutiny in '83 and revised the feasibility report? Perhaps the WAPDA schedule for construction prepared in '83, all much before your hypothetical first study in 1990 which is clearly not the case.
    I don't want to be mean but that is the usual I-worked-for-A-hence-know-all-things-about-it. I, do not claim to be, but people do not far better than many others on issues they themselves be working on.

    As for this issue, clearly there's a lack of information on your side.
  7. Muhammad Yahya
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    Muhammad Yahya SENIOR MEMBER

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  8. BATMAN
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    BATMAN ELITE MEMBER

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    Well this is how it work with the masses and this is why i hate fake democracy.
    Just visualize Noon Sharif, all his life he spoke nonsense and ruled Pakistan for about 2 decades.
    This is why democracy in third world countries is a circus.

    Present govt. is a classic example how to ruin a state.
  9. sherdil76
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    sherdil76 FULL MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
  10. M K Sial
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    M K Sial FULL MEMBER

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    As per editorial of an English daily (Sept 25, 2010) entitled "Chinese help", 110 million people in China are recently affected by devastating flood and land slides (despite having dams there).

    PM Gilani has already said: "Had Kalabagh dam in place, devastating flood could have been averted." (Despite one spate of flood was 100 MAF versus proposed Kalabagh dam's capacity which was only 6.1 MAF).

    In order to avert devastation of Chinese flood further, only one option is left that Prime Minister Gilani may convince China to build Kalabagh dam in Punjab as it may avert floods devastation in China!!
    ……………….
    Say NO to Kalabagh dam and YES to Pakistan.

    - Building KBD is an effort to weaken Pakistan as 3 out of 4 Provincial Assemblies have passed about 10 resolutions against construction of KBD in Punjab.

    - Punjab is trying to prove, people of three out of four provinces are enemies of Pakistan and also themselves. This is highly objectionable effort on part of Punjab.

    - In the past Punjab played the same game and compelled "majority" (56% population) to get independence from "minority" - East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

    Punjab must learn lesson from the history and stop treating rest three provinces as their "colonies".
  11. Samlee
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    Samlee FULL MEMBER

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    GUYS,RELAX THERE ARE ALTERNATIVES BY WHICH EVEYONE WILL BE HAPPY

    EVER HEARD OF THIS MAN



    [​IMG]



    HE GAVE ALTERNATIVES TO KALABAGH DAM



    I WILL MENTION THEM IN THE FOLLOWING POSTS

    Replacing Kalabagh Dam by unique alternative of Raised Fateh Barrage


    I have found an excellent replacement to Kalabagh Dam that is highly controversial, technically faulty due to its restricted mid-level sluicing hydraulic design and is opposed by the KBD Project consultant. KBD has weak foundation, low power generation, receive heavy silting with 470 million tons giving short life-span and is infeasible on many counts. It is destructive for Peshawar valley. The cost of land compensation for KBD will be prohibitive, as land that is inundated shall have to be acquired up to El 965.

    All these grave faults in KBD would be replaced by the proposed Raised Fateh Barrage at 20% of the cost of Kalabagh Dam. Fateh Barrage will achieve two to three times more water and power benefits with almost perpetual life-span. It will serve as a balancing reservoir for water released from Tarbela Dam when more power generation is required without wasting irrigation water. The beauty of this unique proposal is that no land compensation is involved, no land acquisition is required and no controversy would be involved, as water will be stored with in the valley short of Attock gorge. There will be no silting, as during floods, it will function as a traditional barrage like Chashma barrage. I first submitted this proposal in 1994 when I was Chairman IRSA.

    Kalabagh Dam is located downstream the confluence of the Indus River and Soan River with a length of about two miles at El 680 whereas the Raised Fateh Barrage is to be located on the Indus near about El 690, about two miles or so on the upstream of KBD. The raised barrage will consist of a 100 feet high dam at El 690+100=790 feet. On the crust of this dam, a conventional barrage will be constructed say with a height of about 50 feet. The barrage will create about 3.0 maf of storage up to El 790+50=840 feet. This storage can be re-filled two to three times in a year. This comes to 6 maf to 9 maf a year. It will generate hydropower on run of the river like at Warsak Dam. This could vary between 2000 MW to about 4500 MW.

    We have suffered terribly due to the controversial and infeasible Kalabagh Dam for the past 36 years. The load shedding has become a permanent feature. It has destroyed the economy besides paralyzing life of common man. Even today, there is strong lobby for building KBD not knowing what the KBD consultant said, and why WAPDA gave a tailored TOR to the KBD consultant to achieve its hidden objective for which it is insisting, creating 36 years status quo and avoiding not to build the unique Katzarah Dam and the excellent Guroh Dop Dam. The hidden objective is to take 150 miles long high level canal with a discharge of 15,000 cusecs to feed Jehlum River System. The Right Bank Canal is infeasible. I hold WAPDA responsible for the tremendous losses caused by the 2010 floods, as there was no dam to store floodwater. Due to shortage of water, Water Accord paras 2, 4, 6 and 14(e) could not be implemented so far. This is the reason for inter-provincial water dispute.



  12. Samlee
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    Samlee FULL MEMBER

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    He Proposed Many Other Projects


    ATTOCK BARRAGE DAM

    ISLAMABAD: A dam-cum-barrage with a storage capacity of about 3 million acre feet (MAF) of water and potential to generate between 2000MW and 6000MW has been proposed near Attock gorge to meet major irrigation and power challenges the country faces.

    “The structure will function as a ‘balancing reservoir, water regulating and distributing infrastructure’ that does not require land acquisition and land compensation,” said Engineer Fateh Ullah Khan Gandapur, the nonagenarian former chairman of the Indus River System Authority (Irsa) and author of two books. “It will create about 3 MAF storage that will be repeatedly filled since the Indus annual run-off at this site is 93 MAF, of Pakistan’s total water availability of 114 MAF.”

    Talking to this correspondent, Mr Gandapur also called for construction of 35MAF Katzarah dam as recommended by an independent committee and a couple of smaller dams on Swat River, in order to ensure food security for future generations.

    He said the raised barrage near Attock at the end of Indus River Valley would not cause flooding or water-logging in Peshawar valley and could even irrigate land in Karak and Bannu. “This will also be acceptable to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,” said the former Irsa chairman who has been a stanch opponent of Kalabagh Dam on technical grounds.

    He said the country currently faced about a dozen serious water issues and the delay in resolving them has destroyed national economy and harmed the irrigated agriculture.

    The estimated cost of Attock project is $3 billion, one-fourth of $12 billion of Bhasha Dam, and with better outputs.

    He identified four issues as most critical — absence of management to control ‘super floods’ that destroyed one-fifth of Pakistan’s most developed areas last year; failure to build hydropower projects that destroyed industry and lowered its export earnings; acute water shortages in the irrigation system adversely affecting agriculture and causing food insecurity in a country with one of the world’s largest irrigated system, rapid silting of mega reservoirs like Mangla, Tarbela and Chashma, causing a storage loss of over 6.6 MAF.

    The proposal has been forwarded to the prime minister who has taken it up with relevant government agencies and ministries for detailed technical investigations.

    Mr Gandapur said the project was important and should be taken in hand immediately till such time mega projects like Bhasha dam and 35MAF Katzarah dam met the country’s needs.

    “It is difficult to conceive how we could be so negligent about our water and power infrastructure on which Pakistan’s future and its people’s welfare depend,” he said, adding that none of the country’s agencies entrusted with protecting the nation’s critical interests in these areas has been able to solve them.

    He said work on the project could start immediately and completed in three years. It will have an indefinite lifespan because it will be an unrestricted low-level sluicing structure. About 540 million tons of silt equivalent to about 0.3 MAF annually pass this point from a catchment area of 110,500 square miles.

    He said the site was feasible only for a high barrage supported by a 100 feet low dam and a 50-60 feet conventional barrage on the crest of the dam. The reservoir elevation at full supply would come to 850 or 860 feet. The unrestricted low-level sluicing structure would give benefits of a multipurpose mega dam like Bhasha Dam with the additional benefit of involving no cost of land.

    He also said the government should start working on a mega dam strongly recommended by an independent technical committee led by A.N.G. Abbasi. This unique and multi- purpose 35MAF Katzarah Dam – six times the capacity of Bhasha Dam – can generate up to 15,000MW electricity, stop silt flow in the Indus from the highly erosive soil of Skardu valley and increase the life of Bhasha Dam from 80 years to 800 years.

    Katzarah will function as a replacement storage also to compensate for the loss of 6.6 MAF of gross storage due to rapid silting of Tarbela, Mangla and Chashma reservoirs. It would also provide additional irrigation facilities to barren areas in the four provinces, he said.

    In order to control the flow of the Kabul River, he said, a few dams needed to be built on major tributaries like Swat, Panjkora and Chitral rivers. According to him, there is an excellent dam site on Panjkora tributary with a storage capacity of 8.5 MAF and power generation of about 700 MW that could control 100 per cent floods in Kabul River.

    The Guroh Dop Dam on Chitral River can store 4 MAF of floodwater through a tunnel diversion, releasing water in the catchment area near Chutiatan village into the reservoir of the dam.

    These steps would overcome shortage of water, make more water available to implement paras 2, 4, 6, 7 and 14(e) of the Water Accord, Mr Gandapur said. He warned that Chenab and Jhelum rivers were fast turning into seasonal rivers because of Indian aggression through controversial dams as pointed out by US Senator John Kerry.



    http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=...-4DwDg&usg=AFQjCNFnWreoCHFRMAbUG2GGhSmaYyQL3Q
  13. Samlee
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    HE HAD PROPOSED ANOTHER MEGA DAM GUROH DOP DAM


    Guroh Dop Dam on Panjkora River

    (Main tributary of Swat River)

    The Dam that will control floods in Kabul River of Peshawar valley

    It is surprising on the part of WAPDA for selecting a single purpose Munda dam for power generation on Swat River with 0.6 maf live storage and 1.29 maf gross storage capacity wrongly claiming to be as flood control dam. WAPDA is unaware and do not know, the gigantic multipurpose dam at Guroh Dop on Panjkora River having 8.5 maf storage capacity with a height of 550 feet, greater than Basha and Kalabagh Dam in storage capacity.

    It is impossible that 0.6 maf storage could mitigate a super flood of 400,000 cusecs in Kabul River. The dam is originally planned as power dam, and not flood control as it has negligible storage capacity. The site is therefore not for a flood control dam

    WAPDA has created a dilemma for itself and the Government for its wrong planning. WAPDA cannot convert a power dam with nominal storage into a flood control dam that requires huge storage. The Government of KP may take notice of it. The flood control multipurpose dam is Guroh Dop, a few miles upstream of Munda. I discovered the 8.5 maf Guroh Dop Dam in November 1960 and recommended its building several times. Munda may be built but as power dam. It is not a flood control dam.

    Guroh Dop Dam is a wonderful super flood control dam with a huge reservoir called Shigo Katch spread over an area of 40 square miles. Its location is at 34-45 longitude and 71-47-17 latitude on GTS sheet No: 38N/13.

    Guroh Dop reservoir will mitigate floods in Kabul River and save Nowshera, Charsadda and Peshawar valley from devastating floods as experienced this season. It will also help reduce floods in the Indus River. The drainage basin of Guroh Dop Dam is 2200 square miles. This includes Dir District and Bajaur territory. The whole area is covered with thick forests. The river contains nominal silt, therefore it will have a very long lifespan. Moreover, it has an excellent capacity-inflow ratio as the reservoir is three times larger than the annual inflow that is about 3 maf. An ideal combination.

    After discovering the dam site on GTS map, I went to locate the dam site on 23/11/1960. I entered Panjkora River valley from “Shigi Katch” Reservoir for locating the dam site at contour elevation 2100. I came out of the valley via “Guroh Dop Algad”, covering a distance of about 10 miles on foot in the most difficult terrain in eight hours. The dam site is located four miles downstream of the confluence of “Jandol Rod and Panjkora River and nearly half mile downstream of confluence of “Guroh Dop Algad” and the main Panjkora River. The riverbed width at the dam site is very narrow about 150 feet to 250 feet as it appeared visually. Now road is built that passes by the dam site.

    It appears that neither the provincial Government nor WAPDA worked for the province to mitigate damaging floods. Guroh Dop Dam will produce about 500 MW of hydropower. It will provide irrigation facilities to a barren area of about 50,000 acres. In reality, it is a super flood control dam for Peshawar valley.

    I submitted a pre-feasibility report of Guroh Dop Dam to WAPDA informing the provincial Government and the Ministry of Water and Power and Agriculture. No one took notice of it. Even 4 or 5 years back I informed the provincial Government to investigate Guroh Dop Dam and built it instead of the single purpose dam at Munda. No one took notice.

    WAPDA is in deep misunderstanding that Munda Dam will control floods in Kabul River that is absolutely wrong. Munda Dam is a power project on run-of-the-river. It has nothing to do with flood control. Let no one be misguided.

    Another beauty of Guroh Dop Dam is that Chitral River or Kunard River water in Chitral can be diverted to the catchment area of Guroh Dop Dam through a tunnel after building Mirkhani Dam. This will reduce floods in Kabul River and store water in Shigo Katch Reservoir of Guroh Dop Dam. This will further reduce floods in Kabul River and in the Indus River.

    Kalam Dam

    Kalam Dam site is located in the upper reach of Swat River. There was a proposal to build 480 feet high dam to store 0.46 maf of water and generate about 110 MW of hydropower. It is a multipurpose project on a small scale but can help mitigate sever flood flows generated from a small catchment area. It will help mitigate the peak of super floods on a small scale.

    If the whole Peshawar valley is to be protected from future devastating floods then it is direly essential to build Guroh Dop Dam on Panjkora River and Kalam Dam on Swat River. We have no dam site on Kabul River in Pakistan.

    Similarly to protect 25% to 30% of Pakistan area along the Indus River and on its both sides, it is direly essential to build the 35 MAF unique dam at Katzarah 20 miles downstream of Skardu town along with Basha Dam. In fact, as many dams as possible may be built on the Indus. Katzarah on the Indus is the key to flood control. We have no dam sites to control floods on Chinab River and Jehlum River. Therefore, floods in the Indus must completely be controlled.

    I recommend that the Government of KP may officially write to the Federal Government to start work on Guroh Dop Dam and abandoned Munda Dam. Let Munda be built later on. Besides this, I recommend to build Kalam Dam on Swat River.

    Moreover, it is direly essential to build the unique 35-maf Katzarah Dam even at the cost of postponing Basha Dam. These three dams will protect the population of Swat and Peshawar valleys besides the 22% land area of Pakistan destroyed by the combined floods of Kabul River and the Indus River system in the four provinces.

    In future, super floods may be frequent due to global warming and climate change. On August 1929, the flood level at Nowshera was 951 feet. On 1841, the flood level at Nowshera was 975. This year 2010, the flood level is above 970.

    In view of this, we must build dams as proposed to mitigate such furious floods and bring them to normal level. Not only this, we may face droughts, therefore storage dams are vital. Besides this, we must grow forests in the up land and along the banks of huge Lakes as of Tarbela Reservoir as water is available, and immediately ban cutting of trees.

    More over, all the natural drains and their chocked waterways due to encroachments must be revived as required by the Canal and Drainage Act of 1887. This is necessary to contain floods to flow in their natural waterways. Presently, all drains in the country are blocked by encroachments and obstructions. The result is that floodwater spreads all over the irrigated fertile lands, severely damaging lands, crops, villages, populations and the infrastructures.

    Freak weather

    The super floods are more than super, as these are exceptionally high. I feel, these are not the monsoon floods. The floods seems to be due to global warming and climate change. One thing is intriguing, why super floods are Pakistan specific? There are no floods of such magnitude in the neighborhood that is in India, Napal, Iran, Afghanistan, and China. The weather department may be contacted to explain this quire phenomenon.

    Pakistan floods are the biggest devastation on the planet earth as it hit about 25% to 30% of Pakistan. Some man-made interference with the environment may probably caused these unusual floods and devastation, causing a 50 billion dollar loss.

    It is apparent that WAPDA is responsible for this irreparable loss of property and death of about 2000 people besides displacement of about 20 million people. This is because we failed to foresee building flood control dams in Kalabagh controversy and maintained status quo for 36 years. In fact, this loss is the after effects of status quo for Kalabagh Dam for not building Katzarah Dam and Guroh Dop Dam by WAPDA.

    Pakistan is a sovereign, nuclear state. It is the responsibility of the Government to protect its people from external and internal aggression. Government should also protect its people from natural calamities, that is controllable like super floods but are more damaging than war. WAPDA remained inert after the construction of Tarbela Dam in 1974, a period of 36 years though the feasibility of Basha Dam was established in 1982. I hope Government arranges money to build Katzarah Dam, Guroh Dop Dam and Kalam Dam as flood protection dams. Basha Dam may be built to replace 5.0 maf storage lost in Tarbela Reservoir due to silting. Munda Dam may be built for power generation later on.

    HE HAD ALSO PROPOSED AN ALL PAKISTAN GRAND CANAL


    All Pakistan Grand Canal from Chashma Barrage to irrigate Kachi plain in Baluchistan
    Faulty projects conceived by WAPDA

    WAPDA blundered not to irrigate Kachi Plain from a higher elevation at Chashma Barrage by simply extending Chashma Right Bank Canal beyond Dera Ghazi Khan. This was pointed out by me in 1962 in my Master Plan. The failure of Kachi Canal Project and many other mega faulty projects of dams, irrigation canals and of land drainage to remove salinity, prove that Pakistan is bankrupt in planning and developing of its limited land, water and hydropower resources. All organizations like Planning Division, WAPDA, IRSA, PARC, Ministry of Water and Power, and the Ministry of Agriculture proved, inefficient, inert, and of no worth. So are the four provinces.

    WAPDA took off Kachi Canal for Baluchistan from the Indus River at Mithon Kot with a wrong alignment, mostly running as a feeder canal. WAPDA then suddenly abandoned it, as it was not commanding the desired area in Baluchistan. At the same times its cost was raised from Rs30 billion to Rs 70 billion. Prime Minister has then ordered an enquiry.

    As a consequence of this blunder, WAPDA shifted the alignment of Kachi Canal to Taunsa Barrage for better command after abandoning the first alignment from Mithon Kot to irrigate the negligible area of Kachi plain in Baluchistan.

    Baluchistan is the largest province of Pakistan but has no direct source of irrigation from the Indus. Baluchistan’s small share of water in the Indus water is also stolen by Sindh at Gudu Barrage. Baluchistan always lodges complaints but no one listens.

    I prepared a Master Plan in 1962 for the optimum development of land, water and hydropower of Pakistan. During my investigations, I discovered unique 35 maf Katzarah Dam about 20 miles downstream Skardu town. I then spotted a barren vast Kachi plain on the GTS sheet. It came to my mind to build a barrage on the Indus at Chashma site and take off All Pakistan Grand Canal to irrigate almost the entire Kachi plain of Baluchistan besides irrigating lands in Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Ghaxi Khan. Chashma Right Bank Canal would have been merged in All Pakistan Grand Canal.

    Copy of this Master Plan was personally presented by me to the then Governor of West Pakistan, Malik Amir Mohammad Khan Nawab of Kalabagh. The Governor after personally examining the Master Plan, discussed it with the President FM Mohammad Ayub Khan who in turn requested President Kennedy of USA to help. President Kennedy requested the World Bank President who sent a team of experts on water resources development to Pakistan headed by Dr Pieter Lieftnick. This team worked in Pakistan for about 6 years and prepared three volume report, initiating about 150 mega to small dam sites in Pakistan. Dr Pieter Lieftnick confirmed my discovery of Katzarah Dam in 1968. No body took notice of the Master Plan prepared by me and on the report of Dr Pieter Lieftnick. Hierarchs are not in the habit of reading and pondering.

    During my preliminary investigations, I found that it is possible to irrigate the Kachi plain of Baluchistan from Chashma Barrage by gravity flow. The pond level at Chashma Barrage was assumed to be 642 feet. Sibi is at elevation of 440 feet. Therefore, gravity flow is possible to irrigate the highest point of Kachi plain at elevation 440 feet (Sibi town) with canal slope 1 in 10,000. Detailed survey and investigation would lead to the design of the canal.

    All Pakistan Grand Canal can irrigate 3 million acres of Kachi plain. The canal can cross Baluchistan border to enter into Sindh. Detailed feasibility report would clear many things.

    Kachi Canal in the form of All Pakistan Grand Canal would create irrigation system on the right bank of the Indus River. This will be like mini Indus basin on the right bank of the Indus. The irrigation system will be provided a road in the shape of highway or Motorway joining Karachi with Islamabad. It will be a very short cut from end to end of the country. The Canal would open new areas in the country for development.

    WAPDA proved itself to be an inert, and inefficient organization based at Lahore, run by charlatans devoid of professionalism. It is white elephant and is a state with in state, spending money on wrongly planned flawed projects thereby destroys land, water and hydropower development resources of Pakistan, creating water shortage, crippling load shedding, flood havoc, food shortage, destruction of land due to salinity, silting of reservoirs and creating long status quo. There is dire need to shift WAPDA’s head quarter from isolated Lahore to Islamabad where all help is readily available. WAPDA needs to be replaced by the proposed Indus Valley Authority.

    I would sum up few facts of WAPDA’s incapabilities. These are;

    WAPDA initially wasted money on a wrong alignment of Kachi Canal, off taking from Mithan Kot, then all of sudden abandoned it, wasting billions of rupees. The project was started at random with no ground survey and investigations. The estimated cost of canal was Rs 30 billion but raised to more than Rs 70 billion. The Prime Minister then ordered enquiry.

    After abandoning the Mithon Kot alignment of Kachi canal after wasting billions of rupees, WAPDA shifted its alignment to Taunsa head works. There is no news how far the Canal is competed.

    WAPDA badly failed to conceive drainage of saline land by the world’s recognized system of surface and subsurface tile drainage. WAPDA prepared faulty and wrong SCARPs based on tube wells that cannot remove salinity and cannot maintain salt and water balance. It therefore, failed wasting Rs 250 billion.

    WAPDA again prepared drainage project to remove salinity of land under the title National Drainage Programme. This was again based on tube wells that also failed wasting Rs500 billion.

    WAPDA selected dam site at Kalabagh under a tailored Terms of Reference for the Project Consultants, instructing them to provide Restricted Mid-level sluicing hydraulic design, assuming that it would evacuate silt from the reservoir and not create backwater flow in Kabul River. The consultants disagreed with the suggestion of WAPDA that silt will not be evacuated with restricted mid-level sluicing design and that there will be unacceptable backwater flow in Kabul River. The Consultants advised to provide unrestricted low-level sluicing design to evacuate silt. WAPDA disagreed. The Consultants suggested 160 feet height of the dam due to weak foundation but WAPDA insisted for 260 feet height of the dam. Due to wrong hydraulic design, keeping the Indus on run-of the-river for about 4 months, the project could only produce 1450 MW of hydropower. WAPDA therefore directed the Consultants to install 2000 MW of Thermal Power Plant attached to the dam as its part. Besides these faults pointed out by the Consultants, there are many other serious faults in the project that would be discussed elsewhere.

    If Kalabagh Dam was built with a height of 260 feet on weak foundation and adopting Restricted mid-level sluicing hydraulic design, faced this cataclysmic floods from Kabul, Swat, Panjkore and the Indus Rivers, Peshawar valley would have completely destroyed as repeatedly pointed by me. Not only this, there was extreme danger to the structure of the dam, destroying the net work of barrages and the towns on the bank of the Indus River. Swat River has destroyed Munda head works of the Lower Swat Canal.

    The recent devastating floods is therefore a proof that a dam at Kalabagh would have been a blunder. I therefore opposed the construction of Kalabagh Dam on technical grounds. WAPDA wasted Rs 250 billion on Kalabagh Dam and a period of 30 years in status quo.

    WAPDA initiated work on Munda Dam that is only single purpose power dam on run-of-the-river with almost no storage. It cannot control floods. WAPDA missed an excellent, multipurpose dam site at Guroh Dop on Panjkora River with a storage capacity of 8.5 maf discovered by me in 1962 and included in my Master Plan. If Guroh Dop dam was built, it would have absorbed the super floodwater in its huge storage of 8.5 maf. Why WAPDA missed this dam site, located only a few KM on the upstream, is a dilemma. The Government should make inquiry for such blunder so that WAPDA improves its investigation and planning. This shows great negligence and lack of investigation. Guroh Dop Dam and Katzarah Dam were brought to the notice of WAPDA repeatedly but Kalabagh was a hurdle that created long status quo in dam building. Katzarah Dam will control super flood on the Indus River and Guroh Dop Dam will control floods in Kabul River. These two dams will substantially reduce the fury of such floods. Both these dams were discovered by me in 1962 and intimated to WAPDA and others. These dams must be given priority to save human life and property for facing flood due to climate change.

    Dr Pieter Lieftnick rejected Akhori Dam with a height of 250 feet to store 3.3 maf of water. It is an indirect dam to be fed from Tarbela Reservoir through a mega canal with a discharge of 80,000 cusecs across the cross country. The Akhori Dam is rejected by the World Bank Consultants due to serious foundation problems. It involves 3 times the earthwork of Tarbela Dam. More over, the height of Tarbela Dam shall have to be raised from 1550 feet to 1565 feet to feed Akhori reservoir. This may or may not be possible.

    Surprisingly, WAPDA appointed local consultants at high cost simply to spend money on consultancy. WAPDA directed the local consultants to raise the height of Akhori Dam from 250 feet to 420 feet to create a reservoir of 7 maf. All this is fantastic with hidden motives to spend money on consultancy. Why money is spent on a project that is rejected by the World Bank Consultants?

    WAPDA has again wrongly planned the storage capacity of Kurram Tangi Dam by providing low height of the dam. Kurram River is a silty river, it must have as large a storage reservoir as possible but WAPDA restricted the height of dam to keep the cost of the dam as low as possible ignoring the lifespan of the reservoir. This is wrong.

    In a similar way, WAPDA has planned Tank Zam Dam, Daraban Zam Dam, Sheikh Hyder Zam Dam and Choudhwan zam Dam. In short, WAPDA is bent upon destroying land, water and hydropower resources simply due to its inertness, inefficiency and leisurely attitude. WAPDA is spent-thrift achieving no objective.

    Gomal Dam on Gomal River was under construction at Gul Katch dam site. I was posted to the running project as Project Director in 1959. On examination of the dam site at Gul Katch under full execution, after taking over charge of the project, I found to my surprise that the location of the Gomal Dam at Gul Katch was totally wrong as excellent and extremely narrow dam site (85 feet) at Khajuri Katch below the confluence of Zob River and Gomal Rivar was ignored. I discovered the new dam site at Khajuri Katch on Gomal River in 1959 as soon as I took over the charge as Project Director. The dam site is located in the most dangerous area in South Waziristan Agency but I did not care for my safety. I prepared the preliminary feasibility report of the new project after its complete ground investigations. I travelled in the mountain valley called “Dozakh Tangi”, the most hottest and deserted difficult valley.

    I stopped the work at Gul Katch dam site and informed the then Chairman WAPDA Ghulam Faruque. He was surprised and visited the dam site with a team of HARZA Consultants and the Yugoslave Consultants. The American Consultants said; “they have 30 years of dam construction experience throughout the world but have never seen such a spectacular dam site”. Similarly, Yugoslave Consultants highly appreciated the new dam site. The work was taken in hand in 1959 and the consultants were ordered by the Chairman to complete it with in three years if possible. Later on, the Chairman left the job due to political reasons. I was also transferred for the same reason. It is surprising to know that WAPDA has not yet completed the Gomal Dam at Khajuri Katch in 50 years. What more the Government wants to know? How things are going to be improved? God bless Pakistan.

    Fateh Gandapur's Blog on Water Issues of Pakistan: All Pakistan Grand Canal from Chashma Barrage to irrigate Kachi plain in Baluchistan
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  14. Arsalan
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    Arsalan PDF THINK TANK: CONSULTANT

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    i hope he is not just our water car engineer as what he says sounds great to listen and believe in!
  15. Samlee
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    Samlee FULL MEMBER

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    FATEHULLAH KHAN GANDAPUR

    Born on 28th Aug, 1925: in Kulachi (DI.Khan), Studied from renowned institutions like Islamia College Peshawar, Muslim University AliGarh. Passed B.Sc. Engineering in 1st Division with distinction in Dams & Reservoirs. Joined my Profession in 1948. Retired as Chairman Indus River System Authority. Wrote 250 technical papers during my life time. Modified Mannings Formula of Discharge Measurement by FatehUllah-Graph in 1968. Discovered 12 Mega Dams in Pakistan besides All Pakistan Grand Canal for Katchi Plain in Balochistan. Originator of Khajuri Kach Dam on Gomal River 1959. Discoverer of Katzara Dam on the Indus and Guroh Dop Dam on PanjKora river. Originator of Master Plan for Irrigated Agriculture of Pakistan 1962.

    dear,when talking about water and power this man knows what he is talking about.He Was a True Visionary who Was Never Appreciated During His Life.

    AND NOW HE IS GONE


    http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=...TQIX3Igc8T8Nz_sU_xoCg&bvm=bv.1355325884,d.Yms



    The Best We Can Do To Pay Tribute To This Great Visionary and Brain Is To Read His Blog and His Ideas and Also Encourage Others To Do So.BTW Unlike The Water Car Engineer He Is An Acknowledged Expert In His Field.

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=...2oCoDg&usg=AFQjCNHqdgHIPcLtqNvl5F1Ov0_5a3CAiQ