how did china build its infrastructure ?

Discussion in 'Chinese Defence Forum' started by nick_indian, Nov 18, 2010.

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  1. Vimana1
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    Vimana1 BANNED

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    In USA there is only 2 parties the Republicans and the Democrats to vote for, people dont see the point anymore its just more of the same.
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  2. Guest
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    Guest FULL MEMBER

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    oh i see, so what about Germany, how many parties are there and what is the Voter turnout?
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  3. Vimana1
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    Vimana1 BANNED

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    There are a few main parties but right now there is coalition goverment with Angela Merkel as the leader im not sure about the voter turnout but i know that generaly in western european countries the number is also low like usa.
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  4. GodlessBastard
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    GodlessBastard FULL MEMBER

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    Political apathy is the main reason, and is also the main reason why many upper/upper middle-class Indians don't vote.
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  5. ThatDamnGood
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    ThatDamnGood FULL MEMBER

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    They got torn down and built over.
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  6. Martian2
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    Martian2 SENIOR MEMBER

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    I think that indigenous technology is a critical determinant. If you build your country's infrastructure with Western equipment, it will approach Western-level prices per mile. With indigenous Chinese construction equipment, world-class infrastructure is affordable at Chinese prices.

    SANY launches Asia's largest crawler crane

    [​IMG]
    SANY Heavy Industry 1,180-ton crawler crane SCC11800. "SCC11800 crawler crane has a maximum lifting capacity of 1180 tons; the equivalent of lifting six [fully-loaded] Boeing 747 aircrafts" (e.g. 88 tons empty weight per Boeing 747).

    [​IMG]
    November 27, 2009 The special-engineering company in Guangdong, with SANY SCC9000-type 900-ton crawler crane, successfully lifts the dome into place at Ningde Nuclear Power Station 1000MW nuclear power plant No. 1.

    Sany launches Asia's largest crawler crane.(News roundup) | HighBeam Business: Arrive Prepared

    "Sany launches Asia's largest crawler crane. (News roundup)
    Article from: Cranes Today | March 1, 2008

    SHANGHAI SANY SCIENCE & Technology Co, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sany Group, is launching a crawler crane with a maximum lifting capacity of 900t (and a maximum load-moment of 13,500 tm), which it claims is the largest-capacity crawler ever made by an Asian company.

    In the past, large crawler cranes have only been available in China as imports, but over the last few years Chinese manufacturers have rolled out larger and larger crawlers. Shanghai Sany said its goal is "to fully replace the import of crawler cranes and enter the international market."

    In superlift configuration, the crane can lift 900t at 7m radius (and out to 12m), and 800t to 17m.
    In this …"

    SANY America - Heavy Equipment Manufacturing

    "About SANY America

    SANY Group Company Ltd. was established in 1989 in China. SANY is the largest heavy equipment manufacturer in China, and also one of the top 10 heavy equipment manufacturers in the world. SANY employs more than 30,000 employees worldwide.

    SANY Heavy Industry, a core entity of SANY Group, is a publicly traded company listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. SANY Group has had an annual growth rate of 50 per-cent for the past 10 years. Despite the impact of global economy recession in 2008 and 2009, SANY Group maintained a 50 per-cent annual growth rate and achieved $3 billion in sales revenue.

    As one of the overseas subsidiaries of Sany Heavy Industry Company, Sany America Inc. was founded in 2006. This North American headquarters is located in Peachtree City, Georgia.

    September 12, 2007 Sany Heavy Industry signed an investment deal with the State of Georgia. According to this agreement, Sany shall invest in 228 acres and over $100 million to create and establish a state-of-the-art manufacturing facility; constructing and engineering Sany products to be competitive both in price and quality for all of North America. We have broken ground on phase one of our facility and estimate completion in the second half of 2011. The first phase on construction will consist of a 360,000 square foot manufacturing facility as well as 3 stories of office area totaling 180,000 square feet. With an expected 300 employees by the third year, SANY America will focus on R&D, assembly, marketing and sales of our Truck Mounted Concrete Pumps, Stackers, Handlers, Motor Graders, Drilling Rigs, Excavators and Hydraulic Crawler Cranes which will begin production soon after the completion of our manufacturing facility.

    With pride we integrate global resources to provide our customers with excellent equipment and services with unique advantages in cost, performance and localized manufacture, localized management and localized services. At Sany America, we are committed to the North American Market and bringing our customers a successful and outstanding product."
    Last edited: Nov 18, 2010
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  7. Abhishek_
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    Abhishek_ SENIOR MEMBER

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    thanks for realizing that. Exactly my point :tup:
    by the way I was specific to private home-ownership, kindly re-read post 15 since it seems you are misunderstanding what I meant.

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  8. below_freezing
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    below_freezing ELITE MEMBER

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    if you think you own the land, don't pay property taxes or wait until oil is discovered on it to find out who actually owns the land.
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  9. Hafizzz
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    Hafizzz SENIOR MEMBER

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    India already invited Chinese companies to do so.
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  10. Abhishek_
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    Abhishek_ SENIOR MEMBER

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    lol freeze you always crack me up :D

    You're telling me if you do something illegal on your property in china that the govt. won't step in?
    Absolute freedom doesn't exist, I have the freedom to do what I want on my properties within the legal framework. I don't have any issues with that.
    You make an interesting point on oil discovery, as far as I understand an energy company (which are not state owned like sinopec) will need to lease (possibly buy) land for exploration. I personally know an individual who leases govt land for mining purposes, and that land is in the middle of nowhere (near death valley). There will be serious legal issues if a company wants exploration rights before they even touch a residential property.
    Anyway this is off-topic, lets stay on point. cheers mate
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  11. below_freezing
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    below_freezing ELITE MEMBER

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    another thing is, shenzhen is really an artificial city; it would have never gotten up without significant help from the government's policies. shanghai developed on its own without special policies.

    but don't think development is only on the coastline. take a look at Wuhan... 1000 km inland.

    Wuhan 1998

    [​IMG]

    Wuhan 2010

    [​IMG]

    It's not just shanghai, shenzhen, beijing... it's the downtown area of every city in China that's like this. The contrasts in Changsha are even bigger.

    Changsha 1990:

    [​IMG]

    Changsha 2010:

    [​IMG]
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  12. Abhishek_
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    Abhishek_ SENIOR MEMBER

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    ^no other word for it freeze...Hats off to your nation :tup:
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  13. nick_indian
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    nick_indian SENIOR MEMBER

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    how did Japan and south korea build infrastructure so quickly ? they were democracies werent they ?

    plus how will chinese companies help build indian infra faster ?
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  14. nick_indian
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    nick_indian SENIOR MEMBER

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    :smitten: Will we indians ever get to see our cities look like this in our lifetime ?
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  15. below_freezing
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    below_freezing ELITE MEMBER

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    of course =)

    the building of infrastructure in china has 4 main points:

    1.) financing
    2.) industrial capability for making the equipment needed
    3.) tolerably low corruption in this sector in major cities (not in rural areas; i'll get to this later)
    4.) infrastructure not a political issue

    explained with contrast to the US:

    1.) As I know it, US infrastructure building is financed through government grants to contractors who then contract different parts of the project to subcontractors while keeping a part as profit. Each step along the way, some money is taken out of the system and wasted/stolen. In China, state owned infrastructure corporations such as China State Structural Engineering and China Railway Corporation take the tasks on directly and are financed by state owned banks directly. This cuts out the entire chain of contracting and subcontracting that raises costs.

    2.) We can make the tools needed to make buildings. Companies like Sanyi and Zhonglian are some examples. This is not a primary reason but is an important factor; not being able to make your own equipment raises costs, increases time for order completion and gives more chances for corruption.

    3.) Private infrastructure companies do exist - when they win the bids, construction is just as inefficient. in fact infrastructure in some areas is the dirtiest sector, especially for rural roadbuilding. in large cities though, private companies simply don't have the ability to build bridges or subways.

    4.) This relates to corruption again. Political issue means, that infrastructure is a plaything for representatives to stuff their own pockets. They'll try to get infrastructure funding for their region, but ignore others, and when they do get the infrastructure funding, they'll build a substandard project in a place no one uses at a cheap price and pocket the difference. In China, infrastructure is not a political game for major areas. People do try to game the system by holding out and trying to pressure for higher prices; they sometimes "win" but the price is so high (see this thread for the situations that come up when the bidders give up and just build around you http://www.defence.pk/forums/china-defence/79103-land-trouble-china.html)
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